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What does XRCC1 stand for?

XRCC1 stands for x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1


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APE1 cleaves the phosphodiester chain 5’ to the AP site. The DNA strand then contains a 3’-hydroxyl group and a 5’-abasic deoxyribose phosphate. DNA polymerase ß (Polß) inserts the correct nucleotide based on the corresponding W-C pairing and removes the deoxyribose phosphate through its associated AP-lyase activity. The presence of X-ray repair cross-complementing group.
In human cells, HR proteins include members of the MRN complex, which consist of meiotic recombination 11 (MRE11)/radiation-sensitive mutant 50 (Rad50)/Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1) as well as Rad51, the Rad51 paralogs (Rad51B, Rad51C, Rad51D, X-ray repair cross-complementing group 2 (XRCC2), and XRCC3), Rad54, and Rad54B [31]. Proteins involved in the NHEJ pathway include Ku70/80, the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), ligase IV (Lig4), XRCC4 and Artemis [31].
BACKGROUND: The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) in homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway plays a very important role in DNA double-strand break repair (DSBR). Variations in the XRCC3 gene might lead to altered protein structure or function which may change DSBR efficiency and result in cancer. The XRCC3 C18067T polymorphism has been reported to be associated with skin cancer susceptibility, yet the results of these previous results have been inconsistent or controversial.