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What does UBN stand for?

UBN stands for untreated bed nets


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The trial results are available in Appendix 5 for no nets controls and in Appendix 6 for untreated nets controls. A summary of the main ?ndings for protective ef?cacies is available in Appendix 7; con?dence intervals were not calculated as this analysis includes both cluster and individually randomized controlled trials. No risk or rate differences were calculated because the denominators were not uniform and the sensitivity of the reporting systems of the different trials is likely to have varied considerably.
Bed nets form a protective barrier around people sleeping under them. However, bed nets treated with an insecticide are much more protective than untreated nets.
One study has shown that using untreated bed nets in good condition is associated with a significantly lower prevalence of plasmodium falciparum infection (51% protection) and these findings suggest that an untreated net, provided that it is in relatively good condition, can protect against malaria. Even so, untreated nets do not constitute a good intervention: just a single small hole is enough to render the net useless, and even when complete it protects only the person sleeping under the net.
Mosquito nets treated with insecticides—known as insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) or bednets—were developed in the 1980s for malaria prevention. ITNs are estimated to be twice as effective as untreated nets,[14] and offer greater than 70% protection compared with no net. [15] These nets are dip-treated using a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide such as deltamethrin or permethrin which will double the protection over a non-treated net by killing and repelling mosquitoes.