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ABSTRACT Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), also known as heat shock protein 32 (hsp-32) is a stress induced cytoprotective protein. The present investigation evaluated the capacity of HO-1 to reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) and infarct size. HO-1 transgenic (Tg) mice were generated using a rat HO-1 genomic transgene. Isolated mouse hearts obtained from Tg and nontransgenic (NTg) groups were exposed to 20 min of global ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion.