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Samples in periodicals archive:
Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1975 23. Hulse DA, Michaelson F. Johnson C, Abdelbaki YZ: A technique for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in the dog: Preliminary report. Vet Surg 9:135, 1980 24. Johnson FL: Use of braided nylon as a prosthetic anterior cruciate ligament of the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 137:646, 1980 25. Knecht CD: Evolution of surgical techniques for cruciate ligament rupture in animals.
Whether one or two bone blocks are molded onto the ligament will depend upon the surgical procedure in which the prosthetic anterior cruciate ligament is to be used. In the "over the top" procedure, only one bone block is used and the ligament is long enough so that the bone block can be fastened with a screw into a bone tunnel in the tibia while the ligament is passed through the intra-articular space, wrapped around the femoral condyle, and fastened directly to the outside of the femoral condyle by a permanent fastening means, such as a screw or staple.