This definition appears rarely
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The trachea is an out-budding from the ventral foregut, and tracheo-oesophageal fistulae represent incomplete/abnormal division. They are very closely related to oesophageal atresia, and represent a spectrum of disease. As such, the types of oesophageal atresia/tracheo-oesophageal fistula.
Most children who have had surgery to repair oesophageal atresia and/or tracheo-oesophageal fistula.
It is frequently associated with a tracheo-oesophageal fistula. As such, the types of oesophageal atresia / tracheo-oesophageal fistula.
EA/TEF stands for Esophageal Atresia/Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (outside of the US, it is called OA/TOF--Oesophageal Atresia/Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula). The exact numbers are not known, but it is a rare congenital birth defect which affects approximately 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 babies. With EA/TEF, a baby is unable to swallow, and may also have trouble breathing.