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Samples in periodicals archive:
The chemokine receptor CXCR3 and its ligands CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11 in neuroimmunity - a tale of conflict and conundrum The chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11 (also known as monokine induced by interferon-gamma, interferon-inducible protein-10 and interferon-inducible T cell alpha-chemoattractant.
Reactive oxygen species resulting from inhaled cigarette smoke (and potentially from the inflammatory cells themselves) promote transcription of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)–mediated proinflammatory factors by way of two mechanisms. First, oxidation results in the degradation of IK-κB, releasing NF-κB, which then translocates to the nucleus of the targeted cell. Oxidation also inactivates histone deacetylase (HDAC), shifting the balance to increased DNA acetylation, weakening the interactions between histone and DNA and "unwinding" DNA, allowing NF-κB greater access to the DNA promoter elements, and leading to transcription of neutrophil chemokines and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor TNF-1α and interleukin-8) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). These factors recruit and activate neutrophils to the lung. In addition, CD8+ T cells augment the production of macrophage MMPs through interactions with surface-bound CD40 molecules and interferon-inducible chemokines (inducible protein of 10 kD [IP-10], interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant.
Romagnani P, Annunziato F, Lazzeri E, Cosmi L, Beltrame C, Lasagni L, Galli G, Francalanci M, Manetti R, Marra F, Vanini V, Maggi E, Romagnani S (Feb 2001). "Interferon-inducible protein 10, monokine induced by interferon gamma, and interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant.
CXCL11 (CXC chemokine ligand 11, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 11, H174, beta-R1, I-TAC, Interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant.
Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 11 (CXCL11) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also called Interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC) and Interferon-gamma-inducible protein 9 (IP-9). It is highly expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes, pancreas and liver, with moderate levels in thymus, spleen and lung and low expression levels were in small intestine, placenta and prostate.