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He is first author of 12 articles on guilt, all published since 1994. He was on the Editorial Board of Psychological Assessment, a journal of the American Psychological Association, from 1996 to 1998. He was Chairman of the Research & Development Committee at the Honolulu VA from 1997 to 2000. Dr. Kubany is the senior developer of three validated scales: (1) The Trauma-Related Guilt Inventory.
Guilt was assessed using the 32-item Trauma-Related Guilt Inventory (TRGI). The TRGI consists of three scales: distress (6 items), global guilt (4 items), and guilt cognitions (22 items). The current study included the global guilt scale and the three subscales of the guilt cognitions scale: hindsight bias (7 items), lack of justification (4 items), and wrongdoing (5 items). Each item (e. g. , "I could have prevented what happened," and "I blame myself for what happened") is rated using a 5-point Likert-type rating scale ranging from extremely true to not at all true.
g. motor vehicle accidents) and the role of attribution for the event is more focused in research in recent years. Furthermore Kubany et al. (1995) formulated a Multidimensional Model of Trauma-Related Guilt and developed the Trauma Related Guilt Inventory. The factor attribution is still controversially discussed (Sholomskas et al. 1990; Siol et al. 2003; Janoff-Bulman, 1977; Montada, 1995). The role of self-blame, taking responsibility, blaming others and such more for adaption, coping and well-being seems to be complex.