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What does STM stand for?

STM stands for Shallow Temperature Maximum


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The properties and spreading pathways of shallow temperature maximum waters (STMs) in the western Canadian Basin are investigated using CTD and mooring data obtained in 1997–98 as part of the SHEBA (Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean) drift experiment and available historical data. Three distinct varieties of STM are recognized on the basis of salinity range: (1) Surface Mixed Layer Water (SMLW) with S < 30 psu; (2) Eastern Chukchi Summer Water (ECSW) with 31 < S < 32 psu; and (3) Western Chukchi Summer Water (WCSW) with S > 32 psu.
3444SHIMADA ET AL. : SHALLOW TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM WATERS IN THE CANADIAN BASINthe ECSW maintained warm temperatures nearly 0?C intolate September (Figure 5). Kadko [2000], using the radioac-tive half-life of beryllium, argued that upper water columntemperature returned to near freezing upon mixing. In ourstudy, on the other hand, the ECSW still warm beyond win-ter period. From a one-dimensional viewpoint, the storedheat within the ECSW (40-100m) near the Northwind Ridgecan be estimated about 140MJm2according to a comparisonof the late summer temperature profile from the XCTD sur-vey (74.