Incorporation of N-(omega-carboxy)acylamido-phosphatidylethanolamines (-PEs) into large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of L-alpha-distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) was found to dramatically increase the in vivo liposomal circulation lifetime in rats, reaching a maximal effect at 10 mol. % of the total phospholipid. Neither pure DSPC liposomes nor those with the longest circulating derivative, N-glutaryl-dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (-DPPE), were found to significantly bind complement from serum.

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Incorporation of N-(omega-carboxy)acylamido-phosphatidylethanolamines (-PEs) into large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of L-alpha-distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) was found to dramatically increase the in vivo liposomal circulation lifetime in rats, reaching a maximal effect at 10 mol. % of the total phospholipid. Neither pure DSPC liposomes nor those with the longest circulating derivative, N-glutaryl-dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (-DPPE), were found to significantly bind complement from serum.

Incorporation of N-(omega-carboxy)acylamido-phosphatidylethanolamines (-PEs) into large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of L-alpha-distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) was found to dramatically increase the in vivo liposomal circulation lifetime in rats, reaching a maximal effect at 10 mol. % of the total phospholipid. Neither pure DSPC liposomes nor those with the longest circulating derivative, N-glutaryl-dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (-DPPE), were found to significantly bind complement from serum.

Res. Commun. 63:651) and thus having shorter half-lives in the bloodstream. Incorporating phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives enhance the circulation time by preventing liposomal aggregation. For example, incorporation of N-(omega-carboxy)acylamido-phosphatidylethanolamines.