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What does MACOP stand for?

MACOP stands for Methotrexate Adriamycin Cyclophosphamide Oncovin Prednisone

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A. "40" (estradiol) H-447 H (Halotestin) HAD (hexamethylenamine, Adriamycin, DDP) Halodrin Halotestin HAM (hexamethylenamine, Adriamycin, melphalan) HAM (hexamethylenamine, Adriamycin, methotrexate) HAMP (hexamethylenamine, Adriamycin, methotrexate, Platinol) HC (hydrocortisone) HCAO (hexamethylenamine, cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Platinol) H-CAP (hexamethylenamine, cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Platinol) 4-HC (4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide or Pergamid) HDARA-C (high-dose ara-C) HDC (pentostatin) HDMTX (high-dose methotrexate) HDMTX-CF (high-dose methotrexate, citrovorum factor) HDMTX/LV (high-dose methotrexate, leucovorin) HDPEB (high-dose PEB or Platinol, etoposide, bleomycin) HD-VAC (high-dose methotrexate plus vinblastine, Adriamycin, cisplatin) hepsulfam HER2 (monoclonal antibody) Hexa-CAF (Hexalen, cyclophosphamide, Adrucil, Folex) Hexalen (altretamine) hexamethylene hexamethylene bisacetamide hexamethylmelamine Hexastat (altretamine) HiC-COM (ara-C, citrovorum factor, allopurinol, Elliot B solution, cyclophosphamide, Oncovin, methotrexate) HIDAC, HiDAC (high-dose ara-C) high-risk ATAC (L-asparaginase, ara-C, VP-16, anti-J2 26 monoclonal antibody, anti-CALLA hybridoma antibody) Histerone HMBA (hexamethylene bisacetamide) HMM (Hexalen) HMTX (high-dose methotrexate) HN2 (nitrogen mustard) HOAP-BLEO (hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, ara-C, prednisone, bleomycin) homoharringtonine HOP (hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, prednisone) HPR (fenretinide) 4-HPR (fenretinide) HU (hydroxyurea) human IgM monoclonal antibody to cytomegalovirus HXM (hexamethylmelamine) Hybolin Improved (nandrolone phenpropionate) Hybri-CEAker Hy-Gestrone hydrazine sulfate 4-hydroxyperoxycyclophosphamide Hydrea (hydroxyurea) 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) hydroxycarbamide hydroxyurea (Hydrea) Hylutin Hyprogest Hyproval Hyproxon ICE (ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide) ICI D1694 (Tomudex) ICRF-187 IDA (idarubicin) Idamycin (idarubicin HCl) idarubicin idarubicin HCl IDEC-C2B8 IDMTX (intermediate-dose methotrexate) IDX (4'-iodo-4'deoxydoxorubicin) Ifex (ifosfamide) IFF (ifosfamide) IFLrA (recombinant interferon alpha) IFM (ifosfamide) IFN-A (interferon alpha) IFN-alpha 2a (interferon alpha 2a) IFN-G (gamma interferon) IFOS (ifosfamide) ifosfamide IFX (ifosfamide) IL-2 (interleukin-2) ilmofosine IMF (Ifex, mesna, Folex, 5-fluorouracil) imidazole carboxamide (dacarbazine) ImmTher ImmuRAID-AFP ImmuRAID-CEA ImmuRAID-hCG ImmuRAID-LL2 ImmuRAIT-LL2 Imuran (azathioprine) Imuvert (Serratia marcescens extract) IMVP-16 (ifosfamide, methotrexate, VP-16) interferon alfa interferon alfa-2a interferon alfa-2b interferon beta (Serono, R-Frone) interferon gamma-1b interleukin-1, 1a, 2,3, 4, 6, 11 intoplicine Intron-A iododeoxyuridine isotretinoin iododeoxyuridine IPP (isopropyl pyrrolizine) iproplatin iridium irinotecan Isorvorin (L-leucovorin) IT MTX (intrathecal methotrexate) IUdR (idoxuridine) JT1001 Kestrone 5 KGC (Keflin, gentamicin, carbenicillin) Kynacyte ladakamycin L. A. E. 20 (discontinued in 1992) LAM (L-asparaginase, methotrexate) lanreotide acetate LAPOCA (L-asparaginase, prednisone, Oncovin, cytarabine, Adriamycin) L-ASP (L-asparaginase) L-asparaginase L-buthionine sulfoximine L-CF (leucovorin-citrovorum factor) LCR (vincristine) LDI-200 letrozole Leucomax (molgramostim) L-leucovorin leucovorin calcium Leukeran (chlorambucil) Leukine (sargramostim) Leukoglobulin leuprolide acetate (Leuprorelin) Leuprorelin leurocristine Leustatin (2-CdA or cladribine) LEV (levamisole hydrochloride) levamisole (Ergamisol) LGD-1069 liarozole fumarate liarozole HCl linker protocol Linomide (roquinimex) Lipidox (liposomal doxorubicin) liposomal doxorubicin (TLC D-99) liposomal MTP-PE liposomal nystatin L-leucovorin (Isovorin) LMF (Leukeran, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil) L-PAM (L-phenylaline mustard or melphalan) lobaplatin LOMAC (leucovorin, Oncovin, methotrexate, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide) lometrexol lomustine (CCNU) lonidamine losoxantrone losoxantrone HCl LP 2307 L-PAM (L-phenylalanine mustard) (melphalan) Lupron Lupron Depot LuVax (monoclonal antibodies) LV (leucovorin) L-VAM (Lupron, Velban, Adriamycin, Mutamycin) LVVP (Leukeran, vinblastine, vincristine, prednisone) Lysodren M2 (vincristine, carmustine, cyclophosphamide, melphalan, prednisone) MAb, MAB (monoclonal antibody) MAb B72,3 MAb-L6 MABOP (Mustargen, Adriamycin, bleomycin, Oncovin, prednisone) MAC (methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide) MAC (methotrexate, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide) MAC (mitomycin-C, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide) MACC (methotrexate, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, CCNU) MACHO (methotrexate, asparaginase, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin) MACOP-B (methotrexate, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, Oncovin, prednisone.
% = percent 10th = tenth 1st = first 2de = two dimensional echocardiography 2nd = second 3rd = third 3vc = 3 vessel cord 4th = fourth 5fu = fluorouracil 5th = fifth 6-mp = 6 mercaptopurine 6-tg = 6 thioguanine 6th = sixth 7th = seventh 8th = eighth 9th = ninth @ = at @ = email domain separator a = abortion a = absorbance a = accommodation a = adriamycin a = ante a = artery a alternata = alternaria alternata a annua = artemisia annua a baumannii = acinetobacter baumannii a belladonna = atropa belladonna a brassicicola = alternaria brassicicola a californica = artemisia californica a castellanii = acanthamoeba castellanii a cell = amacrine cell a cepa = allium cepa a coenophialum = acremonium coenophialum a culbertsoni = acanthamoeba culbertsoni a duodenale = ancylostoma duodenale a filifolia = artemisia filifolia a githago = agrostemma githago a junii = acinetobacter junii a k amputation = above knee amputation a kiliense = acremonium kiliense a polyphaga = acanthamoeba polyphaga a sativa = avena sativa a tridentata = artemisia tridentata a&e = accident and emergency department a&ox3 = alert and oriented to person place and date a&ox4 = alert and oriented to person place time and date a&p = anterior and posterior a&p = auscultation and percussion a&s = ambu & suction a&w = alive and well a-line = arterial line a-p = anterior and posterior a-p&lat = anteroposterior and lateral a-v = atrioventricular a/c = adriamycin / cyclophosphamide a/c = anterior chamber of eye a/g = albumin globulin ratio a/n = abnormal a/o = alert and oriented a/p = assessment and plan a/p = auscultation and percussion a1ad = alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency emphysema a2 = aortic component second heart sound aa = adriamycin aa = african american aa = alcohol abuse aa = alcoholics anonymous aa = alopecia areata aa = amino acid aa = amyloid protein A aa = aortic aneurysm aa = aortic arch aa = aplastic anemia aa = ara c aa = arachidonic acid aa = ascending aorta aaa = abdominal aortic aneurysm aaa = acquired aplastic anemia aaa = acute apical abscess aaa = aromatic amino acid aaf = acetylaminofluorene aag = alpha 1 acid glycoprotein aah = atypical adenomatous hyperplasia aai = acute alcohol intoxication aall = anterior axillary line aami = age associated memory impairment aamtase = aklanonic acid methyltransferase aaox3 = awake alert and oriented to date place & person aark = automated anesthesia record keeper aas = aarskog scott syndrome aas = aortic arch syndrome aas = atlantoaxial subluxation aat = aachen aphasia test aat = alpha 1 antitrypsin aat = alpha antitrypsin aau = acute anterior uveitis aav = aids associated virus ab = abdominal ab = abortion ab = antibody ab = asthmatic bronchitis aba = abscissic acid abatc = azidobenzamidotaurocholate abc = aneurysmal bone cyst abc = apnea bradycardia cyanosis abc = aspiration biopsy cytology abd = abdomen abd = abductor abdom = abdomen abdv = bleomycin doxorubicin dtic vinblastine abe = acute bacterial endocarditis abf = aortobifemoral graft abg = aortic bifurcation graft abg = aortobifemoral graft abg = arterial blood gas abi = arterial pressure index abk = aphakic bullous keratopathy abl = abetalipoproteinaemia abl = abetalipoproteinemia abl = african burkitt's lymphoma abl = angioblastic lymphadenopathy ablc = amphotericin b lipid complex abm = alveolar basement membrane antibody abmt = autologous bone marrow transplant abn = abnormal abnl = abnormal abo = a system of classifying blood groups by a or b antibody abo = abortion abo = antibody abo = bleo mtx vcr abo hdn = abo hemolytic disease of the newborn abp = arterial blood pressure abpa = asthmatic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis abpb = abductor pollicis brevis abpl = abductor pollicis longus abr = auditory brainstem response abs = abdominal muscles abs = abdominals abs = absent abs = acute brain syndrome abs = affect balance scale abs = anorexic behavior scales abt = autologous blood transfusion abu = asymptomatic bacteriuria abv = actinomycin d, bleomycin, vincristine abv = adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine abv = bleo dox vbl abvd = bleomycin dacarbazine doxorubicin vincristine abx = antibiotics ac = acute ac = air conditioning ac = air conduction ac = alternating current ac = amniocentesis ac = ante cibum ac = anterior chamber ac = ascending colon ac = assist control ac/a = accommodation convergence/accommodation aca = adenocarcinoma aca = anterior cerebral artery aca = anti cardiolipin antibody acad = academy acbe = air contrast barium enema acc = acceleration acc = accelerator acc = accident acc = accommodation acc = adrenocortical carcinoma acc = agenesis of corpus callosum acc = alveolar cell carcinoma acc = aplasia cutis congenita acca = adenylate cyclase constitutive activator acca = adrenal cortical carcinoma acca = adrenocortical carcinoma accom = accommodation accpn = agenesis of the corpus callosum with peripheral neuropathy acd = acid citrate dextrose acd = actinomycin d acd = adult celiac disease acd = allergic contact dermatitis acd = anemia of chronic disease acd = arteriosclerotic coronary disease acd = automatic cardiac defibrillator procedure acd = corneal dystrophy ace = acetylcholinesterase ace = angiotensin converting enzyme ace = cyclophosphamide doxorubicin ace = dipeptidyl peptidase a acetoacetyl coa = acetoacetyl coenzyme a acetyl coa = acetyl coenzyme a acetyl coa acetyltransferase = acetyl coenzyme a acetyltransferase acetyl coa carboxylase = acetyl coenzyme a carboxylase acf = anterior cranial fossa acg = angle closure glaucoma ach = acetylcholine ach = achondroplasia ach = adrenal cortical hormone ach esterase = acetylcholinesterase ache = acetylcholinesterase aci = acute coronary insufficiency aciol = anterior chamber intraocular lens acj = amelocemental junction of tooth acl = anterior cruciate ligament acla = anti cardiolipin antibody acls = advanced cardiac life support acm = aclacinomycin a acm = adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate acm = arnold chiari malformation acn = acoustic neurinoma acnu = nimustine acom = anterior communicating artery acp = acid phosphatase acp = acupuncture acps = acrocephalopolysyndactyly acr = aclarubicin acr = amalgam cement restoration acra = acetylcholine receptor antibody acs = american cancer society acs = anterior tibial compartment syndrome acs = antireticular cytotoxic serum acsvbg = aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft acsvg = aortocoronary saphenous vein graft act = actinomycin act = activated clotting time act = acute coronary thrombosis act-c = actinomycin c act-d = actinomycin d acth = adrenocorticotrophic hormone actriib = activin receptor type iib acug = arthrocutaneouveal granulomatosis acv = acyclovir acv = airway closing volume acv = aplasia of cerebellar vermis acvd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease acvg = aortocoronary vein graft acyl coa = acyl coenzyme a ad = adenoidal degeneration ad = advertisement ad = alzheimer's disease ad = atopic dermatitis ad = atrio dextro ad = auris dextra ad = autogenic drainage ad = autosomal dominant ad = dactinomycin ad = drug addiction ad lib = ad libitim ada = adenosine deaminase ada = american dental association ada = american diabetes association ada = american dietetic association ada = americans with disabilities act adamha = alcohol drug abuse and mental health administration adas = alzheimer's disease assessment scale adat = advance diet as tolerated adbc = adriamycin, dtic, bleomycin, ccnu adc = acquired immune deficiency syndrome dementia complex adc = adenylate cyclase adc = adrenal cortex adc = aids dementia complex adcc = antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity add = attention deficit disorder add'l = additional addl = additional ade = ara c, daunorubicin, etoposide adem = acute disseminated encephalomyelitis aden = acantholytic dyskeratotic epidermal nevus adenoca = adenocarcinoma adf = aortoduodenal fistula adh = alcohol dehydrogenase adh = antidiuretic hormone adhd = attention deficit hyperactivity disorder adi = autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris adic = adriamycin, dtic adip = acute demyelinating inflammatory polyradiculopathy adj = adjuvant adk = adenylate kinase adl = activities of daily living adm = administration adm = administrator adm = admission admckd = medullary cystic kidney disease, autosomal dominant adp = adenosine diphosphate adpase = adenosine diphosphatase adpkd = autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease adr = adriamycin adr = adverse drug reaction adria = adriamycin ads = alcohol dependence scale ads = antibody deficiency syndrome adt = adenosine triphosphate adt = admission, diagnosis, triage adu = acute duodenal ulcer ae = acrodermatitis enteropathica ae = aeronautical engineer ae = agricultural engineer aea = above elbow amputation aec = aminoethylcysteine aed = accident and emergency department aed = automated external defibrillator aeeg = ambulatory eeg aef = allogenic effect factor aef = amyloid enhancing factor aef = aryepiglottic fold aem = ataxia, episodic, with myokymia aep = auditory evoked potentials aer = auditory evoked responses af = acid fast af = afebrile af = amaurosis fugax af = amniotic fluid af = anterior fontanelle af = asian female af = atrial fibrillation af = auricular fibrillation af = dental amalgam filling present afb = acid fast bacillus afb = aflatoxin b afb1 = aflatoxin b1 afgf = acidic fibroblast growth factor afi = amaurotic familial idiocy afi = amniotic fluid index afib = atrial fibrillation afip = armed forces institute of pathology afl = atrial flutter aflp = acute fatty liver of pregnancy afp = alpha fetoprotein aft = aflatoxin aft = afternoon afv = amniotic fluid volume ag = anion gap ag = antigen ag = atrial gallop ag = atrophic gastritis ag = silver aga = anti gliadin antibody aga = appropriate for gestational age agg = agammaglobulinemia agit = agitation agl = acute granulocytic leukemia aglt = acidified glycerol lysis test agmx = agammaglobulinemia, x linked agn = acute glomerulonephritis agnor = silver staining nucleolar organizing regions agp = alpha 1 acid glycoprotein ags = adrenogenital syndrome ags = alagille syndrome ags = audiogenic seizure agsg = alliance of genetic support groups agt = activity group therapy agt = aminoglutethimide agt = antiglobulin test agus = atypical glands of unknown significance agw = anogenital warts ah = adductor hallucis ah = alcoholic hepatitis ah = anterior horn ah = atypical hyperplasia aha = acquired hemolytic anemia aha = american heart association aha = american hospital association aha = anterior hypothalamic area aha = autoimmune hemolytic anemia ahc = acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ahc = adrenal hypoplasia, congenital ahd = arteriohepatic dysplasia ahd = arteriosclerotic heart disease ahds = allan herndon dudley syndrome ahf = acute heart failure ahf = antihemophilic factor ahf = argentinian hemorrhagic fever ahg = acute herpetic gingivostomatitis ahg = antihemophilic globulin ahgs = acute herpetic gingivostomatitis ahh = aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase ahhd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease ahle = acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis ahm = allele frequency dependent homozygosity mapping aho = albright hereditary osteodystrophy ahr = aryl hydrocarbon receptor aht = antihyaluronidase screening titer ahts = adductovarus hammer toe syndrome ahx = addison disease, x linked ai = accidental injury ai = alcohol intake ai = allergy and immunology ai = amelogenesis imperfecta ai = anaphylatoxin inactivator ai = angiotensin i ai = aortic incompetence ai = aortic insufficiency ai = apical impulse ai = artificial insemination ai = artificial intelligence ai = autoimmune ai = autoimmunity aia = aspirin intolerant asthma aib = abnormal illness behavior aib = aminoisobutyric acid aic = aicardi syndrome aica = anterior inferior cerebellar artery aicd = automatic implanted cardiac defibrillator aid = artificial insemination by donor aidh = atypical intraductal hyperlasia aids = acquired immune deficiency syndrome aied = aland island eye disease aih = artificial insemination by husband aih = autoimmune hepatitis aiha = autoimmune hemolytic anemia ail = angioimmunoproliferative lesions aild = angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia aim = abnormal involuntary movement aim = activation inducer molecule aim = asparaginase, ifosfamide, methotrexate aimi = anteroinferior myocardial infarction aims = abnormal involuntary movement scale aims = arthritis impact measurement scale ain = acute interstitial nephritis ain = anal intraepithelial neoplasia aion = acute ischemic optic neuropathy aip = acute intermittent porphyria aip = acute interstitial pneumonia ais = abbreviated injury scale ais = adenocarcinoma in situ aivr = accelerated idioventricular rhythm aj = ankle jerk ajcc = american joint committee on cancer ak = above knee ak = acetate kinase ak = actinic keratosis ak = adenylate kinase ak = artificial kidney ak = astigmatic keratotomy aka = above knee amputation aka = alcoholic ketoacidosis aka = also known as ake = acrokeratoelastoidosis akp = anterior knee pain akv = acrokeratosis verruciformis al = aluminum al = amyloid light chain al = anterolateral al = arterial line al = artificial limb al = left ear ala = alanine ala = aminolevulinic acid ala = amoebic liver abscess alad = aminolevulinic acid dehydratase alase = alas, erythroid alash = alas, housekeeping alat = alanine aminotransferase alb = albumin alc = alcohol alcaa = acetylcarnitine arginyl amide alcam = activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule alcl = anaplastic large cell lymphoma ald = adrenoleukodystrophy ald = alcoholic liver disease ald = aldolase ald = aldosine ald = aldosterone aldb = aldolose b deficiency aldo = aldosterone alec = artificial lung expanding compound alf = acute liver failure alg = antilymphocyte globulin ali = acute lung injury ali = average lobe index alk p'tase = alkaline phosphatase alk phos = alkaline phosphatase all = acute lymphocytic leukemia allo = allogenic alm = acral lentiginous melanoma almi = anterolateral myocardial infarction almm = acral lentiginous malignant melanoma alomad = adriamycin, leukeran, oncovin, methotrexate, actinomycin d, dacarbazine alp = alkaline phosphatase alp = anterior lobe of pituitary alp = argon laser photocoagulation alp = atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype alpc = argon laser photocoagulation alpha anp = alpha atrial natriuretic peptide alpha ifn = alpha interferon alpha mpt = alpha methyl p tyrosine alps = aphasia language performance scales als = advanced life support als = afferent loop syndrome als = amyotrophic lateral sclerosis als = antilymphocyte serum alt = alaniinitransaminaas alt = alanine aminotransferase alt = altered alt = altitude alt = argon laser trabeculoplasty alto = afterloading tandem and ovoids altp = argon laser trabeculoplasty alunc = alopecia universalis congenita alv = alveolar alv = avian leukosis virus am = alveolar macrophage am = american am = americium am = ammeter am = anteromedial am = asian male am = morning ama = advanced maternal age ama = against medical advice ama = american medical association ama = anti mitochondrial antibody amb = ambulate amb = amphotericin b amc = arthrogryposis multiplex congenita amcn = arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, neurogenic type amd = acid maltase deficiency amd = age related macular degeneration amdg = acromesomelic dysplasia, grebe type amf = adios, my friend amfyoyo = adios my friend, you're on your own ami = acute mesenteric ischemia ami = acute myocardial infarct ami = autobiographical memory interview amio = amiodarone amit = amitriptyline aml = acute myelogenous leukemia aml = anterior mitral leaflet amlcd = active matrix liquid crystal device amm = agnogenic myeloid metaplasia amml = acute myelomonocytic leukemia amn = adrenomyeloneuropathy amnio = amniocentesis amp = acid mucopolysaccharide amp = acute massive pulmonary embolism amp = adenosine monophosphate amp = ampere amp = amphetamine amp = ampicillin amp = ampule amp = amputation amp deaminase = adenosine monophosphate deaminase ampe = acute massive pulmonary embolism amr = alternating motion rate ams = altered mental status ams = atypical mole syndrome amsa = amsacrine amt = abbreviated mental test amt = amount amt = anxiety management training amv = assisted mandatory ventilation amvc = atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis an = acanthosis nigricans an = acoustic neuroma an = anorexia nervosa an = antenatal ana = alpha naphthyl esterase ana = antinuclear antibody ana = antinuclear antigen anae = alpha naphthyl acetate esterase anan = anandron anbc = hepatitis b core antibody anc = absolute neutrophil count anc = antenatal care anca = anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody ancova = analysis of covariance and = axillary node dissection anes = anesthesia anf = antinuclear factor ang = angiotensin angio = angiogram angis = australian national genomic info service anl = acute nonlymphocytic leukemia anl = argonne national laboratory anll = acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia anm = amish nemaline myopathy ann = annual ann = annulus ann = artificial neural networks ann fib = annulus fibrosis annl = acute non lymphocytic leukemia anom = anomalous anova = analysis of variance anp = atrial natriuretic peptide ans = arteriolonephrosclerosis ans = autonomic nervous system ant = alloimmune neonatal thrombocytopenia ant = anterior ante = before anug = acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis anxty = anxiety ao = acridine orange aob = acetone on breath aob = alcohol on breath aob = anterior open bite aod = arterial occlusive disease aodm = adult onset diabetes mellitus aof = assessment of occupational function aom = acute otitis media aom = arthroophthalmopathy, hereditary progressive aom = azoxymethane aopa = ara c, oncovin, prednisone, asparaginase aope = adriamycin, oncovin, prednisone, etoposide aorf = adult onset renal failure aos = adams oliver syndrome ap & lat = anteroposterior & lateral ap = abdominal pain ap = abdominal perineal ap = acid phosphatase ap = action potential ap = acute pancreatitis ap = alkaline phosphatase ap = anatomic pathology ap = angina pectoris ap = ante partum ap = anterior and posterior ap = anterior pituitary ap = aortic pressure ap = aortopulmonary ap = arterial pressure ap = artificial pneumothorax ap&lat = anteroposterior & lateral apa = american psychological association apa = aminopenicillanic acid apa = antiphospholipid antibody apb = abductor pollicus brevis apc = acetylsalicylic acid, acetophenetidin, and caffeine apc = activated protein c apc = adenomatous polyposis of the colon apc = amsa, prednisone, chlorambucil apc = aspirin, phenacetin, caffeine apc = atrial premature contraction apch = alternative pathway hemolytic complement apcor = advanced portable coronary observation radio apd = accessory pancreatic duct apd = afferent pupillary defect apd = antipsychotic drug apd = atrial premature depolarization ape = acute pulmonary edema ape = anterior pituitary extract apeced = autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy apf = antiperinuclear factor aph = alkaline phosphatase aph = antepartum hemorrhage aph = aphasia apha = american public health association aphig = aphidicolin glycinate api = application programming interface apkd = adult polycystic disease apl = abductor pollicis longus apl = acute promyelocytic leukemia apl = adjustable pressure limiting valve apla = anti phospholipid antibody apld = automated percutaneous lumbar discectomy aplis = anatomic pathology laboratory information system apls = advanced pediatric life support apml = acute promyelocytic leukemia apn = acute pyelonephritis apn = advanced practice nurse apo = adriamycin, prednisone, oncovin apo a i = apolipoprotein a i apoa = apolipoprotein a apob = apolipoprotein b apoc = apolipoprotein c apod = apolipoprotein d apoe = apolipoprotein e apoj = apolipoprotein j app = acute phase protein app = appendix appl = appliance appl = application appnhp = adenylyl imidodiphosphate approx = approximate approx = approximately appt = appointment appy = appendectomy apr = abdominoperineal resection of rectum apr = acute phase reactant apr = april apr = auropalpebral reflex aprs = adult personality rating schedule aprt = adenine phosphoribosyltransferase aprt = adenosine phosphoribosyltransferase aprtase = adenine phosphoribosyltransferase aprv = airway pressure release ventilation aps = antiphospholipid syndrome apsa = phosphatidylserine antibody apsgn = acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis aptt = activated partial thromboplastin time apud = amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation apudoma = apud tumor apudoma = tumor of apud cells apvc = anomalous pulmonary venous connection apvd = anomalous pulmonary venous drainage apvr = anomalous pulmonary venous return apvs = absent pulmonary valve syndrome apw = aortopulmonary window aq = aqueous ar = aortic regurgitation ar = argon ara c = arabinosylcytosine ara ctp = arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate ara u = arabinofuranosyluracil aras = atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis arbkt = aids risk behavior knowledge test arc = abnormal retinal correspondence arc = aids related complex arch = archives ard = acute respiratory disease ardmd = autosomal recessive distal muscular dystrophy ards = adult respiratory distress syndrome arf = acute renal failure arf = acute respiratory failure arf = acute rheumatic fever arg = arginine ari = acute renal insufficiency ari = acute respiratory infection arm = artificial rupture of membrane armd = age related macular degeneration arn = acute retinal necrosis aroa = autosomal recessive ocular albinism arom = artificial rupture of membranes arp = american registry of pathology arpkd = autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease arsa = arylsulfatase a art = anti retroviral therapy art = arterial arter = arterial aru = acute retention of urine arv = aids related virus arv = anti retroviral therapy arvc = arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy arvd = arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia as = angelman syndrome as = aortic stenosis as = arteriosclerosis as = auris sinestra asa = acetylsalicylic acid asa = argininosuccinic acid asa = aspirin asa = aspirin sensitive asthma asad = arteriosclerotic artery disease asal = argininosuccinate lyase asal deficiency = argininosuccinate lyase deficiency asap = as soon as possible asat = aspartate aminotransferase asb = asymptomatic bacteriuria asbmb = american society for biochemistry & molecular biology asc = american society of cytology ascb = american society for cell biology ascd = arteriosclerotic coronary disease aschd = arteriosclerotic coronary heart disease asci = american society for clinical investigation ascii = american standard code for information interchange asco = american society of clinical oncology ascp = american society of clinical pathologists asct = autologous stem cell transplantation ascus = atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance ascva = arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular accident ascvd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease ascvd = arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease ascvhd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular heart disease ascvrd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular renal disease asd = atrial septal defect asdhd = arteriosclerotic decompensated heart disease asdp = anal sphincter dysplasia asech = acetylselenonium choline asf = anterior spinal fusion ash = asymmetrical septal hypertrophy ashap = adriamycin, solu medrol, high dose ara c, platinol ashcvd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive cardiovascular disease ashd = arteriosclerotic heart disease ashd = atrioseptal heart defect ashg = american society for human genetics ashhd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease ashvd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive vascular disease asi = anxiety status inventory asip = american society for investigative pathologists asis = anterior superior iliac spine asl = antistreptolysin asl = argininosuccinate lyase asl deficiency = argininosuccinate lyase deficiency aslhn = alport syndrome like hereditary nephritis aslme = american society of law, medicine, and ethics aslo = anti streptolysin o asm = american society for microbiology asma = anti smooth muscle antibody asmd = anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis asmi = anteroseptal myocardial infarction asmtlx = acetylserotonin methyltransferase like, x linked asn = asparaginase asn = asparagine aso = antistreptolysin o aso = arteriosclerosis obliterans asom = acute suppurative otitis media asp = antisocial personality asp = asparaginase asp = aspartic acid asp = l asparaginase asped = angel shaped phalangoepiphyseal dysplasia aspvd = arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease asrt = anomalous sentence repetition test assa = aminopterin syndrome sine aminopterin assoc = association asst = assist asstase = arylsulfate sulfotransferase ast = aspartate aminotransferase ast = astigmatism asu = ambulatory surgery unit asv = avian sarcoma virus asvd = arteriosclerotic vascular disease asvhd = arteriosclerotic vascular heart disease asw = approved social worker at = antithrombin at = astatine at = audiology technician at/nc = atraumatic normocephalic ata = alimentary toxic aleukia ata = anterior tibial artery atc = adriamycin followed by 3x taxol followed by 3x cytoxan atcc = american type culture collection atd = antithyroid drug atd = asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy atg = antithymocyte globulin atg = antitoxin globulin atin = acute tubulo interstitial nephritis atl = adult t cell leukemia atll = adult tcell leukemia lymphoma atls = advanced trauma life support training course atm = atmosphere atmngt = atypical melanocytic nevi of the genital type atn = acute tubular necrosis atn = oculocutaneous albinism, tyrosinase negative atnr = asymmetrical tonic neck reflex atp = adenosine triphosphate atp = advanced technology program atp = azathioprine atra = all trans-retinoic acid ats = alport syndrome ats = anti tetanus serum ats = arteriosclerosis atshd = arteriosclerotic heart disease att = attachment atv = all terrain vehicle atz = anal transitional zone au = arbitrary unit au = aures unitas au = australia antigen au = azauridine au = gold auc = area under curve aud = auditory audit = alcohol use disorders identification test aug = acute ulcerative gingivitis aug = august aul = acute undifferentiated leukemia aur = auricular aus = artificial urinary sphincter aus = atypia of unknown significance av = adriamycin, vincristine av = alveolar duct av = anaerobic vaginosis av = aortic valve av = arteriovenous av = atrioventricular av = audiovisual av = auriculoventricular ava = antiviral antibody ava = aortic valve area ava = aortic valve atresia avad = doxorubicin, vincristine, cytarabine, dexamethasone avb = atrioventricular block avdrr = adult onset vitamin d resistant hypophosphatemic osteomalacia aventyl = nortriptylineavf avf = arteriovenous fistula avf = atrioventricular fibrillation avh = acute viral hepatitis avm = arteriovenous malformation avm = aviation medicine avms = arteriovenous malformations avn = atrioventricular node avn = avascular necrosis avo = defused arteriovenous o2 difference avp = actinomycin d, vincristine, platinol avp = adriamycin, vincristine, procarbazine avp = aortic valve prosthesis avp = aortic valvuloplasty avp = arginine vasopressin avp = venous ambulatory pressure avpu = alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive avr = aortic valve replacement avrnt = atrioventricular re entrant nodal tachycardia avrr = aortic valve re replacement avrt = atrioventricular re entrant tachycardia avs = arteriovenous shunt avsd = atrioventricular septal defect avss = afebrile, vital signs stable aw = abdominal wall aw = airway awmi = anterior wall myocardial infarction awo = antral washout awol = absent without leave aws = alagille watson syndrome ax = axilla ax = axis of cylindrical lens axr = abdominal x ray az = ascheim zondek aza = azathioprine azc = azacitidine azf = azoospermia factor azi = azidopine azq = diaziquone azt = azidothymidine b = bath b = behavior b = brother b bassiana = beauveria bassiana b beaveri = brugia beaveri b burgdorferi = borrelia burgdorferi b crocidurae = borrelia crocidurae b k amputation = below knee amputation b pahangi = brugia pahangi b&b = bronchoscopy and biopsy b&c = biopsy and cauterization b&w = baldy webster suspension b-2m = beta 2 microglobulin b-cell = bcell b-cll = b cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia b-lph = beta lipotrophic hormone b/k = below knee b/p = blood pressure b1 = bilroth 1 b1 = breast stage 1 b12 = cyanocobalamin b2 = bilroth 2 b2 = ebv receptor b2 m = beta2 microglobulin b2-glob = beta 2 microglobulin ba = backache ba = barium ba = basilar artery ba = betamethasone acetate ba = bile acid ba = biliary atresia ba = blocking antibody ba = bone age ba = boric acid ba = brachial artery ba = bronchial asthma bab = babinski sign bab = behaviour assessment battery bac = bacterial artificial chromosome bac = blood alcohol concentration bac = bronchioalveolar carcinoma bac = bronchioloalveolar carcinoma baco = bleomycin, adriamycin, ccnu, oncovin bacod = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, dexamethasone bacon = bleomycin, adriamycin, ccnu, oncovin, nitrogen mustard bacop = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone bact = bacteriology bact = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, tamoxifen bactec = bactenecin badl = brief activities of daily living bae = barium enema baee = benzoylarginine ethyl ester baep = brainstem auditory evoked potential baer = brainstem auditory evoked response baha = bone anchor hearing aid bal = blood alcohol level bal = british anti lewisite bal = bronchoalveolar lavage bal = dimercaprol balf = bronchoalveolar lavage fluid balt = bronchus associated lymphoid tissue bamon = bleomycin, adriamycin, methotrexate, oncovin, nitrogen mustard bana = benzoylarginine 2 naphthylamide banf = bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis bao = basal acid output bao = basal gastric acid output bap = bleomycin, adriamycin, prednisone bapa = benzoylarginine nitroanilide bapp = bleomycin, doxorubicin, cisplatin, prednisone barb = barbiturate barbital = phenobarbital barn = bilateral acute retinal necrosis bas = balloon atrial septostomy baso = basophil bavip = bleomycin, adriamycin, vinblastine, imidazole carboxamide, prednisone bawo = bilateral antrl washout bax = a homolog of bcl2 bb = bronchial breathing bb = bundle branch bba = born before arrival bbb = blood brain barrier bbb = bundle branch block bbgk = stated that chromosomes 4 and 7 each seem to have copies of the bb1/g25k bbow = bulging bag of waters bbprl = big big prolactin bbs = bilateral breath sounds bbs = bulletin board service bbt = basal body temperature bbvp = bcnu, bleomycin, vepesid, prednisone, methotrexate bc = blood culture bc = bone conduction bc = breast cancer bc = breathing control bc = bronchogenic carcinoma bca = basal cell atypia bcaa = branched chain amino acid bcam = b cell adhesion molecule bcap = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, prednisone bcas = breast carcinoma amplified sequence bcat = branched chain aminotransferase bcav = bleomycin, ccnu, adriamycin, velban bcc = basal cell carcinoma bcca = basal cell carcinoma bccp = biotin carboxyl carrier protein bcd = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, dactinomycin bcdf = b cell differentiation factor bcds = breast cancer, ductal, suppressor bce = basal cell epithelioma bcei = breast cancer estrogen inducible sequence bceop = benign childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms bcg = bacille calmette guerin bcg = ballistocardiogram bcg = bromocresol green bch = basal cell hyperplasia bch = chorea, hereditary benign bche = butyrylcholinesterase bcie = bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma bckd = branched chain alpha ketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency bckd = branched chain alphaketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency bcmf = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil bcns = basal cell nevus syndrome bcnu = bis chloroethyl nitrosourea bcop = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone bcp = basal cell papilloma bcp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, prednisone bcp = birth control pill bcpm = benign chronic pemphigus bcr = breakpoint cluster region bcr = bulbocavernosus reflex bcs = battered child syndrome bcs = breast conservation surgery bcs = budd chiari syndrome bct = basophil challenge test bcvp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone bcvpb = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, bleomycin bcvpp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone bcvpp = carmustine cyclophosphamide prednisone procarbazine vinblastine bcx = blood culture bd = band bd = barbiturate dependence bd = base deficit bd = basophilic degeneration bd = batten's disease bd = behcet's disease bd = belladonna bd = bile duct bd = black death bd = blood donor bd = bowel dysfunction bd = bowen disease bd = brain damage bd = brain death bd = bronchodilator bd = twice a day bdae = boston diagnostic aphasia examination bdc = burn dressing change bdcs = bazex dupre christol syndrome bdg = batten's disease gene bdi = beck depression inventory bdma = benzyldimethylamine bdmf = bone dysplasia with medullary fibrosarcoma bdmr = brachydactyly mental retardation syndrome bdp = beclomethasone dipropionate bdp = benzodiazepine bdp = bronchopulmonary dysplasia bdr = background diabetic retinopathy bdrs = blessed dementia rating scale bdrs = brief depression rating scale bds = blackfan diamond syndrome bdz = benzodiazepine be = bacterial endocarditis be = barium enema be = base excess be = below elbow bea = below elbow amputation beac = bcnu, etoposide, ara c, cyclophosphamide beam = bcnu, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan bec = before exam completed bed = bornholm eye disease bee = basal energy expenditure beh = behavior beh = benign essential hypertension behav = behavioral bel = blood ethanol level bel = bromoenol lactone bemp = bleomycin, eldisine, mitomycin, platinol ben = balkan endemic nephropathy beo = both eyes open bep = benign enlargement of prostate bep = bleomycin, etoposide, platinol bepop = application of below elbow plaster of paris ber = berbamine ber = berberine best = bedside evaluation and screening test of aphasia beta msh = beta melanocyte stimulating hormone beta tgdr = beta thioguanine deoxyriboside bf = black female bf = blastogenic factor bf = breast fed bf = breast feeding bf = lymphocyte mitogenic factor bfgf = basic fibroblast growth factor bfic = benign familial infantile convulsions bfl = bird fanciers lung bfnc = benign familial neonatal convulsions bfp = biological false positive bfu = burst forming unit bg = basal ganglia bg = basal ganglion bg = bender gestalt test bg = beta galactosidase bg = beta glucuronidase bg = birbeck granule bg = bite guard bg = blood gases bg = blood glucose bg = bone graft bg = brilliant green bg = bronchocentric granulomatosis bga = blood gas analysis bgci = basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic bgh = bovine growth hormone bgl = bartholin's gland bgp = blood group bgp = bone gla protein bgpa = biliary glycoprotein a bgs = baller gerold syndrome bgus = biclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance bh = birth history bh = breathholding bh = bronchial hyperreactivity bha = butylated hydroxyanisole bhcg = beta human chorionic gonadotrophin bhcg = beta human chorionic gonadotropin bhd = bcnu hydroxyurea dacarbazine bhd = birt hogg dube syndrome bhdv = bcnu, hydroxyurea, dacarbazine, vincristine bhf = bolivian hemorrhagic fever bhl = bilateral hilar lymph node bhr = bronchial hyperreactivity bht = blunt head trauma bht = breath hydrogen test bht = butyl hydroxytoluene bht = butylated hydroxytoluene bht = butylhyroxytoluene bhtt = bielschowsky head tilt bi = barthel index bi = basilar impression bi = bismuth bi = bone injury bi = brain injury bi = gingival bleeding index biba = brought in by ambulance bic = biceps bid = bis in diem bid = brought in dead bie = bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma bih = benign intracranial hypertension bih = bilateral inguinal hernia bil = bilateral bil bs = bilateral breath sounds bilat = bilateral bili = bilirubin bili t/d = bilirubin, total and direct bima = bilateral internal mammary artery bin = twice a night bio = biology biol = biologic biol = biological biol = biologist biol = biology biotech = biotechnology bip = bleomycin, ifosfamide, platinol bip = bronchiolitis obliterans with usual interstitial pneumonitis bipap = bilevel positive airway pressure bipg = billroth i partial gastrectomy bipp = bismuth iodoform paraffin paste bit = behavioral inattention test biw = twice weekly bj = bence jones bj = biceps reflex bjm = bones, joints, and muscles bjp = bence jones protein bk = back bk = band keratopathy bk = below knee bk = black bk = bullous keratopathy bka = below knee amputation bkbpr = bamford kowal and bench picture related bkpnpr = bamford kowal and bench non picture related bkv = bk virus bl = bladder bl = blood bl = borderline leprosy bl = bucolingual bl = burkitt's lymphoma bl cult = blood culture blades = bristol language assessment scales bld = blood blel = benign lymphoepithelial lesion bleo = bleomycin bleo-comf = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, fluorouracil bleo-mopp = bleomycin, nitrogen mustard, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone blitz = monoclonal antibodies blm = bleomycin blm = bleomycin sulfate blobs = binary large objects bls = bare lymphocyte syndrome bls = basic life support blt = bleeding time blv = blood volume bm = bacterial meningitis bm = basal metabolism bm = basilar membrane bm = black male bm = bone marrow bm = bowel movement bm = breast milk bma = benzylmercapturic acid bma = bone marrow aspiration bmast = brief michigan alcoholism screening test bmc = bone marrow cell bmc = bone mineral content bmcp = brain mitochondrial carrier protein bmd = becker muscular dystrophy bmd = best macular dystrophy bmd = bone mineral density bmhp = bromomercurihydroxypropane bmi = body mass index bmj = breast milk jaundice bmld = binaural masking level difference test bmp = bcnu, methotrexate, procarbazine bmp = bone morphogenetic protein bmpg = bone marrow proteoglycan bmr = basal metabolic rate bms = burning mouth syndrome bmt = bone marrow transplant bmz = basement membrane zone bn = bladder neck bn = bulimia nervosa bnab = ladder neck adhesions bncf = both toenails cut and filed bnd = both toenails drilled bnec = bladder neck electric conductance test bnhl = bcell non hodgkin's lymphoma bni = bladder neck incision male bnl = brookhaven national laboratory bno = bladder neck obstruction bnp = bladder non palpable bnp = brain natriuretic peptide bns = bladder neck stenosis bo = bacterioopsin bo = barrett's esophagus bo = benzene oxide bo = bilirubin oxidase bo = blackout bo = blighted ovum bo = body odor bo = bosentan bo = bowel obstruction bo = bronchiolitis obliterans bo = bubble oxygenator boa = behavioral observation audiometry boap = bleomycin, oncovin, adriamycin, prednisone boca = brown oculocutaneous albinism bof = birds of a feather bof = branchiooculofacial syndrome bof = broncho esophageal fistula bofs = branchiooculofacial syndrome bold = bleomycin, oncovin, lomustine, dacarbazine boma = otitis media, both ears, acute bomp = bleomycin, oncovin, matulane, prednisone bomsa = bilateral otitis media serous acute bomsc = bilateral otitis media serous chronic bonp = bleomycin, oncovin, natulan, prednisolone boo = bladder outflow obstruction boop = bronchiolitis obliterans and organising pneumonitis bop = bcnu, oncovin, prednisone bop = bleeding on probing bop = bleomycin, oncovin, platinol bopam = bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone, adriamycin, mechlorethamine, methotrexate bopp = bcnu, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone borb = birmingham object recognition battery bos = base of skull bos = behavioral observation schedule botox = botulin toxin bov = bleeding esophageal varices bow = bag of water box = bowels opened times bp = base pair bp = blood pressure bp = boiling point bp = bullous pemphigoid bp&tpr = monitoring of blood pressure, temperature, pulse rate and respiratory rate bp+ = hypertension bpad = bipolar affective disorder bpcq = beliefs about pain control questionnaire bpd = biparietal diameter bpd = bipolar disorder bpd = borderline personality disorder bpd = bronchopulmonary dysplasia bpes = blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus bpf = brazilian purpuric fever bpf = bronchopleural fistula bph = benign prostatic hyperplasia bpig = bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin bpm = beats per minute bpm = breaths per minute bpm = brompheniramine maleate bpn = brachial plexus neuropathy bpnh = bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia bpo = benzoyl peroxide bpp = biophysical profile bpptl = bilateral postpartum tubal ligation bppv = benign paroxysmal positional vertigo bprl = big prolactin bprs = brief psychiatric rating scale bps = bronchopulmonary segment bpt = bronchial provocation test bpv = benign positional vertigo bq = becquerel br = bathroom br = bedrest br = bedroom br = birthing room br = brachioradialis br = breast br = breathing rate br = breech presentation br = british br = bromine br = brother br ca = breast cancer bra = bilateral renal agenesis bra = bite raising appliance bra = brain brach = brachial brao = branch retinal artery occlusion brap = brca1 associated protein brb = bright red blood brbpr = bright red blood per rectum brbx = breast biopsy brca = breast cancer gene brd = bilateral renal dysplasia brdu = bromodeoxyuridine brdurd = bromodeoxyuridine brf = breast feeding brhibo = bromohomoibotenate bric = benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis brk = breast tumor kinase brm = biological response modifier bronch = bronchial bronch = bronchoscopy broncho = bronchoscopy brp = bathroom privileges brvo = branch retinal vein occlusion brvt = branch retinal vein thrombosis bs = barium swallow bs = blood glucose level bs = blood smear bs = blood sugar bs = bloom syndrome bs = bowel sounds bs = breath sounds bs/scf = biological sequence/structure computational facility bsa = body surface area bsa = bovine serum albumin bsaep = brainstem auditory evoked potential bsap = brief, small, abundant potentials bsapp = brief, small, abundant, polyphasic potentials bsb = bedside bag bsc = bedside commode bsco = bilateral subcapsular orchidectomy bscs = biological sciences curriculum study bsd = bedside drainage bse = bovine spongiform encephalopathy bse = breast self examination bse = mad cow disease bsep = brainstem evoked potential bser = brainstem electric response bsera = brainstem evoked response audiogram bsf = benign senescent forgetfulness bsipss = bilateral simultaneous inferior petrosal sinus sampling bso = bilateral salpingo oophorectomy bso = bilateral subcapsular orchidectomy bso = buthionine sulfoximine bsp = bone sialoprotein bsp = bromosulfaphthalein bsp = bromosulfophthalein bsp = bromsulphalein bsp = bromsulphaline bsq = behavioral screening questionnaire bsq = bussuquara fever bss = balanced salt solution bst = blood serologic test bst = bovine somatotropin bsts = bereweeke skill teaching system checklist bsu = bartholin's, skene's, urethra bsv = binocular single vision bt = base of tongue bt = bcnu, triazinate bt = bedtime bt = benign tertian malaria bt = bitemporal bt = bladder training bt = blalock taussig shunt bt = bleeding time bt = blood transfusion bt = blood type bt = blood typing bt = blue tongue bt = body temperature bt = botulin toxin bt = bowel tones bt = brain tumor bt = breakthrough bt = breast tumor bt = broken tooth btcd = binding to curved dna btk = bruton's tyrosine kinase btl = bilateral tubal ligation btm = benign tertian malaria btnf = both toenails filed btp = biotechnology training programs bts = blalock taussig shunt btu = british thermal unit btw = by the way bu = bethesda unit bu = bilirubin bu = busulfan bulit = bulimia test bun = blood urea nitrogen bus = busulfan bv = bacterial vaginosis bv = binocular vision bv = blood vessel bv = blood volume bva = binocular visual acuity bvap = bcnu, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone bvcpp = bcnu, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, procarbazine, prednisone bvd = back vertex distance bvd = bcnu, vincristine, dacarbazine bvds = bleomycin, velban, doxorubicin, streptozocin bvl = bilateral vas ligation bvm = bag valve mask bvm = bag ventilator mask bvpp = bcnu, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone bvrt = benton visual behavior test bw = birth weight bw = body weight bw = dental bitewing x ray bwcr = beckwith wiedemann syndrome chromosome region bwd = backward bwo = bladder washout bws = beckwith wiedemann syndrome bx = biopsy bxcx = biopsy of cervix bxo = balanitis xerotica obliterans bylitc = butenylisothiocyanate bzd = benzodiazepine bzs = bannayan zonana syndrome bzt = bendrofluazide bzx = bazex syndrome c 1 esterase = complement 1 esterase c = c c = capacitance c = carbon c = caucasian c = celsius c = cervical c = complement c = compliance c = cornea c = coulomb c = cum c = cytidine c = cytosine c acetobutylicum = clostridium acetobutylicum c anthropophaga = cordylobia anthropophaga c burnetii = coxiella burnetii c clostridiiforme = clostridium clostridiiforme c coli = campylobacter coli c curticei = cooperia curticei c difficile = clostridium difficile c diphtheriae = corynebacterium diphtheriae c feseri = clostridium feseri c freundii = citrobacter freundii c guilliermondii = candida guilliermondii c hominivorax = cochliomyia hominivorax c jejuni = campylobacter jejuni c pectinata = cooperia pectinata c vini = candida vini c&c = application of collar and cuff sling c&c = curette and cautery of skin lesion c&db = cough & deep breath c&e = curettage and electrodessication c&f = chills and fever c&p = cystoscopy and pyelography c&s = culture and sensitivities c-anca = c-anca = anti neutrophil cytoplasm c-anca = cytoplasm and neutrophil antibody c-p = cerebellopontine angle c-rp = c reactive protein c-s = cheyne stokes c-spine = cervical spine c/a = clinitest/acetest c/c = chrome cobalt c/c = complete dentures c/c/e = clubbing, cyanosis, edema c/d = cystodiathermy c/d/i = clean, dry, intact c/n = cyclogyl and neosynephrine c/o = complains of c/p = cardiopulmonary c/s = caesarean section c/w = consistent with c02 = carbon dioxide c1 = complement 1 c1q = complement 1q c3 convertase = complement 3 convertase c3b ina = c3b inactivator c3pa = c3 proactivator ca = calcium ca = cancer ca = carcinoma ca = cardiac arrest ca = clinical assistant ca = corneal abrasion ca = coronary artery ca atpase = calcium adenosine triphosphatase ca-125 = cancer antigen 125 ca125 = cancer antigen 125 caa = cerebral amyloid angiopathy caa = chloroacetaldehyde caa = circulating anodic antigen caa = constitutional aplastic anemia caa = coronary artery aneurysm caam = complimentary and alternate medicine caap = cocaine abuse assessment profile cab = cambridge apraxia battery cab = coronary artery bypass cabbage = slang for cabg cabg = coronary artery bypass graft cabop = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone cabs = ccnu, adriamycin, bleomycin, streptozocin cac = cisplatin, ara c, caffeine caca = cataract, crystalline aculeiform cacd = choroidal dystrophy, central areolar cach = childhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelinization cacp = camptodactyly arthropathy coxa vara pericarditis syndrome cacs = celiac axis compression syndrome cact = carnitine acylcarnitine translocase cad = computer aided detection cad = coronary artery disease cad = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, dacarbazine cad = cytosine arabinoside, daunorubicin cadasil = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy cadic = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, dtic cae = chloroacetate esterase cae = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, etoposide caep = cortical auditory evoked potentials caer = cortical auditory evoked response caf = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil caf = cytoxan, adriamycin with 5 fu caffi = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil by continuous infusion cafl = chronic airflow limitation cafp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cafs = conotruncal anomaly face syndrome cafth = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, tamoxifen, halotestin cafvp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, prednisone cag = cholangiogram cag = cholangiography cag = chronic atrophic gastritis cag = coronary angiography cag = coronary artery graft cagg = cold agglutinins cah = chronic active hepatitis cah = congenital adrenal hyperplasia cahd = coronary atherosclerotic heart disease cai = cancer attitude inventory cai = carbonic anhydrase inhibitor cai = computer assisted instruction cakut = congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract cal = calorie cal = chronic airflow limitation calc = calcium calc = calculated calc = calculus calcl = cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma calf = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, leucovorin calcium , 5 fluorouracil call = common acute lymphoblastic leukemia calla = common all antigen cals = carbonic anhydrase like sequence cam = cell adhesion molecule camak = cerebro oculo facio skeletal syndrome camb = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, methotrexate, bleomycin cameleon = cytosine arabinoside, high dose methotrexate, leucovorin, oncovin cameo = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, methotrexate, etoposide, oncovin camfak = cerebro oculo facio skeletal syndrome camlo = cytosine arabinoside, methotrexate, leucovorin, oncovin camp = cyclic amp can = cancer can = cord around neck cao = chronic airflow obstruction cao = coronary artery occlusion cao = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, oncovin cap = camptodactyly arthropathy pericarditis cap = capsule cap = captopril cap = catabolite activator protein cap = cell attachment protein cap = cellulose acetate phthalate cap = chloramphenicol cap = chloroacetophenone cap = community acquired pneumonia cap = cyclic amp binding protein cap = cystine aminopeptidase cap = prostate cancer cap-bop = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, procarbazine, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone capa = cerebellar ataxia, paroxysmal, acetazolamide responsive capd = continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis cape = clifton assessment procedures for the elderly caped = central areolar pigment epithelial dystrophy capp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol, prednisone caps = capsules car = carotid carb = carbohydrate carboxy air = carboxyaminoimidazole ribotide card = cardiac cardiak = card containing ice associated kinase cas = cerebral arteriosclerosis cas = child assessment schedule cascvd = chronic arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease casil = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy casp = communication assessment profile for adults with a mental handicap casrn = chemical abstract service registery number castle = carcinoma showing thymus like differentiation cat = combined approach tympanoplasty cat = common arterial trunk cat = computerised axial tomography cat = cytosine arabinoside, adriamycin, 6 thioguanine catch22 = cardiac abnormality/abnormal facies, t cell deficit due to thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism resulting from 22q11 deletion cath = catheter catm = autosomal dominant microphthalmia cataract cav = congenital absence of vagina cavd = congenital aplasia of vas deferens cavd = continuous arteriovenous dialysis cave = cerebroacrovisceral early cavg = coronary artery vein graft cavh = continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration cavhd = continuous arteriovenous hemodiafiltration cavhf = continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration cavp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vm 26, prednisone cavp-16 = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vp 16 cavp-i = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone cavpm = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vp 16, prednisone, methotrexate cb = caesarean birth cb = carbenicillin cb = carbobenzoxy chloride cb = carbonated beverage cb = cerebellum cb = chronic bronchitis cb = conjugated bilirubin cbavd = congenital bilateral aplasia of vas deferens cbc = complete blood count cbctr = cooperative breast cancer tissue resource cbd = common bile duct cbdca = carboplatin cbe = clinical breast exam cbf = cerebral blood flow cbg = capillary blood gas cbg = coronary bypass graft cbg = corticosteroid binding globulin cbi = continuous bladder irrigation cbi = coping behavior inventory cbps = perisylvian syndrome, congenital bilateral cbr = complete bed rest cbs = charles bonnet syndrome cbs = chronic brain syndrome cbt = carotid body tumors cbt = cognitive behavior therapy cbv = cyclophosphamide, bcnu, vp16 cbvd = ccnu, bleomycin, vinblastine, dexamethasone cbz = carbamazepine cc = carbon copy cc = carboplatin, cyclophosphamide cc = case conference cc = check cystoscopy cc = chief complaint cc = collagenous colitis cc = corpus callosum cc = costal cartilage cc = crohn's colitis cc = cubic centimeter cca = cardiac catheterisation cca = chimpanzee coryza agent cca = choriocarcinoma cca = common carotid artery cca = congenital contractural arachnodactyly cca = isolation of common carotid artery ccap = cancer chromosomal aberrations project ccapeptide = crustacean cardioactive peptide ccavv = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, vp 16 ccc = critical care center ccch = clear cell cribriform hyperplasia cccm = closed chest cardiac massage ccd = central core disease ccd = childhood celiac disease ccd = cleidocranial dysplasia ccf = congestive cardiac failure ccfe = cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, 5 fluorouracil, estramustine ccg = cationic colloidal gold ccg = chromic catgut suture cchf = crimean congo haemorrhagic fever cchs = congenital central hypoventilation cci = chronic cardiac or coronary insufficiency cck = cholecystokinin cck-pz = cholecystokinin pancreozymin ccl = centrocyte like ccl4 = carbon tetrachloride ccm = congestive cardiomyopathy ccma = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, adriamycin ccnu = lomustine ccnu-op = ccnu, oncovin, prednisone ccob = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, bleomycin ccpd = continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis ccph = complement control protein homolog ccpv = congenital convex pes valgus ccr = creatinine clearance rate ccs = clear cell sarcoma ccs = corticosteroids ccs = cronkhite canada syndrome ccsk = clear cell sarcoma of kidney ccu = coronary care unit ccv = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine ccv-av = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine/adriamycin, vincristine ccvb = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin ccvpp = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, velban, procarbazine, prednisone ccvv = cyclophosphamide, ccnu, vp 16, vincristine ccvvp = cyclophosphamide, ccnu, vp 16, vincristine, platinol cd 53 = cluster of differentiation antigen 53 cd = cadmium cd = cardiac disease cd = celiac disease cd = chemical dependence cd = cluster of differentiation cd = coeliac disease cd = communicable disease cd = conductive deafness cd = contact dermatitis cd = convulsive disorder cd = crohn's disease cd57 = cluster of differentiation antigen 5 cd74 = cluster of differentiation antigen 74 cda = 2 chlorodeoxyadenosine cda = cellulose diacetate cda = chenodeoxycholic acid cda = chlorodeoxyadenosine cda = clinical document architecture cda = congenital dyserythropoietic anemia cda = cytidine deaminase cdai = crohn's disease activity index cdc = carboplatin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide cdc = centers for disease control cdc = centers for disease control and prevention cdca = chenodeoxycholic acid cdcr = canaliculodacryocystorhinostomy cdd = congenital diaphragmatic defect cdd = craniodiaphyseal dysplasia cddp = cisdiamminedichloroplatinum cde = common duct exploration cdf = ciliary dyskinesia factor cdg = carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome cdgdl = corneal dystrophy, gelatinous drop like cdgs = carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome cdh = congenital diaphragmatic hernia cdh = congenital dislocation of the hip cdh = congenital displasia of hip cdhs = craniofacial deafness hand syndrome cdi = clean, dry, intact cdip = chronic demyelinating inflammatory radiculopathy cdk = cyclin dependent kinase cdle = chronic discoid lupus erythematosus cdls = cornelia de lange syndrome cdna = complementary dna cdnh = chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis cdp = comprehensive drinker profile cdp = cytidine diphosphate cdpc = cytidine diphosphate choline cdr = children disability register cdr = clinical dementia rating scale cdr = complementarity determining region cds = child depression scale cdst = central daylight savings time cdt = connected discourse tracking cdu = candiru fever ce = california encephalitis ce = capillary electrophoresis ce = cerium ce = cervical examination ce = conductive education cea = carcinoembryonic antigen cea = carotid endarterectomy cea = cultured epithelial autograft ceb = carboplatin, etoposide, bleomycin cec = chloroethylclonidine ceca = cisplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin cecs = courtauld emotional control scale cedri = clinical eating disorder rating instrument cee = central european encephalitis cef = cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, 5 fluorouracil ceg = chronic erosive gastritis cello = columnar epithelial lined lower esophagus cem = cytosine arabinoside, etoposide, methotrexate ceot = calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor cep = ccnu, etoposide, prednimustine cep = congenital erythropoietic porphyria cep = cyclophosphamide, etoposide, platinol ceph = center for the study of polymorphisms in humans ceph = cephalic ceph = cephalin ceph = cephalosporin ceprh = combined pigment epithelial and retinal hamartoma cer = ceramide cera = cortical electric response audiometry cerv = cervix ces = cat eye syndrome ces = compliance effective status ces = compulsive eating scale cesd = cholesterol ester storage disease cetp = cholesteryl ester transfer protein cev = cyclophosphamide, etoposide, vincristine cf = cardiac failure cf = christmas factor cf = citrovorum factor cf = complement fixation cf = congestive heart failure cf = counts fingers cf = cystic fibrosis cf = dental caries free cf = white female cfa = colonization factor antigen cfa = common femoral artery cfa = complement fixing antibody cfa = complete freund's adjuvant cfa = coronafacic acid cfa = cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis cfam = cerebral function analysing monitor cfc = chlorofluorocarbon cff = cystic fibrosis foundation cfh = complement factor h cfi = camberwell family interview cfi = chemotactic factor inactivator cfl = cisplatin, 5 fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium cfl = coronafacate ligase cfm = cerebral function analysing monitor cfm = closed face mask cfm = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, mitoxantrone cfnd = craniofrontonasal dysostosis cfp = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cfpt = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen cfq = cognitive failures questionnaire cfr = certified first responder cfr = code of federal regulations cfs = chronic fatigue syndrome cft = chronic follicular tonsillitis cft = complement fixation test cftdm = fiber type disproportion myopathy, congenital cftr = cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator cfu = colony forming unit cfu e = colony forming unit erythroid cfz = carey fineman ziter syndrome cg = centigram cg = cholecystogram cg = chorionic gonadotrophin cg = chorionic gonadotropin cg = chronic gastritis cg = colloid goiter cg = contact guard cgamf = cholylglycylamidofluorescein cgap = cancer genome anatomy project cgcg = central giant cell granuloma cgd = chronic granulomatous disease cgdcgd = carrier genodermatosis of chronic granulomatous disease cgh = comparative genome hybridization cgh = cystic glandular hyperplasia of endometrium cgl = chronic granulocytic leukemia cgmp = cyclic guanosine monophosphate cgn = chronic glomerulonephritis cgn = crescentic glomerulonephritis cgy = centigray ch = chest ch = child ch = choline ch = chronic hepatitis ch = common hepatic ch = community hospital ch50 = hemolytic complement filtration cha = congenital hypoplastic anemia chac = choreoacanthocytosis chad = cold hemagglutinin disease chad = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, adriamycin, ddp chamoca = cytoxan, hydroxyurea, actinomycin d, methotrexate, oncovin, calcium folinate, adriamycin champ = chromosomal analysis and morphology chands = curly hair ankyloblepharon nail dysplasia syndrome chap = cyclophosphamide, hexalen, adriamycin, platinol charge = coloboma, heart disease, atresia of choanae, retarded mental development and growth genital hypoplasia ear abnormalities deafness association or syndrome chat = choline acetyltransferase chb = complete heart block chbha = congenital heinz body hemolytic anemia chc = chronic hyperplastic candidosis chcl = congenital healed cleft lip chd = chediak higashi disease chd = common hepatic duct chd = congenital heart disease chd = congestive heart disease chd = coronary heart disease che = cholinesterase che = chronic health evaluation chem = chemical chem = chemist chem = chemistry chem = chemotherapy chemo = chemotherapy chex-up = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, 5 fluorouracil, platinol chf = congestive heart failure chf = crimean hemorrhagic fever chf = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, 5 fluorouracil chg = change chh = cartilage hair hypoplasia chh = congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism chhs = congenital hypothalamic hamartoma syndrome chi = closed head injury chip = cis dichlorotranshydroxy bis isopropylamine platinum iv chl = chloroform chl = conductive hearing loss chl = crown heel length chm = complete hydatidiform mole cho = carbohydrate cho = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin chob = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, bleomycin chod = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, dexamethasone chol = cholesterol chop = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin , oncovin , and prednisone chope = cyclophosphamide, halotestin, oncovin, prednisone, etoposide chor = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, radiotherapy chp = cutaneous hepatic porphyria chr = chronic chrna4 = nicotinic acetylcholine receptor chron = chronic chrpe = congenital hypertophy of retinal pigment epithelium chrs = christian syndrome chs = chediak higashi syndrome cht = congenital hypothyroidism chtn = cooperative human tissue network chuk = conserved helix loop helix ubiquitous kinase chvp = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, vm 26, prednisone ci = cardiac index ci = cardiac insufficiency ci = cephalic index ci = cerebral infarction ci = cervical incompetence ci = chest infection ci = cochlear implant ci = color index ci = convergence insufficiency ci = cornification index cia = balloon angioplasty of the common iliac artery cia = ccnu, ifosfamide, adriamycin cia = common iliac artery cic = circulating immune complex cid = combined immunodeficiency cid = cytomegalic inclusion disease cidi = composite international diagnostic interview cidp = chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy cie = nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma cif = clonal inhibitory factor cii = cranial nerve ii cii = second cranial nerve cii = type ii collagen ciid = centromeric instability, immunodeficiency syndrome cimb = center for international meeting on biology cin = cervical intraepithelial neoplasia cin = chromosomal instability cin = chronic interstitial nephritis cin = cinanserin cinca = chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and articular syndrome cioms = council for international organizations of medical sciences circ = circumcision cis = carcinoma in situ cis = opposite of trans cisc = clean intermittent self catheterization cisca = cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin cit = cautery to inferior turbinate cit = chronic immune thrombocytopenia civ = common iliac vein civpp = chlorambucil, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone cjd = creutzfeldt jakob disease cjr = centric jaw relationship ck = check ck = cholecystokinin ck = choline kinase ck = creatine kinase ck = cytokeratin ck = cytokinin ckbb = creatine kinase bb isoenzyme ckmb = creatine kinase mb isoenzyme ckmm = creatine kinase mm isoenzyme cl = chloride cl = chlorine cl = cholelithiasis cl = cirrhosis of liver cl = clearance cl = cleft lip cl = clostridium cl = condylomata lata cl = contralateral cl feseri = clostridium feseri clas = congenital localized absence of skin clav = clavicle clb = chlorambucil clbd = cortical lewy body disease clbp = chronic low back pain clcd = cleidocranial dysostosis cld = chronic liver disease cld = chronic lung disease cld = congenital lactase deficiency cldy = cloudy cle = columnar lined esophagus cle = congenital lobar emphysema cle = continuous lumbar epidural clh = chronic lobular hepatitis clia = chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer clin = clinical cll = chronic lymphatic leukemia cll = chronic lymphocytic leukemia cll/pll = chronic lymphocytic prolymphocytic leukemia clm = cutaneous larva migrans clma = clinical laboratory management association clo = clothing clo = cod liver oil clo = urease test for helicobacter pylori clock = circadian locomotor output cycles kaput clr = crossed leg raise cls = coffin lowry syndrome clt = clotting time cm = caucasian male cm = centimeter cm = centimorgan cm = cisterna magna cm = cochlear microphonic cm = congenital malformation cm = cortical mastoidectomy cm = curium cm3 = cubic centimeter cma = coronamic acid cma = cow's milk allergy cmap = compound muscle action potential cmc = carpal metacarpal cmc = cell mediated cytotoxicity cmc = chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis cmc = closed mitral commissurotomy cmc = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, ccnu cmcj = carpometacarpal joint cmdhs = chloromethyldihydrosafrole cmdr = craniometaphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive cme = continuing medical education cme = cystoid macular edema cmf = chondromyxoid fibroma cmfavp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone cmfh = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, hydroxyurea cmfp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cmfpt = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen cmfpth = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen, halotestin cmft = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, tamoxifen cmfv = cyclophosphamide fluorouracil methotrexate vincristine cmfvat = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, adriamycin, testosterone cmfvp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, prednisone cmg = cystometrogram cmgp = cartilage matrix glycoprotein cmh = congenital malformation of the heart cmhc = community mental health center cmi = cell mediated immunity cmi = chronic mesenteric ischemia cmid = cytomegalic inclusion disease cmj = carpometacarpal joint cmk = cromakalim cml = chronic myelocytic leukemia cmm = cutaneous malignant melanoma cmml = chronic myelomonocytic leukemia cmn = casamassima morton nance syndrome cmn = congenital mesoblastic nephroma cmo = clinical medical officer cmo = cystoid macular edema cmoat = canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter cmopp = cyclophosphamide, mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone cmp = cardiomyopathy cmp = ccnu, methotrexate, procarbazine cmp = chondromalacia patella cmp = cytidine monophosphate cmpd = compound cmpf = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, prednisone, 5 fluorouracil cmr = contrast medium reaction cms = circulation, motion, sensation cms = cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma cmsd = congenital myocardial sympathetic dysinnervation cmt = catechol methyltransferase cmt = cervical motion tenderness cmt = charcot marie tooth cmtc = cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita cmtd = charcot marie tooth disease cmv = cisplatin, methotrexate, vinblastine cmv = closed mitral valvotomy cmv = controlled mechanical ventilation cmv = cytomegalovirus cmvs = cerebrovascular malformations cmy = cariomyopathy cn = caudate nucleus cn = cellulose nitrate cn = charge nurse cn = child nutrition cn = chloroacetophenone cn = constipation cn = cranial nerve cn = cyanogen cnbr = cyanogen bromide cnch = chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis cne = concentric needle electromyography cnf = cyclophosphamide, novantrone, 5 fluorouracil cnf = finnish congenital nephrotic syndrome cnh = chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis cnhd = congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic disease cnm = certified nurse midwife cnop = cyclophosphamide, novantrone, oncovin, prednisone cns = central nervous system cns = clinical nurse specialist cnsha = chronic non spherocytic hemolytic anemia cnst = constipation cntf = ciliary neuronotrophic factor cnv = contingent negative variation cnvm = choroidal neovascular membrane co = carbon monoxide co = cardiac output co = cobalt co = coenzyme co2 = carbon dioxide coa = coenzyme a coa transferase = coenzyme a transferase coad = chronic obstructive airway disease coag = chronic open angle glaucoma coag = coagulation coap = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, ara c, prednisone cob = chronic obstructive bronchitis cob = cisplatin, oncovin, bleomycin cobe = chronic obstructive bullous emphysema cobmam = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, bleomycin, methotrexate, adriamycin, meccnu cobra = consolidated omnibus budget reconciliation act cobs = chronic organic brain syndrome coc = calcifying odontogenic cyst coc = combined oral contraceptives cocm = congestive cardiomyopathy cod = cerebroocular dysgenesis cod-md = cerebro oculo dysgenesis muscular dystrophy cofs = cerebro oculo facio skeletal cog = children's oncology group coi = coloboma of iris, choroid and retina col = collagen cold = chronic obstructive lung disease colpo = colposcopy com = chronic otitis media com = common comb = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, meccnu , bleomycin combap = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, bleomycin, adriamycin, prednisone comet-a = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, leucovorin, etoposide, ara c comf = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil comla = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, leucovorin, ara c comm = common comm = communicable comp = cobalt mesoporphyrin comp = compound compd = compound comps = clinical observation of motor and process skills comt = catechol o methyltransferase con a = concanavalin a conc = concentration cond = condition cong = congenital congen = congenital congruous = congruity conj = conjunctiva conn = connecticut conn = connection cons = consultation cont = continent cont = continuous cont = contractions contd = continued conus = continental united states cop = change of plaster cop = cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis cop = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone copac = ccnu, oncovin, prednisone, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide copd = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cope = chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema cope = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, platinol, etoposide copp = ccnu, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone copp = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone copro iii = coproporphyrin iii copro o = coproporphyrinogen oxidase copro ox = coproporphyrinogen iii oxidase copro'gen = coproporphyrinogen coq = coenzyme q cor = chronic cor pulmonale cor = congo red cor = coronary cor = corrected cor = corrosion cor = corrosive cor = cortex cor = cortisone cor = heart cora = conditioned orientation response audiometry corba = common object request broker architecture corp = corporation cotnab = chessington occupational therapy neurological assessment battery cox = cyclooxygenase cox = cytochrome c oxidase cox = cytochrome oxidase cp = central pain cp = cerebral palsy cp = ceruloplasmin cp = chest pain cp = chronic pancreatitis cp = cleft palate cp = clinical pathology cp = compare cp = cor pulmonale cp = creatine phosphate cpa = cardiopulmonary arrest cpa = cerebellopontine angle cpa = cooperative project assurance cpa = costophrenic angle cpa = cyclophosphamide cpa = cyproterone acetate cpap = continuous positive airway pressure cpb = cardiopulmonary bypass cpb = cyclophosphamide, platinol, bcnu cpbba = cyclophosphamide, bleomycin, procarbazine, prednisone, adriamycin cpc = choroid plexus cyst cpc = chronic passive congestion cpc = clinicopathologic conference cpc = cyclophosphamide, platinol, carboplatin cpd = callus plantar digital cpd = cephalopelvic disproportion cpd = citrate phosphate dextrose cpd = compound cpd = contagious pustular dermatitis cpd = cyclopentadiene cpdd = altretamine cisplatin cyclophosphamide doxorubicin cpdd = calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease cpdd = cis platinum diamminedichloride cpdd = cis-platinum compound cpe = chronic pulmonary emphysema cpeo = chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia cpft = certified pulmonary function technician cpft = combined pituitary function test cph = chronic persistent hepatitis cpi = california personality inventory cpip = chronic pulmonary insufficiency of prematurity cpitn = community periodontal index of treatment need cpk = creatine phosphokinase cpk-mb = creatine phosphokinase myocardial band cpl = congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasis cpls = cleft palate lateral synechia syndrome cpm = ccnu, procarbazine, methotrexate cpm = central pontine myelinolysis cpm = continue present management cpm = continuous passive motion cpm = counts per minute cpma = callus plantar metatarsal area cpn = chronic pyelonephritis cpn = community psychiatric nurse cpo = coproporphyrinogen oxidase deficiency cpob = cyclophosphamide, prednisone, oncovin, bleomycin cpp = cerebral perfusion pressure cpp = chronic pelvic pain cppb = continuous positive pressure breathing cppd = calcium pyrophosphate deposition cppd = calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate cppd = chest percussion and post drainage cppd disease = calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease cpr = c reactive protein cpr = cardiopulmonary resuscitation cpr = computerized patient record cprg = chlorophenol red galactopyranoside cps = carbamoyl phosphate synthase deficiency cps = cardiopulmonary support cps = child protective services cps = cycles per second cpsp = central post stroke pain cpt = camptothecin cpt = carnitine palmitoyltransferase cpt = chest physical therapy cpt = chest physiotherapy cpt = cold pressor test cpt = complete perineal tear cpt = current procedural terminology cptr = cyproterone cpu = carboxypeptidase u cpu = central processing unit cpz = carboxypeptidase z cpz = chlorpromazine cr = chromium cr = clot retraction cr = complement receptor cr = complete remission cr = complete response cr = conditioned reflex cr = contract relax cr = corneal reflex cr = creatinine cr = cycloplegia refraction cra = central retinal artery cra = cis retinoic acid crada = cooperative research and development agreement cran = cranial crao = central retinal artery occlusion crb = congen retinal blindness crb = congenital retinal blindness crcl = creatinine clearance crcs = calcibiotic root canal sealer crd = chronic renal disease crd = chronic respiratory disease creat = creatinine crest = calcinosis, raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction , sclerodactyly, telangiectasia crf = cardiorespiratory failure crf = chronic renal failure crf = chronic respiratory failure crf = corticotrophin releasing factor crf = corticotropin releasing factor crh = corticotrophin releasing hormone crh = corticotropin releasing hormone cri = chronic renal insufficiency cris = comprehensive injury scale crit = hematocrit crl = crown rump length crmo = chronic multifocal osteomyelitis crna = certified registered nurse anesthetist crna = complementary rna crng = cephalosporin resistant neisseria gonorrheae crop = cyclophosphamide, rubidazone, oncovin, prednisone cropam = cyclophosphamide, rubidazone, oncovin, prednisone, l asparaginase, methotrexate crp = c reactive protein crp = creatine phosphate crp = cyclic amp receptor protein crpp = cytidine diphosphate crppp = cytidine triphosphate crps = chronic regional pain syndrome crrt = continuous renal replacement therapy crs = chinese restaurant syndrome crs = cis retinoic acid crst = calcinosis cutis, raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasis crt = cadaver renal transplant crt = calreticulin crt = capillary refill time crt = cathode ray tube crt = certified respiratory therapist crt = corrected crtt = certified respiratory therapy technician cru = chronic retention of urine cru = crisis receiving unit crvo = central retinal vein occlusion crvt = central retinal vein thrombosis cs = caesarean section cs = celica sprue cs = cervical spondylosis cs = cervical swab cs = cesarean section cs = cesium cs = close supervision cs = coronal sulcus cs = coronary sclerosis cs = coronary sinus cs = corpus striatum cs melanura = culiseta melanura csa = central sleep apnea csa = child sexual abuse csa = compressed spectral array csa = cyclosporin a cscc = cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma csd = cat scratch disease cse = combined spinal epidural csf = cerebral spinal fluid csf = cerebrospinal fluid csf = colony stimulating factor csf protein = cerebrospinal fluid protein csg = cell surface glycoprotein csg = chronic simple glaucoma csg = chronic superficial gastritis csg = cyclosporin g csh = chronic subdural hematoma cshl = cold spring harbor laboratory csicu = cardiac surgery intensive care unit cslrt = crossed straight leg csm = central, steady, maintained csm = cerebrospinal meningitis csme = clinically significant macular edema csnu = cystinuria cso = craniostenosis cso = craniosynostosis csom = chron supp otitis media csom = chronic suppurative otitis media csp = circumsporozoite protein csp = cyclosporine csp = cysteine string protein csq = consum satisfact quest csq = consumer satisfaction questionnaire csq = diab clin satisfact ques csq = diabetes clinic satisfaction questionnaire csq = pain coping strat questn csq = pain coping strategies questionnaire csr = central serous retinopathy css = churg strauss syndrome csscn = cesium thiocyanate cst = castanospermine cst = cervical sympathetic trunk cst = christ siemens touraine syndrome cst = contraction stress test cst = corticospinal tract cst = corticosteroid cst = static compliance csu = collection of catheter specimen of urine ct = calcitonin ct = carpal tunnel ct = cerebral thrombosis ct = cervical traction ct = chemotherapy ct = chest tube ct = chlamydia trachomatis ct = chorda tympani ct = chordae tendinae ct = claw toe ct = composite tip ct = computed tomography ct = computerized tomography ct = contact tracing ct = coronary thrombosis ct = count ct = cover test ct = cytarabine, thioguanine ct = musculoskeletal ct scan = computerized axial tomography scan ct-scan = computerized axial tomography scan cta = clear to auscultation ctab = clear to auscultation bilaterally ctafs = conotruncal anomaly face syndrome ctap = clear to auscultation and percussion ctc = chlortetracycline ctcb = cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, carboplatin ctcl = cutaneous t cell lymphoma ctcv = congenital talipes calcaneovalgus ctd = carpal tunnel decompression ctd = close to death ctd = congenital thymic dysplasia ctd = connective tissue disease ctep = cancer therapy evaluation program ctev = congen talip equinovar ctev = congenital talipes equinovarus ctev = posteromedial release of calcaneotalar equinovarus ctf = colorado tick fever ctg = cardiotochography ctg = ctg trinucleotide repeat cth = cystathioninuria cthm = conotruncal heart malformations ctig = clinical trials implementation group ctin = chronic tubulo interstitial nephritis ctl = cytotoxic t lymphocyte ctns = cystinosis, nephropathic ctp = cytidine triphosphate ctr = carpal tunnel release ctr = center ctr = central ctrl = control key cts = carpal tunnel syndrome ctv = clinical target volume ctx = cefotaxime ctx = cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis ctx = contractions ctx = cyclophosphamide ctx = cytoxan cu = cause unknown cu = copper cuatp = copper adenosine triphosphate cuc = chronic ulcerative colitis cult = culture culys = copper lysine cuo = calovo fever cup = cystoscopy, urogram, pyelogram cur = cystocele, urethrocele, rectocele cus = cranial ultrasound cv = cardiovascular cv = cardioversion cv = cerebrovascular cv = closing volume cv = coefficient of variation cv = conception vessel acupuncture points cva = cerebral vascular accident cva = cerebrovascular accident cva = costovertebral angle cva = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin cvap = cerebral vascular amyloid peptide cvas = cerebral vascular accidents cvb = ccnu, vinblastine, bleomycin cvb = chorionic villi biopsy cvb = chorionic villus biopsy cvbd = ccnu, vinblastine, bleomycin, dexamethasone cvc = central venous catheter cvd = cardiovascular disease cvd = cerebrovascular disease cvd = cisplatin, vinblastine, dacarbazine cve = cervical vaginal endocervical cveb = cisplatin, velban, etoposide, bleomycin cvf = cobra venom factor cvf = colovesical fistula cvg = coronary vein graft cvg = cutis verticis gyrata cvhd = cardiovascular heart disease cvi = carboplatin, vepesid, ifosfamide, mesnex uroprotection cvi = cardiovascular insufficiency cvi = cerebral vascular insufficiency cvi = common variable immunodeficiency cvid = common variable immunodeficiency cvl = central venous line cvm = cerebrovascular malformation cvm = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexate cvo = constant visual observation cvp = central venous pressure cvp = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone cvp = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone cvpp = ccnu, vinblastine, prednisone, procarbazine cvpp = cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone cvpp = lomustine prednisone procarbazine vinblastine cvrd = cardiovascular renal disease cvs = cardiovascular system cvs = chorionic villus sampling cvt = congenital vertical talus cvvd = continuous venovenous hemodialysis cvvh = continuous venovenous hemofiltration cvvhd = continuous venovenous hemodialysis cvvhf = continuous venovenous hemofiltration cw = compared with cw = consistent with cw = continuous wave cw = cotton wool cwd = consistent with dates cwp = centimeters of water pressure cwp = coal worker's pneumoconiosis cwp = cotton wool pledget cws = cotton wool spots cx = cervix cx = circumflex cx = circumflex artery cx = convergence excess cx = convex cx = culture cxr = chest xray cy = cyanogen cy = cyclophosphamide cya = cover your ass cya = cyclosporin a cyc = cyclazocine cyc = cyclophosphamide cyc = cyclotron cyc = cytoxan cyclic gmp = cyclic guanosine monophosphate cyhea = cyclohexylethylamine cyld = cylindromatosis cymd = cystoid macular dystrophy cyp = cyproheptadine cys = cysteine cysto = cystoscopy cyt = cytochrome cyt = cytological cyt = cytology cyt = cytoplasm cyt = cytoplasmic cyto d = cytochalasin d cz = cefazolin czop = cefozopran d & c = dilatation and curettage d = daughter d = day d = density d = deoxyribose d = diameter d = diarrhea d = duration d = right d magalhaesi = dirofilaria magalhaesi d p = depo provera d&c = dilatation and curettage d&c = dilation and curettage d&d = debridement and dressing d&d = drilling and drainage d&e = dilatation and evacuation d&i = dry and intact d&r = dilation and radium d&v = diarrhea and vomiting d+v = diarrhea and vomiting d-e = dermoepidermal d/c = diarrhea constipation d/c = discharge d/c = discontinue d/dw = dextrose, distilled water d/l = deciliter d/s = discharge summary d/t = delirium tremens d/t = due to d/w = dextrose in water d/w = distilled water da = daughter da = day da = degenerative arthritis da = deoxyadenosine da = dermatitis artefacta da = descending aorta da = developmental age group da = diabetic acidosis da = dissecting aneurysm da = dopamine daab = dimethylaminoazobenzene dab = dimethylaminoazobenzene dac = 2 deoxy 5 azacitidine dact = dactinomycin dad = developmental articulatory dyspraxia dad = diffuse alveolar damage dadp = deoxyadenosine diphosphate daf = decay accelerating factor daf = delayed auditory feedback test dag = diacylglycerol dala = delta aminolevulinic acid dalm = diazoluminolmelanin damp = deficits in attention motor control and perception dap = dianhydrogalactitol, adriamycin, platinol dapc = dystrophin associated protein complex dapi = aminoiminomethyl phenyl indole carboximidamide dapi = diamindino 2 phenylindole dapk = death associated protein kinase das = disability assessment schedule dast = drug abuse screening test dat = daunomycin, ara c, 6 thioguanine dat = dementia alzheimer type dat = diet as tolerated dat = direct antiglobulin test datvp = daunomycin, ara c, 6 thioguanine, vincristine, prednisone dav = dibromodulcitol, adriamycin, vincristine dava = desacetyl vinblastine amide davh = dibromodulcitol, adriamycin, vincristine, halotestin dazl = deleted in azoospermia like db = dead body db = decibel db = direct bilirubin dba = diamond blackfan anemia dba = dibenzanthracene dback = to top dbd = dibromodulcitol dbe = deep breathing exercise dbm = disrupted in b cell malignancy dbms = database management system dbp = diastolic blood pressure dbr = deep breathing exercises dbs = deep brain stimulation dbv = dacarbazine, bcnu, vincristine dbw = desirable body weight dc = deoxycholate dc = deoxycytidine dc = descending colon dc = digital computer dc = diphenylcyanoarsine dc = direct current dc = discharge dc = discontinued dc = double cream dc = dressing change dc = duodenal cap dc = dupuytren contracture dca = deoxycholic acid dca = dichloroacetate dca = dichloroacetic acid dca = directional coronary atherectomy dcbe = double contrast barium enema dcbm = double contrast barium meal dcc = day care center dcc = deleted in colon cancer dcc = dextran coated charcoal dcc = find out the correct term dccd = dicyclohexylcarbodiimide dccmp = daunorubicin, cyclocytidine, 6 metacaptopurine, prednisone dcct = diabetes control and complication trials dcd = developmental coordination disorder dcf = 2 deoxycoformycin or pentostatin dcg = dacryocystogram dci = dichloroisoproterenol dcir = dendritic cell immunoreceptor dcis = ductal carcinoma in situ dcl = diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis dcm = dichloromethotrexate dcm = dilated cardiomyopathy dcmp = daunorubicin, cytarabine, 6 metacaptopurine, prednisone dcmp deaminase = deoxycytidylate deaminase dco = dyschondrosteosis dcpp = 2 2 4 dichlorophenoxy propionic acid dcr = dacryocystorhinostomy dcs = dorsal column stimulation dcsa = doubly committed subarterial defect dct = daunorubicin, cytarabine, thioguanine dct = direct coombs test dctd = division of cancer treatment and diagnosis dctp = deoxycytidine triphosphate dcv = dacarbazine, ccnu, vincristine dd = delusional disorder dd = detrusor dyssynergia dd = developmental disability dd = di guglielmo's disease dd = diabetic diet dd = diastrophic dysplasia dd = digestive disorder dd = discharge diagnosis dd = diverticular disease dd = dog dander dd = drug dependence dda = dideoxyadenosine ddavp = desmopressin ddbj = dna data bank of japan ddc = dedeoxycytidine ddc = dideoxycytidine ddc = dopa decarboxylase ddd = dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane dde = dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethylene dde = dynamic data exchange ddi = dideoxyinosine ddnu = dideoxynucleoside ddp = cisplatin ddp = diaminodichloroplatinum ddpac = disinhibition dementia parkinsonism amyotrophy complex dds = dapsone dds = denys drash syndrome dds = diaminodiphenylsulfone dds = doctor of dental surgery ddt = dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ddt = p,p dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ddu = dermodistortive urticaria ddx = dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethylene ddx = differential diagnosis dea = drug enforcement administration deae = diethylaminoethanol deae = diethylaminoethyl deb = dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa dec = december decal = dexamethasone, etoposide, cisplatin, ara c, l asparaginase decr = decreased decub = lying down def = defecation def = drugs/fluids, ekg, fibrillation deg = degeneration deg = degree dehyd = dehydrated del = delivery del = delusion dep = diethylpyrocarbonate depc = diethyl pyrocarbonate dept = department derm = dermatology dermatol = dermatology des = diethylstibestrol des = diethylstilbesterol des = diethylstilbestrol des = diffuse esophageal spasm des = division of external sphincter des = dysequilibrium syndrome dev = development dev = deviant dev = deviation dex = dextrose dexa = dual energy x ray photon absorptiometry df = deferoxamine df = dermatofibroma df = dietary fiber df = duodenal fistula dfa = direct fluorescent antibody dfdc = gemcitabine dfmo = difluoromethylornithine dfmo = eflornithine dfo = desferrioxamine dfs = disease free survival dfsp = dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans dft = dementia frontal lobe type dfta = direct fluorescent treponemal antibody dfu = dead fetus in utero dfv = ddp, 5 fluorouracil, vepesid dg = deoxyguanosine dg = desquamative gingivitis dga = digeorge anomaly dgcr = digeorge syndrome chromosome region dgi = dissem gonococc infectn dgi = disseminated gonococcal infection dgr = duodenogastric reflux dgsx = dysplasia gigantism syndrome, x linked dgtp = deoxyguanosine triphosphate dh = dehydrocholic acid dh = dehydrogenase dh = delayed hypersensitivity dh = dermatitis herpetiformis dha = dehydroepiandrosterone dha = docosahexaenoic acid dha = docosahexanoic acid dhaaa = dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate dhac = azacitidine dhad = mitoxantrone dhap = cisplatin, high dose ara c, and dexamethasone dhap = dexamethasone, high dose ara c, platinol dhas = dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate dhbs = dihydrobiopterin synthetase dhcc = 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol dhd = doyne honeycomb degeneration dhe = dental health education dhe = dihematoporphyrin ether dhe = dihydroergotamine dhea = dehydroepiandrosterone dheas = dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate dhf = dengue hemorrhagic fever dhfr = dihydrofolate reductase dhl = diffuse histiocytic lymphoma dhod = dihydroorotate dehydrogenase dhp = dihydroprogesterone dhpr = dihydropteridine reductase deficiency dhrd = doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy dhs = deafness hypogonadism syndrome dhs = dynamic hip screw dht = dihydrotestosterone dht = dihydroxytryptamine di = detrusor instability di = diabetes insipidus di = diagnostic imaging di = disability insurance di = distal incisal di = donor insemination dia = diego antigen diabet = diabetes diag = diagnonal diag = diagnosis diagn = diagnostic diam = diameter dib = difficulty in breathing dibk = diisobutyl ketone dic = dacarbazine dic = disseminated intravascular coagulation dica = diagnostic interview for children and adolescents did = dissociative identity disorder didmoad = diabetes mellitus and insipidus with optic atrophy and deafness die = death in the emergency department dif = direct immunofluorescence diff = differential dig = digoxin diiv = double inlet indeterminate ventricle dijoa = inherited juvenile optic atrophy dil = dilatation dil = dilute dild = diffuse infiltrative lung disease dilv = double inlet left ventricle dim = diminished dimopp = dose intensified mopp dims = disorder of initiating or maintaining sleep din = ductal intraepithelial neoplasia dind = delayed ischemic neurologic deficit dios = distal intestinal obstruction syndrome dip = desquamative interstitial pneumonia dip = distal interphalangeal dipa = diisopropylamine dipf = diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis dipi = direct intraperitoneal insemination dipj = distal interphalangeal joint dipnech = diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia dipoa = osteoarthritis of distal interphalangeal joints diprphp = diisopropylphenylphosphate dirv = double inlet right ventricle dis = diagnostic interview schedule dis = disabled dis = disease disch = discharge disco = direct inject of sperm into cytoplasm of the oocyte dish = diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis disi = dorsal intercalated segment instability disp = disposition dispo = disposition dist = distilled, distal dit = diathermy to inferior turbinate dit = diiodotyrosine diu = death in utero div = divorced div = double inlet ventricle djd = degenerative joint disease djs = dubin johnson syndrome dka = diabetic ketoacidosis dkc = dyskeratosis congenita dl = deciliter dl = decliter dl = dermatome lumbar dl = difference limen dl = direct laryngoscopy dl = doxorubicin, lomustine dla = disability living allowance dlbcl = diffuse large b cell lymphoma dlbd = diffuse lewy body disease dlcl = diffuse large cell lymphoma dlco = diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide dld = dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency dle = diath loop excis, cervix dle = diathermy loop excision of cervix dle = discoid lupus erythematosus dle = disseminated lupus erythematosis dll = dynamic link library dlmp = last normal menstrual period dlo2 = oxygen transfer factor dlpts = dilauroylphosphatidylserine dlqi = dermatology life quality index dls = derbyshire language scheme dlv = dermatome lumbar nerve dlv = differential lung ventilation dm = dermatomyositis dm = dexamethasone dm = diabetes mellitus dm = diastolic murmur dm = dystrophia myotonica dm = myotonic dystrophy dma = dimethylamine dma = dimethylaniline dma = dimethylarsinic acid dmaa = dimethylarsinic acid dmamf = dimethylaminomethylferrocene dmard = disease modifying antirheumatic drug dmc = dactinomycin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide dmc = demeclocycline dmd = duchenne muscular dystrophy dmd = duchenne's muscular dystrophy dmda = childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy dme = dimethyl ether dme = durable medical equipment dmh = dimethylhydrazine dmi = desmethylimipramine dmi = diaphragmatic myocardial infarction dmm = dimethylmyleran dmmpa = dimyristoylphosphatidylmethanol dmp = 840 dmpg = dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol dmpi = dimyristoylphosphatidylinositol dmpse = dimyristoylphosphatidylserine dmpt = dimethylpropiothetin dmsa = dimercaptosuccinic acid dmsc = doxycycline polymethaphosphate sodium complex dmso = dimethyl sulfoxide dmso = dimethylsulfoxide dmspta = dimyristoylphosphatidic acid dmt = dimethyltriptamine dmt = dimethyltryptamine dmtu = dimethylthiourea dmu = diagnostic meatourethroscopy dn = diabetic neuropathy dn = dibucaine number dn = dinitrocresol dn = district nurse dn = dysplastic nevus dna = deoxyribonucleic acid dna = did not attend dna antibody = deoxyribonucleic acid antibody dnap = dinitroaminophenol dnase = deoxyribonuclease dnase b = deoxyribonuclease b dnbp = dinitrobutylphenol dncb = dinitrochlorobenzene dncb = dinitrochlorobenzene contact sensitivity test dni = do not intubate dnig = dexniguldipine dnka = did not keep appointment dnm = daunomycin dnm = daunorubicin dnm = desmoplastic neurotropic melanoma dnp = deoxyribonucleoprotein dnp = dinitrophenol dnpr = deoxyribonucleoprotein antibody dnr = daunorubicin dnr = do not resuscitate dnrcc = do not recussitate comfort care dns = deviated nasal septum dns = dysplastic nevus syndrome dnt = dinitrotoluene dnt = doughnut dntt = deoxynucleotidyltransferase, terminal do = diamine oxidase do = doctor of osteopathy do2 = oxygen delivery doa = date of admission doa = date of award doa = dead on arrival doa = drug of abuse doap = daunorubicin, oncovin, ara c, prednisone dob = date of birth doc = date of conception doc = date of confinement doc = deoxycorticosterone doc = doctor doc = documentation dod = date of discharge dodab = dioctadecyl dimethylammonium bromide dodac = dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride doe = department of energy doe = dyspnea on exertion doi = digital object identifier doiv = double outlet indeterminate ventricle dolpa = dioleyl phosphoric acid dolv = double outlet left ventricle door = deafness, congenital, and onychodystrophy, recessive form dop = direct occipitoposterior position dopc = dielaidoylphosphatidylcholine dopeg = dihydroxyphenylethylene glycol dops = diffuse obstructive pulmonary syndrome dops = tyrosine beta dihydroxy threo dors = dorsal dorv = double outlet right ventricle dos = diffuse esophageal spasm dos = disk operating system doss = docusate sodium sulfosuccinate dot = died on table dov = double outlet ventricle dove = dorsal vestibuloplasty procedure dox = doxifluridine dox = doxorubicin dox = doxycycline dp = deltopectoral dp = diphosgene dp = diphosphate dp = distal pancreatectomy dp = distal phalanx dp = dorsalis pedis dp = dyspnea dp32 = register disabled claim dpa = diphenylamine dpa = dorsalis pedis artery dpa = dual photon absorptiometry dpap = demand positive airway pressure dpc = diethylpyrocarbonate dpcate = diphenylcarboxylate dpd = dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase dpd = diphenamid dpfpc = dipentafluorophenylcarbonate dpg = 2,3 diphosphoglycerate dpg = diphosphoglycerate dpg = dysplasminogenemia dpgme = dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether dph = diaphragm dph = diphenylhydantoin dpi = dietary protein intake dpi = diphenylene iodonium dpi = dry powder inhaler dpl = diagnostic peritoneal lavage dpn = diphosphopyridine nucleotide dpoa = durable power of attorney dpoae = distortion product oto acoustic emission measurement dpp = dipeptidyl peptidase dpp iv = dipeptidyl peptidase iv dpp-iv = dipeptidyl peptid iv dpp-iv = dipeptidyl peptidase iv dpps = dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine dpr = dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis dps = drinking problem scale dpsl = deep partial skin loss burn dpt = diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine dpt = dipropyltryptamine dpytase = deoxypyrimidine triphosphatase dr = delivery room dr = diabetic retinopathy dr = doctor dr = drain dr = dressing dra = dopamine receptor antagonist drb = daunorubicin dre = digital rectal examination drez = dorsal root entry zone drfb = double refractile fat bodies drg = diagnosis related groups drg = diagnostic related group drg = dorsal root ganglion drgb = dorsal root ganglion block drgb = dorsl root gangln block drgt = dorsal root ganglion thermocoagulation drng = drainage drph = distal retinal pigment hormone drpla = dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy drs = clinical dementia rating scale drs = doctors drsg = dressing drt = dead right there drta = dirhodium tetraacetate drtsf = dead right there, squashed flat ds = blessed dementia rating scale ds = denture stomatitis ds = dermatome spinal ds = discharge summary ds = disseminated sclerosis ds = down's syndrome dsa = digital subtraction angiography dsap = disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis dsc = differential scanning calorimetry dsd = detrusor and sphincter dyssynergia dsd = detrusor sphincter dyssynergia dsd = developmental speech disorder dsdna = double stranded dna dsdt = diagnostic speech discrimination test dse = debutamine stress echocardiogram dsed = diagnostic survey for eating disorders dsfi = derogatis sexual functioning inventory dsg = deoxyspergualin dsgg = disialosyl galactosyl globoside dsh = dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria dsk = damus stansel kaye dsm = diagnostic and statistical manual dsm = dried skimmed milk dso = distal subungual onycholysis dsp = diarrhoeic shellfish poisoning dspg = distearoyl phosphatidylglycerol dsrct = desmoplastic small round cell tumor dsrs = depression self rating scale dss = dengue shock syndrome dss = dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate dss = docusate sodium dssm = dried semi skimmed milk powder dst = dexamethasone suppression test dsta = disulfotetraazaadamantane dsv = dermatome sacral nerve five dt = delirium tremens dt = deoxythymidine dt = dermatome dt = diphtheria and tetanus dt = drug therapy dt = due to dt = dye test dt's = delirium tremens dta = deep transverse arrest dtab = decyltrimethylammonium bromide dtap = diptheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis dtc = detailed test of comprehension dtc = diethyldithiocarbamate dtd = data type declaration dtd = diastrophic dysplasia dtdp = deoxythymidine diphosphate dtfb = diphtheria toxin fragment b dth = delayed type hypersensitivity dtic = dacarbazine dtmp = deoxythymidine monophosphate dtp = diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid dtp = diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus dtr = deep tendon reflexes dts = delirium tremens dtsq = diabetes treatment satisfaction questionnaire dtta = diethylenetriaminetetraacetic acid dttp = deoxythymidine triphosphate dttpase = deoxythymidinetriphosphatase du = deoxyuridine du = diagnosis unknown du = duodenal ulcer du = dutch dub = dysfunctional uterine bleeding dubp = diethylumbelliferyl phosphate dud = duodenal ulcer disease duec = distal urethral electric conductance test duh = dysfunctional uterine hemorrhage duhp = duke unc health profile dui = driving under the influence duib = diureido isobutane dup = duplicate dutp = deoxyuridine triphosphate dutpase = deoxyuridinetriphosphatase dv = distance vision dv = divorced dv = domiciliary visit dv = domiciliary visit request dv = double vision dva = distance visual acuity dvb = ddp, vindesine, bleomycin dvd = developmental verbal apraxia dvd = dissociated vertical deviation dvm = delayed visual maturation dvp = daunorubicin, vincristine, prednisone dvp = devitalizing paste dvt = deep vein thrombosis dvts = deep vein thromboses dvu = direct vision urethrotomy dvwr = dysfunctional ventilatory weaning response dw = distilled water dw = dwarf dwai = driving while ability impaired dwbq = diab wellbeing question dwbq = diabetes wellbeing questionnaire dwi = driving while intoxicated dwm = dandy walker malformation dws = dandy walker syndrome dx = dextran dx = diagnosis dx = dicloxacillin dx = dislocation dx = duplex dxt = deep x ray therapy dy = dysprosium dyn = dynamometer dyn = dyne dyn a = dynorphin a dyn b = dynorphin b dys = dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria dysf = dysferlin dyspl = dysplasia dz = diazepam dz = disease dz = dizygotic dzapo = daunorubicin, azacitidine, ara c, prednisone, oncovin e = ecstasy e = energy e = expectation e = without e acervulina = eimeria acervulina e amylovora = erwinia amylovora e bieneusi = enterocytozoon bieneusi e brachy = eubacterium brachy e equi = ehrlichia equi e fergusonii = escherichia fergusonii e gergoviae = enterobacter gergoviae e histolytica = entamoeba histolytica e ictaluri = edwardsiella ictaluri e sakazakii = enterobacter sakazakii e schistosa = enhydrina schistosa e-lap = exploratory laparatomy e/c/c = edema, cyanosis, cords e/m = electron microscope e/m = electron microscopy e1 = estrone e1 = oestrone e2 = estradiol e2oh = ethanol e2r = estrogen receptor e3 = estriol e3 = oestriol ea = each ea = electroacupuncture ea = endometrial ablation ea = epidural anesthesia ea = extraction atherectomy eaa = essential amino acid eaa = excitatory amino acid eaa = extrinsic allergic alveolitis eab = elective abortion eabr = electrically evoked auditory brainstem response audiometry eac = epithelioma adenoides cysticum eac = erythema annulari centrifugum eac = external auditory canal ead = acetylcholinesterase deficiency eadl = extended activities of daily living eam = episodic ataxia with myokymia eap = electroacupuncture eap = epiallopregnanolone eap = etoposide, adriamycin, platinol ear = expired air resuscitation eara = enteric acquired reactive arthritis eas = external anal sphincter eas = iv expense assignment system version iv eat = eating attitudes test eat = edinburgh articulation test eatl = enteropathy associated t cell lymphoma eav = electroacupuncture after voll eb = endobronchial biopsy eb = endometrial biopsy eb = epidermolysis bullosa eb = external beam radiotherapy eba = epidermoly bull acquisit eba = epidermolysis bullosa acquisata eba = ethoxybenzoic acid dental cement eba = orthoethoxybenzoic acid ebap = eldisine, bcnu, adriamycin, prednisone ebbs = equal bilateral breath sounds ebd = epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica ebd = exploration of bile duct ebdct = cockayne touraine type epidermolysis bullosa ebl = estimated blood loss ebm = expressed breast milk ebmd = epidermolysis bullosa muscular dystrophy ebns = endoscopic bladder neck suspension ebpaacc = epidermolysis bullosa pyloric atresia aplasia cutis congenita ebrs = eating behavior rating scale ebrt = external beam radiation therapy ebs = epidermolysis bullosa simplex ebs-mp = epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation ebsmp = epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation ebt = exchange blood transfusion ebv = epstein barr virus ebvut = external breech version under tocolysis ec = ejection click ec = endothelial cell ec = escherichia coli ec = extracranial eca = external carotid artery ecb = european congress on biotechnology ecc = edema, cyanosis, cords ecc = endocervical curettage ecce = extracapsular cataract extraction eccl = encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis ecco2r = extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal ecd = endocardial cushion defect ecf = extended care facility ecf = extracellular fluid ecg = electrocardiogram ecge = extracorporeal gas exchange ecgf = endothelial cell growth factor echo = echocardiogram echo = enteric cytopathogenic human orphan ecl = enterochromaffin like ecla = excimer laser ecla = extracorporeal lung assistance eclt = euglobulin clot lysis time ecm = erythema chronicum migrans ecm = external cardiac massage ecm = extracellular matrix ecmo = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ecmr = extracellular matrix receptor ecmv = etoposide, cytoxan, methotrexate, vincristine ecochg = electrocochleogram ecog = eastern cooperative oncology group ecoli = escherichia coli ecox = extracorporeal oxygenation ecp = eosinophil cationic protein ecp = external counterpulsation ecpca = endothelial cell procoagulant activity ecrb = extensor carpi radialis brevis ecrl = extensor carpi radialis longus ecrt = endoscopic congo red test ecs = electrocerebral silence ecs = electroconvulsive shock ecs = endocervical scrape ect = electroconvulsive shock therapy ect = electroconvulsive therapy ect = eosinophil cationic protein ect = epilepsy centrotemporal ect = unilateral electroconvulsive therapy ectontpphase = ectonucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase ectr = endocscopic carpal tunnel release ecu = extensor carpi ulnaris ecv = external cephalic version ed = elimination diet ed = emergency department ed50 = median effective dose edam = 10 ethyl deaza aminopterin or 10 edam edap = etoposide, dexamethasone, ara c, platinol edb = extens digitorum brevis edb = extensor digitorum brevis edc = estimated date of conception edc = estimated date of confinement edd = estimated date of delivery edh = epidural hematoma edi = eating disorder inventory edi = eating disorders inventory edin = epidermal cell differentiation inhibitor edl = extensor digitorum longus edm = early diastolic murmur edm = extensor digiti minimi edod = estimated date of delivery edp = eating disorders patient or program edpcd = ethyldiaminopropylcarbodiimide edrf = endothelium derived relaxing factor eds = edema disease of swine eds = egg drop syndrome eds = ehlers danlos syndrome eds = electronic data submission eds = ethane dimethane sulfonate edsm = ethyldeshydroxysparsomycin edss = exp disabil status scal edss = expanded disability status scale edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid edta renal vascular disease = type unspecified associated with renal failure edu = ethylene diurea edv = end diastolic volume edv = epidermodysplasia verruciformis edx = electrodiagnosis ee = expressed emotion ee = external examination eec = ectodermal dysplasia with ectrodactyly and cleft lip or palate eec = european economic community eed = erythema elevatum diutinum eee = eastern equine encephalitis eeg = electroencephalogram eent = eye, ear, nose and throat eent = eyes, ears, nose, throat eeoc = equal employment opportunity commission eer = extended endocardial resection ees = erythromycin ethinylsuccinate eex = electrodiagnosis ef = eccentric fixation ef = ejection fraction ef = epileptic fit ef = erythroblastosis fetalis ef = essential fructosemia efa = essential fatty acid efad = essential fatty acid deficiency efcp = edinburgh functional communication profile efda = epoxyfarnesyl diazoacetate efe = endocardial fibroelastosis eff = effacement efm = external/electronic fetal monitor efmr = epilepsy, female restricted, with mental retardation efp = etoposide, fluorouracil, platinol efs = event free survival efw = estimated fetal weight eg = endogastric eg = example ega = estimated gestational age egc = early gastric cancer egd = esophagogastroduodenoscopy egf = epidermal growth factor egfr = epidermal growth factor receptor egg = electrogastrography eghe = ethylene glycol monohexyl ether egl = eosinophilic granuloma of lung egta = ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid eh = essential hypertension ehba = biliary atresia, extrahepatic ehba = extrahepatic biliary atresia ehbd = extrahepatic bile ducts ehc = epidemic hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ehda = epoxyhomofarnesyl diazoacetate ehdp = etidronate disodium ehk = epidermolytic hyperkeratosis ehl = extensor hallicus longus ehr = electronic hospital record ehs = engelbreth holm swarm tumor ei = electrolyte imbalance ei = enzyme inhibitor ei = extensor indicis eia = balloon angioplasty of the external iliac artery eia = baln ang/pl ex iliac art eia = endarterectomy of the external iliac artery eia = enzyme immunoassay eia = exercise induced asthma eia = external iliac artery eic = endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma eic = epidermal inclusion cyst eifel = eukaryotic translation initiation factor eioa = excessive intake of alcohol eip = extensor indicis proprius eipa = ethylisopropylamiloride eiv = external iliac vein ej = external jugular ek = enterokinase ekc = epidemic keratoconjunctivitis ekg = electrocardiogram ekp = epikeratoprosthesis ekv = erythrokeratodermia variabilis ela = endometrial laser ablation elap = endoscopic laser ablation of prostate elap = exploratory laparotomy elbw = extremely low birth weight infant elev = elevated elf = elective low forceps elf = etoposide, leucovorin, 5 fluorouracil elisa = enzyme linked immunosorbent assay elix = elixir elos = estimated length of stay elovl = elongation of very long chain elp = serum protein electrophoresis elsi = ethical, legal, and social issues elst = endolymphatic sac tumors elvr = extended left ventricular branch of right coronary artery em = ejection murmur em = electron microscopy em = emergency medicine em = emergency room em = emmetropia em = emotional disorder em = emotionally disturbed em = emphysema em = enteroviral meningitis em = ergonovine maleate em = erythema multiforme em = erythromycin em = esophageal manometry em = esophageal motility em = extracellular matrix ema = endomysial antibodies ema = epithelial membrane antigen ema = ethylmalonic acid emaco = etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin d, cyclophosphamide, oncovin emb = embryo emb = embryology emb = endomyocardial biopsy embl = european molecular biology laboratory embo = european molecular biology organization embx = endometrial biopsy emc = encephalomyocarditis emc = essential mixed cryoglobulinemia emc = extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma emd = electromechanical dissociation emd = emergency medical doctor emd = emery dreifuss muscular dystrophy emd = ethylmorphine n demethylase emf = endomyocardial fibrosis emfe = endomyocardial fibroelastosis emg = electromyogram emg = electromyograph emg = electromyography emg cne = concentric needle electromyography emh = educable mentally handicapped emit = enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique emla = trade name for topical lidocaine+prilocaine preparation emmv = ext mand min vol ventil emmv = extended mandatory minute volume ventilation emp = emphysema emp = estramustine phosphate emp = extramammary paget's disease emp = extramedullary plasmacytoma emr = electronic medical record emr = emergency room ems = emergency medical service ems = emergency medical services ems = endometrial scrape ems = eosinophilia myalgia syndrome ems = ethyl methanesulfonate emt = emergency medical technician emt = external malleolar torsion emtala = emergency medical treatment and active labor act emwx = episodic muscle weakness, x linked en = endoscopy en = enema en = enteral nutrition en = erythema nodosum ena = extractable nuclear antigen ena = extractable nuclear antigen antibody endor = electron nuclear double resonance eng = electronystagmogram eng = electronystagmograph eng = electronystagmography eng = english engl = england enl = erythema nodosum leprosum ent = ear, nose, throat enu = ethylnitrosourea env = environment eo = ethylene oxide eo = extraoral eoa = esophageal obturator airway eoad = early onset alzheimer disease eoae = evoked oto acoustic emission measurement eoca = early onset cerebellar ataxia eog = electrooculogram eom = extraocular movement eom = extraocular muscle eomi = extraocular movements intact eop = early onset periodontitis eopca = early onset pauciarticular chronic arthritis eortc = european organization for research and treatment of cancer eos = eosinophil ep = ectopic pregnancy ep = electrophoresis ep = eosinophilic pneumonia ep = epilepsy ep = esophoria ep = evoked potential ep = evoked potentials ep = intermittent esophoria epa = eicosapentaenoic acid epa = eicosapentanoic acid epa = enduring power of attorney epa = environmental protection agency epa = extrinsic plasminogen activator epap = expiratory positive airway pressure epb = extensor pollicis brevis epc = erucylphosphocholine epdf = parkinsonism, early onset, with diurnal fluctuation epds = edinburgh postnatal depression scale epeg = etoposide eph = edema, proteinuria and hypertension of pregnancy epi = epidural anesthesia epi = epilepsy epi = epirubicin epi = epithelial epi = epithelium epi = eysenck personality inventory epidem = epidemic epis = episiotomy epl = extensor pollicis longus epm = elastoplast mould epmr = epilepsy, progressive, with mental retardation epo = erythropoietin epo = evening primrose oil epoch = etoposide, prednisone, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, halotestin epoxyatp = adenosine triphosphate epp = erythrohepatic protoporphyria epp = erythropoietic protoporphyria eppk = palmoplantar keratoderma, epidermolytic epr = electron paramagnetic resonance epr = electrophrenic respiration eps = elastosis perforans serpiginosa epsp = excitatory postsynaptic potential ept = electric dental pulp vitality test ept = epilepsy, partial epv = encephaloclastic proliferative vasculopathy epx = eosinophil peroxidase eq = equivalent equiv = equivalent er = electroresection er = emergency room er = endoplasmic reticulum er = epigastric region er = erythrocyte er = erythrocyte receptor er = esophageal rupture er = estradiol receptor er = estrogen receptor er = estrogen receptors er = external rotation er-ica = estrogen receptor immunocytochemical assay er/pr = estrogen and progesterone receptors era = electric response audiometry era = enteric reactive arthritis era = estroadiol receptor assay era = evoked response audiometry erbf = effective renal blood flow erc = endoscopic retrograde cholangiography ercp = endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography erda = energy research and development administration erg = electroretinogram eritc = erythrosine isothiocyanate erk = extracellular signal regulated kinase erm = epiretinal membrane erm = extended radical mastectomy erod = ethoxyresorufin o deethylase erp = effective refractory period erp = endoscopic retrograde pancreatography erp = estrogen receptor protein erp = event related potential erpc = evacuation of retained products of conception erpf = effective renal plasma flow erpoc = evacuation of retained products of conception ers = evacuation of retained secundines ertk = estradiol receptor tyrosine kinase erv = expiratory reserve volume ervr = erosive vitreoretinopathy es = einsteinium es = electrical stimulation es = embryonic stem esa = end to side anastomosis escc = esophageal squamous cell carcinoma escrf = end stage chronic renal failure escs = enhanced s cone syndrome esf = european science foundation eshap = etoposide, solu medrol, ara c, platinol eshg = european society of human genetics esi = electrospray ionization esld = end stage liver disease esp = extrasensory perception esr = electron spin resonance esr = erythrocyte sedimentation rate esrd = end stage renal disease esrf = end stage renal failure ess = epithelioma, self healing squamous esss = epilepsy with continuous spike wave during slow wave sleep est = eastern standard time est = electoconvulsive shock therapy est = electroshock therapy est = endodermal sinus tumor est = esterase est = exercise stress test est = expressed sequence tag esu = electrosurgical unit eswl = extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy et = and et = endotracheal tube et = esotropia et = essential thrombocytopenia et = eustachian tube et = exercise tolerance et = expiratory time eta = elongation of tendon achilles eta = estimated time of arrival etaa = end tidal fraction of anesthetic agent etadipaz = ethyladipoylazolamide etco2 = end tidal carbon dioxide etd = eustachian tube dysfunction etf = eustachian tube function eth = ethambutol eth = ethionamide etio = etiology etiol = etiology etn = erythema toxicum neonatorum etn2 = end tidal nitrogen concentration etn2o = end tidal nitrous oxide concentration eto = ethylene oxide eto2 = end tidal oxygen concentration etoh = ethyl alcohol etop = etoposide ets = exposed to tobacco smoke etsuxaz = ethylsuccinylazolamide ett = endotracheal tube ett = exercise tolerance test etu = emergency trauma unit etv = exhaled tidal volume eua = examination under anesthesia euapns = examination under anesthesia of postnasal space eucib = european collaborative interspecific backcross eum = examination under microscope eur = europe eur = european euresco = european research conferences eva = etoposide, vinblastine, adriamycin eval = evaluation evap = evaporate evc = ellis van creveld syndrome evc = expiratory vital capacity evd = extraventricular drainage evmac = escalated methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin, cisplatin evpl = envoplakin evr = exudative vitreoretinopathy ewa = examination of female genital tract without anesthetic ewb = estrogen withdrawal bleeding ewo = educational welfare officer ews = ewing sarcoma ewsr = ewing sarcoma breakpoint region ex = example ex = exercise ex = exfoliation ex = exsmoker ex = extension exam = examination exc = excision exch = exchange exd = ethyl xanthogen disulfide exp = experiment exp = expired exp lap = exploratory laparotomy expir = expiration ext = extension ext = external ext = extract ext = extremities eydf = erythroid differentiation factor f = fahrenheit f = female f = fertility f = fluorine f = force f = formula f = french f acuminatum = fusarium acuminatum f factor = fertility factor f necrophorum = fusobacterium necrophorum f odoratum = flavobacterium odoratum f&c = fever and chills f&f = fixes and follows f&r = force and rhythm f-n = finger to nose f-u = follow up f/c = fever and chills f/c/s = fever, chills, sweats f/u = follow up fa = fatty acid fa = first aid fa = fluorescence antibody fa = folic acid fa = friedreich ataxia fa = friedreich's ataxia faaf = four alternative auditory feature test fab = french american british cooperative group fac = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide face = facial afro caribbean childhood eruption facep = fellow of the american college of emergency physicians fach = forceps to aftercoming head facp = ftorafur, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, platinol facs = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, streptozocin facs = fellow of the american college of surgeons facs = fluorescence activated cell sorter facs = fluorescence activated cell sorting facs = fluorescent activated cell sorting facvp = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vp 16 fad = flavin adenine dinucleotide fadast = four alternative disability and speech reading test fae = fetal alcohol effect fae = fetal alcohol effects fah = foci of altered hepatocytes fai = free androgen index fai = frenchay activities index faidss = fear of aids scale fam = family fam = functional assessment measure fam hx = family history famm = familial atypical mole malignant melanoma syndrome fammm = familial atypical mole and malignant melanoma syndrome famp = fludarabine monophosphate famtx = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, high dose methotrexate fana = fluorescent antinuclear antibody fang = fluorescein angiogram fao = fatty alcohol nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidase reductase deficiency fap = familial adenomatous polyposis fap = familial amyloid polyneuropathy faq = frequently asked questions farr = friedreich ataxia with retained reflexes fas = fetal alcohol syndrome faseb = federation of american societies of experimental biology fast = fetal acoustic stimulation test fast = frenchay aphasia screening test fb = fluid balance fb = foreign body fbc = full blood count fbd = dementia, familial british fbg = fasting blood glucose fbgip = fibroblast growth inhibitory protein fbs = fasting blood sugar fbs = fetal blood sampling fbs = foreign body sensation fc = finger clubbing fc maleimide = fluorescein maleimide fca = freund's complete adjuvant fcap = 5 fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol fce = 5 fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide fchl = familial combined hyperlipidaemia fchl = familial combined hyperlipidemia fcm = flow cytometry fcmc = familial chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis fcol = 9 fluorocortisol fcp = 5 fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, prednisone fcp = functional communication profile fcr = flexor carpi radialis fcs = faciocutaneoskeletal syndrome fcu = cold urticaria, familial fcu = flexor carpi ulnaris fcz = fluconazole fd = fatal dose fd = focal distance fd = foot drop fd = forceps delivery fd = fully dilated fda = food and drug administration fda = frenchay dysarthria assessment fdb = familial defective apolipoprotein b fdb = femorodistal bypass fdc = follicular dendritic cell fde = fixed drug eruption fdh = focal dermal hypoplasia fdiu = fetal death in utero fdl = flexor digitorum longus fdl = fluorescein dilaurate test fdp = fibrin degradation product fdp = flexor digitorum profundus fds = farnesyl diphosphate synthase fds = flexor digitorum superficialis fe = female fe = ferret fe = fried egg fe = iron fe def = iron deficiency feaa = expired fraction of anaesthetic agent feaa = expired fraction of anesthetic agent feb = february febs = fed of eur biochem soc fec = 5 fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide fech = ferrochelatase deficiency feco2 = expired fraction of carbon dioxide fed = federal fed = fish eye disease feda = fluorescein ethylenediamine fees = fibreoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing fef = forced expiratory flow fef = forced expiratory flow rate fefmax = forced expiratory flow at maximum effort fekg = fetal electrocardiogram fel = familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis fem = female fem = feminine fem = femoral fem = femur fem pop = femoropopliteal fem-pop = femoral popliteal fem/pop = femoral popliteal fen = fluids, electrolytes, nutrition feo = familial expansile osteolysis feo2 = expired fraction of oxygen fep = fibroepithelial polyp fes = fat embolism syndrome feso4 = ferrous sulphate fess = functional endoscopic sinus surgery fet = fetal fet = forced expiration technique fet = frozen embryo transfer fet = tremor, familial essential fett = flexor to extensor tendon transfer of lesser toe fev = forced expiratory volume fev = forced expired volume fev1 = forced expiratory volume in 1 second fevc = forced expiratory vital capacity fevr = familial exudative vitreoretinopathy ff = force fluid ff = forefoot ff = fresh fruit ff = fresh fruit intake ff = fundus firm ff@u = fundus firm at umbilicus ffa = forefoot adductus ffa = free fatty acid ffa = free fatty acids ffa = freefield audiometry ffd = fixed flexion deformity ffi = fatal familial insomnia ffm = fundus flavimaculatus ffn = fetal fibronectin ffp = fresh frozen plasma ffr = frequency following response measurement fft = fast fourier transform ffts = fetofetal transfusion syndrome ffv = congenital forefoot varus ffx = femorofemoral crossover fg = femtogram fg = fibrinogen fgc = full gold crown fgd = fatal granulomatous disease fgf = fibroblast growth factor fgf = fresh gas flow fgf receptor = fibroblast growth factor receptor fgfr = fibroblast growth factor receptor fgp = southern california figure ground visual perception test fgr = fetal growth retardation fgs = focal glomerulosclerosis fh = family history fh = family history, fetal heart fh = fundal height fhc = familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy fhf = fulminant hepatic failure fhh = familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia fhh = fetal heart heard fhit = fragile histidine triad gene fhl = flexor hallucis longus fhl = functional hearing loss fhr = fetal heart rate fhr-uc = fetal heart rate uterine contraction fhrv = fetal heart rate variability fhs = fetal heart sounds fhs = fetal hydantoin syndrome fht = fetal heart tones fia = fluorescence immunoassay analyzer fiaa = inspired fraction of anaesthetic agent fiau triphosphate = fialuridine triphosphate fiaump = fialuridine monophosphate fiautp = fialuridine triphosphate fib = fibrinogen fico2 = inspired fraction of carbon dioxide fif = familial infiltrative fibromatosis figlu = formiminoglutamic acid fihp = familial isolated hyperparathyroidism fim = familial infantile myasthenia fim = functional independence measure fin2 = inspired fraction of nitrogen fin2o = inspired fraction of nitrous oxide fio2 = faction of inspired oxygen concentration fipa = familial intestinal polyatresia syndrome firda = frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity fish = fluorescence in situ hybridization fissh = fluorescence in situ suppression hybridization fitc = fluorescein isothiocyanate fiv = forced inspired volume fj = fruit juice fl = 5 fluorouracil, levamisole fl = femtoliter fl = femur length fl = fluids fl = flutamide fl = follicular lymphoma fl = full lower denture fl dr = fluid dram fl oz = fluid ounce fla = flagellin flac = flaccid flap = frozen lymphocyte antigen plate flcp = fetal lung cytostatic protein fld = fluid fld = frontal lobe degeneration flex = flexion flex = flexor flof = found lying on floor flp = fasting lipid profile flp = functional limitation profile fls = phantom limb syndrome flsa = follicular lymphosarcoma flu = influenza vaccine fluoro = fluoroscopy fm = fermium fm = fetal movement fm = finger movement fm = first metatarsal fm = foramen magnum fmd = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fmd = fibromuscular dysplasia fmd = frontometaphyseal dysplasia fmdv = foot and mouth disease virus fme = full mouth extraction fmef = forced mid expiratory flow rate fmf = familial mediterranean fever fmf = fetal movements felt fmfd = familial multiple coagulation factor deficiency fmh = fibromuscular hyperplasia, of renal artery fmi = fetal movement index fmif = fibroblast migration inhibitory factor fmlp = formylmethionyl leucyl phenylalanine fmn = flavin mononucleotide fmnf = fetal movements not felt fmol = femtomole fmp = family member prefix fmps = functional meal preparation scale fms = fat mobilizing substance fms = fibromyalgia syndrome fn = fibronectin fna = fine needle aspiration fnab = fine needle aspiration biopsy fnac = fine needle aspiration cytology fnb = fine needle biopsy fnd = functional neck dissection fnh = focal nodular hyperplasia fnm = 5 fluorouracil, novantrone, methotrexate fnmtc = familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer fnr = fibronectin receptor fnr = functional nasal reconstruction fns = femoral nerve stretch fo = fluid ounce fo = foramen ovale foam = 5 fluorouracil, oncovin, adriamycin, mitomycin c fob = fecal occult blood fob = fiberoptic bronchoscopy fobt = the fecal occult blood test fodh = focal dermal hypoplasia fof = found on floor fofq = feelings of fatness questionnaire foi = flight of ideas fom = floor of mouth fom = frequency of micturition foosh = fell onto outstretched hand fop = fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva formylmethionyl acth = formylmethionyl adrenocorticotropin fos = fbj murine osteosarcoma oncogene fos = fiberoptic sigmoidoscopy fos = full of stool fox = finger oximeter fp = false passage fp = family planning fp = first pass fp = fluorescence polarization fp = food poisoning fp = freezing point fpa = fibrinopeptide a fpal = full term premature abortion living fpb = femoropopliteal bypass fpc = familial polyposis coli fpct = familial porphyria cutanea tarda fpf = familial pulmolary fibrosis fpl = flexor pollicis longus fpm = permanent first molar tooth fpo = faciopalatoosseous syndrome fpp = foramina parietalia permagna fr = father fr = france fr = francium fr = french fracon = framycetin, colistin, nystatin fract = fractional fraxa = fragile x syndrome frc = functional residual capacity fred = fog reduction elimination device fredi = fallopian replacement of egg with delayed insemination fret = fluorescence resonance energy transfer fri = friday from = full range of motion fs = fibrosarcoma fs = finger stick fs = fissure sealant material fs = flexible sigmoidoscopy fs = fracture site fs = frozen section fs = full strength fsa = fetal sulfur glycoprotein antigen fsc = frozen section control fscl = follicular small cleaved lymphoma fsd = focus skin distance fse = fetal scalp electrode fsgs = focal segmental glomerulosclerosis fsh = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fsh = follicle stimulating hormone fsh/lh = follicle stimulating hormone/luteinizing hormone fshd = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fshr = follicle stimulating hormone receptor fsig = flexible sigmoidoscopy fsp = fibrin split products fspr = foot sprain fss = fear survey schedule fsst = fundamental speech skills test fssv = freeman sheldon syndrome variant fst = frozen section remainder ft = feet ft = foot ft = full term ft = full thickness burn ft3 = free triiodothyronine ft4 = free thyroxine fta = fluorescent treponemal antibody fta = fluorescent treponemal antibody test ftas = familial testicular agenesis syndrome ftc = thyroid carcinoma, follicular ftd = failure to descend ftds = familila testicular dysgenesis syndrome ftg = full thickness skin graft fthp = formyltetrahydrofolate fti = free thyroxine index fticr = fourier transform ioncyclotron resonance ftir = fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ftn = finger to nose ftnd = full term normal delivery ftns = fechtner syndrome ftp = failure to progress in labor ftp = formycin triphosphate ftq = fagerstrom tolerance questionnaire ftr = fit to return to work ftsg = full thickness skin graft ftss = faciothoracoskeletal syndrome ftt = failure to thrive ftt = finger tapping test ftvp = frostig motor free test of visual perception fu = 5fluorouracil fu = fluorouracil fu = follow up fu = full upper denture fub = functional uterine bleeding fuc = fucose fudr = floxuridine fudr = fluorodeoxyuridine fulg = fulguration fum = 5 fluorouracil, methotrexate fuo = fever of unknown origin fuo = fever unknown origin furam = ftorafur, adriamycin, mitomycin c fuvac = 5 fluorouracil, vinblastine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide fv = femoral vein fvc = forced vital capacity fvc = vital capacity fvd = fluid volume deficit fvea = fundacion valenciana de estudios avanzados fvep = flash visual evoked potentials fvgly = fluorovinylglycine fviiira = factor viii related antigen fw = fetal weight fwb = full weight bearing fwiw = for what it's worth fws = freeway space fwt = familial wilms tumor fx = fracture fxm = fluoxymesterone or halotestin fyi = for your information fz = flunitrazepam fz = furazolidone g = genitalia g = glucose g = glycine g = gram g = grams g = gravida g = gravity g = guanidine g = guanosine g cell = gastrin cell g cirratum = ginglymostoma cirratum g fujikuroi = gibberella fujikuroi g-csf = granulocyte colony stimulating factor g-tube = gastrostomy tube g/dl = grams per deciliter g/e = gastroenteritis g/p = gravida/para g/w = glucose and water g6p = glucose 6 phosphate g6pd = glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase ga = gallium ga = gastric antrum ga = general anesthesia ga = gentisic acid ga = gestational age ga = gibberellic acid ga = glucuronic acid ga = glutaric acid ga = gramicidin a ga = granuloma annulare gaas = gallium arsenide gab = general appearance and behavior gaba = gamma aminobutyric acid gad = glutamic acid decarboxylase gae = granulomatous amebic encephalomyelitis gael = grammatical analysis of elicited language gaf = global assessment of functioning gag = glycosaminoglycan gal 1 = galectin 1 gal = galactose gal = gallon galcst = galactosylceramide sulphotransferase galk = galactokinase deficiency gallblad = gallbladder galnac = n acetylgalactosamine galt = gut associated lymphoid tissue gamma gt = gamma glutamyltransferase gamma gt = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gamma ifn = gamma interferon gammagtp = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gap = gtpase activating protein gapd = glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase gapd = glyceraldehydephosphate dehydrogenase gapo = growth retardation, alopecia, pseudoanodontia, optic atrophy gar = glyceraldehyde reductase gas = gastric acid secretion gas = generalized arteriosclerosis gastroc = gastrocnemius gatase = glutamate acetyltransferase gatc = genetic analysis technology consortium gb = gallbladder gb = great britain gb = guillain barre gbas = glioblastoma amplified sequence gbase = genome database of the mouse gbm = glioblastoma multiforme gbm = glomerular basement membrane gbma = glomerular basement membrane antibody gbs = gallbladder series gbs = group b streptococcus gbs = guillain barre syndrome gby = gonadoblastoma gc = gas chromatography gc = general circulation gc = germinal center gc = gonococcal gc = gonococcus gc = gonorrhea gc = granulomatous colitis gca = giant cell arteritis gcc = glassy cell carcinoma gcf = giant cell fibroblastoma gcf = gingival crevicular fluid gci = gonococcal infection gckd = glomerulocystic kidney disease, hypoplastic type gcl = globoid cell leukodystrophy gcnf = germ cell nuclear factor gcs = glasgow coma score gcsf = granulocyte colony stimulating factor gcstf = glia cell stimulating factor gct = giant cell tumor gctts = giant cell tumor of tendon sheath gcv = ganciclovir gcv = great cardiac vein gd = gadolinium gdb = genome database gdh = glutamate dehydrogenase gdm = gestational diabetes mellitus gdnfrb = glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor receptor beta gdp = guanosine diphosphate gdpg = guanosine diphosphate glucose gds = geriatric depression scale ge = gastric emptying ge = gastroenteritis ge = gastroenterology ge = gastroenterostomy ge = gastrointestinal endoscopy ge = generalized epilepsy ge = gentamicin ge = germanium ge = glandular epithelium ge junct = gastroesophageal junction ge junction = gastroesophageal junction gea = gastroepiploic artery gee = glycine ethyl ester gej = gastroesophageal junction gem = guide to early movement gemsa = guanidinoethylmercaptosuccinic acid gen = general gen = genitalia genl = general gent = gentamicin geo = gene expression omnibus gerd = gastroesophageal reflux disease ges = gastroesophageal sphincter gest = gestation gestec = genome science and technology center get = general endotracheal gf = gastric fistula gf = glandular fever gf = glomerular filtration gf = grandfather gf = growth factor gfap = glial fibrillary acidic protein gfd = gingival fibromatosis with deafness gff = ground floor flat gfr = glomerular filtration rate ggbp = globin gene binding protein ggdp = geranylgeraniol diphosphate ggo = ground glass opacity ggt = gamma glutamyl transferase ggt = gamma glutamyltranspeptidase ggtp = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gh = gestational hypertension gh = growth hormone gh rf = growth hormone releasing factor gh rh = growth hormone releasing hormone ghd = growth hormone deficiency ghj = glenohumeral joint ghmd = glutathione hexane maleimide ghp = green hemeprotein ghq = general health questionnaire ghrh = growth hormone releasing hormone gi = gastrointestinal gi = granuloma inguinale gi tract = gastrointestinal tract gib = gastrointestinal bleeding gic = glass ionomer cement gift = gamete intrafallopian transfer gih = gastrointestinal hemorrhage gih = gastrointestinal hormone gip = gastric inhibitory peptide gip = gastric inhibitory polypeptide gip = giant cell interstitial pneumonitis gis = gastrointestinal system gist = gastrointestinal stromal tumor git = gastrointestinal tract giut = gamete intrauterine transfer gju = gastrojejunal ulcer gk = galactokinase gkd = glycerol kinase deficiency gl = glandula gla = gamma linoleic acid glc = glucosidase glcasn = glucosylasparagine glcnac = n acetylglucosamine glcsph = glucosylsphingosine gld = globoid cell leukodystrophy gldh = glutamate dehydrogenase gli = enteroglucagon gli = glicentin glm = glioblastoma multiforme glnh = giant lymph node hyperplasia glp = glucagon like peptide glu = glucose glu = glutamic acid gluc = glucose glucosaminyl mdp = glucosaminylmuramyl dipeptide gly = glycine gm = gram gm+ = gram positive gm- = gram negative gm-cfu = granulocyte macrophage colony forming unit gm-csf = granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gm1 = ganglioside monosialic acid antibody gma = grand mal attack gma = guama fever gmc = general medical council gmcrf = general motors cancer res foundation gmcsf = granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gmd = genomic map design gmds = gdp mannose 4,6 dehydratase gmeb = glucocorticoid modulatory element binding protein gmf = glia maturation factor gmf = glial maturation factor gmh = germinal matrix hemorrhage gmp = guanosine monophosphate gmpd = glucosaminylmuramyl dipeptide gms = gomori methenamine silver gmtg = glyceryl monothioglycolate gn = glomerulonephritis gn rh = gonadotropin releasing hormone gnc = general nursing care gnc = gram negative coccus gnr = gram negative rod gnrh = gonadotropin releasing hormone go = gene ontology go = geroderma osteodysplastica goa = generalized osteoarthritis goat = galveston orientation and amnesia test god = glucose oxidase gog = gynecologic oncology group gok = god only knows gomer = get out of my emergency room gor = gastro esophageal reflux gord = gastro esophageal reflux disease gos = glasgow outcome scale got = glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase gov = government gp = gas permeable gp = gastroplasty gp = general paralysis gp = general practioner gp = general practitioner gp = glans penis gp = globus pallidus gp = glycoprotein gp = gutta percha gp110 = glycoprotein 110 gp41 = glycoprotein 41 gpa = glycophorin a gpa = grade point average gpat = glycerol 3 phosphate acyltransferase gpb = glycophorin b gpb = gram positive bacillus gpc = gastric parietal cell gpc = gel permeation chromatography gpca = gastric parietal cell antibody gpcb = gram positive coccobacillus gpdantu = glycophorin dantu gpdc = gram positive diplococcus gpdglcdag = glycerophosphoryldiglucosyldiacylglycerol gphb = general preventative health behaviours checklist gpi = glucosephosphate isomerase gpib = glycoprotein ib gpiiib = glycoprotein iiib gpiv = glycoprotein iv gpp = gutta percha point gpsa = guanidinopropylsuccinic acid gpt = glutamate pyruvate transaminase gpt = glutamic pyruvic transaminase gptase = guanosine phosphotransferase gpx1 = glutathione peroxidase gr = grain gr = gravity grail = gene recognition and analysis internet link grav = pregnancy grcm = glucocorticoid receptor complex modulator grf = growth hormone releasing factor grh = gonadotrophin releasing hormone grh = growth hormone releasing hormone grif = growth inhibitory factor gro = ground reaction orthosis gro = guaroa fever grp = gastrin releasing peptide grt = giant retinal tear grx = glutaredoxin grx = glutathione reductase gs = gallstone gs = gardner syndrome gs = geriatric screening gsa = genetics societies of america gsa ii = griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin ii gsbp = glycosylation site binding protein gsd = glycogen storage disease gsd = gorham stout disease gsdb = genome sequence data base gse = gluten sens enteropathy gse = gluten sensitive enteropathy gsh = glutathione gsh = golden syrian hamster gsi = genuine stress incontinence gsl = galactosialidosis gsl = glycosphingolipid gsr = galvanic skin response gsr = generalized shwartzman reaction gsr = glutathione reductase gss = gerstmann straussler scheinker syndrome gssd = gerstmann straussler scheinker disease gst = glucagon stimulation test gst = glucagon stimulatn test gst = glutathion s transferase gst = glutathione s transferase gsw = gunshot wound gt = drop gt = gait training gt = gastrostomy gt = gastrostomy tube gt = glanzmann's thrombasthenia gt = glucose tolerance gt = glucose transport gt = glucosyltransferase gt = glucuronyltransferase gt = glutamyl transpeptidase gt = glutathione transferase gt = glycosyltransferase gt = glycyltyrosine gt = granulation tissue gt = great toe gt = greater than gt = greater trochanter gt = group therapy gtase = glucosyltransferase gtcs = generalized tonic clonic seizures gtd = gestational trophoblastic disease gtf = glucosyltransferase gth = gonadotropic hormone gtn = glyceryl trinitrate gtp = glutamyl transpeptidase gtp = guanosine 5 triphosphate gtp = guanosine triphosphate gtpase = guanosine triphosphate phosphohydrolase gtpase = guanosinetriphosphatase gtr = guided periodontal tissue regeneration gtt = drops gtt = glucose tolerance test gttr = gait training gtts = drops gtv = gross tumor volume gu = gastric ulcer gu = genitourinary gu = glucose uptake gu = gravitational ulcer gugals = combined term for "guys and gals" gui = graphic user interface gust = gustavson syndrome gusto = global utilization of streptokinase and tissue plasminogen activator gv = gardnerella vaginalis gv = governing vessel acupuncture points gvh = graft versus host gvhd = graft versus host disease gvhr = graft versus host reaction gwbs = general wellbeing schedule gx = glycinexylidide gxt = graded exercise test gy = gray gyn = gynecologic gyn = gynecologist gyn = gynecology h = enthalpy h = height h = helicobacter h = henry h = heroin h = hispanic h = history h = hour h = hydrogen h = hyperphoria h = hypodermic h and w = hereford and worcester h asiaticum = hyalomma asiaticum h capsulatum = histoplasma capsulatum h gene = histocompatibility gene h halobium = halobacterium halobium h pylori = helicobacter pylori h&c = hot and cold h&e = hematoxylin and eosin h&n = head and neck h&p = history and physical h-bt = hydrogen breath test h/a = headache h/o = history of h1 = protium h2 = deuterium h2o = water h2o2 = hydrogen peroxide ha = calcium hydroxyapatite ha = h antigen ha = headache ha = health authority ha = hearing aid ha = hemadsorption ha = hemagglutinating antibody ha = hemagglutination ha = hemolytic anemia ha = hepatic artery ha = herpangina ha = heterophil antibody ha = hippuric acid ha = histamine ha = histocompatibility antigen ha = hospital acquired ha = hospital admission ha = hyaluronic acid ha = hydroxyapatite ha = hyperactivity ha = hyperalimentation haa = hepatitis a antibody haa = hepatitis associated antigen haa = hepatitis australian antigen haart = highly active antiretroviral therapy hacek = haemophilus, actinobacillus, cardiobacterium, eikenella, and kingella had = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, ddp had = hospital anxiety and depression scale hae = hereditary angio edema hae = hereditary angioedema haec = human artificial episomal chromosome haem = hematology haf = hyperalimentation fluid hai = hemagglutination inhibition hal = hyperalimentation halo = hampshire assessment of living with others ham = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, melphalan ham = htlv 1 associated myelopathy hamd = hamilton rating scale for depression hamp = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, methotrexate, platinol hane = hereditary angioneurotic oedema haq = health assessment questionnaire hard = hydrocephalus, agyria and retinal dysplasia hascvd = hypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease hascvr = hypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular renal disease hasvd = hypertensive arteriosclerotic vascular disease hav = hallux abductovalgus hav = hepatitis a virus hb = heart beat hb = heart block hb = hemoglobin hb halobium = halobacterium halobium hba1 = glycosylated hemoglobin hba1c = glycosylated hemoglobin hba2 = thalassemia screen hbaa = hemoglobin aa hbbd = hereditary bundle branch system defect hbd = hemoglobin d hbd = hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase hbegf = heparin binding egf like growth factor hbf = fetal hemoglobin hbf = hemoglobin f hbig = hepatitis b vaccine hbl = hepatoblastoma hbo = hyperbaric oxygen hbo = hyperbaric oxygenation hbo = oxyhemoglobin hboc = hyperbaric oxygen chamber hbp = high blood pressure hbsag = hepatitis b surface antigen hbsag = hepatitis surface antigen hbv = hepatitis b virus hbv = human hepatitis b virus hc = 4 hydroperoxycyclophosphamide hc = haemoconcentrator hc = hair cell hc = hairy cell hc = handicapped hc = head circumference hc = health center hc = hemoccult hc = hemoglobin concentration hc = heparin cofactor hc = hereditary coproporphyria hc = histamine challenge hc = histochemistry hc = home care hc = house call hc = huntington chorea hc = huntington's chorea hc = hydrocarbon hc = hydrocortisone hc = hypercholesterolemia hc = hypertrophic cardiomyopathy hca = healthcare assistant hca = hepatocellular adenoma hcao = hexamethylenamine, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol hcb = hexachlorobenzene hcc = 25 hydroxycholecalciferol hcc = hepatocellular carcinoma hccaa = hereditary cystatin c amyloid angiopathy hccvms = hyperkeratotic cutaneous capillary venous malformations hcdc = hydrocortisone day curve hcfa = health care finance administration hcg = human chorionic gonadotrophin hch = huntington's chorea hchm = hypercalcemic hormone of malignancy hchwa = hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis hcl = hairy cell leukemia hcl = hydrochloric acid hcm = hypertrophic cardiomyopathy hcmv = human cytomegalovirus hcnp = hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide hco3 = bicarbonate hcp = hereditary coproporphyria hcq = hydroxychloroquine hcr = heme controlled repressor hcr = hmg coa reductase hct = hematocrit hctz = hydrochlorothiazide hcv = hepatitis c virus hcv = human coronavirus hcvd = hypertensive cardiovascular disease hcvrd = hypertensive cardiovascular renal disease hcw = healthcare worker hd = at bedtime hd = hansen's disease hd = head hd = heart disease hd = heloma durum hd = hemodialysis hd = high dose hd = hirschsprung's disease hd = hodgkin disease hd = hodgkin's disease hd = house doctor hd = house dust hd = huntington chorea hd = huntington disease hd = huntington's disease hd-vac = high dose methotrexate plus vinblastine, adriamycin, cisplatin hdara-c = high dose ara c hdc = high dose chemotherapy hdf = hemodiafiltration hdl = high density lipoprotein hdl-c = high density lipoprotein cholesterol hdm = house dust mite hdmtx = high dose methotrexate hdn = hemolytic disease of newborn hdn = hemorrhagic disease of newborn hdopnp = acid hdpc = hexadecylphosphocholine hdpeb = high dose peb or platinol, etoposide, bleomycin hdr = high dose rate brachytherapy hds = herniated disc syndrome hdt = highest dose tested hdtv = high density tv hdv = hepatitis d virus he = health education he = heart he = helium he = hepatic encephalopathy he = hereditary elliptocytosis he = hyperextension he = hypophysectomy hea = horse erythrocyte antigen test heal = hysteroscopic endometrial ablation by laser heat = horse erythrocyte antigen test hec = human equivalent concentration hed = hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia hedh = ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, with hypothyroidism and ciliary dyskinesia heent = head eyes ears nose throat hela = hysteroscopic endometrial laser ablation hellp = hemolysis, elevated liver function tests, low platelets helsrd = health effects and life science research division hem = hematology hema = poly 2 hydroxyethyl methacrylate, used to make contact lenses heme = hematology hemel = hexamethylmelamine hemo = hemodialysis hempa = hexamethylphosphoric triamide hempas = hereditary erythroblastic multinuclearity, with a positive acidified serum lysis test hemri = hereditary multifocal relapsing inflammation hep = heparin hep = hepatectomy hep = hepatitis hep a = hepatitis a hep b = hepatitis b hep lock = heparin lock hep-lock = heparin lock hepa = high efficiency particulate air hepb = hepatitis b hepc = hepatitis c her-2 = receptor erbb 2 her2 = receptor erbb 2 her2-ecd = human egf like receptor number 2 herac = health and environmental research advisory committee hered = hereditary hern = hernia herv = human endogenous retrovirus hes = hemolytic erythrophagocytic syndrome hev = hepatitis e virus hev = high endothelial venule hevdp = hydroxyethylvinyldeuteroporphyrin hevec = hev endothelial cells hex a = hexosaminidase a hf = factor h hf = haemofiltration hf = hafnium hf = hayfever hf = heart failure hf = hemofiltration hf = high fat diet hf = high fiber diet hf = hispanic female hf = hydrops fetalis hfa = hemifacial atrophy hfd = high fiber diet hfjv = high frequency jet ventilation hfov = high frequency oscillatory ventilation hfppv = high freq pos pr vent hfppv = high frequency positive pressure ventilation hfrs = russian hemorrhagic fever hg = herpes gestationis hg = mercury hgb = hemoglobin hgb a2 = thalassemia screen hgb-f = hemoglobin f hgba1 = hemoblobin a1, a test for abnormal glycosylation of hemoglobin hgba1c = glycosylated hemoglobin hgbf = hemoglobin f hgcc = human genome coordinating committee hgd = high grade dysplasia hgef = hemagglutination enhancing factor hgf = hybridoma growth factor hgf = hyperglycemic glycogenolytic factor hgh = human growth hormone hgin = high grade intraurothelial neoplasia hgiun = high grade intraurothelial neoplasia hgm = human genome meeting hgmis = human genome management information system hgn = hereditary glomerulonephritis hgn = human genome news hgo = hepatic glucose output hgo = hip guidance orthosis hgp = human genome project hgprt = hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase hgps = hutchinson gilford progeria syndrome hgsil = high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion hgv = heavy goods vehicle hh = halothane hepatitis hh = hard of hearing hh = health history hh = hedgehog protein hh = hepatic hemangioma hh = hiatal hernia hh = hiatus hernia hh = holistic health hh = homoharringtonine hh = homonymous hemianopia hh = hydroxyhexamide hh = hypogonadotropic hypogonadism hh = hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism hha = health hazard appraisal hha = hepatitis australian antigen hha = hereditary hemolytic anemia hha = home health agency hha = homoharringtonine hhags = hexuronyl hexosaminoglycan sulfate hhd = hailey hailey disease hhd = hypertensive heart disease hhfm = high humidity face mask hhft = high humidity face tent hhg = hypergonadotropic hypogonadism hhh = hyperornithinaemia hyperammonaemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhh = hyperornithinemia hyperammonemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhhh = high humidity head hood hhho = hypotonia hypomentia hypogonadism obesity hhhs = hyperornithinemia hyperammonemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhie = hearing handicap inventory for the elderly hhm = humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy hhmd = histidinohydroxymerodesmosine hhmi = howard hughes medical institute hhrh = hereditary hypophosphataemic rickets with hypercalciuria hhrh = hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria hhs = health and human services hhs = hearing handicap scale hhs = hexuronyl hexosaminoglycan sulfate hhs = hyperkinetic heart syndrome hhsid = hexahydrosiladifenidol hht = head halter traction hht = hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia hht = hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia hht = hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid hhv = human herpes virus hhv6 = human herpes virus 6 hhv7 = human herpes virus 7 hi = haemagglutination inhibition hi = head injury hi = hearing impairment hi = hemagglutination inhibition hi = homicidal ideation hia = hemagglutination inhibition assay hiaa = hydroxyindole acetic acid hiaa = serotonin hib = haemophilus influenzae b hib = hemophilus influenza type b hid = hystrix ichthyosis with deafness hida = hepato-iminodiacetic acid hida = hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid hidac = high dose ara c hids = hyperimmunoglobulinemia d syndrome hie = hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy hifu = high intensity focused ultrasound him = hyper igm syndrome hint = histidine triad nucleotide binding protein hiomt = hydroxyindole o methyltransferase hip = hypertension in pregnancy hipa = heparin induced platelet aggregation his = hospital information system hist = histology hist = history histo = histology histoplasma capsulatum ag = histoplasma capsulatum antigen histoplasma capsulatum dna = histoplasma capsulatum deoxyribonucleic acid hit = heparin induced thrombocytopenia hiv = human immunodeficiency virus hivig = hiv hyperimmune globulin hjcd = histiocytosis with joint contractures and sensorineural deafness hjr = hepatojugular reflux hk = hexokinase hk = high molecular weight kininogen hk = horseshoe kidney hk = hyperkeratosis hk = hypokinesia hkafo = hip knee ankle foot orthosis hl = hallux limitus hl = hearing level hl = hearing loss hl a = human leukocyte antigen hla = human leucocyte antigen hla = human leukocyte antigen hla antigen = human leukocyte antigen hld = hyperlipidaemia hld = hyperlipidemia hlh = hypoplastic left heart hlhs = hypoplastic left heart syndrome hln = huntington like neurodegenerative disorder hlp = hyperkeratosis lenticularis perstans hlp = hyperlipoproteinemia hly = hemolysin hm = hand movement hm = hispanic male hmba = hexamethylene bisacetamide hmbromide = homatropine methylbromide hmd = hyaline membrane disease hmdutp = hydroxymethyldeoxyuridine triphosphate hme = heat and moisture exchanger hmf = human milk fortifier hmg = 3 hydroxy 3 methyl glutarate hmg = high mobility group hmg = human menopausal gonadotropin hmg = menopausal gonadotropin hmi = hypomelanosis of ito hmm = heavy meromyosin hmm = hexamethylmelamine hmma = hydroxymethoxymandelic acid hmma = hydroxymethylmandelic acid hmn = hereditary motor neuropathy hmo = health maintenance organization hmox = heme oxygenase hmpa = hexamethylphosphoramide hmpa = hexamethylphosphoric triamide hmr = histiocytic medullary reticuloendotheliosis hmr = histiocytic medullary reticulosis hmra = hydroxymethylreductic acid hms = haim munk syndrome hmsfm = hemolymph stimulatory factor hmsn = hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy hmsn = hereditary motor sensor neuropathy hmtx = high dose methotrexate hmw = high molec wt kininogen hmw = high molecular weight kininogen hmwck = high molecular weight cytokeratin hmwk = high molecular weight keratin hmwk = high molecular weight kininogen hn = head and neck hn = head nurse hn = hemorrhage of newborn hn = home nursing hn = hypertrophic neuropathy hn2 = nitrogen mustard hnig = normal immunoglobulin hniw = hexanitrohexaazaisowurzitane hnk-1 = human natural killer 1 hnn = haemorrhagic nephrosonephritis hnn = hemorrhagic nephrosonephritis hnp = herniated nucleus pulposus hnpcc = hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer hnpp = neuropathy, hereditary, with liability to pressure palsies ho = hernial orifice ho = holmium ho = house officer ho = hypertrophic osteoarthropathy hoa = hypertrophic osteoarthropathy hob = head of bed hob = holding our breath hocm = hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy hoh = hard of hearing homdr = homoserine dehydrogenase honks = diabetic hyperosmolar non ketotic state hood = hereditary osteoonychodysplasia hooe = heredopathia ophthalmootoencephalica hop = hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, prednisone horiz = horizontal hot = hyperbaric oxygen therapy hox = homeo box hp = health promotion hp = helicobacter pylori hp = high protein hp = hot pack hp = hot plate hp = human papillomavirus hp = hyperphoria hp = hyperplastic polyp hp = hypersensitivity pneumonitis hpa = haemangiopericytoma hpa = hemangiopericytoma hpapo = hydroxypyruvaldehyde phenylosazone hpcha = high red cell phosphatidylcholine hemolytic anemia hpd = hematoporphyrin derivative hpd = high protein diet hpdme = hematoporphyrin ix dimethylester hpdr = hypophosphatemic vitamin d resistant rickets hpe = holoprosencephaly hpf = high power field hpfh = hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin hpi = history of present illness hpl = human placental lactogen hplc = high pressure liquid chromatography hple = heredity polymorphic light eruption hplh = hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial hpma = hydroxypropyl methacrylate hpmc = hydroxypropylmethylcellulose hpmcas = hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate hpn = hypertension hpoa = hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy hpp = hereditary pyropoikilocytosis hpr = fenretinide hprt = hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase hprtase = hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase hps = hermansky pudlak syndrome hpth = hyperparathyroidism hptjt = hyperparathyroidism jaw tumor syndrome hpv = human papillomavirus hpv = human parvovirus b19 hpvd = hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease hpvlt = helicobacter pylori vacuolating toxin hpx = hypophysectomy hpx = hypoxanthine hr = hallux rigidus hr = heart rate hr = high roughage diet hr = hold relax technique hr = hour hra = health risk appraisal hra = hereditary renal adysplasia hram = hold relax active movement technique hrc = high risk characteristic hrct = high resolution computed tomography hre = high resolution electro cardiology hrf = hepatorenal failure hrf = histamine releasing factor hrf = homologous restriction factor hrf-20 = human restriction factor 20 hrp = high risk pregnancy hrp = horseradish peroxidase hrrr = heart regular rate and rhythm hrs = hours hrsd = hamilton rating scale for depression hrst = heat, reddening, swelling, tenderness hrt = heart rate hrt = hormone replacement therapy hrv = human rhinovirus hrz = huriez syndrome hs = bedtime hs = heart sounds hs = hereditary spherocytosis hs = herpes simplex hs = hurler's syndrome hsa = health service area hsa = human serum albumin hsan = hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy hsan = hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy hsc = hematopoietic stem cell hscr = hirschsprung disease hsd = hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase hsdb = hazardous substances data bank hse = herpes simplex encephalitis hsg = hysterosalpingogram hsg = hysterosalpingography hslc = high pressure liquid chromatography hsm = hepatosplenomegaly hsmn = hereditary sensory and motor neuropathy hsmnr = hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy russe hsp = heat shock protein hsp = henoch schonlein purpura hsp = hereditary spastic paraplegia hsp = hypersensitivity pneumonitis hsp = hysterosalpingogram hsv 1 = herpes simplex virus 1 hsv 2 = herpes simplex virus 2 hsv = herpes simplex virus hsv = highly selective vagotomy ht = hammer toe ht = hashimoto's thyroiditis ht = hearing test ht = heart ht = height ht = hormone therapy ht = hypertension ht = hypertropia ht = serotonin htc = homozygous t cell test htgl = hepatic triglyceride lipase hth = hope this helps htig = tetanus vaccine htlv 3 = hiv htlv = human t cell lymphotropic virus htlv = human t lymphotropic virus htlv-1 = human t cell lymphotropic virus type 1 htlv-2 = human t cell lymphotropic virus type 2 htlv-3 = human t cell lymphotropic virus 3 htlv-iii = hiv htlv3 = hiv htn = hypertension hto = high tibial osteotomy htp = hydroxytryptophan hts = heel to shin htss = hypotrichosis simplex of scalp hu = hydroxyurea hudca = homoursodeoxycholic acid hugo = human genome organisation hus = haemolytic uraemic syndrome hv = hallux valgus hv = health visitor hv = hepatic vein hv = home visit hv = hyperventilation hva = homovanillic acid hvd = hypertensive vascular disease hvdrr = hypocalcemic vitamin d resistant rickets hvl = half value layer hvod = hepatic veno occlusive disease hvr = hypervariable region hvs = gardnerella vaginialis hvs = high vaginal swab hvs = hyperventilation syndr hvs = hyperventilation syndrome hvs = taking high vaginal swab hvs culture = gardnerella vaginalis hvs culture = trichomonas vaginalis hvt = half value thickness hx = history hx = hypoxanthine hxdpg = hexadecylpalmitoylglycerol hxm = hexamethylmelamine hy = hoehn and yahr grade hy = hygromycin hy = hypericin hy = hypermetropia hy = hyperopia hy = hysteria hycosy = hysterosalpingo contrast sonography hyg = hygromycin hyp = hydroxyproline hyp = hypalgesia hyp = hyperresonance hyp = hypertrophy hyp = hypophysectomy hyperal = hyperalimenation hypertens = hypertension hypo = hypodermic hypp = hyperkalemic periodic paralysis hz = herpes zoster hz = hertz hzo = herpes zoster ophthalmicus hzo = herpes zoster oticus hzv = herpes zoster virus i = immune i = independent i = intact i = iodide i = iris i = radioactive iodine i&d = incision and drainage i&o = in & out i&o = intake and output i-ca = ionized calcium i/e = inspiratory expiratory ratio i/o = intake output i/o = intraoral i123 = iodine 123 i125 = iodine 125 i131 = iodine 131 ia = infantile autism ia = inferior alveolar ia = intestinal atresia ia = intra arterial ia = intraarterial infusion ia = iowa iaa = imidazoleacetic acid iaa = indoleacetic acid iaa = interrupted aortic arch iaa = iodoacetic acid iaasp = indoleacetylaspartate iabc = intra aortic balloon catheter operation iabp = intraaortic balloon pumping iac = internal auditory canal iadh = inappropriate antidiuretic hormone iadl = instrumental activities of daily living iagt = indirect antiglobulin test iam = internal auditory meatus ian = intern admission note iap = immature articulatory praxis iape = isoarecaidine propyl ester iapp = islet amyloid polypeptide iarc = international agency for research on cancer iarc = united nations international agency for research on cancer ias = internal anal sphincter iasd = interatrial septal defect iat = indirect antiglobulin test iat-lpd = iatrogenic induced lymphoproliferative disorders iatlpd = iatrogenic induced lymphoproliferative disorders iaza = iodoazomycin arabinoside ib = inclusion body ibc = inflammatory breast cancer ibc = iron binding capacity ibcla = isobutylcarbonyllactyl anhydride ibd = inflammatory bowel disease ibd = irritable bowel disease ibem = inborn error of metabolism ibg = iliac bone graft ibi = institute for biotechnology information ibl = inferior bridging leaflet ibm = inclusion body myositis ibmx = 3 isobutyl 1 methylxanthine ibp = invasive blood pressure ibp = iron binding protein ibq = illness behaviour questionnaire ibs = immunoblastic sarcoma ibs = intraoperative blood salvage ibs = irritable bowel syndrome ibsb = immunoblastic sarcoma b ibst = immunoblastic sarcoma t ibtx = iberiotoxin ibw = ideal body weight ic = ice cream ic = ileocecal ic = immune complex ic = inspiratory capacity ic = intermittent claudication ic = internal capsule ic = internal carotid artery ic = interstitial cystitis ic = intracranial ic = intracutaneous injection ic = irritable colon ica = internal carotid artery ica = invalid care allowance ica = islet cell antibody icam = intercellular adhesion molecule icam = intracellular adhesion molecule icbg = iliac crest bone graft icc = indian childhood cirrhosis icce = intracapsular cataract extraction iccu = intensive coronary care unit icd = i cell disease icd = implantable cardioverter defibrillator icd = insertion of intercostal drain icd = intercostal drain icd = international classification of disease icd = intrauterine contraceptive device icd = irritant contact dermatitis icd-9 = international classification of diseases icd-o = international classification of diseases for oncology icdo = international classification of diseases for oncology ice = irido corneo endothelial syndrome ice = methylamphetamine ice syndrome = iridio corneo endothelial syndrome ices = international council of electrophoresis societies icf = intermediate care facility icf = intracellular fluid icg = indocyanine green icgeb = international centre for genetic engineering and biotechnology ich = infectious hepatitis ich = intracerebral haemorrhag ich = intracerebral haemorrhage ich = intracerebral hemorrhage ich = intracranial hemorrhage ich vul = ichthyosis vulgaris ichg = international congress of human genetics icidh = international classification of impairment disability and handicap icl = iodine monochloride icl = isocitrate lyase icm = image cytometry icm = intracellular membrane icm = ischemic cardiomyopathy icn = infection control nurse icp = infantile cerebral palsy icp = intracranial pressure icpc = internal carotid posterior communicating artery icpemc = international commission on protection against environmental mutagens and carcinogens icrf = imperial cancer research fund ics = immotile cilia syndrome ics = intercostal space icsh = interstitial cell stimulating hormone icsi = intracytoplasmic sperm injection ict = copper toxicosis, idiopathic ict = inflammation of connective tissue ict = insulin coma therapy ict = intracavitary treatment ict = intracranial tumor ict = intracranial tumour icu = intensive care unit icv = inferior caval vein abnormality icv = intracerebroventricular icyp = iodocyanopindolol id = identification id = incision and drainage of abscess id = infectious disease id = inferior dental nerve id = interdigital id = internal diameter id = intradermal ida = iminodiacetic acid ida = iron deficiency anaemia ida = iron deficiency anemia idb = inferior dental block idc = idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy idc = infiltrating ductal carcinoma iddd = intramembranous dense deposit disease iddm = insulin dependent diabetes mellitus iddm = type 1 diabetes idh = intraductal hyperlasia idif = intractable diarrhea of infancy idk = intern derangem knee jnt idk = internal derangement of knee joint idl = indirect laryngoscopy idl = intermediate density lipoprotein idm = infant of diabetic mother idmtx = intermediate dose methotrexate idn = inferior dental nerve idn = intradermal nevus idpase = inosine diphosphatase idt = imperfectly descended testis idu = idoxuridine idu = injecting drug user idu = intravenous drug user idx = iodo deoxydoxorubicin ie = idiopathic erythrocytosis ie = infective endocarditis ie = inner ear ie = inspiratory exerciser ie = internal ear ie = subacute endocarditis iea = inferior epigastric artery iec = intraepidermal carcinoma iec = intraepidermal carcinoma of skin iec = intraepithelial carcinoma iec = ion exchange chromatography ieee = institute of electrical and electronics engineers ief = isoelectric focusing iei = idiopathic environmental intolerance iem = inborn error metabolism iem = inborn error of metabolism iep = isoelectric point if 2 = initiation factor 2 if = immunofixation if = immunofluorescence if = internal fixation if = intrinsic factor ifa = immunofluorescence assay ifa = incomplete freund's adjuvant ifa = intrinsic factor antibody ifcr = intrinsic factor cobalamin receptor ifd = inter field distance ife = immunofixation ife = internal fetal electrode iff = ifosfamide iff = iron free foci ifi = idiopathic faecal incontinence ifi = idiopathic fecal incontinence ifi = indirect immunofluorescence ifk = inverted follicular keratosis ifm = ifosfamide ifm = internal fetal monitor ifn = interferon ifvt = iliofemoral vein thrombosis ifx = ifosfamide ifx = immunofixation ig = immunoglobulin ig = intragastric iga = immunoglobulin a iga deficiency = immunoglobulin a deficiency iga1 = immunoglobulin a1 iga2 = immunoglobulin a2 igb = immunoglobulin b igbp = insulin like growth factor binding proteins igcnu = intratubular germ cell neoplasia unclassified igd = immunoglobulin d igdm = infant of gestational diabetic mother igds = iridogoniodysgenesis syndrome ige = immunoglobulin e igf = insulin like growth factor igg = immunoglobulin g igh = immunoglobulin heavy chain ighd = idiopathic growth hormone deficiency ighd = isolated growth hormone deficiency igm = immunoglobulin m igps = indoleglycerol phosphate igs = imerslund grasbeck syndrome igt = impaired glucose tolerance igtc = isoglobotriaosylceramide igtn = ingrowing toenail igy = immunoglobulin y ih = infectious hepatitis ih = inguinal hernia iha = idiopathic hyperaldosteronism ihc = immunohistochemistry ihcm = ichthyosis hystrix, curth macklin ihd = ischemic heart disease ihf = integration host factor ihh = idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism ihss = idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis iia = internal iliac artery iic = intermediate intensive care iicu = infant intensive care unit iif = indirect immunofluorescence iih = idiopathic intracranial hypertension iip = implantable insulin pump iisi = illness injury severity index ij = insight and judgement ij = internal jugular ijcai = international joint conference on artificial intelligence ijo = idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis ijv = internal jugular vein il = interleukin il = intralesional il = intralipids il-1 = interleukin 1 il-2 = interleukin 2 il-3 = interleukin 3 il1 = interleukin 1 il2 = interleukin 2 il3 = interleukin 3 ild = interstitial lung disease ild = ischemic leg disease ile = isoleucine ilf = indicated low forceps ilnr = intralobular nephrogenic rests ilr = idiopathic livedo reticularis ilt = intraluminal treatment ilven = inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus im = infectious mononucleosis im = intramedullary im = intramuscular im = invasive mole im-rod = intramedullary rod ima = inferior meatal antrostomy ima = inferior mesenteric artery ima = internal mammary artery imam = intramammary imcu = intermediate medical care unit imf = intermaxillary fixation imho = in my humble opinion imi = imipramine imi = impending myocardial infarction imi = inferior myocardial infarction imi = intramuscular injection imip = imipramine imo = idiopathic multicentric osteolysis imo = in my opinion imp = impression imp = improved imp = inosine monophosphate imp = inpatient multidimensional psychiatric impp = intermittent positive pressure imt = inspiratory muscle trainer imt = internal malleolar torsion imv = inferior mesenteric vein imv = intermittent mandatory ventilation in = inches in = index in = indium in = insulin in = interstitial nephritis in = inulin ina = intranasal antrostomy ina = isoniazid inact = inactivation inad = infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy inah = isoniazid inc = incomplete inc ab = incomplete abortion incenp = inner centromere protein incl = infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis incr = increased ind = induction ind = investigational drug indo = indomethacin indo v = indolactam v ine = infantile necrotizing encephalomylopathy inev = inevitable inf = infant inf = infantile inf = infarction inf = infected inf = infection inf = inferior inf = infirmary inf = infusion inf = interferon info = information ing = inguinal inh = isoniazid inhal = inhalation init = initial initial, above knee = knee disarticulation, ischial level socket, non alignable system, pylon, no cover, sach foot, plaster socket, direct formed inj = injection inj = injured ino = inosine ino = internuclear ophthalmoplegia inp = intranasal polypectomy inpt = inpatient inpv = intermittent negative pressure ventilation inr = international normalized ratio inreal = inter reactive language analysis inria = french natl inst for research in computer science and control ins = idiopathic nephrotic syndrome inspir = inspiration, inspiratory inss = international neuroblastoma staging system int = intermittent int = internal int = iodonitrotetrazolium int = isoimm neonat thrombocy int = isoimmune neonatal thrombocytopenia inthc = intrathecally intracr = intracranial inv = invalid inv = inverse inv = inversion inv = inverted inv = investigation io = inferior oblique io = inferior olive io = intestinal obstruction io = intraocular io = intraoperative io = intraoral io = intraosseous io = ionium ioc = intraoperative cholangiogram iodm = idiopathic onset diabetes mellitus iofb = intraocular foreign body ioh = idiopathic orthostatic hypotension iol = induction of labour iol = insertion of intraocular lens iol = intraocular lens iom = institute of medicine ion = ischaemic optic neuropathy ion = ischemic optic neuropathy iop = intraocular pressure iop = intraocular pressures iopn = intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm iotn = index of orthodontic treatment need ip = idiopathic proctitis ip = incontinentia pigmenti ip = inspiratory pause ip = interphalangeal ip = intraperitoneal ipd = idiopathic parkinson's disease ipd = inflammatory pelvic disease ipd = intermittent peritoneal dialysis ipf = idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis iph = idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis ipi = intraperitoneal insemination ipiut = intraperitoneal intrauterine transfusion ipj = interphalangeal joint ipk = intractable plantar keratoma ipkd = infantile polycystic kidney disease ipm = imipenem ipmn = intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma ipp = cyfos ipp = intermittent positive pressure ippb = intermittent positive pressure breathing ippv = intermittent positive pressure ventilation ipsid = immunoproliferative small intestinal disease ipsid = immunoproliferative small intestine disease ipsp = inhibitory postsynaptic potential ipt = intraperitoneal transfusion iq = intelligence quotient ir = immune response ir = inferior rectus ir = internal rotation ir = iridium ir acth = adrenocorticotropic hormone ira = ileorectal anastomosis ira = immunoregulatory alpha globulin irb = institutional review board irb = internal review board irc = infrared coagulation irdn = insulin related dna polymorphism irds = idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome irf = internal rigid function irg = initial review group irhd = inactive rheumatic heart disease irma = immunoradiometric assay irma = intraretinal microvascular abnormality irreg = irregular irt = immunoreactive trypsin irt = inspiratory resistance training irv = inspiratory reserve volume is = ileal segment is = incentive spirometry is = inhalation sedation is = intercostal space is gene = immune suppressor gene isc = intermittent self catheterization isd = interatrial septal defect isdn = isosorbide dinitrate ish = in situ hybridisation ish = in situ hybridization ismm = in situ malignant melanoma isn = intussusception iso = international standards organization iso = isoproterenol isolatn = isolation isovaleryl coa dehydrogenase = isovaleryl coenzyme a dehydrogenase isp = internet service provider iss = injury severity score issd = infantile sialic acid storage disorde ist = immunosuppressive therapy ist = insulin shock therapy ist = insulin stress test ist = insulin suppression test it = industrial therapy it = inferior turbinate it = intrathecal it-mtx = intrathecal methotrexate ita = internal thoracic artery itd = idiopathic torsion dystonia itfs = incomplete testicular feminization syndrome itgcn = intratubular germ cell neoplasia itp = idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura itp = immune thrombocytopenic purpura itp = inosine triphosphate itpa = illinois test of psycholinguistic ability itpase = inosine triphosphatase itq = itaqui fever itt = insulin tolerance test itu = intensive therapy nurse itz = itraconazole iu = international unit iu = intrauterine iuc = intrauterine catheter iucd = intrauterine contraceptive device iud = intrauterine death iud = intrauterine device iudr = idoxuridine iudr = iododeoxyuridine iufd = intrauterine fetal death iug = intrauterine gestation iugr = intrauterine growth retardation iui = intrauterine insemination iup = intrauterine pregnancy iupc = intrauterine pressure catheter iut = intrauterine transfusion iutp = intrauterine term pregnancy iv = in vitro iv = intervertebral iv = intravaginal iv = intravascular iv = intravenous iv = intraventricular iv = invasive ivbalt = intravascular bronchoalveolar tumor ivc = inferior vena cava ivc = inspiratory vital capacity ivc = intravenous cholangiogram ivcc = intravascular consumption coagulopathy ivcd = intraventricular conduction delay ivd = in vitro diagnostic ivd = intervertebral disc ivda = intravenous drug abuse ivdp = intervertebral disc prolapse ivdu = intravenous drug user ivf = in vitro fertilization ivf = interventricular foramen ivf = intervertebral foramen ivf = intravascular fluid ivf = iv fluid ivh = intraventricular hemorrhage ivi = intavenous infusion ivig = intravenous immunoglobulin ivna = in vivo neutron activation ivox = intravenous gas exchange ivp = intravenous pyelogram ivp = intraventricular pressure ivp = iv push ivpb = intravenous piggy back ivr = idioventricular rhythm ivra = intravenous regional analgesia ivrsb = intravenous regional sympathetic block ivsd = interventricular septal defect ivu = intravenous drug user ivu = intravenous urethrography iwdwwc = it was dry when we closed iwdwwcs = it was dry when we closed sir iwmi = inferior wall myocardial infarction izs = insulin zinc suspension j = joint j = joule j = joules j = journal j-tube = jejunostomy tube jama = journal of the american medical association jan = january jar = java archive jbe = japanese b encephalitis jbts = joubert syndrome jca = juvenile chronic arthritis jca = pauciarticular onset juvenile chronic arthritis jcd = jakob creutzfeldt disease jcml = juvenile chronic myeloid leukemia jct = junction jcv = jc virus jdm = juvenile diabetes mellitus je = japanese encephalitis jebi = junctional epidermolysis bullosa inversa jgi = jejunogastric intussusception jj = jasper jumper orthodontic appliance jj = jaw jerk jk = corynebacterium jeikeium jlns = jervell and lange nielsen syndrome jme = juv myoclonic epilepsy jme = juvenile myoclonic epilepsy jmml = juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia jncl = neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, juvenile type jnp = jadassohn nevus phakomatosis jnt = joint jodm = juvenile onset diabetes mellitus jour = journal jp = jackson pratt jp = juvenile periodontitis jpd = juvenile periodontitis jpd = juvenile plantar dermatosis jpd = periodontitis, juvenile jps = joint position sense jps = juvenile polyposis syndrome jr = joint replacement jra = juvenile rheumatoid arthritis jt = joint jul = july jun = june jvd = jugular venous distention jvp = jugular venous pressure jvp = jugular venous pulse jws = jackson weiss syndrome k = carrying capacity k = cathode k = equilibrium constant k = high potassium diet k = ionization constant k = kanamycin k = kelvin k = kidney k = kilogram k = kinetic energy k = klebsiella k = knee k = lysine k = potassium k codes assigned to durable medical equipment regional carriers = other k-cal = kilocalorie k-y = k-y jelly k/o = keep open k/o = knocked out k/p = kidney pancreas ka = cathode ka = keratoacanthoma kasr = katz adjustment scale relatives form kb = kilobase kbp = kilobase pair kcal = kilocalorie kcaso = potassium cardioplegic solution kcct = kaolin cephalin clotting time kcl = potassium chloride kco = transfer coefficient kcs = keratoconjunctivitis sicca kd = ketogenic diet ked = kendrick extrication device kf = kidney function kf = klenow fragment kf = klippel feil syndrome kf = kyasanur forest kf = kyasanur forest disease kf = potassium fluoride kfd = kyasanur forest disease kfs = klippel feil syndrome kg = kilogram kgc = keflin, gentamicin, carbenicillin kgf = keratinocyte growth factor kh = kilohertz khf = korean hemorrhagic fever khm = keratoderma hereditarium mutilans khz = kilohertz ki = kidney acupuncture points ki = potassium iodide ki-1 = cd30 kids = keratitis ichthyosis and deafness syndrome kj = knee jerk kk = knee kick kkcp = klebsiella k2 capsular polysaccharide klh = keyhole limpet hemocyanin km = kilometer ko = keep open ko = knocked out kod = knocked out koh = potassium hydroxide kp = keratosis pilaris kp = klebsiella pneumoniae kpc = keratoconus posticus circumscriptus kpc = key points of control kpe = kelman phacoemulsification kplp = phosphorylleucylphenylalanine kpo4 = potassium phosphate kpps = keratosis palmoplantaris striata krfd = kiel rot forceps deliv krfd = kielland's rotational forceps delivery ks = 17 keto steroids ks = kaposi sarcoma ks = kartagener's syndrome ks = klinefelter's syndrome kscn = potassium thiocyanate kss = kearns sayre syndrome kt = kidney transplant kt = kidney transplantation ktt = kendall toy test ktw = klippel trenaunay weber syndrome kub = kidney, ureter, bladder kv = kilovolt kvo = keep vein open kw = kilowatt kw rat = kyoto wistar rat kwk = kimmelstiel wilson disease or syndrome kws = kugelberg welander syndrome l = left l = lens l = light l = liquid l = liter l = lithium l = liver l = lower l = lumbar l = lumbar vertebrae l aethiopica = leishmania aethiopica l biflexa = leptospira biflexa l donovani = leishmania donovani l dopa = levodopa l feeleii = legionella feeleii l infantum = leishmania infantum l nna = ng nitro l arginine l olmeca = lutzomyia olmeca l pam = melphalan l wadsworthii = legionella wadsworthii l&a = light and accommodation l&d = labor and delivery l&h = lymphocyte and histiocyte l&w = living and well l/min = liters per minute l/s = ratio lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio la = lanthanum la = latex agglutination la = left atrium la = levator ani la = linoleic acid la = local anesthetic la = low allergen diet la = lupus anticoagulant la = lymphadenopathy laam = levo alpha acetylmethadol lab = laboratory lac = la crosse encephalitis lac = laceration laci = lacunar infarction lacr = lacrimal lact = lactic lad = left anterior descending lad = left axis deviation lad = leukocyte adhesion deficiency lad = linear iga disease lad = lymphadenopathy ladca = left anterior descending coronary artery lae = left atrial enlargement lafb = left anterior fascicular block lah = left anterior hemiblock lais = lateral internal anal sphincterotomy lak = lymphocyte activated killer cells lalk = leukocyte alkaline phosphatase lall = lymphoblastic leukemia, acute, with lymphomatous features lam = l asparaginase, methotrexate lam = laminated lam = laminectomy lam = lymphangioleiomyomatosis lamb = lentigines, atrial myxoma, mucocutaneous myoma, blue nevus syndrome lamp = lysosome associated membrane protein lan = local area network lan = lymphadenopathy lanl = los alamos national laboratory lanp = leucine rich acidic nuclear protein lao = left anterior oblique lap = laparascopic lap = laparotomy lap = left atrial pressure lap = leucine amino peptidase lap = leukocyte alkaline phosphatase lap dye = laparoscopic dye test lapoca = l asparaginase, prednisone, oncovin, cytarabine, adriamycin lar = larynx lar = low anterior resection larsp = language assessment remediation and screening procedure las = linear alkylbenzene sulfonate lat = lateral lat = latex agglutination test lat = latissimus dorsi lat = lidocaine, adrenaline and tetracaine lat = lysolecithin acyltransferase lat flap = latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction lats = long acting thyroid stimulator lav = lymphadenopathy associated virus lavh = laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy lax = laxative lb = large bowel lb = long buccal lb = pound lbb = left bundle branch lbbb = left bundle branch block lbd = lewy body disease lbm = lean body mass lbna = lysis bladder neck adhesions lbnl = lawrence berkeley national laboratory lbp = low back pain lbp = lower back pain lbv = low biological value lbw = low birth weight lbwi = low birth weight infant lc = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase lc = left colon lc = lethal concentration lc = liquid chromatography lc = living children lc = lung cancer lc50 = lethal concentration 50 lca = left coronary artery lca = leucocyte common antigen lca = leukocyte common antigen lca = lithocholic acid lcad = long chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency lcad = long chain hydroxyacyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase lcat = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase lcat = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency lcc = left coronary cusp lcc = liver cell carcinoma lcca = left common carotid artery lccs = lethal congenital contracture syndrome lccsct = large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumor lcd = lattice corneal dystrophy lcfs = lynch cancer family syndrome lch = langerhan's cell histiocytosis lchad = long chain 3 hydroxyacyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency lci = lung clearance index lcis = lobular carcinoma in situ lcl = large cell lymphoma lcl = lymphoblastoid cell line lclo = lethal concentration low lcm = laser capture microdissection lcm = left costal margin lcm = lymphocytic choriomeningitis lcmv = lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus lcos = liquid crystal on silicon projection lcps = legg calve perthes syndrome lcr = locus control region lcs = lambeth communication scale lcs = low continuous suction lct = long chain triglyceride supplementation lcta = lungs clear to auscultation lcx = left circumflex artery lcxca = left circumflex coronary artery ld = lactate dehydrogenase ld = laser doppler ld = latissimus dorsi ld = learning difficulties ld = learning disability ld = light diet ld = liver disease ld = lymphocytic depletion ld50 = lethal dose 50 ld50 = median lethal dose ldc = lower deep cervical lymph node ldd = lhermitte duclos disease ldf = laplace transform damping factor ldh = lactate dehydrogenase ldhd = lymphocyte depletion hodgkin's disease ldl = loudness discomfort level ldl = low density lipoprotein ldl receptor = low density lipoprotein receptor ldl-c = low density lipoprotein cholesterol ldlc = low density lipoprotein cholesterol ldlo = lethal dose low ldr = labor delivery room ldr = low dose rate brachytherapy ldsq = lambeth disability screening questionnaire ldyt = leber optic atrophy and dystonia le = discoid lupus erythematosus le = left eye le = lower extremities le = lower extremity leds = life events and difficulties scale leep = loop electrosurgical excision procedure lel = lymphoepithelial lesions lems = lambert eaton myasthenic syndrome leo = law enforcement officer leopard = multiple lentigines, electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonic stenosis, abnormal genitalia, retardation of growth, and sensorineural deafness lep = lumbar epidural les = lambert eaton syndrome les = lower esophageal sphincter lesa = lymphoepithelial sialadenitis lesp = lower esophageal sphincter pressure leu = leucine leu enkephalin = leucine enkephalin leuc = leukocytes lev = levamisole hydrochloride lev = level lf = lateral flexion lf = low fat lf = low fiber lf = low flap lf = low forceps lfa = left femoral artery lfa = left forearm lfa = left frontoanterior lfa = low friction arthroplasty lfa = lymphocyte function associated antigen lfd = large for dates lfd = low fat diet lfd = low forceps delivery lfl = li fraumeni like lfp = left frontoposterior lfrh = lh fsh releasing hormone lfs = li fraumeni syndrome lfs = low fat spread lfss = light fixation seizure syndrome lft = liver function test lfts = liver function tests lfv = lassa fever virus lfvd = low forceps vaginal delivery lg = large lg = leg lg = lymphomatoid granulomatosis lga = large for gestational age lgc = late gastric cancer lgd = low grade dysplasia lgi = lower gastrointestinal lgib = lower gastrointestinal bleeding lgin = low grade intraurothelial neoplasia lgiun = low grade intraurothelial neoplasia lgl = large granular lymphocyte lgl = lown ganong levine syndrome lgll = large granular lymphocytic leukemia lgmd = limb girdle muscular dystrophy lgn = lateral geniculate nucleus lgs = langer giedion syndrome lgsil = low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion lgv = lymphogranuloma venereum lh = left handed lh = luteinizing hormone lh rf = luteinizing hormone releasing factor lh rh = luteinizing hormone releasing hormone lh/fsh = luteinizing hormone follicle stimulating horm level lha = left heart assisted lhon = leber hereditary optic neuropathy lhot = left hypotropia lhp = latent hypoparathyroidism lhrh = luteinizing hormone releasing hormone lht = left hypertrophia li = lacunar infarction li = large intestine li = lithium licl = lithium chloride lics = left intercostal space lif = left iliac fossa lif = leukocyte inhibitory factor lig = ligament lih = left inguinal hernia lim = limitation lim = limited lim = line isolation monitor lima = left internal mammary artery limb = listing of molecular biology databases lin = laryngeal intraepithelial neoplasia lin = linear lincl = late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis lincl = neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, late infantile type line = Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements lines = Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements linnac = linear accelerator lip = lipoid interstitial pneumonia lip = lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis liq = liquid liq = lower inner quadrant lis = laboratory information system lis = laboratory information systems lit = literature liv = left innominate vein lk = lamellar keratoplasty lk = low potassium diet lk = lymphokine lks = landau kleffner syndrome lks = liver kidney spleen ll = left lower ll = lepromatous leprosy ll = lower lid ll = lower limb ll = lower lip ll = lower lobe ll = lymphoblastic lymphoma ll = lymphoid leukemia llc = long leg cast llc = lymphocytic leukemia lle = left lower extremity lletz = large loop excision of transformation zone llg = left lateral gaze lll = left lower lid lll = left lower limb lll = left lower lip lll = left lower lobe lln = lower limit of normal llnl = lawrence livermore national laboratory llq = left lower quadrant llsb = left lower sternal border llz = left lower zone pneumonia lm = lactose malabsorption lm = laryngeal muscle lm = lateral malleolus lm = lateral meniscus lm = legal medicine lm = lentigo maligna lm = lesser metatarsal lm = light microscope lm = light microscopy lm = lincomycin lma = laryngeal mask airway lma = left mentum anterior lma = locomotor activity lmb = left main bronchus lmbb = laurence moon bardet biedl syndrome lmca = left main coronary artery lmcat = left middle cerebral artery thrombosis lmd = local medical doctor lmf = leukeran, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil lmf = lymphocyte mitogenic factor lml = left mediolateral lmm = lentigo maligna melanoma lmn = lower motor neuron lmnd = lower motor neuron disease lmp = last menstrual period lmp = left mentoposterior lmp = low malignant potential lmp = lumbar puncture lms = lateral medullary syndr lms = lateral medullary syndrome lms = left main stem lms = leiomyosarcoma lms = multi symmet lipomatosis lms = multiple symmetrical lipomatosis lmt = long term memory lmw = low molecular weight lmwh = low molecular weight heparin lmwk = low molecular weight kininogen lmwp = low molecular weight proteinuria ln = latent nystagmus ln = lentiform nucleus ln = liquid nitrogen ln = lupus nephritis ln = lymph node ln = lymph nodes ln = lymphadenopathy ln2 = liquid nitrogen lnmp = last normal menstrual period lnp = last normal period lns = lesch nyhan syndrome lns = lymph node sampling lo = lateral oblique lo = lens opacity lo = lockout lo = low loa = leave of absence loa = left occiput anterior loa = level of activity loa = looseness of association load = late onset alzheimer disease loael = lowest observed adverse effect level lob = lateral openbite lob = lobular lob = loss of balance loc = laxative of choice loc = level of consciousness loc = location loc = loss of consciousness locs = laryngoonychocutaneous syndrome loe = lady of the evening loh = loop of henle loh = loss of heterozygosity loi = loss of imprinting loinc = logical observation identifiers, names and codes lol = laughing out loud lol = left occipitolateral position lom = left otitis media lom = loss of memory lomac = leucovorin, oncovin, methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide lomcs = left otitis media chronic serous lomr = lower esophageal mucosal ring lomr = lower oesophageal mucosal ring lond = london lop = left occipitoposterior position lopca = late onset pauciarticular chronic arthritis loq = lower outer quad breast loq = lower outer quadrant of breast los = length of stay los = lower esophageal segment los = lower oesophageal segment lot = life orientation test lotca = lowenstein ot cognitive assessment lower gi = lower gastrointestinal lox = lipoxygenase lox = liquid oxygen lp = lichen planus lp = light perception lp = low phosphate diet lp = low potency lp = low protein diet lp = lumbar puncture lpa = abnormal origin of left pulmonary artery lpa = left pulmonary artery lpa = lysophosphatidic acid lpc = lysophosphatidylcholine lpcb = lactophenol cotton blue lpcp = light perception with projection lpd = low protein diet lpd = lymphoproliferative disease lpd = lymphoproliferative disorder lpda = left dominant posterior descending artery lpf = low power field lpg = lysophosphatidylglycerol lph = left posterior hemiblock lpi = laser peripheral iridotomy lpi = long process of incus lpi = lysinuric protein intolerance lpif = lymphocyte proliferation inhibitory factor lpl = lipoprotein lipase lpl = lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma lpm = liters per minute lpn = licensed practical nurse lpo = lactoperoxidase lpo = left posterior oblique lpo = lipid peroxidation lpo = lipid peroxide lpp = lichen planopilaris lppf = lymphocyte proliferation potentiating factor lps = levat palpebr superioris lps = levator palpebrae superioris lps = lipopolysaccharide lpu = last past urine lpu = low purine diet lr = labor room lr = lactated ringer's solution lr = lateral rectus lr = lateral rotation lr = lawrencium lr = light reaction lr = light reflex lr = logistic regression lra = left renal artery lrcp = licensed respiratory care practitioner lrdt = living related donor transplant lre = leukemic reticuloendotheliosis lrf = luteinizing hormone releasing factor lri = lower respiratory infection lrln = left recurrent laryngeal nerve lrnd = left radical neck dissection lrq = lower right quadrant lrs = larsen syndrome lrt = lower respiratory tract lrti = lower respiratory tract infection ls = leopard skin ls = loose ls = loose stools ls = lumbar spine ls = lumbosacral ls&a = lichen sclerosus et atrophicus lsa = lateral sacrum anterior lsa = left sacroanterior lsa = left subclavian artery lsa = lichen sclerosus et atrophicus lsa = lymphosarcoma lsb = left sternal border lsc = lichen simplex chronicus lsca = left subclavian artery lscc = lateral semicircular canal lscs = lower segment caesarean section lscs = lower segment cesarean section lscs = lower segment cs lsd = d lysergic acid lsd = letterer siwe disease lsd = lysergic acid diethylamide lsfc = leigh syndrome, french canadian type lsi = life satisfaction index lsk = liver, spleen, kidneys lsl = left sacrolateral position lslcl = lymphocytic secreted long form of c type lectin lsm = laser capture microscopy lso = left salpingoophorectomy lsp = left sacroposterior position lsr = lecithin to sphingomyelin ratio lst = left sacral transverse position lst = long synacthen test lsv = long saphenous vein lsvc = persistent left superior vena cava lt = left lt = left thigh lt = less than lt = leukotriene lt = levothyroxine lt = light lt = light touch lt = low temperature lt = lymphocyte transformation lt = lymphotoxin lta = lipoteichoic acid ltb = laryngotracheobronchitis ltb4 = leukotriene b4 ltc = long term care ltc = long, thick, and closed ltc4 = leukotriene c4 ltcs = low transverse cesarean section ltd = leukotriene d ltee = lower thoracic expansion exercises ltf = lipotropic hormone ltg = low tension glaucoma lth = luteotropic hormone lti = life technologies, inc ltic = low temperature isotropic carbon ltm = long term memory ltot = long term oxygen therapy ltp = l tryptophan ltp = laser trabeculoplasty ltp = long term potentiation ltr = long terminal repeat ltt = lactose tolerance test ltv = long term viability ltx = liver transplant lu = left upper lu = lung acupuncture points lu = lutetium lue = left upper extremity lues = syphilis luf = luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome lul = left upper eyelid lul = left upper lip lul = left upper lobe luna = laparoscopic uterosacral nerve ablation luna = laser uterosacral nerve ablation luq = left upper quadrant lusb = left upper sternal border luscs = lower uterine segment caesarean section luss = liver ultrasound scan lut = lower urinary tract luts = lower urinary tract symptoms luz = left upper zone pneumonia lv = cor sinus lt vent fistula lv = coron fistulae fr lt vent lv = coronary fistulae from left ventricle lv = coronary sinus to left ventricle fistula lv = end diastolic left ventricular cavity shape lv = end systolic left ventricular cavity shape lv = laryngeal vestibule lv = lateral ventricle lv = leave lv = lecithovitellin lv = left ventricle lv = left ventricular lv = leucovorin lv = live vaccine lv = low vision lv = lumbar vertebra lv = lung volume lv = lupus vulgaris lv+ = left ventricular hypertrophy lva = left ventricular aneurysm lva = left visual acuity lvad = left ventricular assist device lvar = left ventricular aneurysm lvedp = left ventricular end diastolic pressure lvef = left ventricular ejection fraction lvf = left ventricular failure lvh = left ventricular hypertrophy lvot = left ventricular outflow tract lvoto = left ventricular outflow tract obstruction lvoto = lv outflw tract obstrn lvoto = operation for lt ventricular outflow tract obstructn lvoto = operations for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction lvoto = opn lt ven outfl obst lvp = left ventricular pressure lvp = levator veli palatini lvp = lysine vasopressin lvrs = lung volume reduction surgery lvsv/rvsv = left to right ventricular stroke volume ratio lvsw = left ventricular stroke work lvswi = lv stroke work index lvu = last void urine lw = lives with lwbs = left without being seen lwct = lee white clotting time, coagulation time lwd = leri weill dyschondrosteosis lwfs = lethal white foal syndrome lwmi = lateral wall myocardial infarction lws = lowry wood syndrome ly = lymphocyte ly = lyophilization lymphs = lymphocytes lyp = lymphomatoid papulosis lys = lysine lys = lysosome lysopi = lysophosphatidylinositol lytes = electrolytes m = distant metastasis stage m = macula m = male m = metastasis stages m = meter m = minimal m = minutes m = molar m = mole m = murmur m = mycosis fungoides of skin m asiaticum = mycobacterium asiaticum m avium = mycobacterium avium m avium complex = mycobacterium avium complex m avium intracellulare = mycobacterium avium intracellulare m barkeri = methanosarcina barkeri m chelonei = mycobacterium chelonei m gallinaceum = mycoplasma gallinaceum m gallisepticum = mycoplasma gallisepticum m gastri = mycobacterium gastri m gordonae = mycobacterium gordonae m lacunata = moraxella lacunata m mucedo = mucor mucedo m phlei = mycobacterium phlei m streptocerca = mansonella streptocerca m&i = mother & infant m&m = morbidity and mortality m,m = married, male, mother murmur, meter, mass, molar m-a = miller abbott m/a = mood affect m/e = myeloid/erythroid ratio m/n = mydriacyl and neosynephrine m/r/g = murmurs, rubs, gallops m/sec = meters per second m0 = acute myeloblastic leukaemia undifferentiated m3 = acute promyelocytic leukemia m4 = acute myelomonocytic leukemia m6 = acute erythroleukemia m7 = acute megakaryoblastic leukemia ma = major amblyoscope ma = medical assistance ma = mental age ma = milliampere ma = missed abortion ma = mitral atresia ma = mobility allowance maa = methacrylic acid maa = methoxyacetic acid maa = methylarsonic acid maai = maleylacetoacetate isomerase mab = monoclonal antibody mabop = mustargen, adriamycin, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone mabs = monocloncal antibodies mac = complement 5b-9 complex mac = macrophage mac = macula mac = maximum allowable concentration mac = membrane attack complex mac = minimum alveolar concentration mac = mitral annular calcification mac = monitored anesthesia care mac = mycobacterium avium complex mac inh = membrane attack complex inhibitor macam = mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule macc = methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, ccnu macho = methotrexate, asparaginase, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin machr = muscarinic acetylcholine receptor macl = mood affective checklist macop-b = methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone.