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What does XOD stand for?

XOD stands for HPX)/xanthine oxidase

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Oligodendrocytes have the highest levels of iron of any cell type in the brain (Connor and Menzies, 1996). This may help explain why these cells are particularly sensitive to oxidative stress (Smith et al. , 1999). Exposure of cultures to xanthine/xanthine oxidase systems leads to selective degeneration of oligodendrocytes, presumably by way of the peroxide radical. The oligodendrocyte xanthine/xanthine oxidase and glucose/glucose oxidase induced cell death can be prevented by catalase, suggesting that hydrogen peroxide production is particularly damaging to oligodendrocytes because superoxide dismutase (SOD) and other radical scavengers do not protect.
% = percent 10th = tenth 1st = first 2de = two dimensional echocardiography 2nd = second 3rd = third 3vc = 3 vessel cord 4th = fourth 5fu = fluorouracil 5th = fifth 6-mp = 6 mercaptopurine 6-tg = 6 thioguanine 6th = sixth 7th = seventh 8th = eighth 9th = ninth @ = at @ = email domain separator a = abortion a = absorbance a = accommodation a = adriamycin a = ante a = artery a alternata = alternaria alternata a annua = artemisia annua a baumannii = acinetobacter baumannii a belladonna = atropa belladonna a brassicicola = alternaria brassicicola a californica = artemisia californica a castellanii = acanthamoeba castellanii a cell = amacrine cell a cepa = allium cepa a coenophialum = acremonium coenophialum a culbertsoni = acanthamoeba culbertsoni a duodenale = ancylostoma duodenale a filifolia = artemisia filifolia a githago = agrostemma githago a junii = acinetobacter junii a k amputation = above knee amputation a kiliense = acremonium kiliense a polyphaga = acanthamoeba polyphaga a sativa = avena sativa a tridentata = artemisia tridentata a&e = accident and emergency department a&ox3 = alert and oriented to person place and date a&ox4 = alert and oriented to person place time and date a&p = anterior and posterior a&p = auscultation and percussion a&s = ambu & suction a&w = alive and well a-line = arterial line a-p = anterior and posterior a-p&lat = anteroposterior and lateral a-v = atrioventricular a/c = adriamycin / cyclophosphamide a/c = anterior chamber of eye a/g = albumin globulin ratio a/n = abnormal a/o = alert and oriented a/p = assessment and plan a/p = auscultation and percussion a1ad = alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency emphysema a2 = aortic component second heart sound aa = adriamycin aa = african american aa = alcohol abuse aa = alcoholics anonymous aa = alopecia areata aa = amino acid aa = amyloid protein A aa = aortic aneurysm aa = aortic arch aa = aplastic anemia aa = ara c aa = arachidonic acid aa = ascending aorta aaa = abdominal aortic aneurysm aaa = acquired aplastic anemia aaa = acute apical abscess aaa = aromatic amino acid aaf = acetylaminofluorene aag = alpha 1 acid glycoprotein aah = atypical adenomatous hyperplasia aai = acute alcohol intoxication aall = anterior axillary line aami = age associated memory impairment aamtase = aklanonic acid methyltransferase aaox3 = awake alert and oriented to date place & person aark = automated anesthesia record keeper aas = aarskog scott syndrome aas = aortic arch syndrome aas = atlantoaxial subluxation aat = aachen aphasia test aat = alpha 1 antitrypsin aat = alpha antitrypsin aau = acute anterior uveitis aav = aids associated virus ab = abdominal ab = abortion ab = antibody ab = asthmatic bronchitis aba = abscissic acid abatc = azidobenzamidotaurocholate abc = aneurysmal bone cyst abc = apnea bradycardia cyanosis abc = aspiration biopsy cytology abd = abdomen abd = abductor abdom = abdomen abdv = bleomycin doxorubicin dtic vinblastine abe = acute bacterial endocarditis abf = aortobifemoral graft abg = aortic bifurcation graft abg = aortobifemoral graft abg = arterial blood gas abi = arterial pressure index abk = aphakic bullous keratopathy abl = abetalipoproteinaemia abl = abetalipoproteinemia abl = african burkitt's lymphoma abl = angioblastic lymphadenopathy ablc = amphotericin b lipid complex abm = alveolar basement membrane antibody abmt = autologous bone marrow transplant abn = abnormal abnl = abnormal abo = a system of classifying blood groups by a or b antibody abo = abortion abo = antibody abo = bleo mtx vcr abo hdn = abo hemolytic disease of the newborn abp = arterial blood pressure abpa = asthmatic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis abpb = abductor pollicis brevis abpl = abductor pollicis longus abr = auditory brainstem response abs = abdominal muscles abs = abdominals abs = absent abs = acute brain syndrome abs = affect balance scale abs = anorexic behavior scales abt = autologous blood transfusion abu = asymptomatic bacteriuria abv = actinomycin d, bleomycin, vincristine abv = adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine abv = bleo dox vbl abvd = bleomycin dacarbazine doxorubicin vincristine abx = antibiotics ac = acute ac = air conditioning ac = air conduction ac = alternating current ac = amniocentesis ac = ante cibum ac = anterior chamber ac = ascending colon ac = assist control ac/a = accommodation convergence/accommodation aca = adenocarcinoma aca = anterior cerebral artery aca = anti cardiolipin antibody acad = academy acbe = air contrast barium enema acc = acceleration acc = accelerator acc = accident acc = accommodation acc = adrenocortical carcinoma acc = agenesis of corpus callosum acc = alveolar cell carcinoma acc = aplasia cutis congenita acca = adenylate cyclase constitutive activator acca = adrenal cortical carcinoma acca = adrenocortical carcinoma accom = accommodation accpn = agenesis of the corpus callosum with peripheral neuropathy acd = acid citrate dextrose acd = actinomycin d acd = adult celiac disease acd = allergic contact dermatitis acd = anemia of chronic disease acd = arteriosclerotic coronary disease acd = automatic cardiac defibrillator procedure acd = corneal dystrophy ace = acetylcholinesterase ace = angiotensin converting enzyme ace = cyclophosphamide doxorubicin ace = dipeptidyl peptidase a acetoacetyl coa = acetoacetyl coenzyme a acetyl coa = acetyl coenzyme a acetyl coa acetyltransferase = acetyl coenzyme a acetyltransferase acetyl coa carboxylase = acetyl coenzyme a carboxylase acf = anterior cranial fossa acg = angle closure glaucoma ach = acetylcholine ach = achondroplasia ach = adrenal cortical hormone ach esterase = acetylcholinesterase ache = acetylcholinesterase aci = acute coronary insufficiency aciol = anterior chamber intraocular lens acj = amelocemental junction of tooth acl = anterior cruciate ligament acla = anti cardiolipin antibody acls = advanced cardiac life support acm = aclacinomycin a acm = adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate acm = arnold chiari malformation acn = acoustic neurinoma acnu = nimustine acom = anterior communicating artery acp = acid phosphatase acp = acupuncture acps = acrocephalopolysyndactyly acr = aclarubicin acr = amalgam cement restoration acra = acetylcholine receptor antibody acs = american cancer society acs = anterior tibial compartment syndrome acs = antireticular cytotoxic serum acsvbg = aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft acsvg = aortocoronary saphenous vein graft act = actinomycin act = activated clotting time act = acute coronary thrombosis act-c = actinomycin c act-d = actinomycin d acth = adrenocorticotrophic hormone actriib = activin receptor type iib acug = arthrocutaneouveal granulomatosis acv = acyclovir acv = airway closing volume acv = aplasia of cerebellar vermis acvd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease acvg = aortocoronary vein graft acyl coa = acyl coenzyme a ad = adenoidal degeneration ad = advertisement ad = alzheimer's disease ad = atopic dermatitis ad = atrio dextro ad = auris dextra ad = autogenic drainage ad = autosomal dominant ad = dactinomycin ad = drug addiction ad lib = ad libitim ada = adenosine deaminase ada = american dental association ada = american diabetes association ada = american dietetic association ada = americans with disabilities act adamha = alcohol drug abuse and mental health administration adas = alzheimer's disease assessment scale adat = advance diet as tolerated adbc = adriamycin, dtic, bleomycin, ccnu adc = acquired immune deficiency syndrome dementia complex adc = adenylate cyclase adc = adrenal cortex adc = aids dementia complex adcc = antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity add = attention deficit disorder add'l = additional addl = additional ade = ara c, daunorubicin, etoposide adem = acute disseminated encephalomyelitis aden = acantholytic dyskeratotic epidermal nevus adenoca = adenocarcinoma adf = aortoduodenal fistula adh = alcohol dehydrogenase adh = antidiuretic hormone adhd = attention deficit hyperactivity disorder adi = autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris adic = adriamycin, dtic adip = acute demyelinating inflammatory polyradiculopathy adj = adjuvant adk = adenylate kinase adl = activities of daily living adm = administration adm = administrator adm = admission admckd = medullary cystic kidney disease, autosomal dominant adp = adenosine diphosphate adpase = adenosine diphosphatase adpkd = autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease adr = adriamycin adr = adverse drug reaction adria = adriamycin ads = alcohol dependence scale ads = antibody deficiency syndrome adt = adenosine triphosphate adt = admission, diagnosis, triage adu = acute duodenal ulcer ae = acrodermatitis enteropathica ae = aeronautical engineer ae = agricultural engineer aea = above elbow amputation aec = aminoethylcysteine aed = accident and emergency department aed = automated external defibrillator aeeg = ambulatory eeg aef = allogenic effect factor aef = amyloid enhancing factor aef = aryepiglottic fold aem = ataxia, episodic, with myokymia aep = auditory evoked potentials aer = auditory evoked responses af = acid fast af = afebrile af = amaurosis fugax af = amniotic fluid af = anterior fontanelle af = asian female af = atrial fibrillation af = auricular fibrillation af = dental amalgam filling present afb = acid fast bacillus afb = aflatoxin b afb1 = aflatoxin b1 afgf = acidic fibroblast growth factor afi = amaurotic familial idiocy afi = amniotic fluid index afib = atrial fibrillation afip = armed forces institute of pathology afl = atrial flutter aflp = acute fatty liver of pregnancy afp = alpha fetoprotein aft = aflatoxin aft = afternoon afv = amniotic fluid volume ag = anion gap ag = antigen ag = atrial gallop ag = atrophic gastritis ag = silver aga = anti gliadin antibody aga = appropriate for gestational age agg = agammaglobulinemia agit = agitation agl = acute granulocytic leukemia aglt = acidified glycerol lysis test agmx = agammaglobulinemia, x linked agn = acute glomerulonephritis agnor = silver staining nucleolar organizing regions agp = alpha 1 acid glycoprotein ags = adrenogenital syndrome ags = alagille syndrome ags = audiogenic seizure agsg = alliance of genetic support groups agt = activity group therapy agt = aminoglutethimide agt = antiglobulin test agus = atypical glands of unknown significance agw = anogenital warts ah = adductor hallucis ah = alcoholic hepatitis ah = anterior horn ah = atypical hyperplasia aha = acquired hemolytic anemia aha = american heart association aha = american hospital association aha = anterior hypothalamic area aha = autoimmune hemolytic anemia ahc = acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ahc = adrenal hypoplasia, congenital ahd = arteriohepatic dysplasia ahd = arteriosclerotic heart disease ahds = allan herndon dudley syndrome ahf = acute heart failure ahf = antihemophilic factor ahf = argentinian hemorrhagic fever ahg = acute herpetic gingivostomatitis ahg = antihemophilic globulin ahgs = acute herpetic gingivostomatitis ahh = aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase ahhd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease ahle = acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis ahm = allele frequency dependent homozygosity mapping aho = albright hereditary osteodystrophy ahr = aryl hydrocarbon receptor aht = antihyaluronidase screening titer ahts = adductovarus hammer toe syndrome ahx = addison disease, x linked ai = accidental injury ai = alcohol intake ai = allergy and immunology ai = amelogenesis imperfecta ai = anaphylatoxin inactivator ai = angiotensin i ai = aortic incompetence ai = aortic insufficiency ai = apical impulse ai = artificial insemination ai = artificial intelligence ai = autoimmune ai = autoimmunity aia = aspirin intolerant asthma aib = abnormal illness behavior aib = aminoisobutyric acid aic = aicardi syndrome aica = anterior inferior cerebellar artery aicd = automatic implanted cardiac defibrillator aid = artificial insemination by donor aidh = atypical intraductal hyperlasia aids = acquired immune deficiency syndrome aied = aland island eye disease aih = artificial insemination by husband aih = autoimmune hepatitis aiha = autoimmune hemolytic anemia ail = angioimmunoproliferative lesions aild = angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia aim = abnormal involuntary movement aim = activation inducer molecule aim = asparaginase, ifosfamide, methotrexate aimi = anteroinferior myocardial infarction aims = abnormal involuntary movement scale aims = arthritis impact measurement scale ain = acute interstitial nephritis ain = anal intraepithelial neoplasia aion = acute ischemic optic neuropathy aip = acute intermittent porphyria aip = acute interstitial pneumonia ais = abbreviated injury scale ais = adenocarcinoma in situ aivr = accelerated idioventricular rhythm aj = ankle jerk ajcc = american joint committee on cancer ak = above knee ak = acetate kinase ak = actinic keratosis ak = adenylate kinase ak = artificial kidney ak = astigmatic keratotomy aka = above knee amputation aka = alcoholic ketoacidosis aka = also known as ake = acrokeratoelastoidosis akp = anterior knee pain akv = acrokeratosis verruciformis al = aluminum al = amyloid light chain al = anterolateral al = arterial line al = artificial limb al = left ear ala = alanine ala = aminolevulinic acid ala = amoebic liver abscess alad = aminolevulinic acid dehydratase alase = alas, erythroid alash = alas, housekeeping alat = alanine aminotransferase alb = albumin alc = alcohol alcaa = acetylcarnitine arginyl amide alcam = activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule alcl = anaplastic large cell lymphoma ald = adrenoleukodystrophy ald = alcoholic liver disease ald = aldolase ald = aldosine ald = aldosterone aldb = aldolose b deficiency aldo = aldosterone alec = artificial lung expanding compound alf = acute liver failure alg = antilymphocyte globulin ali = acute lung injury ali = average lobe index alk p'tase = alkaline phosphatase alk phos = alkaline phosphatase all = acute lymphocytic leukemia allo = allogenic alm = acral lentiginous melanoma almi = anterolateral myocardial infarction almm = acral lentiginous malignant melanoma alomad = adriamycin, leukeran, oncovin, methotrexate, actinomycin d, dacarbazine alp = alkaline phosphatase alp = anterior lobe of pituitary alp = argon laser photocoagulation alp = atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype alpc = argon laser photocoagulation alpha anp = alpha atrial natriuretic peptide alpha ifn = alpha interferon alpha mpt = alpha methyl p tyrosine alps = aphasia language performance scales als = advanced life support als = afferent loop syndrome als = amyotrophic lateral sclerosis als = antilymphocyte serum alt = alaniinitransaminaas alt = alanine aminotransferase alt = altered alt = altitude alt = argon laser trabeculoplasty alto = afterloading tandem and ovoids altp = argon laser trabeculoplasty alunc = alopecia universalis congenita alv = alveolar alv = avian leukosis virus am = alveolar macrophage am = american am = americium am = ammeter am = anteromedial am = asian male am = morning ama = advanced maternal age ama = against medical advice ama = american medical association ama = anti mitochondrial antibody amb = ambulate amb = amphotericin b amc = arthrogryposis multiplex congenita amcn = arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, neurogenic type amd = acid maltase deficiency amd = age related macular degeneration amdg = acromesomelic dysplasia, grebe type amf = adios, my friend amfyoyo = adios my friend, you're on your own ami = acute mesenteric ischemia ami = acute myocardial infarct ami = autobiographical memory interview amio = amiodarone amit = amitriptyline aml = acute myelogenous leukemia aml = anterior mitral leaflet amlcd = active matrix liquid crystal device amm = agnogenic myeloid metaplasia amml = acute myelomonocytic leukemia amn = adrenomyeloneuropathy amnio = amniocentesis amp = acid mucopolysaccharide amp = acute massive pulmonary embolism amp = adenosine monophosphate amp = ampere amp = amphetamine amp = ampicillin amp = ampule amp = amputation amp deaminase = adenosine monophosphate deaminase ampe = acute massive pulmonary embolism amr = alternating motion rate ams = altered mental status ams = atypical mole syndrome amsa = amsacrine amt = abbreviated mental test amt = amount amt = anxiety management training amv = assisted mandatory ventilation amvc = atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis an = acanthosis nigricans an = acoustic neuroma an = anorexia nervosa an = antenatal ana = alpha naphthyl esterase ana = antinuclear antibody ana = antinuclear antigen anae = alpha naphthyl acetate esterase anan = anandron anbc = hepatitis b core antibody anc = absolute neutrophil count anc = antenatal care anca = anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody ancova = analysis of covariance and = axillary node dissection anes = anesthesia anf = antinuclear factor ang = angiotensin angio = angiogram angis = australian national genomic info service anl = acute nonlymphocytic leukemia anl = argonne national laboratory anll = acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia anm = amish nemaline myopathy ann = annual ann = annulus ann = artificial neural networks ann fib = annulus fibrosis annl = acute non lymphocytic leukemia anom = anomalous anova = analysis of variance anp = atrial natriuretic peptide ans = arteriolonephrosclerosis ans = autonomic nervous system ant = alloimmune neonatal thrombocytopenia ant = anterior ante = before anug = acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis anxty = anxiety ao = acridine orange aob = acetone on breath aob = alcohol on breath aob = anterior open bite aod = arterial occlusive disease aodm = adult onset diabetes mellitus aof = assessment of occupational function aom = acute otitis media aom = arthroophthalmopathy, hereditary progressive aom = azoxymethane aopa = ara c, oncovin, prednisone, asparaginase aope = adriamycin, oncovin, prednisone, etoposide aorf = adult onset renal failure aos = adams oliver syndrome ap & lat = anteroposterior & lateral ap = abdominal pain ap = abdominal perineal ap = acid phosphatase ap = action potential ap = acute pancreatitis ap = alkaline phosphatase ap = anatomic pathology ap = angina pectoris ap = ante partum ap = anterior and posterior ap = anterior pituitary ap = aortic pressure ap = aortopulmonary ap = arterial pressure ap = artificial pneumothorax ap&lat = anteroposterior & lateral apa = american psychological association apa = aminopenicillanic acid apa = antiphospholipid antibody apb = abductor pollicus brevis apc = acetylsalicylic acid, acetophenetidin, and caffeine apc = activated protein c apc = adenomatous polyposis of the colon apc = amsa, prednisone, chlorambucil apc = aspirin, phenacetin, caffeine apc = atrial premature contraction apch = alternative pathway hemolytic complement apcor = advanced portable coronary observation radio apd = accessory pancreatic duct apd = afferent pupillary defect apd = antipsychotic drug apd = atrial premature depolarization ape = acute pulmonary edema ape = anterior pituitary extract apeced = autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy apf = antiperinuclear factor aph = alkaline phosphatase aph = antepartum hemorrhage aph = aphasia apha = american public health association aphig = aphidicolin glycinate api = application programming interface apkd = adult polycystic disease apl = abductor pollicis longus apl = acute promyelocytic leukemia apl = adjustable pressure limiting valve apla = anti phospholipid antibody apld = automated percutaneous lumbar discectomy aplis = anatomic pathology laboratory information system apls = advanced pediatric life support apml = acute promyelocytic leukemia apn = acute pyelonephritis apn = advanced practice nurse apo = adriamycin, prednisone, oncovin apo a i = apolipoprotein a i apoa = apolipoprotein a apob = apolipoprotein b apoc = apolipoprotein c apod = apolipoprotein d apoe = apolipoprotein e apoj = apolipoprotein j app = acute phase protein app = appendix appl = appliance appl = application appnhp = adenylyl imidodiphosphate approx = approximate approx = approximately appt = appointment appy = appendectomy apr = abdominoperineal resection of rectum apr = acute phase reactant apr = april apr = auropalpebral reflex aprs = adult personality rating schedule aprt = adenine phosphoribosyltransferase aprt = adenosine phosphoribosyltransferase aprtase = adenine phosphoribosyltransferase aprv = airway pressure release ventilation aps = antiphospholipid syndrome apsa = phosphatidylserine antibody apsgn = acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis aptt = activated partial thromboplastin time apud = amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation apudoma = apud tumor apudoma = tumor of apud cells apvc = anomalous pulmonary venous connection apvd = anomalous pulmonary venous drainage apvr = anomalous pulmonary venous return apvs = absent pulmonary valve syndrome apw = aortopulmonary window aq = aqueous ar = aortic regurgitation ar = argon ara c = arabinosylcytosine ara ctp = arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate ara u = arabinofuranosyluracil aras = atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis arbkt = aids risk behavior knowledge test arc = abnormal retinal correspondence arc = aids related complex arch = archives ard = acute respiratory disease ardmd = autosomal recessive distal muscular dystrophy ards = adult respiratory distress syndrome arf = acute renal failure arf = acute respiratory failure arf = acute rheumatic fever arg = arginine ari = acute renal insufficiency ari = acute respiratory infection arm = artificial rupture of membrane armd = age related macular degeneration arn = acute retinal necrosis aroa = autosomal recessive ocular albinism arom = artificial rupture of membranes arp = american registry of pathology arpkd = autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease arsa = arylsulfatase a art = anti retroviral therapy art = arterial arter = arterial aru = acute retention of urine arv = aids related virus arv = anti retroviral therapy arvc = arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy arvd = arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia as = angelman syndrome as = aortic stenosis as = arteriosclerosis as = auris sinestra asa = acetylsalicylic acid asa = argininosuccinic acid asa = aspirin asa = aspirin sensitive asthma asad = arteriosclerotic artery disease asal = argininosuccinate lyase asal deficiency = argininosuccinate lyase deficiency asap = as soon as possible asat = aspartate aminotransferase asb = asymptomatic bacteriuria asbmb = american society for biochemistry & molecular biology asc = american society of cytology ascb = american society for cell biology ascd = arteriosclerotic coronary disease aschd = arteriosclerotic coronary heart disease asci = american society for clinical investigation ascii = american standard code for information interchange asco = american society of clinical oncology ascp = american society of clinical pathologists asct = autologous stem cell transplantation ascus = atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance ascva = arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular accident ascvd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease ascvd = arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease ascvhd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular heart disease ascvrd = arteriosclerotic cardiovascular renal disease asd = atrial septal defect asdhd = arteriosclerotic decompensated heart disease asdp = anal sphincter dysplasia asech = acetylselenonium choline asf = anterior spinal fusion ash = asymmetrical septal hypertrophy ashap = adriamycin, solu medrol, high dose ara c, platinol ashcvd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive cardiovascular disease ashd = arteriosclerotic heart disease ashd = atrioseptal heart defect ashg = american society for human genetics ashhd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive heart disease ashvd = arteriosclerotic hypertensive vascular disease asi = anxiety status inventory asip = american society for investigative pathologists asis = anterior superior iliac spine asl = antistreptolysin asl = argininosuccinate lyase asl deficiency = argininosuccinate lyase deficiency aslhn = alport syndrome like hereditary nephritis aslme = american society of law, medicine, and ethics aslo = anti streptolysin o asm = american society for microbiology asma = anti smooth muscle antibody asmd = anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis asmi = anteroseptal myocardial infarction asmtlx = acetylserotonin methyltransferase like, x linked asn = asparaginase asn = asparagine aso = antistreptolysin o aso = arteriosclerosis obliterans asom = acute suppurative otitis media asp = antisocial personality asp = asparaginase asp = aspartic acid asp = l asparaginase asped = angel shaped phalangoepiphyseal dysplasia aspvd = arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease asrt = anomalous sentence repetition test assa = aminopterin syndrome sine aminopterin assoc = association asst = assist asstase = arylsulfate sulfotransferase ast = aspartate aminotransferase ast = astigmatism asu = ambulatory surgery unit asv = avian sarcoma virus asvd = arteriosclerotic vascular disease asvhd = arteriosclerotic vascular heart disease asw = approved social worker at = antithrombin at = astatine at = audiology technician at/nc = atraumatic normocephalic ata = alimentary toxic aleukia ata = anterior tibial artery atc = adriamycin followed by 3x taxol followed by 3x cytoxan atcc = american type culture collection atd = antithyroid drug atd = asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy atg = antithymocyte globulin atg = antitoxin globulin atin = acute tubulo interstitial nephritis atl = adult t cell leukemia atll = adult tcell leukemia lymphoma atls = advanced trauma life support training course atm = atmosphere atmngt = atypical melanocytic nevi of the genital type atn = acute tubular necrosis atn = oculocutaneous albinism, tyrosinase negative atnr = asymmetrical tonic neck reflex atp = adenosine triphosphate atp = advanced technology program atp = azathioprine atra = all trans-retinoic acid ats = alport syndrome ats = anti tetanus serum ats = arteriosclerosis atshd = arteriosclerotic heart disease att = attachment atv = all terrain vehicle atz = anal transitional zone au = arbitrary unit au = aures unitas au = australia antigen au = azauridine au = gold auc = area under curve aud = auditory audit = alcohol use disorders identification test aug = acute ulcerative gingivitis aug = august aul = acute undifferentiated leukemia aur = auricular aus = artificial urinary sphincter aus = atypia of unknown significance av = adriamycin, vincristine av = alveolar duct av = anaerobic vaginosis av = aortic valve av = arteriovenous av = atrioventricular av = audiovisual av = auriculoventricular ava = antiviral antibody ava = aortic valve area ava = aortic valve atresia avad = doxorubicin, vincristine, cytarabine, dexamethasone avb = atrioventricular block avdrr = adult onset vitamin d resistant hypophosphatemic osteomalacia aventyl = nortriptylineavf avf = arteriovenous fistula avf = atrioventricular fibrillation avh = acute viral hepatitis avm = arteriovenous malformation avm = aviation medicine avms = arteriovenous malformations avn = atrioventricular node avn = avascular necrosis avo = defused arteriovenous o2 difference avp = actinomycin d, vincristine, platinol avp = adriamycin, vincristine, procarbazine avp = aortic valve prosthesis avp = aortic valvuloplasty avp = arginine vasopressin avp = venous ambulatory pressure avpu = alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive avr = aortic valve replacement avrnt = atrioventricular re entrant nodal tachycardia avrr = aortic valve re replacement avrt = atrioventricular re entrant tachycardia avs = arteriovenous shunt avsd = atrioventricular septal defect avss = afebrile, vital signs stable aw = abdominal wall aw = airway awmi = anterior wall myocardial infarction awo = antral washout awol = absent without leave aws = alagille watson syndrome ax = axilla ax = axis of cylindrical lens axr = abdominal x ray az = ascheim zondek aza = azathioprine azc = azacitidine azf = azoospermia factor azi = azidopine azq = diaziquone azt = azidothymidine b = bath b = behavior b = brother b bassiana = beauveria bassiana b beaveri = brugia beaveri b burgdorferi = borrelia burgdorferi b crocidurae = borrelia crocidurae b k amputation = below knee amputation b pahangi = brugia pahangi b&b = bronchoscopy and biopsy b&c = biopsy and cauterization b&w = baldy webster suspension b-2m = beta 2 microglobulin b-cell = bcell b-cll = b cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia b-lph = beta lipotrophic hormone b/k = below knee b/p = blood pressure b1 = bilroth 1 b1 = breast stage 1 b12 = cyanocobalamin b2 = bilroth 2 b2 = ebv receptor b2 m = beta2 microglobulin b2-glob = beta 2 microglobulin ba = backache ba = barium ba = basilar artery ba = betamethasone acetate ba = bile acid ba = biliary atresia ba = blocking antibody ba = bone age ba = boric acid ba = brachial artery ba = bronchial asthma bab = babinski sign bab = behaviour assessment battery bac = bacterial artificial chromosome bac = blood alcohol concentration bac = bronchioalveolar carcinoma bac = bronchioloalveolar carcinoma baco = bleomycin, adriamycin, ccnu, oncovin bacod = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, dexamethasone bacon = bleomycin, adriamycin, ccnu, oncovin, nitrogen mustard bacop = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone bact = bacteriology bact = bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, tamoxifen bactec = bactenecin badl = brief activities of daily living bae = barium enema baee = benzoylarginine ethyl ester baep = brainstem auditory evoked potential baer = brainstem auditory evoked response baha = bone anchor hearing aid bal = blood alcohol level bal = british anti lewisite bal = bronchoalveolar lavage bal = dimercaprol balf = bronchoalveolar lavage fluid balt = bronchus associated lymphoid tissue bamon = bleomycin, adriamycin, methotrexate, oncovin, nitrogen mustard bana = benzoylarginine 2 naphthylamide banf = bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis bao = basal acid output bao = basal gastric acid output bap = bleomycin, adriamycin, prednisone bapa = benzoylarginine nitroanilide bapp = bleomycin, doxorubicin, cisplatin, prednisone barb = barbiturate barbital = phenobarbital barn = bilateral acute retinal necrosis bas = balloon atrial septostomy baso = basophil bavip = bleomycin, adriamycin, vinblastine, imidazole carboxamide, prednisone bawo = bilateral antrl washout bax = a homolog of bcl2 bb = bronchial breathing bb = bundle branch bba = born before arrival bbb = blood brain barrier bbb = bundle branch block bbgk = stated that chromosomes 4 and 7 each seem to have copies of the bb1/g25k bbow = bulging bag of waters bbprl = big big prolactin bbs = bilateral breath sounds bbs = bulletin board service bbt = basal body temperature bbvp = bcnu, bleomycin, vepesid, prednisone, methotrexate bc = blood culture bc = bone conduction bc = breast cancer bc = breathing control bc = bronchogenic carcinoma bca = basal cell atypia bcaa = branched chain amino acid bcam = b cell adhesion molecule bcap = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, prednisone bcas = breast carcinoma amplified sequence bcat = branched chain aminotransferase bcav = bleomycin, ccnu, adriamycin, velban bcc = basal cell carcinoma bcca = basal cell carcinoma bccp = biotin carboxyl carrier protein bcd = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, dactinomycin bcdf = b cell differentiation factor bcds = breast cancer, ductal, suppressor bce = basal cell epithelioma bcei = breast cancer estrogen inducible sequence bceop = benign childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms bcg = bacille calmette guerin bcg = ballistocardiogram bcg = bromocresol green bch = basal cell hyperplasia bch = chorea, hereditary benign bche = butyrylcholinesterase bcie = bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma bckd = branched chain alpha ketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency bckd = branched chain alphaketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency bcmf = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil bcns = basal cell nevus syndrome bcnu = bis chloroethyl nitrosourea bcop = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone bcp = basal cell papilloma bcp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, prednisone bcp = birth control pill bcpm = benign chronic pemphigus bcr = breakpoint cluster region bcr = bulbocavernosus reflex bcs = battered child syndrome bcs = breast conservation surgery bcs = budd chiari syndrome bct = basophil challenge test bcvp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone bcvpb = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, bleomycin bcvpp = bcnu, cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone bcvpp = carmustine cyclophosphamide prednisone procarbazine vinblastine bcx = blood culture bd = band bd = barbiturate dependence bd = base deficit bd = basophilic degeneration bd = batten's disease bd = behcet's disease bd = belladonna bd = bile duct bd = black death bd = blood donor bd = bowel dysfunction bd = bowen disease bd = brain damage bd = brain death bd = bronchodilator bd = twice a day bdae = boston diagnostic aphasia examination bdc = burn dressing change bdcs = bazex dupre christol syndrome bdg = batten's disease gene bdi = beck depression inventory bdma = benzyldimethylamine bdmf = bone dysplasia with medullary fibrosarcoma bdmr = brachydactyly mental retardation syndrome bdp = beclomethasone dipropionate bdp = benzodiazepine bdp = bronchopulmonary dysplasia bdr = background diabetic retinopathy bdrs = blessed dementia rating scale bdrs = brief depression rating scale bds = blackfan diamond syndrome bdz = benzodiazepine be = bacterial endocarditis be = barium enema be = base excess be = below elbow bea = below elbow amputation beac = bcnu, etoposide, ara c, cyclophosphamide beam = bcnu, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan bec = before exam completed bed = bornholm eye disease bee = basal energy expenditure beh = behavior beh = benign essential hypertension behav = behavioral bel = blood ethanol level bel = bromoenol lactone bemp = bleomycin, eldisine, mitomycin, platinol ben = balkan endemic nephropathy beo = both eyes open bep = benign enlargement of prostate bep = bleomycin, etoposide, platinol bepop = application of below elbow plaster of paris ber = berbamine ber = berberine best = bedside evaluation and screening test of aphasia beta msh = beta melanocyte stimulating hormone beta tgdr = beta thioguanine deoxyriboside bf = black female bf = blastogenic factor bf = breast fed bf = breast feeding bf = lymphocyte mitogenic factor bfgf = basic fibroblast growth factor bfic = benign familial infantile convulsions bfl = bird fanciers lung bfnc = benign familial neonatal convulsions bfp = biological false positive bfu = burst forming unit bg = basal ganglia bg = basal ganglion bg = bender gestalt test bg = beta galactosidase bg = beta glucuronidase bg = birbeck granule bg = bite guard bg = blood gases bg = blood glucose bg = bone graft bg = brilliant green bg = bronchocentric granulomatosis bga = blood gas analysis bgci = basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic bgh = bovine growth hormone bgl = bartholin's gland bgp = blood group bgp = bone gla protein bgpa = biliary glycoprotein a bgs = baller gerold syndrome bgus = biclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance bh = birth history bh = breathholding bh = bronchial hyperreactivity bha = butylated hydroxyanisole bhcg = beta human chorionic gonadotrophin bhcg = beta human chorionic gonadotropin bhd = bcnu hydroxyurea dacarbazine bhd = birt hogg dube syndrome bhdv = bcnu, hydroxyurea, dacarbazine, vincristine bhf = bolivian hemorrhagic fever bhl = bilateral hilar lymph node bhr = bronchial hyperreactivity bht = blunt head trauma bht = breath hydrogen test bht = butyl hydroxytoluene bht = butylated hydroxytoluene bht = butylhyroxytoluene bhtt = bielschowsky head tilt bi = barthel index bi = basilar impression bi = bismuth bi = bone injury bi = brain injury bi = gingival bleeding index biba = brought in by ambulance bic = biceps bid = bis in diem bid = brought in dead bie = bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma bih = benign intracranial hypertension bih = bilateral inguinal hernia bil = bilateral bil bs = bilateral breath sounds bilat = bilateral bili = bilirubin bili t/d = bilirubin, total and direct bima = bilateral internal mammary artery bin = twice a night bio = biology biol = biologic biol = biological biol = biologist biol = biology biotech = biotechnology bip = bleomycin, ifosfamide, platinol bip = bronchiolitis obliterans with usual interstitial pneumonitis bipap = bilevel positive airway pressure bipg = billroth i partial gastrectomy bipp = bismuth iodoform paraffin paste bit = behavioral inattention test biw = twice weekly bj = bence jones bj = biceps reflex bjm = bones, joints, and muscles bjp = bence jones protein bk = back bk = band keratopathy bk = below knee bk = black bk = bullous keratopathy bka = below knee amputation bkbpr = bamford kowal and bench picture related bkpnpr = bamford kowal and bench non picture related bkv = bk virus bl = bladder bl = blood bl = borderline leprosy bl = bucolingual bl = burkitt's lymphoma bl cult = blood culture blades = bristol language assessment scales bld = blood blel = benign lymphoepithelial lesion bleo = bleomycin bleo-comf = bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, fluorouracil bleo-mopp = bleomycin, nitrogen mustard, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone blitz = monoclonal antibodies blm = bleomycin blm = bleomycin sulfate blobs = binary large objects bls = bare lymphocyte syndrome bls = basic life support blt = bleeding time blv = blood volume bm = bacterial meningitis bm = basal metabolism bm = basilar membrane bm = black male bm = bone marrow bm = bowel movement bm = breast milk bma = benzylmercapturic acid bma = bone marrow aspiration bmast = brief michigan alcoholism screening test bmc = bone marrow cell bmc = bone mineral content bmcp = brain mitochondrial carrier protein bmd = becker muscular dystrophy bmd = best macular dystrophy bmd = bone mineral density bmhp = bromomercurihydroxypropane bmi = body mass index bmj = breast milk jaundice bmld = binaural masking level difference test bmp = bcnu, methotrexate, procarbazine bmp = bone morphogenetic protein bmpg = bone marrow proteoglycan bmr = basal metabolic rate bms = burning mouth syndrome bmt = bone marrow transplant bmz = basement membrane zone bn = bladder neck bn = bulimia nervosa bnab = ladder neck adhesions bncf = both toenails cut and filed bnd = both toenails drilled bnec = bladder neck electric conductance test bnhl = bcell non hodgkin's lymphoma bni = bladder neck incision male bnl = brookhaven national laboratory bno = bladder neck obstruction bnp = bladder non palpable bnp = brain natriuretic peptide bns = bladder neck stenosis bo = bacterioopsin bo = barrett's esophagus bo = benzene oxide bo = bilirubin oxidase bo = blackout bo = blighted ovum bo = body odor bo = bosentan bo = bowel obstruction bo = bronchiolitis obliterans bo = bubble oxygenator boa = behavioral observation audiometry boap = bleomycin, oncovin, adriamycin, prednisone boca = brown oculocutaneous albinism bof = birds of a feather bof = branchiooculofacial syndrome bof = broncho esophageal fistula bofs = branchiooculofacial syndrome bold = bleomycin, oncovin, lomustine, dacarbazine boma = otitis media, both ears, acute bomp = bleomycin, oncovin, matulane, prednisone bomsa = bilateral otitis media serous acute bomsc = bilateral otitis media serous chronic bonp = bleomycin, oncovin, natulan, prednisolone boo = bladder outflow obstruction boop = bronchiolitis obliterans and organising pneumonitis bop = bcnu, oncovin, prednisone bop = bleeding on probing bop = bleomycin, oncovin, platinol bopam = bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone, adriamycin, mechlorethamine, methotrexate bopp = bcnu, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone borb = birmingham object recognition battery bos = base of skull bos = behavioral observation schedule botox = botulin toxin bov = bleeding esophageal varices bow = bag of water box = bowels opened times bp = base pair bp = blood pressure bp = boiling point bp = bullous pemphigoid bp&tpr = monitoring of blood pressure, temperature, pulse rate and respiratory rate bp+ = hypertension bpad = bipolar affective disorder bpcq = beliefs about pain control questionnaire bpd = biparietal diameter bpd = bipolar disorder bpd = borderline personality disorder bpd = bronchopulmonary dysplasia bpes = blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus bpf = brazilian purpuric fever bpf = bronchopleural fistula bph = benign prostatic hyperplasia bpig = bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin bpm = beats per minute bpm = breaths per minute bpm = brompheniramine maleate bpn = brachial plexus neuropathy bpnh = bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia bpo = benzoyl peroxide bpp = biophysical profile bpptl = bilateral postpartum tubal ligation bppv = benign paroxysmal positional vertigo bprl = big prolactin bprs = brief psychiatric rating scale bps = bronchopulmonary segment bpt = bronchial provocation test bpv = benign positional vertigo bq = becquerel br = bathroom br = bedrest br = bedroom br = birthing room br = brachioradialis br = breast br = breathing rate br = breech presentation br = british br = bromine br = brother br ca = breast cancer bra = bilateral renal agenesis bra = bite raising appliance bra = brain brach = brachial brao = branch retinal artery occlusion brap = brca1 associated protein brb = bright red blood brbpr = bright red blood per rectum brbx = breast biopsy brca = breast cancer gene brd = bilateral renal dysplasia brdu = bromodeoxyuridine brdurd = bromodeoxyuridine brf = breast feeding brhibo = bromohomoibotenate bric = benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis brk = breast tumor kinase brm = biological response modifier bronch = bronchial bronch = bronchoscopy broncho = bronchoscopy brp = bathroom privileges brvo = branch retinal vein occlusion brvt = branch retinal vein thrombosis bs = barium swallow bs = blood glucose level bs = blood smear bs = blood sugar bs = bloom syndrome bs = bowel sounds bs = breath sounds bs/scf = biological sequence/structure computational facility bsa = body surface area bsa = bovine serum albumin bsaep = brainstem auditory evoked potential bsap = brief, small, abundant potentials bsapp = brief, small, abundant, polyphasic potentials bsb = bedside bag bsc = bedside commode bsco = bilateral subcapsular orchidectomy bscs = biological sciences curriculum study bsd = bedside drainage bse = bovine spongiform encephalopathy bse = breast self examination bse = mad cow disease bsep = brainstem evoked potential bser = brainstem electric response bsera = brainstem evoked response audiogram bsf = benign senescent forgetfulness bsipss = bilateral simultaneous inferior petrosal sinus sampling bso = bilateral salpingo oophorectomy bso = bilateral subcapsular orchidectomy bso = buthionine sulfoximine bsp = bone sialoprotein bsp = bromosulfaphthalein bsp = bromosulfophthalein bsp = bromsulphalein bsp = bromsulphaline bsq = behavioral screening questionnaire bsq = bussuquara fever bss = balanced salt solution bst = blood serologic test bst = bovine somatotropin bsts = bereweeke skill teaching system checklist bsu = bartholin's, skene's, urethra bsv = binocular single vision bt = base of tongue bt = bcnu, triazinate bt = bedtime bt = benign tertian malaria bt = bitemporal bt = bladder training bt = blalock taussig shunt bt = bleeding time bt = blood transfusion bt = blood type bt = blood typing bt = blue tongue bt = body temperature bt = botulin toxin bt = bowel tones bt = brain tumor bt = breakthrough bt = breast tumor bt = broken tooth btcd = binding to curved dna btk = bruton's tyrosine kinase btl = bilateral tubal ligation btm = benign tertian malaria btnf = both toenails filed btp = biotechnology training programs bts = blalock taussig shunt btu = british thermal unit btw = by the way bu = bethesda unit bu = bilirubin bu = busulfan bulit = bulimia test bun = blood urea nitrogen bus = busulfan bv = bacterial vaginosis bv = binocular vision bv = blood vessel bv = blood volume bva = binocular visual acuity bvap = bcnu, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone bvcpp = bcnu, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, procarbazine, prednisone bvd = back vertex distance bvd = bcnu, vincristine, dacarbazine bvds = bleomycin, velban, doxorubicin, streptozocin bvl = bilateral vas ligation bvm = bag valve mask bvm = bag ventilator mask bvpp = bcnu, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone bvrt = benton visual behavior test bw = birth weight bw = body weight bw = dental bitewing x ray bwcr = beckwith wiedemann syndrome chromosome region bwd = backward bwo = bladder washout bws = beckwith wiedemann syndrome bx = biopsy bxcx = biopsy of cervix bxo = balanitis xerotica obliterans bylitc = butenylisothiocyanate bzd = benzodiazepine bzs = bannayan zonana syndrome bzt = bendrofluazide bzx = bazex syndrome c 1 esterase = complement 1 esterase c = c c = capacitance c = carbon c = caucasian c = celsius c = cervical c = complement c = compliance c = cornea c = coulomb c = cum c = cytidine c = cytosine c acetobutylicum = clostridium acetobutylicum c anthropophaga = cordylobia anthropophaga c burnetii = coxiella burnetii c clostridiiforme = clostridium clostridiiforme c coli = campylobacter coli c curticei = cooperia curticei c difficile = clostridium difficile c diphtheriae = corynebacterium diphtheriae c feseri = clostridium feseri c freundii = citrobacter freundii c guilliermondii = candida guilliermondii c hominivorax = cochliomyia hominivorax c jejuni = campylobacter jejuni c pectinata = cooperia pectinata c vini = candida vini c&c = application of collar and cuff sling c&c = curette and cautery of skin lesion c&db = cough & deep breath c&e = curettage and electrodessication c&f = chills and fever c&p = cystoscopy and pyelography c&s = culture and sensitivities c-anca = c-anca = anti neutrophil cytoplasm c-anca = cytoplasm and neutrophil antibody c-p = cerebellopontine angle c-rp = c reactive protein c-s = cheyne stokes c-spine = cervical spine c/a = clinitest/acetest c/c = chrome cobalt c/c = complete dentures c/c/e = clubbing, cyanosis, edema c/d = cystodiathermy c/d/i = clean, dry, intact c/n = cyclogyl and neosynephrine c/o = complains of c/p = cardiopulmonary c/s = caesarean section c/w = consistent with c02 = carbon dioxide c1 = complement 1 c1q = complement 1q c3 convertase = complement 3 convertase c3b ina = c3b inactivator c3pa = c3 proactivator ca = calcium ca = cancer ca = carcinoma ca = cardiac arrest ca = clinical assistant ca = corneal abrasion ca = coronary artery ca atpase = calcium adenosine triphosphatase ca-125 = cancer antigen 125 ca125 = cancer antigen 125 caa = cerebral amyloid angiopathy caa = chloroacetaldehyde caa = circulating anodic antigen caa = constitutional aplastic anemia caa = coronary artery aneurysm caam = complimentary and alternate medicine caap = cocaine abuse assessment profile cab = cambridge apraxia battery cab = coronary artery bypass cabbage = slang for cabg cabg = coronary artery bypass graft cabop = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone cabs = ccnu, adriamycin, bleomycin, streptozocin cac = cisplatin, ara c, caffeine caca = cataract, crystalline aculeiform cacd = choroidal dystrophy, central areolar cach = childhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelinization cacp = camptodactyly arthropathy coxa vara pericarditis syndrome cacs = celiac axis compression syndrome cact = carnitine acylcarnitine translocase cad = computer aided detection cad = coronary artery disease cad = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, dacarbazine cad = cytosine arabinoside, daunorubicin cadasil = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy cadic = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, dtic cae = chloroacetate esterase cae = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, etoposide caep = cortical auditory evoked potentials caer = cortical auditory evoked response caf = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil caf = cytoxan, adriamycin with 5 fu caffi = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil by continuous infusion cafl = chronic airflow limitation cafp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cafs = conotruncal anomaly face syndrome cafth = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, tamoxifen, halotestin cafvp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, prednisone cag = cholangiogram cag = cholangiography cag = chronic atrophic gastritis cag = coronary angiography cag = coronary artery graft cagg = cold agglutinins cah = chronic active hepatitis cah = congenital adrenal hyperplasia cahd = coronary atherosclerotic heart disease cai = cancer attitude inventory cai = carbonic anhydrase inhibitor cai = computer assisted instruction cakut = congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract cal = calorie cal = chronic airflow limitation calc = calcium calc = calculated calc = calculus calcl = cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma calf = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, leucovorin calcium , 5 fluorouracil call = common acute lymphoblastic leukemia calla = common all antigen cals = carbonic anhydrase like sequence cam = cell adhesion molecule camak = cerebro oculo facio skeletal syndrome camb = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, methotrexate, bleomycin cameleon = cytosine arabinoside, high dose methotrexate, leucovorin, oncovin cameo = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, methotrexate, etoposide, oncovin camfak = cerebro oculo facio skeletal syndrome camlo = cytosine arabinoside, methotrexate, leucovorin, oncovin camp = cyclic amp can = cancer can = cord around neck cao = chronic airflow obstruction cao = coronary artery occlusion cao = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, oncovin cap = camptodactyly arthropathy pericarditis cap = capsule cap = captopril cap = catabolite activator protein cap = cell attachment protein cap = cellulose acetate phthalate cap = chloramphenicol cap = chloroacetophenone cap = community acquired pneumonia cap = cyclic amp binding protein cap = cystine aminopeptidase cap = prostate cancer cap-bop = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, procarbazine, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone capa = cerebellar ataxia, paroxysmal, acetazolamide responsive capd = continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis cape = clifton assessment procedures for the elderly caped = central areolar pigment epithelial dystrophy capp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol, prednisone caps = capsules car = carotid carb = carbohydrate carboxy air = carboxyaminoimidazole ribotide card = cardiac cardiak = card containing ice associated kinase cas = cerebral arteriosclerosis cas = child assessment schedule cascvd = chronic arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease casil = cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy casp = communication assessment profile for adults with a mental handicap casrn = chemical abstract service registery number castle = carcinoma showing thymus like differentiation cat = combined approach tympanoplasty cat = common arterial trunk cat = computerised axial tomography cat = cytosine arabinoside, adriamycin, 6 thioguanine catch22 = cardiac abnormality/abnormal facies, t cell deficit due to thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism resulting from 22q11 deletion cath = catheter catm = autosomal dominant microphthalmia cataract cav = congenital absence of vagina cavd = congenital aplasia of vas deferens cavd = continuous arteriovenous dialysis cave = cerebroacrovisceral early cavg = coronary artery vein graft cavh = continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration cavhd = continuous arteriovenous hemodiafiltration cavhf = continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration cavp = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vm 26, prednisone cavp-16 = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vp 16 cavp-i = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone cavpm = cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vp 16, prednisone, methotrexate cb = caesarean birth cb = carbenicillin cb = carbobenzoxy chloride cb = carbonated beverage cb = cerebellum cb = chronic bronchitis cb = conjugated bilirubin cbavd = congenital bilateral aplasia of vas deferens cbc = complete blood count cbctr = cooperative breast cancer tissue resource cbd = common bile duct cbdca = carboplatin cbe = clinical breast exam cbf = cerebral blood flow cbg = capillary blood gas cbg = coronary bypass graft cbg = corticosteroid binding globulin cbi = continuous bladder irrigation cbi = coping behavior inventory cbps = perisylvian syndrome, congenital bilateral cbr = complete bed rest cbs = charles bonnet syndrome cbs = chronic brain syndrome cbt = carotid body tumors cbt = cognitive behavior therapy cbv = cyclophosphamide, bcnu, vp16 cbvd = ccnu, bleomycin, vinblastine, dexamethasone cbz = carbamazepine cc = carbon copy cc = carboplatin, cyclophosphamide cc = case conference cc = check cystoscopy cc = chief complaint cc = collagenous colitis cc = corpus callosum cc = costal cartilage cc = crohn's colitis cc = cubic centimeter cca = cardiac catheterisation cca = chimpanzee coryza agent cca = choriocarcinoma cca = common carotid artery cca = congenital contractural arachnodactyly cca = isolation of common carotid artery ccap = cancer chromosomal aberrations project ccapeptide = crustacean cardioactive peptide ccavv = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, vp 16 ccc = critical care center ccch = clear cell cribriform hyperplasia cccm = closed chest cardiac massage ccd = central core disease ccd = childhood celiac disease ccd = cleidocranial dysplasia ccf = congestive cardiac failure ccfe = cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, 5 fluorouracil, estramustine ccg = cationic colloidal gold ccg = chromic catgut suture cchf = crimean congo haemorrhagic fever cchs = congenital central hypoventilation cci = chronic cardiac or coronary insufficiency cck = cholecystokinin cck-pz = cholecystokinin pancreozymin ccl = centrocyte like ccl4 = carbon tetrachloride ccm = congestive cardiomyopathy ccma = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, adriamycin ccnu = lomustine ccnu-op = ccnu, oncovin, prednisone ccob = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, bleomycin ccpd = continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis ccph = complement control protein homolog ccpv = congenital convex pes valgus ccr = creatinine clearance rate ccs = clear cell sarcoma ccs = corticosteroids ccs = cronkhite canada syndrome ccsk = clear cell sarcoma of kidney ccu = coronary care unit ccv = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine ccv-av = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine/adriamycin, vincristine ccvb = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin ccvpp = ccnu, cyclophosphamide, velban, procarbazine, prednisone ccvv = cyclophosphamide, ccnu, vp 16, vincristine ccvvp = cyclophosphamide, ccnu, vp 16, vincristine, platinol cd 53 = cluster of differentiation antigen 53 cd = cadmium cd = cardiac disease cd = celiac disease cd = chemical dependence cd = cluster of differentiation cd = coeliac disease cd = communicable disease cd = conductive deafness cd = contact dermatitis cd = convulsive disorder cd = crohn's disease cd57 = cluster of differentiation antigen 5 cd74 = cluster of differentiation antigen 74 cda = 2 chlorodeoxyadenosine cda = cellulose diacetate cda = chenodeoxycholic acid cda = chlorodeoxyadenosine cda = clinical document architecture cda = congenital dyserythropoietic anemia cda = cytidine deaminase cdai = crohn's disease activity index cdc = carboplatin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide cdc = centers for disease control cdc = centers for disease control and prevention cdca = chenodeoxycholic acid cdcr = canaliculodacryocystorhinostomy cdd = congenital diaphragmatic defect cdd = craniodiaphyseal dysplasia cddp = cisdiamminedichloroplatinum cde = common duct exploration cdf = ciliary dyskinesia factor cdg = carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome cdgdl = corneal dystrophy, gelatinous drop like cdgs = carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome cdh = congenital diaphragmatic hernia cdh = congenital dislocation of the hip cdh = congenital displasia of hip cdhs = craniofacial deafness hand syndrome cdi = clean, dry, intact cdip = chronic demyelinating inflammatory radiculopathy cdk = cyclin dependent kinase cdle = chronic discoid lupus erythematosus cdls = cornelia de lange syndrome cdna = complementary dna cdnh = chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis cdp = comprehensive drinker profile cdp = cytidine diphosphate cdpc = cytidine diphosphate choline cdr = children disability register cdr = clinical dementia rating scale cdr = complementarity determining region cds = child depression scale cdst = central daylight savings time cdt = connected discourse tracking cdu = candiru fever ce = california encephalitis ce = capillary electrophoresis ce = cerium ce = cervical examination ce = conductive education cea = carcinoembryonic antigen cea = carotid endarterectomy cea = cultured epithelial autograft ceb = carboplatin, etoposide, bleomycin cec = chloroethylclonidine ceca = cisplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin cecs = courtauld emotional control scale cedri = clinical eating disorder rating instrument cee = central european encephalitis cef = cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, 5 fluorouracil ceg = chronic erosive gastritis cello = columnar epithelial lined lower esophagus cem = cytosine arabinoside, etoposide, methotrexate ceot = calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor cep = ccnu, etoposide, prednimustine cep = congenital erythropoietic porphyria cep = cyclophosphamide, etoposide, platinol ceph = center for the study of polymorphisms in humans ceph = cephalic ceph = cephalin ceph = cephalosporin ceprh = combined pigment epithelial and retinal hamartoma cer = ceramide cera = cortical electric response audiometry cerv = cervix ces = cat eye syndrome ces = compliance effective status ces = compulsive eating scale cesd = cholesterol ester storage disease cetp = cholesteryl ester transfer protein cev = cyclophosphamide, etoposide, vincristine cf = cardiac failure cf = christmas factor cf = citrovorum factor cf = complement fixation cf = congestive heart failure cf = counts fingers cf = cystic fibrosis cf = dental caries free cf = white female cfa = colonization factor antigen cfa = common femoral artery cfa = complement fixing antibody cfa = complete freund's adjuvant cfa = coronafacic acid cfa = cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis cfam = cerebral function analysing monitor cfc = chlorofluorocarbon cff = cystic fibrosis foundation cfh = complement factor h cfi = camberwell family interview cfi = chemotactic factor inactivator cfl = cisplatin, 5 fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium cfl = coronafacate ligase cfm = cerebral function analysing monitor cfm = closed face mask cfm = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, mitoxantrone cfnd = craniofrontonasal dysostosis cfp = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cfpt = cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen cfq = cognitive failures questionnaire cfr = certified first responder cfr = code of federal regulations cfs = chronic fatigue syndrome cft = chronic follicular tonsillitis cft = complement fixation test cftdm = fiber type disproportion myopathy, congenital cftr = cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator cfu = colony forming unit cfu e = colony forming unit erythroid cfz = carey fineman ziter syndrome cg = centigram cg = cholecystogram cg = chorionic gonadotrophin cg = chorionic gonadotropin cg = chronic gastritis cg = colloid goiter cg = contact guard cgamf = cholylglycylamidofluorescein cgap = cancer genome anatomy project cgcg = central giant cell granuloma cgd = chronic granulomatous disease cgdcgd = carrier genodermatosis of chronic granulomatous disease cgh = comparative genome hybridization cgh = cystic glandular hyperplasia of endometrium cgl = chronic granulocytic leukemia cgmp = cyclic guanosine monophosphate cgn = chronic glomerulonephritis cgn = crescentic glomerulonephritis cgy = centigray ch = chest ch = child ch = choline ch = chronic hepatitis ch = common hepatic ch = community hospital ch50 = hemolytic complement filtration cha = congenital hypoplastic anemia chac = choreoacanthocytosis chad = cold hemagglutinin disease chad = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, adriamycin, ddp chamoca = cytoxan, hydroxyurea, actinomycin d, methotrexate, oncovin, calcium folinate, adriamycin champ = chromosomal analysis and morphology chands = curly hair ankyloblepharon nail dysplasia syndrome chap = cyclophosphamide, hexalen, adriamycin, platinol charge = coloboma, heart disease, atresia of choanae, retarded mental development and growth genital hypoplasia ear abnormalities deafness association or syndrome chat = choline acetyltransferase chb = complete heart block chbha = congenital heinz body hemolytic anemia chc = chronic hyperplastic candidosis chcl = congenital healed cleft lip chd = chediak higashi disease chd = common hepatic duct chd = congenital heart disease chd = congestive heart disease chd = coronary heart disease che = cholinesterase che = chronic health evaluation chem = chemical chem = chemist chem = chemistry chem = chemotherapy chemo = chemotherapy chex-up = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, 5 fluorouracil, platinol chf = congestive heart failure chf = crimean hemorrhagic fever chf = cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, 5 fluorouracil chg = change chh = cartilage hair hypoplasia chh = congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism chhs = congenital hypothalamic hamartoma syndrome chi = closed head injury chip = cis dichlorotranshydroxy bis isopropylamine platinum iv chl = chloroform chl = conductive hearing loss chl = crown heel length chm = complete hydatidiform mole cho = carbohydrate cho = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin chob = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, bleomycin chod = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, dexamethasone chol = cholesterol chop = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin , oncovin , and prednisone chope = cyclophosphamide, halotestin, oncovin, prednisone, etoposide chor = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, radiotherapy chp = cutaneous hepatic porphyria chr = chronic chrna4 = nicotinic acetylcholine receptor chron = chronic chrpe = congenital hypertophy of retinal pigment epithelium chrs = christian syndrome chs = chediak higashi syndrome cht = congenital hypothyroidism chtn = cooperative human tissue network chuk = conserved helix loop helix ubiquitous kinase chvp = cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, vm 26, prednisone ci = cardiac index ci = cardiac insufficiency ci = cephalic index ci = cerebral infarction ci = cervical incompetence ci = chest infection ci = cochlear implant ci = color index ci = convergence insufficiency ci = cornification index cia = balloon angioplasty of the common iliac artery cia = ccnu, ifosfamide, adriamycin cia = common iliac artery cic = circulating immune complex cid = combined immunodeficiency cid = cytomegalic inclusion disease cidi = composite international diagnostic interview cidp = chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy cie = nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma cif = clonal inhibitory factor cii = cranial nerve ii cii = second cranial nerve cii = type ii collagen ciid = centromeric instability, immunodeficiency syndrome cimb = center for international meeting on biology cin = cervical intraepithelial neoplasia cin = chromosomal instability cin = chronic interstitial nephritis cin = cinanserin cinca = chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and articular syndrome cioms = council for international organizations of medical sciences circ = circumcision cis = carcinoma in situ cis = opposite of trans cisc = clean intermittent self catheterization cisca = cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin cit = cautery to inferior turbinate cit = chronic immune thrombocytopenia civ = common iliac vein civpp = chlorambucil, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone cjd = creutzfeldt jakob disease cjr = centric jaw relationship ck = check ck = cholecystokinin ck = choline kinase ck = creatine kinase ck = cytokeratin ck = cytokinin ckbb = creatine kinase bb isoenzyme ckmb = creatine kinase mb isoenzyme ckmm = creatine kinase mm isoenzyme cl = chloride cl = chlorine cl = cholelithiasis cl = cirrhosis of liver cl = clearance cl = cleft lip cl = clostridium cl = condylomata lata cl = contralateral cl feseri = clostridium feseri clas = congenital localized absence of skin clav = clavicle clb = chlorambucil clbd = cortical lewy body disease clbp = chronic low back pain clcd = cleidocranial dysostosis cld = chronic liver disease cld = chronic lung disease cld = congenital lactase deficiency cldy = cloudy cle = columnar lined esophagus cle = congenital lobar emphysema cle = continuous lumbar epidural clh = chronic lobular hepatitis clia = chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer clin = clinical cll = chronic lymphatic leukemia cll = chronic lymphocytic leukemia cll/pll = chronic lymphocytic prolymphocytic leukemia clm = cutaneous larva migrans clma = clinical laboratory management association clo = clothing clo = cod liver oil clo = urease test for helicobacter pylori clock = circadian locomotor output cycles kaput clr = crossed leg raise cls = coffin lowry syndrome clt = clotting time cm = caucasian male cm = centimeter cm = centimorgan cm = cisterna magna cm = cochlear microphonic cm = congenital malformation cm = cortical mastoidectomy cm = curium cm3 = cubic centimeter cma = coronamic acid cma = cow's milk allergy cmap = compound muscle action potential cmc = carpal metacarpal cmc = cell mediated cytotoxicity cmc = chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis cmc = closed mitral commissurotomy cmc = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, ccnu cmcj = carpometacarpal joint cmdhs = chloromethyldihydrosafrole cmdr = craniometaphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive cme = continuing medical education cme = cystoid macular edema cmf = chondromyxoid fibroma cmfavp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone cmfh = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, hydroxyurea cmfp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone cmfpt = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen cmfpth = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, prednisone, tamoxifen, halotestin cmft = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, tamoxifen cmfv = cyclophosphamide fluorouracil methotrexate vincristine cmfvat = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, adriamycin, testosterone cmfvp = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, vincristine, prednisone cmg = cystometrogram cmgp = cartilage matrix glycoprotein cmh = congenital malformation of the heart cmhc = community mental health center cmi = cell mediated immunity cmi = chronic mesenteric ischemia cmid = cytomegalic inclusion disease cmj = carpometacarpal joint cmk = cromakalim cml = chronic myelocytic leukemia cmm = cutaneous malignant melanoma cmml = chronic myelomonocytic leukemia cmn = casamassima morton nance syndrome cmn = congenital mesoblastic nephroma cmo = clinical medical officer cmo = cystoid macular edema cmoat = canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter cmopp = cyclophosphamide, mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone cmp = cardiomyopathy cmp = ccnu, methotrexate, procarbazine cmp = chondromalacia patella cmp = cytidine monophosphate cmpd = compound cmpf = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, prednisone, 5 fluorouracil cmr = contrast medium reaction cms = circulation, motion, sensation cms = cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma cmsd = congenital myocardial sympathetic dysinnervation cmt = catechol methyltransferase cmt = cervical motion tenderness cmt = charcot marie tooth cmtc = cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita cmtd = charcot marie tooth disease cmv = cisplatin, methotrexate, vinblastine cmv = closed mitral valvotomy cmv = controlled mechanical ventilation cmv = cytomegalovirus cmvs = cerebrovascular malformations cmy = cariomyopathy cn = caudate nucleus cn = cellulose nitrate cn = charge nurse cn = child nutrition cn = chloroacetophenone cn = constipation cn = cranial nerve cn = cyanogen cnbr = cyanogen bromide cnch = chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis cne = concentric needle electromyography cnf = cyclophosphamide, novantrone, 5 fluorouracil cnf = finnish congenital nephrotic syndrome cnh = chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis cnhd = congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic disease cnm = certified nurse midwife cnop = cyclophosphamide, novantrone, oncovin, prednisone cns = central nervous system cns = clinical nurse specialist cnsha = chronic non spherocytic hemolytic anemia cnst = constipation cntf = ciliary neuronotrophic factor cnv = contingent negative variation cnvm = choroidal neovascular membrane co = carbon monoxide co = cardiac output co = cobalt co = coenzyme co2 = carbon dioxide coa = coenzyme a coa transferase = coenzyme a transferase coad = chronic obstructive airway disease coag = chronic open angle glaucoma coag = coagulation coap = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, ara c, prednisone cob = chronic obstructive bronchitis cob = cisplatin, oncovin, bleomycin cobe = chronic obstructive bullous emphysema cobmam = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, bleomycin, methotrexate, adriamycin, meccnu cobra = consolidated omnibus budget reconciliation act cobs = chronic organic brain syndrome coc = calcifying odontogenic cyst coc = combined oral contraceptives cocm = congestive cardiomyopathy cod = cerebroocular dysgenesis cod-md = cerebro oculo dysgenesis muscular dystrophy cofs = cerebro oculo facio skeletal cog = children's oncology group coi = coloboma of iris, choroid and retina col = collagen cold = chronic obstructive lung disease colpo = colposcopy com = chronic otitis media com = common comb = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, meccnu , bleomycin combap = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, bleomycin, adriamycin, prednisone comet-a = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, leucovorin, etoposide, ara c comf = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil comla = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, methotrexate, leucovorin, ara c comm = common comm = communicable comp = cobalt mesoporphyrin comp = compound compd = compound comps = clinical observation of motor and process skills comt = catechol o methyltransferase con a = concanavalin a conc = concentration cond = condition cong = congenital congen = congenital congruous = congruity conj = conjunctiva conn = connecticut conn = connection cons = consultation cont = continent cont = continuous cont = contractions contd = continued conus = continental united states cop = change of plaster cop = cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis cop = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone copac = ccnu, oncovin, prednisone, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide copd = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cope = chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema cope = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, platinol, etoposide copp = ccnu, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone copp = cyclophosphamide, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone copro iii = coproporphyrin iii copro o = coproporphyrinogen oxidase copro ox = coproporphyrinogen iii oxidase copro'gen = coproporphyrinogen coq = coenzyme q cor = chronic cor pulmonale cor = congo red cor = coronary cor = corrected cor = corrosion cor = corrosive cor = cortex cor = cortisone cor = heart cora = conditioned orientation response audiometry corba = common object request broker architecture corp = corporation cotnab = chessington occupational therapy neurological assessment battery cox = cyclooxygenase cox = cytochrome c oxidase cox = cytochrome oxidase cp = central pain cp = cerebral palsy cp = ceruloplasmin cp = chest pain cp = chronic pancreatitis cp = cleft palate cp = clinical pathology cp = compare cp = cor pulmonale cp = creatine phosphate cpa = cardiopulmonary arrest cpa = cerebellopontine angle cpa = cooperative project assurance cpa = costophrenic angle cpa = cyclophosphamide cpa = cyproterone acetate cpap = continuous positive airway pressure cpb = cardiopulmonary bypass cpb = cyclophosphamide, platinol, bcnu cpbba = cyclophosphamide, bleomycin, procarbazine, prednisone, adriamycin cpc = choroid plexus cyst cpc = chronic passive congestion cpc = clinicopathologic conference cpc = cyclophosphamide, platinol, carboplatin cpd = callus plantar digital cpd = cephalopelvic disproportion cpd = citrate phosphate dextrose cpd = compound cpd = contagious pustular dermatitis cpd = cyclopentadiene cpdd = altretamine cisplatin cyclophosphamide doxorubicin cpdd = calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease cpdd = cis platinum diamminedichloride cpdd = cis-platinum compound cpe = chronic pulmonary emphysema cpeo = chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia cpft = certified pulmonary function technician cpft = combined pituitary function test cph = chronic persistent hepatitis cpi = california personality inventory cpip = chronic pulmonary insufficiency of prematurity cpitn = community periodontal index of treatment need cpk = creatine phosphokinase cpk-mb = creatine phosphokinase myocardial band cpl = congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasis cpls = cleft palate lateral synechia syndrome cpm = ccnu, procarbazine, methotrexate cpm = central pontine myelinolysis cpm = continue present management cpm = continuous passive motion cpm = counts per minute cpma = callus plantar metatarsal area cpn = chronic pyelonephritis cpn = community psychiatric nurse cpo = coproporphyrinogen oxidase deficiency cpob = cyclophosphamide, prednisone, oncovin, bleomycin cpp = cerebral perfusion pressure cpp = chronic pelvic pain cppb = continuous positive pressure breathing cppd = calcium pyrophosphate deposition cppd = calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate cppd = chest percussion and post drainage cppd disease = calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease cpr = c reactive protein cpr = cardiopulmonary resuscitation cpr = computerized patient record cprg = chlorophenol red galactopyranoside cps = carbamoyl phosphate synthase deficiency cps = cardiopulmonary support cps = child protective services cps = cycles per second cpsp = central post stroke pain cpt = camptothecin cpt = carnitine palmitoyltransferase cpt = chest physical therapy cpt = chest physiotherapy cpt = cold pressor test cpt = complete perineal tear cpt = current procedural terminology cptr = cyproterone cpu = carboxypeptidase u cpu = central processing unit cpz = carboxypeptidase z cpz = chlorpromazine cr = chromium cr = clot retraction cr = complement receptor cr = complete remission cr = complete response cr = conditioned reflex cr = contract relax cr = corneal reflex cr = creatinine cr = cycloplegia refraction cra = central retinal artery cra = cis retinoic acid crada = cooperative research and development agreement cran = cranial crao = central retinal artery occlusion crb = congen retinal blindness crb = congenital retinal blindness crcl = creatinine clearance crcs = calcibiotic root canal sealer crd = chronic renal disease crd = chronic respiratory disease creat = creatinine crest = calcinosis, raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction , sclerodactyly, telangiectasia crf = cardiorespiratory failure crf = chronic renal failure crf = chronic respiratory failure crf = corticotrophin releasing factor crf = corticotropin releasing factor crh = corticotrophin releasing hormone crh = corticotropin releasing hormone cri = chronic renal insufficiency cris = comprehensive injury scale crit = hematocrit crl = crown rump length crmo = chronic multifocal osteomyelitis crna = certified registered nurse anesthetist crna = complementary rna crng = cephalosporin resistant neisseria gonorrheae crop = cyclophosphamide, rubidazone, oncovin, prednisone cropam = cyclophosphamide, rubidazone, oncovin, prednisone, l asparaginase, methotrexate crp = c reactive protein crp = creatine phosphate crp = cyclic amp receptor protein crpp = cytidine diphosphate crppp = cytidine triphosphate crps = chronic regional pain syndrome crrt = continuous renal replacement therapy crs = chinese restaurant syndrome crs = cis retinoic acid crst = calcinosis cutis, raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasis crt = cadaver renal transplant crt = calreticulin crt = capillary refill time crt = cathode ray tube crt = certified respiratory therapist crt = corrected crtt = certified respiratory therapy technician cru = chronic retention of urine cru = crisis receiving unit crvo = central retinal vein occlusion crvt = central retinal vein thrombosis cs = caesarean section cs = celica sprue cs = cervical spondylosis cs = cervical swab cs = cesarean section cs = cesium cs = close supervision cs = coronal sulcus cs = coronary sclerosis cs = coronary sinus cs = corpus striatum cs melanura = culiseta melanura csa = central sleep apnea csa = child sexual abuse csa = compressed spectral array csa = cyclosporin a cscc = cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma csd = cat scratch disease cse = combined spinal epidural csf = cerebral spinal fluid csf = cerebrospinal fluid csf = colony stimulating factor csf protein = cerebrospinal fluid protein csg = cell surface glycoprotein csg = chronic simple glaucoma csg = chronic superficial gastritis csg = cyclosporin g csh = chronic subdural hematoma cshl = cold spring harbor laboratory csicu = cardiac surgery intensive care unit cslrt = crossed straight leg csm = central, steady, maintained csm = cerebrospinal meningitis csme = clinically significant macular edema csnu = cystinuria cso = craniostenosis cso = craniosynostosis csom = chron supp otitis media csom = chronic suppurative otitis media csp = circumsporozoite protein csp = cyclosporine csp = cysteine string protein csq = consum satisfact quest csq = consumer satisfaction questionnaire csq = diab clin satisfact ques csq = diabetes clinic satisfaction questionnaire csq = pain coping strat questn csq = pain coping strategies questionnaire csr = central serous retinopathy css = churg strauss syndrome csscn = cesium thiocyanate cst = castanospermine cst = cervical sympathetic trunk cst = christ siemens touraine syndrome cst = contraction stress test cst = corticospinal tract cst = corticosteroid cst = static compliance csu = collection of catheter specimen of urine ct = calcitonin ct = carpal tunnel ct = cerebral thrombosis ct = cervical traction ct = chemotherapy ct = chest tube ct = chlamydia trachomatis ct = chorda tympani ct = chordae tendinae ct = claw toe ct = composite tip ct = computed tomography ct = computerized tomography ct = contact tracing ct = coronary thrombosis ct = count ct = cover test ct = cytarabine, thioguanine ct = musculoskeletal ct scan = computerized axial tomography scan ct-scan = computerized axial tomography scan cta = clear to auscultation ctab = clear to auscultation bilaterally ctafs = conotruncal anomaly face syndrome ctap = clear to auscultation and percussion ctc = chlortetracycline ctcb = cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, carboplatin ctcl = cutaneous t cell lymphoma ctcv = congenital talipes calcaneovalgus ctd = carpal tunnel decompression ctd = close to death ctd = congenital thymic dysplasia ctd = connective tissue disease ctep = cancer therapy evaluation program ctev = congen talip equinovar ctev = congenital talipes equinovarus ctev = posteromedial release of calcaneotalar equinovarus ctf = colorado tick fever ctg = cardiotochography ctg = ctg trinucleotide repeat cth = cystathioninuria cthm = conotruncal heart malformations ctig = clinical trials implementation group ctin = chronic tubulo interstitial nephritis ctl = cytotoxic t lymphocyte ctns = cystinosis, nephropathic ctp = cytidine triphosphate ctr = carpal tunnel release ctr = center ctr = central ctrl = control key cts = carpal tunnel syndrome ctv = clinical target volume ctx = cefotaxime ctx = cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis ctx = contractions ctx = cyclophosphamide ctx = cytoxan cu = cause unknown cu = copper cuatp = copper adenosine triphosphate cuc = chronic ulcerative colitis cult = culture culys = copper lysine cuo = calovo fever cup = cystoscopy, urogram, pyelogram cur = cystocele, urethrocele, rectocele cus = cranial ultrasound cv = cardiovascular cv = cardioversion cv = cerebrovascular cv = closing volume cv = coefficient of variation cv = conception vessel acupuncture points cva = cerebral vascular accident cva = cerebrovascular accident cva = costovertebral angle cva = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin cvap = cerebral vascular amyloid peptide cvas = cerebral vascular accidents cvb = ccnu, vinblastine, bleomycin cvb = chorionic villi biopsy cvb = chorionic villus biopsy cvbd = ccnu, vinblastine, bleomycin, dexamethasone cvc = central venous catheter cvd = cardiovascular disease cvd = cerebrovascular disease cvd = cisplatin, vinblastine, dacarbazine cve = cervical vaginal endocervical cveb = cisplatin, velban, etoposide, bleomycin cvf = cobra venom factor cvf = colovesical fistula cvg = coronary vein graft cvg = cutis verticis gyrata cvhd = cardiovascular heart disease cvi = carboplatin, vepesid, ifosfamide, mesnex uroprotection cvi = cardiovascular insufficiency cvi = cerebral vascular insufficiency cvi = common variable immunodeficiency cvid = common variable immunodeficiency cvl = central venous line cvm = cerebrovascular malformation cvm = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexate cvo = constant visual observation cvp = central venous pressure cvp = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone cvp = cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone cvpp = ccnu, vinblastine, prednisone, procarbazine cvpp = cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone cvpp = lomustine prednisone procarbazine vinblastine cvrd = cardiovascular renal disease cvs = cardiovascular system cvs = chorionic villus sampling cvt = congenital vertical talus cvvd = continuous venovenous hemodialysis cvvh = continuous venovenous hemofiltration cvvhd = continuous venovenous hemodialysis cvvhf = continuous venovenous hemofiltration cw = compared with cw = consistent with cw = continuous wave cw = cotton wool cwd = consistent with dates cwp = centimeters of water pressure cwp = coal worker's pneumoconiosis cwp = cotton wool pledget cws = cotton wool spots cx = cervix cx = circumflex cx = circumflex artery cx = convergence excess cx = convex cx = culture cxr = chest xray cy = cyanogen cy = cyclophosphamide cya = cover your ass cya = cyclosporin a cyc = cyclazocine cyc = cyclophosphamide cyc = cyclotron cyc = cytoxan cyclic gmp = cyclic guanosine monophosphate cyhea = cyclohexylethylamine cyld = cylindromatosis cymd = cystoid macular dystrophy cyp = cyproheptadine cys = cysteine cysto = cystoscopy cyt = cytochrome cyt = cytological cyt = cytology cyt = cytoplasm cyt = cytoplasmic cyto d = cytochalasin d cz = cefazolin czop = cefozopran d & c = dilatation and curettage d = daughter d = day d = density d = deoxyribose d = diameter d = diarrhea d = duration d = right d magalhaesi = dirofilaria magalhaesi d p = depo provera d&c = dilatation and curettage d&c = dilation and curettage d&d = debridement and dressing d&d = drilling and drainage d&e = dilatation and evacuation d&i = dry and intact d&r = dilation and radium d&v = diarrhea and vomiting d+v = diarrhea and vomiting d-e = dermoepidermal d/c = diarrhea constipation d/c = discharge d/c = discontinue d/dw = dextrose, distilled water d/l = deciliter d/s = discharge summary d/t = delirium tremens d/t = due to d/w = dextrose in water d/w = distilled water da = daughter da = day da = degenerative arthritis da = deoxyadenosine da = dermatitis artefacta da = descending aorta da = developmental age group da = diabetic acidosis da = dissecting aneurysm da = dopamine daab = dimethylaminoazobenzene dab = dimethylaminoazobenzene dac = 2 deoxy 5 azacitidine dact = dactinomycin dad = developmental articulatory dyspraxia dad = diffuse alveolar damage dadp = deoxyadenosine diphosphate daf = decay accelerating factor daf = delayed auditory feedback test dag = diacylglycerol dala = delta aminolevulinic acid dalm = diazoluminolmelanin damp = deficits in attention motor control and perception dap = dianhydrogalactitol, adriamycin, platinol dapc = dystrophin associated protein complex dapi = aminoiminomethyl phenyl indole carboximidamide dapi = diamindino 2 phenylindole dapk = death associated protein kinase das = disability assessment schedule dast = drug abuse screening test dat = daunomycin, ara c, 6 thioguanine dat = dementia alzheimer type dat = diet as tolerated dat = direct antiglobulin test datvp = daunomycin, ara c, 6 thioguanine, vincristine, prednisone dav = dibromodulcitol, adriamycin, vincristine dava = desacetyl vinblastine amide davh = dibromodulcitol, adriamycin, vincristine, halotestin dazl = deleted in azoospermia like db = dead body db = decibel db = direct bilirubin dba = diamond blackfan anemia dba = dibenzanthracene dback = to top dbd = dibromodulcitol dbe = deep breathing exercise dbm = disrupted in b cell malignancy dbms = database management system dbp = diastolic blood pressure dbr = deep breathing exercises dbs = deep brain stimulation dbv = dacarbazine, bcnu, vincristine dbw = desirable body weight dc = deoxycholate dc = deoxycytidine dc = descending colon dc = digital computer dc = diphenylcyanoarsine dc = direct current dc = discharge dc = discontinued dc = double cream dc = dressing change dc = duodenal cap dc = dupuytren contracture dca = deoxycholic acid dca = dichloroacetate dca = dichloroacetic acid dca = directional coronary atherectomy dcbe = double contrast barium enema dcbm = double contrast barium meal dcc = day care center dcc = deleted in colon cancer dcc = dextran coated charcoal dcc = find out the correct term dccd = dicyclohexylcarbodiimide dccmp = daunorubicin, cyclocytidine, 6 metacaptopurine, prednisone dcct = diabetes control and complication trials dcd = developmental coordination disorder dcf = 2 deoxycoformycin or pentostatin dcg = dacryocystogram dci = dichloroisoproterenol dcir = dendritic cell immunoreceptor dcis = ductal carcinoma in situ dcl = diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis dcm = dichloromethotrexate dcm = dilated cardiomyopathy dcmp = daunorubicin, cytarabine, 6 metacaptopurine, prednisone dcmp deaminase = deoxycytidylate deaminase dco = dyschondrosteosis dcpp = 2 2 4 dichlorophenoxy propionic acid dcr = dacryocystorhinostomy dcs = dorsal column stimulation dcsa = doubly committed subarterial defect dct = daunorubicin, cytarabine, thioguanine dct = direct coombs test dctd = division of cancer treatment and diagnosis dctp = deoxycytidine triphosphate dcv = dacarbazine, ccnu, vincristine dd = delusional disorder dd = detrusor dyssynergia dd = developmental disability dd = di guglielmo's disease dd = diabetic diet dd = diastrophic dysplasia dd = digestive disorder dd = discharge diagnosis dd = diverticular disease dd = dog dander dd = drug dependence dda = dideoxyadenosine ddavp = desmopressin ddbj = dna data bank of japan ddc = dedeoxycytidine ddc = dideoxycytidine ddc = dopa decarboxylase ddd = dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane dde = dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethylene dde = dynamic data exchange ddi = dideoxyinosine ddnu = dideoxynucleoside ddp = cisplatin ddp = diaminodichloroplatinum ddpac = disinhibition dementia parkinsonism amyotrophy complex dds = dapsone dds = denys drash syndrome dds = diaminodiphenylsulfone dds = doctor of dental surgery ddt = dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ddt = p,p dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ddu = dermodistortive urticaria ddx = dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethylene ddx = differential diagnosis dea = drug enforcement administration deae = diethylaminoethanol deae = diethylaminoethyl deb = dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa dec = december decal = dexamethasone, etoposide, cisplatin, ara c, l asparaginase decr = decreased decub = lying down def = defecation def = drugs/fluids, ekg, fibrillation deg = degeneration deg = degree dehyd = dehydrated del = delivery del = delusion dep = diethylpyrocarbonate depc = diethyl pyrocarbonate dept = department derm = dermatology dermatol = dermatology des = diethylstibestrol des = diethylstilbesterol des = diethylstilbestrol des = diffuse esophageal spasm des = division of external sphincter des = dysequilibrium syndrome dev = development dev = deviant dev = deviation dex = dextrose dexa = dual energy x ray photon absorptiometry df = deferoxamine df = dermatofibroma df = dietary fiber df = duodenal fistula dfa = direct fluorescent antibody dfdc = gemcitabine dfmo = difluoromethylornithine dfmo = eflornithine dfo = desferrioxamine dfs = disease free survival dfsp = dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans dft = dementia frontal lobe type dfta = direct fluorescent treponemal antibody dfu = dead fetus in utero dfv = ddp, 5 fluorouracil, vepesid dg = deoxyguanosine dg = desquamative gingivitis dga = digeorge anomaly dgcr = digeorge syndrome chromosome region dgi = dissem gonococc infectn dgi = disseminated gonococcal infection dgr = duodenogastric reflux dgsx = dysplasia gigantism syndrome, x linked dgtp = deoxyguanosine triphosphate dh = dehydrocholic acid dh = dehydrogenase dh = delayed hypersensitivity dh = dermatitis herpetiformis dha = dehydroepiandrosterone dha = docosahexaenoic acid dha = docosahexanoic acid dhaaa = dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate dhac = azacitidine dhad = mitoxantrone dhap = cisplatin, high dose ara c, and dexamethasone dhap = dexamethasone, high dose ara c, platinol dhas = dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate dhbs = dihydrobiopterin synthetase dhcc = 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol dhd = doyne honeycomb degeneration dhe = dental health education dhe = dihematoporphyrin ether dhe = dihydroergotamine dhea = dehydroepiandrosterone dheas = dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate dhf = dengue hemorrhagic fever dhfr = dihydrofolate reductase dhl = diffuse histiocytic lymphoma dhod = dihydroorotate dehydrogenase dhp = dihydroprogesterone dhpr = dihydropteridine reductase deficiency dhrd = doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy dhs = deafness hypogonadism syndrome dhs = dynamic hip screw dht = dihydrotestosterone dht = dihydroxytryptamine di = detrusor instability di = diabetes insipidus di = diagnostic imaging di = disability insurance di = distal incisal di = donor insemination dia = diego antigen diabet = diabetes diag = diagnonal diag = diagnosis diagn = diagnostic diam = diameter dib = difficulty in breathing dibk = diisobutyl ketone dic = dacarbazine dic = disseminated intravascular coagulation dica = diagnostic interview for children and adolescents did = dissociative identity disorder didmoad = diabetes mellitus and insipidus with optic atrophy and deafness die = death in the emergency department dif = direct immunofluorescence diff = differential dig = digoxin diiv = double inlet indeterminate ventricle dijoa = inherited juvenile optic atrophy dil = dilatation dil = dilute dild = diffuse infiltrative lung disease dilv = double inlet left ventricle dim = diminished dimopp = dose intensified mopp dims = disorder of initiating or maintaining sleep din = ductal intraepithelial neoplasia dind = delayed ischemic neurologic deficit dios = distal intestinal obstruction syndrome dip = desquamative interstitial pneumonia dip = distal interphalangeal dipa = diisopropylamine dipf = diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis dipi = direct intraperitoneal insemination dipj = distal interphalangeal joint dipnech = diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia dipoa = osteoarthritis of distal interphalangeal joints diprphp = diisopropylphenylphosphate dirv = double inlet right ventricle dis = diagnostic interview schedule dis = disabled dis = disease disch = discharge disco = direct inject of sperm into cytoplasm of the oocyte dish = diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis disi = dorsal intercalated segment instability disp = disposition dispo = disposition dist = distilled, distal dit = diathermy to inferior turbinate dit = diiodotyrosine diu = death in utero div = divorced div = double inlet ventricle djd = degenerative joint disease djs = dubin johnson syndrome dka = diabetic ketoacidosis dkc = dyskeratosis congenita dl = deciliter dl = decliter dl = dermatome lumbar dl = difference limen dl = direct laryngoscopy dl = doxorubicin, lomustine dla = disability living allowance dlbcl = diffuse large b cell lymphoma dlbd = diffuse lewy body disease dlcl = diffuse large cell lymphoma dlco = diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide dld = dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency dle = diath loop excis, cervix dle = diathermy loop excision of cervix dle = discoid lupus erythematosus dle = disseminated lupus erythematosis dll = dynamic link library dlmp = last normal menstrual period dlo2 = oxygen transfer factor dlpts = dilauroylphosphatidylserine dlqi = dermatology life quality index dls = derbyshire language scheme dlv = dermatome lumbar nerve dlv = differential lung ventilation dm = dermatomyositis dm = dexamethasone dm = diabetes mellitus dm = diastolic murmur dm = dystrophia myotonica dm = myotonic dystrophy dma = dimethylamine dma = dimethylaniline dma = dimethylarsinic acid dmaa = dimethylarsinic acid dmamf = dimethylaminomethylferrocene dmard = disease modifying antirheumatic drug dmc = dactinomycin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide dmc = demeclocycline dmd = duchenne muscular dystrophy dmd = duchenne's muscular dystrophy dmda = childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy dme = dimethyl ether dme = durable medical equipment dmh = dimethylhydrazine dmi = desmethylimipramine dmi = diaphragmatic myocardial infarction dmm = dimethylmyleran dmmpa = dimyristoylphosphatidylmethanol dmp = 840 dmpg = dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol dmpi = dimyristoylphosphatidylinositol dmpse = dimyristoylphosphatidylserine dmpt = dimethylpropiothetin dmsa = dimercaptosuccinic acid dmsc = doxycycline polymethaphosphate sodium complex dmso = dimethyl sulfoxide dmso = dimethylsulfoxide dmspta = dimyristoylphosphatidic acid dmt = dimethyltriptamine dmt = dimethyltryptamine dmtu = dimethylthiourea dmu = diagnostic meatourethroscopy dn = diabetic neuropathy dn = dibucaine number dn = dinitrocresol dn = district nurse dn = dysplastic nevus dna = deoxyribonucleic acid dna = did not attend dna antibody = deoxyribonucleic acid antibody dnap = dinitroaminophenol dnase = deoxyribonuclease dnase b = deoxyribonuclease b dnbp = dinitrobutylphenol dncb = dinitrochlorobenzene dncb = dinitrochlorobenzene contact sensitivity test dni = do not intubate dnig = dexniguldipine dnka = did not keep appointment dnm = daunomycin dnm = daunorubicin dnm = desmoplastic neurotropic melanoma dnp = deoxyribonucleoprotein dnp = dinitrophenol dnpr = deoxyribonucleoprotein antibody dnr = daunorubicin dnr = do not resuscitate dnrcc = do not recussitate comfort care dns = deviated nasal septum dns = dysplastic nevus syndrome dnt = dinitrotoluene dnt = doughnut dntt = deoxynucleotidyltransferase, terminal do = diamine oxidase do = doctor of osteopathy do2 = oxygen delivery doa = date of admission doa = date of award doa = dead on arrival doa = drug of abuse doap = daunorubicin, oncovin, ara c, prednisone dob = date of birth doc = date of conception doc = date of confinement doc = deoxycorticosterone doc = doctor doc = documentation dod = date of discharge dodab = dioctadecyl dimethylammonium bromide dodac = dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride doe = department of energy doe = dyspnea on exertion doi = digital object identifier doiv = double outlet indeterminate ventricle dolpa = dioleyl phosphoric acid dolv = double outlet left ventricle door = deafness, congenital, and onychodystrophy, recessive form dop = direct occipitoposterior position dopc = dielaidoylphosphatidylcholine dopeg = dihydroxyphenylethylene glycol dops = diffuse obstructive pulmonary syndrome dops = tyrosine beta dihydroxy threo dors = dorsal dorv = double outlet right ventricle dos = diffuse esophageal spasm dos = disk operating system doss = docusate sodium sulfosuccinate dot = died on table dov = double outlet ventricle dove = dorsal vestibuloplasty procedure dox = doxifluridine dox = doxorubicin dox = doxycycline dp = deltopectoral dp = diphosgene dp = diphosphate dp = distal pancreatectomy dp = distal phalanx dp = dorsalis pedis dp = dyspnea dp32 = register disabled claim dpa = diphenylamine dpa = dorsalis pedis artery dpa = dual photon absorptiometry dpap = demand positive airway pressure dpc = diethylpyrocarbonate dpcate = diphenylcarboxylate dpd = dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase dpd = diphenamid dpfpc = dipentafluorophenylcarbonate dpg = 2,3 diphosphoglycerate dpg = diphosphoglycerate dpg = dysplasminogenemia dpgme = dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether dph = diaphragm dph = diphenylhydantoin dpi = dietary protein intake dpi = diphenylene iodonium dpi = dry powder inhaler dpl = diagnostic peritoneal lavage dpn = diphosphopyridine nucleotide dpoa = durable power of attorney dpoae = distortion product oto acoustic emission measurement dpp = dipeptidyl peptidase dpp iv = dipeptidyl peptidase iv dpp-iv = dipeptidyl peptid iv dpp-iv = dipeptidyl peptidase iv dpps = dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine dpr = dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis dps = drinking problem scale dpsl = deep partial skin loss burn dpt = diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine dpt = dipropyltryptamine dpytase = deoxypyrimidine triphosphatase dr = delivery room dr = diabetic retinopathy dr = doctor dr = drain dr = dressing dra = dopamine receptor antagonist drb = daunorubicin dre = digital rectal examination drez = dorsal root entry zone drfb = double refractile fat bodies drg = diagnosis related groups drg = diagnostic related group drg = dorsal root ganglion drgb = dorsal root ganglion block drgb = dorsl root gangln block drgt = dorsal root ganglion thermocoagulation drng = drainage drph = distal retinal pigment hormone drpla = dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy drs = clinical dementia rating scale drs = doctors drsg = dressing drt = dead right there drta = dirhodium tetraacetate drtsf = dead right there, squashed flat ds = blessed dementia rating scale ds = denture stomatitis ds = dermatome spinal ds = discharge summary ds = disseminated sclerosis ds = down's syndrome dsa = digital subtraction angiography dsap = disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis dsc = differential scanning calorimetry dsd = detrusor and sphincter dyssynergia dsd = detrusor sphincter dyssynergia dsd = developmental speech disorder dsdna = double stranded dna dsdt = diagnostic speech discrimination test dse = debutamine stress echocardiogram dsed = diagnostic survey for eating disorders dsfi = derogatis sexual functioning inventory dsg = deoxyspergualin dsgg = disialosyl galactosyl globoside dsh = dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria dsk = damus stansel kaye dsm = diagnostic and statistical manual dsm = dried skimmed milk dso = distal subungual onycholysis dsp = diarrhoeic shellfish poisoning dspg = distearoyl phosphatidylglycerol dsrct = desmoplastic small round cell tumor dsrs = depression self rating scale dss = dengue shock syndrome dss = dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate dss = docusate sodium dssm = dried semi skimmed milk powder dst = dexamethasone suppression test dsta = disulfotetraazaadamantane dsv = dermatome sacral nerve five dt = delirium tremens dt = deoxythymidine dt = dermatome dt = diphtheria and tetanus dt = drug therapy dt = due to dt = dye test dt's = delirium tremens dta = deep transverse arrest dtab = decyltrimethylammonium bromide dtap = diptheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis dtc = detailed test of comprehension dtc = diethyldithiocarbamate dtd = data type declaration dtd = diastrophic dysplasia dtdp = deoxythymidine diphosphate dtfb = diphtheria toxin fragment b dth = delayed type hypersensitivity dtic = dacarbazine dtmp = deoxythymidine monophosphate dtp = diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid dtp = diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus dtr = deep tendon reflexes dts = delirium tremens dtsq = diabetes treatment satisfaction questionnaire dtta = diethylenetriaminetetraacetic acid dttp = deoxythymidine triphosphate dttpase = deoxythymidinetriphosphatase du = deoxyuridine du = diagnosis unknown du = duodenal ulcer du = dutch dub = dysfunctional uterine bleeding dubp = diethylumbelliferyl phosphate dud = duodenal ulcer disease duec = distal urethral electric conductance test duh = dysfunctional uterine hemorrhage duhp = duke unc health profile dui = driving under the influence duib = diureido isobutane dup = duplicate dutp = deoxyuridine triphosphate dutpase = deoxyuridinetriphosphatase dv = distance vision dv = divorced dv = domiciliary visit dv = domiciliary visit request dv = double vision dva = distance visual acuity dvb = ddp, vindesine, bleomycin dvd = developmental verbal apraxia dvd = dissociated vertical deviation dvm = delayed visual maturation dvp = daunorubicin, vincristine, prednisone dvp = devitalizing paste dvt = deep vein thrombosis dvts = deep vein thromboses dvu = direct vision urethrotomy dvwr = dysfunctional ventilatory weaning response dw = distilled water dw = dwarf dwai = driving while ability impaired dwbq = diab wellbeing question dwbq = diabetes wellbeing questionnaire dwi = driving while intoxicated dwm = dandy walker malformation dws = dandy walker syndrome dx = dextran dx = diagnosis dx = dicloxacillin dx = dislocation dx = duplex dxt = deep x ray therapy dy = dysprosium dyn = dynamometer dyn = dyne dyn a = dynorphin a dyn b = dynorphin b dys = dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria dysf = dysferlin dyspl = dysplasia dz = diazepam dz = disease dz = dizygotic dzapo = daunorubicin, azacitidine, ara c, prednisone, oncovin e = ecstasy e = energy e = expectation e = without e acervulina = eimeria acervulina e amylovora = erwinia amylovora e bieneusi = enterocytozoon bieneusi e brachy = eubacterium brachy e equi = ehrlichia equi e fergusonii = escherichia fergusonii e gergoviae = enterobacter gergoviae e histolytica = entamoeba histolytica e ictaluri = edwardsiella ictaluri e sakazakii = enterobacter sakazakii e schistosa = enhydrina schistosa e-lap = exploratory laparatomy e/c/c = edema, cyanosis, cords e/m = electron microscope e/m = electron microscopy e1 = estrone e1 = oestrone e2 = estradiol e2oh = ethanol e2r = estrogen receptor e3 = estriol e3 = oestriol ea = each ea = electroacupuncture ea = endometrial ablation ea = epidural anesthesia ea = extraction atherectomy eaa = essential amino acid eaa = excitatory amino acid eaa = extrinsic allergic alveolitis eab = elective abortion eabr = electrically evoked auditory brainstem response audiometry eac = epithelioma adenoides cysticum eac = erythema annulari centrifugum eac = external auditory canal ead = acetylcholinesterase deficiency eadl = extended activities of daily living eam = episodic ataxia with myokymia eap = electroacupuncture eap = epiallopregnanolone eap = etoposide, adriamycin, platinol ear = expired air resuscitation eara = enteric acquired reactive arthritis eas = external anal sphincter eas = iv expense assignment system version iv eat = eating attitudes test eat = edinburgh articulation test eatl = enteropathy associated t cell lymphoma eav = electroacupuncture after voll eb = endobronchial biopsy eb = endometrial biopsy eb = epidermolysis bullosa eb = external beam radiotherapy eba = epidermoly bull acquisit eba = epidermolysis bullosa acquisata eba = ethoxybenzoic acid dental cement eba = orthoethoxybenzoic acid ebap = eldisine, bcnu, adriamycin, prednisone ebbs = equal bilateral breath sounds ebd = epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica ebd = exploration of bile duct ebdct = cockayne touraine type epidermolysis bullosa ebl = estimated blood loss ebm = expressed breast milk ebmd = epidermolysis bullosa muscular dystrophy ebns = endoscopic bladder neck suspension ebpaacc = epidermolysis bullosa pyloric atresia aplasia cutis congenita ebrs = eating behavior rating scale ebrt = external beam radiation therapy ebs = epidermolysis bullosa simplex ebs-mp = epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation ebsmp = epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation ebt = exchange blood transfusion ebv = epstein barr virus ebvut = external breech version under tocolysis ec = ejection click ec = endothelial cell ec = escherichia coli ec = extracranial eca = external carotid artery ecb = european congress on biotechnology ecc = edema, cyanosis, cords ecc = endocervical curettage ecce = extracapsular cataract extraction eccl = encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis ecco2r = extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal ecd = endocardial cushion defect ecf = extended care facility ecf = extracellular fluid ecg = electrocardiogram ecge = extracorporeal gas exchange ecgf = endothelial cell growth factor echo = echocardiogram echo = enteric cytopathogenic human orphan ecl = enterochromaffin like ecla = excimer laser ecla = extracorporeal lung assistance eclt = euglobulin clot lysis time ecm = erythema chronicum migrans ecm = external cardiac massage ecm = extracellular matrix ecmo = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ecmr = extracellular matrix receptor ecmv = etoposide, cytoxan, methotrexate, vincristine ecochg = electrocochleogram ecog = eastern cooperative oncology group ecoli = escherichia coli ecox = extracorporeal oxygenation ecp = eosinophil cationic protein ecp = external counterpulsation ecpca = endothelial cell procoagulant activity ecrb = extensor carpi radialis brevis ecrl = extensor carpi radialis longus ecrt = endoscopic congo red test ecs = electrocerebral silence ecs = electroconvulsive shock ecs = endocervical scrape ect = electroconvulsive shock therapy ect = electroconvulsive therapy ect = eosinophil cationic protein ect = epilepsy centrotemporal ect = unilateral electroconvulsive therapy ectontpphase = ectonucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase ectr = endocscopic carpal tunnel release ecu = extensor carpi ulnaris ecv = external cephalic version ed = elimination diet ed = emergency department ed50 = median effective dose edam = 10 ethyl deaza aminopterin or 10 edam edap = etoposide, dexamethasone, ara c, platinol edb = extens digitorum brevis edb = extensor digitorum brevis edc = estimated date of conception edc = estimated date of confinement edd = estimated date of delivery edh = epidural hematoma edi = eating disorder inventory edi = eating disorders inventory edin = epidermal cell differentiation inhibitor edl = extensor digitorum longus edm = early diastolic murmur edm = extensor digiti minimi edod = estimated date of delivery edp = eating disorders patient or program edpcd = ethyldiaminopropylcarbodiimide edrf = endothelium derived relaxing factor eds = edema disease of swine eds = egg drop syndrome eds = ehlers danlos syndrome eds = electronic data submission eds = ethane dimethane sulfonate edsm = ethyldeshydroxysparsomycin edss = exp disabil status scal edss = expanded disability status scale edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid edta renal vascular disease = type unspecified associated with renal failure edu = ethylene diurea edv = end diastolic volume edv = epidermodysplasia verruciformis edx = electrodiagnosis ee = expressed emotion ee = external examination eec = ectodermal dysplasia with ectrodactyly and cleft lip or palate eec = european economic community eed = erythema elevatum diutinum eee = eastern equine encephalitis eeg = electroencephalogram eent = eye, ear, nose and throat eent = eyes, ears, nose, throat eeoc = equal employment opportunity commission eer = extended endocardial resection ees = erythromycin ethinylsuccinate eex = electrodiagnosis ef = eccentric fixation ef = ejection fraction ef = epileptic fit ef = erythroblastosis fetalis ef = essential fructosemia efa = essential fatty acid efad = essential fatty acid deficiency efcp = edinburgh functional communication profile efda = epoxyfarnesyl diazoacetate efe = endocardial fibroelastosis eff = effacement efm = external/electronic fetal monitor efmr = epilepsy, female restricted, with mental retardation efp = etoposide, fluorouracil, platinol efs = event free survival efw = estimated fetal weight eg = endogastric eg = example ega = estimated gestational age egc = early gastric cancer egd = esophagogastroduodenoscopy egf = epidermal growth factor egfr = epidermal growth factor receptor egg = electrogastrography eghe = ethylene glycol monohexyl ether egl = eosinophilic granuloma of lung egta = ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid eh = essential hypertension ehba = biliary atresia, extrahepatic ehba = extrahepatic biliary atresia ehbd = extrahepatic bile ducts ehc = epidemic hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ehda = epoxyhomofarnesyl diazoacetate ehdp = etidronate disodium ehk = epidermolytic hyperkeratosis ehl = extensor hallicus longus ehr = electronic hospital record ehs = engelbreth holm swarm tumor ei = electrolyte imbalance ei = enzyme inhibitor ei = extensor indicis eia = balloon angioplasty of the external iliac artery eia = baln ang/pl ex iliac art eia = endarterectomy of the external iliac artery eia = enzyme immunoassay eia = exercise induced asthma eia = external iliac artery eic = endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma eic = epidermal inclusion cyst eifel = eukaryotic translation initiation factor eioa = excessive intake of alcohol eip = extensor indicis proprius eipa = ethylisopropylamiloride eiv = external iliac vein ej = external jugular ek = enterokinase ekc = epidemic keratoconjunctivitis ekg = electrocardiogram ekp = epikeratoprosthesis ekv = erythrokeratodermia variabilis ela = endometrial laser ablation elap = endoscopic laser ablation of prostate elap = exploratory laparotomy elbw = extremely low birth weight infant elev = elevated elf = elective low forceps elf = etoposide, leucovorin, 5 fluorouracil elisa = enzyme linked immunosorbent assay elix = elixir elos = estimated length of stay elovl = elongation of very long chain elp = serum protein electrophoresis elsi = ethical, legal, and social issues elst = endolymphatic sac tumors elvr = extended left ventricular branch of right coronary artery em = ejection murmur em = electron microscopy em = emergency medicine em = emergency room em = emmetropia em = emotional disorder em = emotionally disturbed em = emphysema em = enteroviral meningitis em = ergonovine maleate em = erythema multiforme em = erythromycin em = esophageal manometry em = esophageal motility em = extracellular matrix ema = endomysial antibodies ema = epithelial membrane antigen ema = ethylmalonic acid emaco = etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin d, cyclophosphamide, oncovin emb = embryo emb = embryology emb = endomyocardial biopsy embl = european molecular biology laboratory embo = european molecular biology organization embx = endometrial biopsy emc = encephalomyocarditis emc = essential mixed cryoglobulinemia emc = extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma emd = electromechanical dissociation emd = emergency medical doctor emd = emery dreifuss muscular dystrophy emd = ethylmorphine n demethylase emf = endomyocardial fibrosis emfe = endomyocardial fibroelastosis emg = electromyogram emg = electromyograph emg = electromyography emg cne = concentric needle electromyography emh = educable mentally handicapped emit = enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique emla = trade name for topical lidocaine+prilocaine preparation emmv = ext mand min vol ventil emmv = extended mandatory minute volume ventilation emp = emphysema emp = estramustine phosphate emp = extramammary paget's disease emp = extramedullary plasmacytoma emr = electronic medical record emr = emergency room ems = emergency medical service ems = emergency medical services ems = endometrial scrape ems = eosinophilia myalgia syndrome ems = ethyl methanesulfonate emt = emergency medical technician emt = external malleolar torsion emtala = emergency medical treatment and active labor act emwx = episodic muscle weakness, x linked en = endoscopy en = enema en = enteral nutrition en = erythema nodosum ena = extractable nuclear antigen ena = extractable nuclear antigen antibody endor = electron nuclear double resonance eng = electronystagmogram eng = electronystagmograph eng = electronystagmography eng = english engl = england enl = erythema nodosum leprosum ent = ear, nose, throat enu = ethylnitrosourea env = environment eo = ethylene oxide eo = extraoral eoa = esophageal obturator airway eoad = early onset alzheimer disease eoae = evoked oto acoustic emission measurement eoca = early onset cerebellar ataxia eog = electrooculogram eom = extraocular movement eom = extraocular muscle eomi = extraocular movements intact eop = early onset periodontitis eopca = early onset pauciarticular chronic arthritis eortc = european organization for research and treatment of cancer eos = eosinophil ep = ectopic pregnancy ep = electrophoresis ep = eosinophilic pneumonia ep = epilepsy ep = esophoria ep = evoked potential ep = evoked potentials ep = intermittent esophoria epa = eicosapentaenoic acid epa = eicosapentanoic acid epa = enduring power of attorney epa = environmental protection agency epa = extrinsic plasminogen activator epap = expiratory positive airway pressure epb = extensor pollicis brevis epc = erucylphosphocholine epdf = parkinsonism, early onset, with diurnal fluctuation epds = edinburgh postnatal depression scale epeg = etoposide eph = edema, proteinuria and hypertension of pregnancy epi = epidural anesthesia epi = epilepsy epi = epirubicin epi = epithelial epi = epithelium epi = eysenck personality inventory epidem = epidemic epis = episiotomy epl = extensor pollicis longus epm = elastoplast mould epmr = epilepsy, progressive, with mental retardation epo = erythropoietin epo = evening primrose oil epoch = etoposide, prednisone, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, halotestin epoxyatp = adenosine triphosphate epp = erythrohepatic protoporphyria epp = erythropoietic protoporphyria eppk = palmoplantar keratoderma, epidermolytic epr = electron paramagnetic resonance epr = electrophrenic respiration eps = elastosis perforans serpiginosa epsp = excitatory postsynaptic potential ept = electric dental pulp vitality test ept = epilepsy, partial epv = encephaloclastic proliferative vasculopathy epx = eosinophil peroxidase eq = equivalent equiv = equivalent er = electroresection er = emergency room er = endoplasmic reticulum er = epigastric region er = erythrocyte er = erythrocyte receptor er = esophageal rupture er = estradiol receptor er = estrogen receptor er = estrogen receptors er = external rotation er-ica = estrogen receptor immunocytochemical assay er/pr = estrogen and progesterone receptors era = electric response audiometry era = enteric reactive arthritis era = estroadiol receptor assay era = evoked response audiometry erbf = effective renal blood flow erc = endoscopic retrograde cholangiography ercp = endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography erda = energy research and development administration erg = electroretinogram eritc = erythrosine isothiocyanate erk = extracellular signal regulated kinase erm = epiretinal membrane erm = extended radical mastectomy erod = ethoxyresorufin o deethylase erp = effective refractory period erp = endoscopic retrograde pancreatography erp = estrogen receptor protein erp = event related potential erpc = evacuation of retained products of conception erpf = effective renal plasma flow erpoc = evacuation of retained products of conception ers = evacuation of retained secundines ertk = estradiol receptor tyrosine kinase erv = expiratory reserve volume ervr = erosive vitreoretinopathy es = einsteinium es = electrical stimulation es = embryonic stem esa = end to side anastomosis escc = esophageal squamous cell carcinoma escrf = end stage chronic renal failure escs = enhanced s cone syndrome esf = european science foundation eshap = etoposide, solu medrol, ara c, platinol eshg = european society of human genetics esi = electrospray ionization esld = end stage liver disease esp = extrasensory perception esr = electron spin resonance esr = erythrocyte sedimentation rate esrd = end stage renal disease esrf = end stage renal failure ess = epithelioma, self healing squamous esss = epilepsy with continuous spike wave during slow wave sleep est = eastern standard time est = electoconvulsive shock therapy est = electroshock therapy est = endodermal sinus tumor est = esterase est = exercise stress test est = expressed sequence tag esu = electrosurgical unit eswl = extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy et = and et = endotracheal tube et = esotropia et = essential thrombocytopenia et = eustachian tube et = exercise tolerance et = expiratory time eta = elongation of tendon achilles eta = estimated time of arrival etaa = end tidal fraction of anesthetic agent etadipaz = ethyladipoylazolamide etco2 = end tidal carbon dioxide etd = eustachian tube dysfunction etf = eustachian tube function eth = ethambutol eth = ethionamide etio = etiology etiol = etiology etn = erythema toxicum neonatorum etn2 = end tidal nitrogen concentration etn2o = end tidal nitrous oxide concentration eto = ethylene oxide eto2 = end tidal oxygen concentration etoh = ethyl alcohol etop = etoposide ets = exposed to tobacco smoke etsuxaz = ethylsuccinylazolamide ett = endotracheal tube ett = exercise tolerance test etu = emergency trauma unit etv = exhaled tidal volume eua = examination under anesthesia euapns = examination under anesthesia of postnasal space eucib = european collaborative interspecific backcross eum = examination under microscope eur = europe eur = european euresco = european research conferences eva = etoposide, vinblastine, adriamycin eval = evaluation evap = evaporate evc = ellis van creveld syndrome evc = expiratory vital capacity evd = extraventricular drainage evmac = escalated methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin, cisplatin evpl = envoplakin evr = exudative vitreoretinopathy ewa = examination of female genital tract without anesthetic ewb = estrogen withdrawal bleeding ewo = educational welfare officer ews = ewing sarcoma ewsr = ewing sarcoma breakpoint region ex = example ex = exercise ex = exfoliation ex = exsmoker ex = extension exam = examination exc = excision exch = exchange exd = ethyl xanthogen disulfide exp = experiment exp = expired exp lap = exploratory laparotomy expir = expiration ext = extension ext = external ext = extract ext = extremities eydf = erythroid differentiation factor f = fahrenheit f = female f = fertility f = fluorine f = force f = formula f = french f acuminatum = fusarium acuminatum f factor = fertility factor f necrophorum = fusobacterium necrophorum f odoratum = flavobacterium odoratum f&c = fever and chills f&f = fixes and follows f&r = force and rhythm f-n = finger to nose f-u = follow up f/c = fever and chills f/c/s = fever, chills, sweats f/u = follow up fa = fatty acid fa = first aid fa = fluorescence antibody fa = folic acid fa = friedreich ataxia fa = friedreich's ataxia faaf = four alternative auditory feature test fab = french american british cooperative group fac = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide face = facial afro caribbean childhood eruption facep = fellow of the american college of emergency physicians fach = forceps to aftercoming head facp = ftorafur, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, platinol facs = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, streptozocin facs = fellow of the american college of surgeons facs = fluorescence activated cell sorter facs = fluorescence activated cell sorting facs = fluorescent activated cell sorting facvp = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vp 16 fad = flavin adenine dinucleotide fadast = four alternative disability and speech reading test fae = fetal alcohol effect fae = fetal alcohol effects fah = foci of altered hepatocytes fai = free androgen index fai = frenchay activities index faidss = fear of aids scale fam = family fam = functional assessment measure fam hx = family history famm = familial atypical mole malignant melanoma syndrome fammm = familial atypical mole and malignant melanoma syndrome famp = fludarabine monophosphate famtx = 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, high dose methotrexate fana = fluorescent antinuclear antibody fang = fluorescein angiogram fao = fatty alcohol nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidase reductase deficiency fap = familial adenomatous polyposis fap = familial amyloid polyneuropathy faq = frequently asked questions farr = friedreich ataxia with retained reflexes fas = fetal alcohol syndrome faseb = federation of american societies of experimental biology fast = fetal acoustic stimulation test fast = frenchay aphasia screening test fb = fluid balance fb = foreign body fbc = full blood count fbd = dementia, familial british fbg = fasting blood glucose fbgip = fibroblast growth inhibitory protein fbs = fasting blood sugar fbs = fetal blood sampling fbs = foreign body sensation fc = finger clubbing fc maleimide = fluorescein maleimide fca = freund's complete adjuvant fcap = 5 fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol fce = 5 fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide fchl = familial combined hyperlipidaemia fchl = familial combined hyperlipidemia fcm = flow cytometry fcmc = familial chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis fcol = 9 fluorocortisol fcp = 5 fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, prednisone fcp = functional communication profile fcr = flexor carpi radialis fcs = faciocutaneoskeletal syndrome fcu = cold urticaria, familial fcu = flexor carpi ulnaris fcz = fluconazole fd = fatal dose fd = focal distance fd = foot drop fd = forceps delivery fd = fully dilated fda = food and drug administration fda = frenchay dysarthria assessment fdb = familial defective apolipoprotein b fdb = femorodistal bypass fdc = follicular dendritic cell fde = fixed drug eruption fdh = focal dermal hypoplasia fdiu = fetal death in utero fdl = flexor digitorum longus fdl = fluorescein dilaurate test fdp = fibrin degradation product fdp = flexor digitorum profundus fds = farnesyl diphosphate synthase fds = flexor digitorum superficialis fe = female fe = ferret fe = fried egg fe = iron fe def = iron deficiency feaa = expired fraction of anaesthetic agent feaa = expired fraction of anesthetic agent feb = february febs = fed of eur biochem soc fec = 5 fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide fech = ferrochelatase deficiency feco2 = expired fraction of carbon dioxide fed = federal fed = fish eye disease feda = fluorescein ethylenediamine fees = fibreoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing fef = forced expiratory flow fef = forced expiratory flow rate fefmax = forced expiratory flow at maximum effort fekg = fetal electrocardiogram fel = familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis fem = female fem = feminine fem = femoral fem = femur fem pop = femoropopliteal fem-pop = femoral popliteal fem/pop = femoral popliteal fen = fluids, electrolytes, nutrition feo = familial expansile osteolysis feo2 = expired fraction of oxygen fep = fibroepithelial polyp fes = fat embolism syndrome feso4 = ferrous sulphate fess = functional endoscopic sinus surgery fet = fetal fet = forced expiration technique fet = frozen embryo transfer fet = tremor, familial essential fett = flexor to extensor tendon transfer of lesser toe fev = forced expiratory volume fev = forced expired volume fev1 = forced expiratory volume in 1 second fevc = forced expiratory vital capacity fevr = familial exudative vitreoretinopathy ff = force fluid ff = forefoot ff = fresh fruit ff = fresh fruit intake ff = fundus firm ff@u = fundus firm at umbilicus ffa = forefoot adductus ffa = free fatty acid ffa = free fatty acids ffa = freefield audiometry ffd = fixed flexion deformity ffi = fatal familial insomnia ffm = fundus flavimaculatus ffn = fetal fibronectin ffp = fresh frozen plasma ffr = frequency following response measurement fft = fast fourier transform ffts = fetofetal transfusion syndrome ffv = congenital forefoot varus ffx = femorofemoral crossover fg = femtogram fg = fibrinogen fgc = full gold crown fgd = fatal granulomatous disease fgf = fibroblast growth factor fgf = fresh gas flow fgf receptor = fibroblast growth factor receptor fgfr = fibroblast growth factor receptor fgp = southern california figure ground visual perception test fgr = fetal growth retardation fgs = focal glomerulosclerosis fh = family history fh = family history, fetal heart fh = fundal height fhc = familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy fhf = fulminant hepatic failure fhh = familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia fhh = fetal heart heard fhit = fragile histidine triad gene fhl = flexor hallucis longus fhl = functional hearing loss fhr = fetal heart rate fhr-uc = fetal heart rate uterine contraction fhrv = fetal heart rate variability fhs = fetal heart sounds fhs = fetal hydantoin syndrome fht = fetal heart tones fia = fluorescence immunoassay analyzer fiaa = inspired fraction of anaesthetic agent fiau triphosphate = fialuridine triphosphate fiaump = fialuridine monophosphate fiautp = fialuridine triphosphate fib = fibrinogen fico2 = inspired fraction of carbon dioxide fif = familial infiltrative fibromatosis figlu = formiminoglutamic acid fihp = familial isolated hyperparathyroidism fim = familial infantile myasthenia fim = functional independence measure fin2 = inspired fraction of nitrogen fin2o = inspired fraction of nitrous oxide fio2 = faction of inspired oxygen concentration fipa = familial intestinal polyatresia syndrome firda = frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity fish = fluorescence in situ hybridization fissh = fluorescence in situ suppression hybridization fitc = fluorescein isothiocyanate fiv = forced inspired volume fj = fruit juice fl = 5 fluorouracil, levamisole fl = femtoliter fl = femur length fl = fluids fl = flutamide fl = follicular lymphoma fl = full lower denture fl dr = fluid dram fl oz = fluid ounce fla = flagellin flac = flaccid flap = frozen lymphocyte antigen plate flcp = fetal lung cytostatic protein fld = fluid fld = frontal lobe degeneration flex = flexion flex = flexor flof = found lying on floor flp = fasting lipid profile flp = functional limitation profile fls = phantom limb syndrome flsa = follicular lymphosarcoma flu = influenza vaccine fluoro = fluoroscopy fm = fermium fm = fetal movement fm = finger movement fm = first metatarsal fm = foramen magnum fmd = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fmd = fibromuscular dysplasia fmd = frontometaphyseal dysplasia fmdv = foot and mouth disease virus fme = full mouth extraction fmef = forced mid expiratory flow rate fmf = familial mediterranean fever fmf = fetal movements felt fmfd = familial multiple coagulation factor deficiency fmh = fibromuscular hyperplasia, of renal artery fmi = fetal movement index fmif = fibroblast migration inhibitory factor fmlp = formylmethionyl leucyl phenylalanine fmn = flavin mononucleotide fmnf = fetal movements not felt fmol = femtomole fmp = family member prefix fmps = functional meal preparation scale fms = fat mobilizing substance fms = fibromyalgia syndrome fn = fibronectin fna = fine needle aspiration fnab = fine needle aspiration biopsy fnac = fine needle aspiration cytology fnb = fine needle biopsy fnd = functional neck dissection fnh = focal nodular hyperplasia fnm = 5 fluorouracil, novantrone, methotrexate fnmtc = familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer fnr = fibronectin receptor fnr = functional nasal reconstruction fns = femoral nerve stretch fo = fluid ounce fo = foramen ovale foam = 5 fluorouracil, oncovin, adriamycin, mitomycin c fob = fecal occult blood fob = fiberoptic bronchoscopy fobt = the fecal occult blood test fodh = focal dermal hypoplasia fof = found on floor fofq = feelings of fatness questionnaire foi = flight of ideas fom = floor of mouth fom = frequency of micturition foosh = fell onto outstretched hand fop = fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva formylmethionyl acth = formylmethionyl adrenocorticotropin fos = fbj murine osteosarcoma oncogene fos = fiberoptic sigmoidoscopy fos = full of stool fox = finger oximeter fp = false passage fp = family planning fp = first pass fp = fluorescence polarization fp = food poisoning fp = freezing point fpa = fibrinopeptide a fpal = full term premature abortion living fpb = femoropopliteal bypass fpc = familial polyposis coli fpct = familial porphyria cutanea tarda fpf = familial pulmolary fibrosis fpl = flexor pollicis longus fpm = permanent first molar tooth fpo = faciopalatoosseous syndrome fpp = foramina parietalia permagna fr = father fr = france fr = francium fr = french fracon = framycetin, colistin, nystatin fract = fractional fraxa = fragile x syndrome frc = functional residual capacity fred = fog reduction elimination device fredi = fallopian replacement of egg with delayed insemination fret = fluorescence resonance energy transfer fri = friday from = full range of motion fs = fibrosarcoma fs = finger stick fs = fissure sealant material fs = flexible sigmoidoscopy fs = fracture site fs = frozen section fs = full strength fsa = fetal sulfur glycoprotein antigen fsc = frozen section control fscl = follicular small cleaved lymphoma fsd = focus skin distance fse = fetal scalp electrode fsgs = focal segmental glomerulosclerosis fsh = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fsh = follicle stimulating hormone fsh/lh = follicle stimulating hormone/luteinizing hormone fshd = facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy fshr = follicle stimulating hormone receptor fsig = flexible sigmoidoscopy fsp = fibrin split products fspr = foot sprain fss = fear survey schedule fsst = fundamental speech skills test fssv = freeman sheldon syndrome variant fst = frozen section remainder ft = feet ft = foot ft = full term ft = full thickness burn ft3 = free triiodothyronine ft4 = free thyroxine fta = fluorescent treponemal antibody fta = fluorescent treponemal antibody test ftas = familial testicular agenesis syndrome ftc = thyroid carcinoma, follicular ftd = failure to descend ftds = familila testicular dysgenesis syndrome ftg = full thickness skin graft fthp = formyltetrahydrofolate fti = free thyroxine index fticr = fourier transform ioncyclotron resonance ftir = fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ftn = finger to nose ftnd = full term normal delivery ftns = fechtner syndrome ftp = failure to progress in labor ftp = formycin triphosphate ftq = fagerstrom tolerance questionnaire ftr = fit to return to work ftsg = full thickness skin graft ftss = faciothoracoskeletal syndrome ftt = failure to thrive ftt = finger tapping test ftvp = frostig motor free test of visual perception fu = 5fluorouracil fu = fluorouracil fu = follow up fu = full upper denture fub = functional uterine bleeding fuc = fucose fudr = floxuridine fudr = fluorodeoxyuridine fulg = fulguration fum = 5 fluorouracil, methotrexate fuo = fever of unknown origin fuo = fever unknown origin furam = ftorafur, adriamycin, mitomycin c fuvac = 5 fluorouracil, vinblastine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide fv = femoral vein fvc = forced vital capacity fvc = vital capacity fvd = fluid volume deficit fvea = fundacion valenciana de estudios avanzados fvep = flash visual evoked potentials fvgly = fluorovinylglycine fviiira = factor viii related antigen fw = fetal weight fwb = full weight bearing fwiw = for what it's worth fws = freeway space fwt = familial wilms tumor fx = fracture fxm = fluoxymesterone or halotestin fyi = for your information fz = flunitrazepam fz = furazolidone g = genitalia g = glucose g = glycine g = gram g = grams g = gravida g = gravity g = guanidine g = guanosine g cell = gastrin cell g cirratum = ginglymostoma cirratum g fujikuroi = gibberella fujikuroi g-csf = granulocyte colony stimulating factor g-tube = gastrostomy tube g/dl = grams per deciliter g/e = gastroenteritis g/p = gravida/para g/w = glucose and water g6p = glucose 6 phosphate g6pd = glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase ga = gallium ga = gastric antrum ga = general anesthesia ga = gentisic acid ga = gestational age ga = gibberellic acid ga = glucuronic acid ga = glutaric acid ga = gramicidin a ga = granuloma annulare gaas = gallium arsenide gab = general appearance and behavior gaba = gamma aminobutyric acid gad = glutamic acid decarboxylase gae = granulomatous amebic encephalomyelitis gael = grammatical analysis of elicited language gaf = global assessment of functioning gag = glycosaminoglycan gal 1 = galectin 1 gal = galactose gal = gallon galcst = galactosylceramide sulphotransferase galk = galactokinase deficiency gallblad = gallbladder galnac = n acetylgalactosamine galt = gut associated lymphoid tissue gamma gt = gamma glutamyltransferase gamma gt = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gamma ifn = gamma interferon gammagtp = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gap = gtpase activating protein gapd = glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase gapd = glyceraldehydephosphate dehydrogenase gapo = growth retardation, alopecia, pseudoanodontia, optic atrophy gar = glyceraldehyde reductase gas = gastric acid secretion gas = generalized arteriosclerosis gastroc = gastrocnemius gatase = glutamate acetyltransferase gatc = genetic analysis technology consortium gb = gallbladder gb = great britain gb = guillain barre gbas = glioblastoma amplified sequence gbase = genome database of the mouse gbm = glioblastoma multiforme gbm = glomerular basement membrane gbma = glomerular basement membrane antibody gbs = gallbladder series gbs = group b streptococcus gbs = guillain barre syndrome gby = gonadoblastoma gc = gas chromatography gc = general circulation gc = germinal center gc = gonococcal gc = gonococcus gc = gonorrhea gc = granulomatous colitis gca = giant cell arteritis gcc = glassy cell carcinoma gcf = giant cell fibroblastoma gcf = gingival crevicular fluid gci = gonococcal infection gckd = glomerulocystic kidney disease, hypoplastic type gcl = globoid cell leukodystrophy gcnf = germ cell nuclear factor gcs = glasgow coma score gcsf = granulocyte colony stimulating factor gcstf = glia cell stimulating factor gct = giant cell tumor gctts = giant cell tumor of tendon sheath gcv = ganciclovir gcv = great cardiac vein gd = gadolinium gdb = genome database gdh = glutamate dehydrogenase gdm = gestational diabetes mellitus gdnfrb = glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor receptor beta gdp = guanosine diphosphate gdpg = guanosine diphosphate glucose gds = geriatric depression scale ge = gastric emptying ge = gastroenteritis ge = gastroenterology ge = gastroenterostomy ge = gastrointestinal endoscopy ge = generalized epilepsy ge = gentamicin ge = germanium ge = glandular epithelium ge junct = gastroesophageal junction ge junction = gastroesophageal junction gea = gastroepiploic artery gee = glycine ethyl ester gej = gastroesophageal junction gem = guide to early movement gemsa = guanidinoethylmercaptosuccinic acid gen = general gen = genitalia genl = general gent = gentamicin geo = gene expression omnibus gerd = gastroesophageal reflux disease ges = gastroesophageal sphincter gest = gestation gestec = genome science and technology center get = general endotracheal gf = gastric fistula gf = glandular fever gf = glomerular filtration gf = grandfather gf = growth factor gfap = glial fibrillary acidic protein gfd = gingival fibromatosis with deafness gff = ground floor flat gfr = glomerular filtration rate ggbp = globin gene binding protein ggdp = geranylgeraniol diphosphate ggo = ground glass opacity ggt = gamma glutamyl transferase ggt = gamma glutamyltranspeptidase ggtp = gammaglutamyl transpeptidase gh = gestational hypertension gh = growth hormone gh rf = growth hormone releasing factor gh rh = growth hormone releasing hormone ghd = growth hormone deficiency ghj = glenohumeral joint ghmd = glutathione hexane maleimide ghp = green hemeprotein ghq = general health questionnaire ghrh = growth hormone releasing hormone gi = gastrointestinal gi = granuloma inguinale gi tract = gastrointestinal tract gib = gastrointestinal bleeding gic = glass ionomer cement gift = gamete intrafallopian transfer gih = gastrointestinal hemorrhage gih = gastrointestinal hormone gip = gastric inhibitory peptide gip = gastric inhibitory polypeptide gip = giant cell interstitial pneumonitis gis = gastrointestinal system gist = gastrointestinal stromal tumor git = gastrointestinal tract giut = gamete intrauterine transfer gju = gastrojejunal ulcer gk = galactokinase gkd = glycerol kinase deficiency gl = glandula gla = gamma linoleic acid glc = glucosidase glcasn = glucosylasparagine glcnac = n acetylglucosamine glcsph = glucosylsphingosine gld = globoid cell leukodystrophy gldh = glutamate dehydrogenase gli = enteroglucagon gli = glicentin glm = glioblastoma multiforme glnh = giant lymph node hyperplasia glp = glucagon like peptide glu = glucose glu = glutamic acid gluc = glucose glucosaminyl mdp = glucosaminylmuramyl dipeptide gly = glycine gm = gram gm+ = gram positive gm- = gram negative gm-cfu = granulocyte macrophage colony forming unit gm-csf = granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gm1 = ganglioside monosialic acid antibody gma = grand mal attack gma = guama fever gmc = general medical council gmcrf = general motors cancer res foundation gmcsf = granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gmd = genomic map design gmds = gdp mannose 4,6 dehydratase gmeb = glucocorticoid modulatory element binding protein gmf = glia maturation factor gmf = glial maturation factor gmh = germinal matrix hemorrhage gmp = guanosine monophosphate gmpd = glucosaminylmuramyl dipeptide gms = gomori methenamine silver gmtg = glyceryl monothioglycolate gn = glomerulonephritis gn rh = gonadotropin releasing hormone gnc = general nursing care gnc = gram negative coccus gnr = gram negative rod gnrh = gonadotropin releasing hormone go = gene ontology go = geroderma osteodysplastica goa = generalized osteoarthritis goat = galveston orientation and amnesia test god = glucose oxidase gog = gynecologic oncology group gok = god only knows gomer = get out of my emergency room gor = gastro esophageal reflux gord = gastro esophageal reflux disease gos = glasgow outcome scale got = glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase gov = government gp = gas permeable gp = gastroplasty gp = general paralysis gp = general practioner gp = general practitioner gp = glans penis gp = globus pallidus gp = glycoprotein gp = gutta percha gp110 = glycoprotein 110 gp41 = glycoprotein 41 gpa = glycophorin a gpa = grade point average gpat = glycerol 3 phosphate acyltransferase gpb = glycophorin b gpb = gram positive bacillus gpc = gastric parietal cell gpc = gel permeation chromatography gpca = gastric parietal cell antibody gpcb = gram positive coccobacillus gpdantu = glycophorin dantu gpdc = gram positive diplococcus gpdglcdag = glycerophosphoryldiglucosyldiacylglycerol gphb = general preventative health behaviours checklist gpi = glucosephosphate isomerase gpib = glycoprotein ib gpiiib = glycoprotein iiib gpiv = glycoprotein iv gpp = gutta percha point gpsa = guanidinopropylsuccinic acid gpt = glutamate pyruvate transaminase gpt = glutamic pyruvic transaminase gptase = guanosine phosphotransferase gpx1 = glutathione peroxidase gr = grain gr = gravity grail = gene recognition and analysis internet link grav = pregnancy grcm = glucocorticoid receptor complex modulator grf = growth hormone releasing factor grh = gonadotrophin releasing hormone grh = growth hormone releasing hormone grif = growth inhibitory factor gro = ground reaction orthosis gro = guaroa fever grp = gastrin releasing peptide grt = giant retinal tear grx = glutaredoxin grx = glutathione reductase gs = gallstone gs = gardner syndrome gs = geriatric screening gsa = genetics societies of america gsa ii = griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin ii gsbp = glycosylation site binding protein gsd = glycogen storage disease gsd = gorham stout disease gsdb = genome sequence data base gse = gluten sens enteropathy gse = gluten sensitive enteropathy gsh = glutathione gsh = golden syrian hamster gsi = genuine stress incontinence gsl = galactosialidosis gsl = glycosphingolipid gsr = galvanic skin response gsr = generalized shwartzman reaction gsr = glutathione reductase gss = gerstmann straussler scheinker syndrome gssd = gerstmann straussler scheinker disease gst = glucagon stimulation test gst = glucagon stimulatn test gst = glutathion s transferase gst = glutathione s transferase gsw = gunshot wound gt = drop gt = gait training gt = gastrostomy gt = gastrostomy tube gt = glanzmann's thrombasthenia gt = glucose tolerance gt = glucose transport gt = glucosyltransferase gt = glucuronyltransferase gt = glutamyl transpeptidase gt = glutathione transferase gt = glycosyltransferase gt = glycyltyrosine gt = granulation tissue gt = great toe gt = greater than gt = greater trochanter gt = group therapy gtase = glucosyltransferase gtcs = generalized tonic clonic seizures gtd = gestational trophoblastic disease gtf = glucosyltransferase gth = gonadotropic hormone gtn = glyceryl trinitrate gtp = glutamyl transpeptidase gtp = guanosine 5 triphosphate gtp = guanosine triphosphate gtpase = guanosine triphosphate phosphohydrolase gtpase = guanosinetriphosphatase gtr = guided periodontal tissue regeneration gtt = drops gtt = glucose tolerance test gttr = gait training gtts = drops gtv = gross tumor volume gu = gastric ulcer gu = genitourinary gu = glucose uptake gu = gravitational ulcer gugals = combined term for "guys and gals" gui = graphic user interface gust = gustavson syndrome gusto = global utilization of streptokinase and tissue plasminogen activator gv = gardnerella vaginalis gv = governing vessel acupuncture points gvh = graft versus host gvhd = graft versus host disease gvhr = graft versus host reaction gwbs = general wellbeing schedule gx = glycinexylidide gxt = graded exercise test gy = gray gyn = gynecologic gyn = gynecologist gyn = gynecology h = enthalpy h = height h = helicobacter h = henry h = heroin h = hispanic h = history h = hour h = hydrogen h = hyperphoria h = hypodermic h and w = hereford and worcester h asiaticum = hyalomma asiaticum h capsulatum = histoplasma capsulatum h gene = histocompatibility gene h halobium = halobacterium halobium h pylori = helicobacter pylori h&c = hot and cold h&e = hematoxylin and eosin h&n = head and neck h&p = history and physical h-bt = hydrogen breath test h/a = headache h/o = history of h1 = protium h2 = deuterium h2o = water h2o2 = hydrogen peroxide ha = calcium hydroxyapatite ha = h antigen ha = headache ha = health authority ha = hearing aid ha = hemadsorption ha = hemagglutinating antibody ha = hemagglutination ha = hemolytic anemia ha = hepatic artery ha = herpangina ha = heterophil antibody ha = hippuric acid ha = histamine ha = histocompatibility antigen ha = hospital acquired ha = hospital admission ha = hyaluronic acid ha = hydroxyapatite ha = hyperactivity ha = hyperalimentation haa = hepatitis a antibody haa = hepatitis associated antigen haa = hepatitis australian antigen haart = highly active antiretroviral therapy hacek = haemophilus, actinobacillus, cardiobacterium, eikenella, and kingella had = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, ddp had = hospital anxiety and depression scale hae = hereditary angio edema hae = hereditary angioedema haec = human artificial episomal chromosome haem = hematology haf = hyperalimentation fluid hai = hemagglutination inhibition hal = hyperalimentation halo = hampshire assessment of living with others ham = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, melphalan ham = htlv 1 associated myelopathy hamd = hamilton rating scale for depression hamp = hexamethylenamine, adriamycin, methotrexate, platinol hane = hereditary angioneurotic oedema haq = health assessment questionnaire hard = hydrocephalus, agyria and retinal dysplasia hascvd = hypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease hascvr = hypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular renal disease hasvd = hypertensive arteriosclerotic vascular disease hav = hallux abductovalgus hav = hepatitis a virus hb = heart beat hb = heart block hb = hemoglobin hb halobium = halobacterium halobium hba1 = glycosylated hemoglobin hba1c = glycosylated hemoglobin hba2 = thalassemia screen hbaa = hemoglobin aa hbbd = hereditary bundle branch system defect hbd = hemoglobin d hbd = hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase hbegf = heparin binding egf like growth factor hbf = fetal hemoglobin hbf = hemoglobin f hbig = hepatitis b vaccine hbl = hepatoblastoma hbo = hyperbaric oxygen hbo = hyperbaric oxygenation hbo = oxyhemoglobin hboc = hyperbaric oxygen chamber hbp = high blood pressure hbsag = hepatitis b surface antigen hbsag = hepatitis surface antigen hbv = hepatitis b virus hbv = human hepatitis b virus hc = 4 hydroperoxycyclophosphamide hc = haemoconcentrator hc = hair cell hc = hairy cell hc = handicapped hc = head circumference hc = health center hc = hemoccult hc = hemoglobin concentration hc = heparin cofactor hc = hereditary coproporphyria hc = histamine challenge hc = histochemistry hc = home care hc = house call hc = huntington chorea hc = huntington's chorea hc = hydrocarbon hc = hydrocortisone hc = hypercholesterolemia hc = hypertrophic cardiomyopathy hca = healthcare assistant hca = hepatocellular adenoma hcao = hexamethylenamine, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol hcb = hexachlorobenzene hcc = 25 hydroxycholecalciferol hcc = hepatocellular carcinoma hccaa = hereditary cystatin c amyloid angiopathy hccvms = hyperkeratotic cutaneous capillary venous malformations hcdc = hydrocortisone day curve hcfa = health care finance administration hcg = human chorionic gonadotrophin hch = huntington's chorea hchm = hypercalcemic hormone of malignancy hchwa = hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis hcl = hairy cell leukemia hcl = hydrochloric acid hcm = hypertrophic cardiomyopathy hcmv = human cytomegalovirus hcnp = hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide hco3 = bicarbonate hcp = hereditary coproporphyria hcq = hydroxychloroquine hcr = heme controlled repressor hcr = hmg coa reductase hct = hematocrit hctz = hydrochlorothiazide hcv = hepatitis c virus hcv = human coronavirus hcvd = hypertensive cardiovascular disease hcvrd = hypertensive cardiovascular renal disease hcw = healthcare worker hd = at bedtime hd = hansen's disease hd = head hd = heart disease hd = heloma durum hd = hemodialysis hd = high dose hd = hirschsprung's disease hd = hodgkin disease hd = hodgkin's disease hd = house doctor hd = house dust hd = huntington chorea hd = huntington disease hd = huntington's disease hd-vac = high dose methotrexate plus vinblastine, adriamycin, cisplatin hdara-c = high dose ara c hdc = high dose chemotherapy hdf = hemodiafiltration hdl = high density lipoprotein hdl-c = high density lipoprotein cholesterol hdm = house dust mite hdmtx = high dose methotrexate hdn = hemolytic disease of newborn hdn = hemorrhagic disease of newborn hdopnp = acid hdpc = hexadecylphosphocholine hdpeb = high dose peb or platinol, etoposide, bleomycin hdr = high dose rate brachytherapy hds = herniated disc syndrome hdt = highest dose tested hdtv = high density tv hdv = hepatitis d virus he = health education he = heart he = helium he = hepatic encephalopathy he = hereditary elliptocytosis he = hyperextension he = hypophysectomy hea = horse erythrocyte antigen test heal = hysteroscopic endometrial ablation by laser heat = horse erythrocyte antigen test hec = human equivalent concentration hed = hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia hedh = ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, with hypothyroidism and ciliary dyskinesia heent = head eyes ears nose throat hela = hysteroscopic endometrial laser ablation hellp = hemolysis, elevated liver function tests, low platelets helsrd = health effects and life science research division hem = hematology hema = poly 2 hydroxyethyl methacrylate, used to make contact lenses heme = hematology hemel = hexamethylmelamine hemo = hemodialysis hempa = hexamethylphosphoric triamide hempas = hereditary erythroblastic multinuclearity, with a positive acidified serum lysis test hemri = hereditary multifocal relapsing inflammation hep = heparin hep = hepatectomy hep = hepatitis hep a = hepatitis a hep b = hepatitis b hep lock = heparin lock hep-lock = heparin lock hepa = high efficiency particulate air hepb = hepatitis b hepc = hepatitis c her-2 = receptor erbb 2 her2 = receptor erbb 2 her2-ecd = human egf like receptor number 2 herac = health and environmental research advisory committee hered = hereditary hern = hernia herv = human endogenous retrovirus hes = hemolytic erythrophagocytic syndrome hev = hepatitis e virus hev = high endothelial venule hevdp = hydroxyethylvinyldeuteroporphyrin hevec = hev endothelial cells hex a = hexosaminidase a hf = factor h hf = haemofiltration hf = hafnium hf = hayfever hf = heart failure hf = hemofiltration hf = high fat diet hf = high fiber diet hf = hispanic female hf = hydrops fetalis hfa = hemifacial atrophy hfd = high fiber diet hfjv = high frequency jet ventilation hfov = high frequency oscillatory ventilation hfppv = high freq pos pr vent hfppv = high frequency positive pressure ventilation hfrs = russian hemorrhagic fever hg = herpes gestationis hg = mercury hgb = hemoglobin hgb a2 = thalassemia screen hgb-f = hemoglobin f hgba1 = hemoblobin a1, a test for abnormal glycosylation of hemoglobin hgba1c = glycosylated hemoglobin hgbf = hemoglobin f hgcc = human genome coordinating committee hgd = high grade dysplasia hgef = hemagglutination enhancing factor hgf = hybridoma growth factor hgf = hyperglycemic glycogenolytic factor hgh = human growth hormone hgin = high grade intraurothelial neoplasia hgiun = high grade intraurothelial neoplasia hgm = human genome meeting hgmis = human genome management information system hgn = hereditary glomerulonephritis hgn = human genome news hgo = hepatic glucose output hgo = hip guidance orthosis hgp = human genome project hgprt = hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase hgps = hutchinson gilford progeria syndrome hgsil = high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion hgv = heavy goods vehicle hh = halothane hepatitis hh = hard of hearing hh = health history hh = hedgehog protein hh = hepatic hemangioma hh = hiatal hernia hh = hiatus hernia hh = holistic health hh = homoharringtonine hh = homonymous hemianopia hh = hydroxyhexamide hh = hypogonadotropic hypogonadism hh = hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism hha = health hazard appraisal hha = hepatitis australian antigen hha = hereditary hemolytic anemia hha = home health agency hha = homoharringtonine hhags = hexuronyl hexosaminoglycan sulfate hhd = hailey hailey disease hhd = hypertensive heart disease hhfm = high humidity face mask hhft = high humidity face tent hhg = hypergonadotropic hypogonadism hhh = hyperornithinaemia hyperammonaemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhh = hyperornithinemia hyperammonemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhhh = high humidity head hood hhho = hypotonia hypomentia hypogonadism obesity hhhs = hyperornithinemia hyperammonemia homocitrullinuria syndrome hhie = hearing handicap inventory for the elderly hhm = humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy hhmd = histidinohydroxymerodesmosine hhmi = howard hughes medical institute hhrh = hereditary hypophosphataemic rickets with hypercalciuria hhrh = hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria hhs = health and human services hhs = hearing handicap scale hhs = hexuronyl hexosaminoglycan sulfate hhs = hyperkinetic heart syndrome hhsid = hexahydrosiladifenidol hht = head halter traction hht = hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia hht = hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia hht = hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid hhv = human herpes virus hhv6 = human herpes virus 6 hhv7 = human herpes virus 7 hi = haemagglutination inhibition hi = head injury hi = hearing impairment hi = hemagglutination inhibition hi = homicidal ideation hia = hemagglutination inhibition assay hiaa = hydroxyindole acetic acid hiaa = serotonin hib = haemophilus influenzae b hib = hemophilus influenza type b hid = hystrix ichthyosis with deafness hida = hepato-iminodiacetic acid hida = hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid hidac = high dose ara c hids = hyperimmunoglobulinemia d syndrome hie = hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy hifu = high intensity focused ultrasound him = hyper igm syndrome hint = histidine triad nucleotide binding protein hiomt = hydroxyindole o methyltransferase hip = hypertension in pregnancy hipa = heparin induced platelet aggregation his = hospital information system hist = histology hist = history histo = histology histoplasma capsulatum ag = histoplasma capsulatum antigen histoplasma capsulatum dna = histoplasma capsulatum deoxyribonucleic acid hit = heparin induced thrombocytopenia hiv = human immunodeficiency virus hivig = hiv hyperimmune globulin hjcd = histiocytosis with joint contractures and sensorineural deafness hjr = hepatojugular reflux hk = hexokinase hk = high molecular weight kininogen hk = horseshoe kidney hk = hyperkeratosis hk = hypokinesia hkafo = hip knee ankle foot orthosis hl = hallux limitus hl = hearing level hl = hearing loss hl a = human leukocyte antigen hla = human leucocyte antigen hla = human leukocyte antigen hla antigen = human leukocyte antigen hld = hyperlipidaemia hld = hyperlipidemia hlh = hypoplastic left heart hlhs = hypoplastic left heart syndrome hln = huntington like neurodegenerative disorder hlp = hyperkeratosis lenticularis perstans hlp = hyperlipoproteinemia hly = hemolysin hm = hand movement hm = hispanic male hmba = hexamethylene bisacetamide hmbromide = homatropine methylbromide hmd = hyaline membrane disease hmdutp = hydroxymethyldeoxyuridine triphosphate hme = heat and moisture exchanger hmf = human milk fortifier hmg = 3 hydroxy 3 methyl glutarate hmg = high mobility group hmg = human menopausal gonadotropin hmg = menopausal gonadotropin hmi = hypomelanosis of ito hmm = heavy meromyosin hmm = hexamethylmelamine hmma = hydroxymethoxymandelic acid hmma = hydroxymethylmandelic acid hmn = hereditary motor neuropathy hmo = health maintenance organization hmox = heme oxygenase hmpa = hexamethylphosphoramide hmpa = hexamethylphosphoric triamide hmr = histiocytic medullary reticuloendotheliosis hmr = histiocytic medullary reticulosis hmra = hydroxymethylreductic acid hms = haim munk syndrome hmsfm = hemolymph stimulatory factor hmsn = hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy hmsn = hereditary motor sensor neuropathy hmtx = high dose methotrexate hmw = high molec wt kininogen hmw = high molecular weight kininogen hmwck = high molecular weight cytokeratin hmwk = high molecular weight keratin hmwk = high molecular weight kininogen hn = head and neck hn = head nurse hn = hemorrhage of newborn hn = home nursing hn = hypertrophic neuropathy hn2 = nitrogen mustard hnig = normal immunoglobulin hniw = hexanitrohexaazaisowurzitane hnk-1 = human natural killer 1 hnn = haemorrhagic nephrosonephritis hnn = hemorrhagic nephrosonephritis hnp = herniated nucleus pulposus hnpcc = hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer hnpp = neuropathy, hereditary, with liability to pressure palsies ho = hernial orifice ho = holmium ho = house officer ho = hypertrophic osteoarthropathy hoa = hypertrophic osteoarthropathy hob = head of bed hob = holding our breath hocm = hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy hoh = hard of hearing homdr = homoserine dehydrogenase honks = diabetic hyperosmolar non ketotic state hood = hereditary osteoonychodysplasia hooe = heredopathia ophthalmootoencephalica hop = hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin, prednisone horiz = horizontal hot = hyperbaric oxygen therapy hox = homeo box hp = health promotion hp = helicobacter pylori hp = high protein hp = hot pack hp = hot plate hp = human papillomavirus hp = hyperphoria hp = hyperplastic polyp hp = hypersensitivity pneumonitis hpa = haemangiopericytoma hpa = hemangiopericytoma hpapo = hydroxypyruvaldehyde phenylosazone hpcha = high red cell phosphatidylcholine hemolytic anemia hpd = hematoporphyrin derivative hpd = high protein diet hpdme = hematoporphyrin ix dimethylester hpdr = hypophosphatemic vitamin d resistant rickets hpe = holoprosencephaly hpf = high power field hpfh = hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin hpi = history of present illness hpl = human placental lactogen hplc = high pressure liquid chromatography hple = heredity polymorphic light eruption hplh = hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, familial hpma = hydroxypropyl methacrylate hpmc = hydroxypropylmethylcellulose hpmcas = hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate hpn = hypertension hpoa = hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy hpp = hereditary pyropoikilocytosis hpr = fenretinide hprt = hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase hprtase = hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase hps = hermansky pudlak syndrome hpth = hyperparathyroidism hptjt = hyperparathyroidism jaw tumor syndrome hpv = human papillomavirus hpv = human parvovirus b19 hpvd = hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease hpvlt = helicobacter pylori vacuolating toxin hpx = hypophysectomy hpx = hypoxanthine hr = hallux rigidus hr = heart rate hr = high roughage diet hr = hold relax technique hr = hour hra = health risk appraisal hra = hereditary renal adysplasia hram = hold relax active movement technique hrc = high risk characteristic hrct = high resolution computed tomography hre = high resolution electro cardiology hrf = hepatorenal failure hrf = histamine releasing factor hrf = homologous restriction factor hrf-20 = human restriction factor 20 hrp = high risk pregnancy hrp = horseradish peroxidase hrrr = heart regular rate and rhythm hrs = hours hrsd = hamilton rating scale for depression hrst = heat, reddening, swelling, tenderness hrt = heart rate hrt = hormone replacement therapy hrv = human rhinovirus hrz = huriez syndrome hs = bedtime hs = heart sounds hs = hereditary spherocytosis hs = herpes simplex hs = hurler's syndrome hsa = health service area hsa = human serum albumin hsan = hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy hsan = hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy hsc = hematopoietic stem cell hscr = hirschsprung disease hsd = hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase hsdb = hazardous substances data bank hse = herpes simplex encephalitis hsg = hysterosalpingogram hsg = hysterosalpingography hslc = high pressure liquid chromatography hsm = hepatosplenomegaly hsmn = hereditary sensory and motor neuropathy hsmnr = hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy russe hsp = heat shock protein hsp = henoch schonlein purpura hsp = hereditary spastic paraplegia hsp = hypersensitivity pneumonitis hsp = hysterosalpingogram hsv 1 = herpes simplex virus 1 hsv 2 = herpes simplex virus 2 hsv = herpes simplex virus hsv = highly selective vagotomy ht = hammer toe ht = hashimoto's thyroiditis ht = hearing test ht = heart ht = height ht = hormone therapy ht = hypertension ht = hypertropia ht = serotonin htc = homozygous t cell test htgl = hepatic triglyceride lipase hth = hope this helps htig = tetanus vaccine htlv 3 = hiv htlv = human t cell lymphotropic virus htlv = human t lymphotropic virus htlv-1 = human t cell lymphotropic virus type 1 htlv-2 = human t cell lymphotropic virus type 2 htlv-3 = human t cell lymphotropic virus 3 htlv-iii = hiv htlv3 = hiv htn = hypertension hto = high tibial osteotomy htp = hydroxytryptophan hts = heel to shin htss = hypotrichosis simplex of scalp hu = hydroxyurea hudca = homoursodeoxycholic acid hugo = human genome organisation hus = haemolytic uraemic syndrome hv = hallux valgus hv = health visitor hv = hepatic vein hv = home visit hv = hyperventilation hva = homovanillic acid hvd = hypertensive vascular disease hvdrr = hypocalcemic vitamin d resistant rickets hvl = half value layer hvod = hepatic veno occlusive disease hvr = hypervariable region hvs = gardnerella vaginialis hvs = high vaginal swab hvs = hyperventilation syndr hvs = hyperventilation syndrome hvs = taking high vaginal swab hvs culture = gardnerella vaginalis hvs culture = trichomonas vaginalis hvt = half value thickness hx = history hx = hypoxanthine hxdpg = hexadecylpalmitoylglycerol hxm = hexamethylmelamine hy = hoehn and yahr grade hy = hygromycin hy = hypericin hy = hypermetropia hy = hyperopia hy = hysteria hycosy = hysterosalpingo contrast sonography hyg = hygromycin hyp = hydroxyproline hyp = hypalgesia hyp = hyperresonance hyp = hypertrophy hyp = hypophysectomy hyperal = hyperalimenation hypertens = hypertension hypo = hypodermic hypp = hyperkalemic periodic paralysis hz = herpes zoster hz = hertz hzo = herpes zoster ophthalmicus hzo = herpes zoster oticus hzv = herpes zoster virus i = immune i = independent i = intact i = iodide i = iris i = radioactive iodine i&d = incision and drainage i&o = in & out i&o = intake and output i-ca = ionized calcium i/e = inspiratory expiratory ratio i/o = intake output i/o = intraoral i123 = iodine 123 i125 = iodine 125 i131 = iodine 131 ia = infantile autism ia = inferior alveolar ia = intestinal atresia ia = intra arterial ia = intraarterial infusion ia = iowa iaa = imidazoleacetic acid iaa = indoleacetic acid iaa = interrupted aortic arch iaa = iodoacetic acid iaasp = indoleacetylaspartate iabc = intra aortic balloon catheter operation iabp = intraaortic balloon pumping iac = internal auditory canal iadh = inappropriate antidiuretic hormone iadl = instrumental activities of daily living iagt = indirect antiglobulin test iam = internal auditory meatus ian = intern admission note iap = immature articulatory praxis iape = isoarecaidine propyl ester iapp = islet amyloid polypeptide iarc = international agency for research on cancer iarc = united nations international agency for research on cancer ias = internal anal sphincter iasd = interatrial septal defect iat = indirect antiglobulin test iat-lpd = iatrogenic induced lymphoproliferative disorders iatlpd = iatrogenic induced lymphoproliferative disorders iaza = iodoazomycin arabinoside ib = inclusion body ibc = inflammatory breast cancer ibc = iron binding capacity ibcla = isobutylcarbonyllactyl anhydride ibd = inflammatory bowel disease ibd = irritable bowel disease ibem = inborn error of metabolism ibg = iliac bone graft ibi = institute for biotechnology information ibl = inferior bridging leaflet ibm = inclusion body myositis ibmx = 3 isobutyl 1 methylxanthine ibp = invasive blood pressure ibp = iron binding protein ibq = illness behaviour questionnaire ibs = immunoblastic sarcoma ibs = intraoperative blood salvage ibs = irritable bowel syndrome ibsb = immunoblastic sarcoma b ibst = immunoblastic sarcoma t ibtx = iberiotoxin ibw = ideal body weight ic = ice cream ic = ileocecal ic = immune complex ic = inspiratory capacity ic = intermittent claudication ic = internal capsule ic = internal carotid artery ic = interstitial cystitis ic = intracranial ic = intracutaneous injection ic = irritable colon ica = internal carotid artery ica = invalid care allowance ica = islet cell antibody icam = intercellular adhesion molecule icam = intracellular adhesion molecule icbg = iliac crest bone graft icc = indian childhood cirrhosis icce = intracapsular cataract extraction iccu = intensive coronary care unit icd = i cell disease icd = implantable cardioverter defibrillator icd = insertion of intercostal drain icd = intercostal drain icd = international classification of disease icd = intrauterine contraceptive device icd = irritant contact dermatitis icd-9 = international classification of diseases icd-o = international classification of diseases for oncology icdo = international classification of diseases for oncology ice = irido corneo endothelial syndrome ice = methylamphetamine ice syndrome = iridio corneo endothelial syndrome ices = international council of electrophoresis societies icf = intermediate care facility icf = intracellular fluid icg = indocyanine green icgeb = international centre for genetic engineering and biotechnology ich = infectious hepatitis ich = intracerebral haemorrhag ich = intracerebral haemorrhage ich = intracerebral hemorrhage ich = intracranial hemorrhage ich vul = ichthyosis vulgaris ichg = international congress of human genetics icidh = international classification of impairment disability and handicap icl = iodine monochloride icl = isocitrate lyase icm = image cytometry icm = intracellular membrane icm = ischemic cardiomyopathy icn = infection control nurse icp = infantile cerebral palsy icp = intracranial pressure icpc = internal carotid posterior communicating artery icpemc = international commission on protection against environmental mutagens and carcinogens icrf = imperial cancer research fund ics = immotile cilia syndrome ics = intercostal space icsh = interstitial cell stimulating hormone icsi = intracytoplasmic sperm injection ict = copper toxicosis, idiopathic ict = inflammation of connective tissue ict = insulin coma therapy ict = intracavitary treatment ict = intracranial tumor ict = intracranial tumour icu = intensive care unit icv = inferior caval vein abnormality icv = intracerebroventricular icyp = iodocyanopindolol id = identification id = incision and drainage of abscess id = infectious disease id = inferior dental nerve id = interdigital id = internal diameter id = intradermal ida = iminodiacetic acid ida = iron deficiency anaemia ida = iron deficiency anemia idb = inferior dental block idc = idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy idc = infiltrating ductal carcinoma iddd = intramembranous dense deposit disease iddm = insulin dependent diabetes mellitus iddm = type 1 diabetes idh = intraductal hyperlasia idif = intractable diarrhea of infancy idk = intern derangem knee jnt idk = internal derangement of knee joint idl = indirect laryngoscopy idl = intermediate density lipoprotein idm = infant of diabetic mother idmtx = intermediate dose methotrexate idn = inferior dental nerve idn = intradermal nevus idpase = inosine diphosphatase idt = imperfectly descended testis idu = idoxuridine idu = injecting drug user idu = intravenous drug user idx = iodo deoxydoxorubicin ie = idiopathic erythrocytosis ie = infective endocarditis ie = inner ear ie = inspiratory exerciser ie = internal ear ie = subacute endocarditis iea = inferior epigastric artery iec = intraepidermal carcinoma iec = intraepidermal carcinoma of skin iec = intraepithelial carcinoma iec = ion exchange chromatography ieee = institute of electrical and electronics engineers ief = isoelectric focusing iei = idiopathic environmental intolerance iem = inborn error metabolism iem = inborn error of metabolism iep = isoelectric point if 2 = initiation factor 2 if = immunofixation if = immunofluorescence if = internal fixation if = intrinsic factor ifa = immunofluorescence assay ifa = incomplete freund's adjuvant ifa = intrinsic factor antibody ifcr = intrinsic factor cobalamin receptor ifd = inter field distance ife = immunofixation ife = internal fetal electrode iff = ifosfamide iff = iron free foci ifi = idiopathic faecal incontinence ifi = idiopathic fecal incontinence ifi = indirect immunofluorescence ifk = inverted follicular keratosis ifm = ifosfamide ifm = internal fetal monitor ifn = interferon ifvt = iliofemoral vein thrombosis ifx = ifosfamide ifx = immunofixation ig = immunoglobulin ig = intragastric iga = immunoglobulin a iga deficiency = immunoglobulin a deficiency iga1 = immunoglobulin a1 iga2 = immunoglobulin a2 igb = immunoglobulin b igbp = insulin like growth factor binding proteins igcnu = intratubular germ cell neoplasia unclassified igd = immunoglobulin d igdm = infant of gestational diabetic mother igds = iridogoniodysgenesis syndrome ige = immunoglobulin e igf = insulin like growth factor igg = immunoglobulin g igh = immunoglobulin heavy chain ighd = idiopathic growth hormone deficiency ighd = isolated growth hormone deficiency igm = immunoglobulin m igps = indoleglycerol phosphate igs = imerslund grasbeck syndrome igt = impaired glucose tolerance igtc = isoglobotriaosylceramide igtn = ingrowing toenail igy = immunoglobulin y ih = infectious hepatitis ih = inguinal hernia iha = idiopathic hyperaldosteronism ihc = immunohistochemistry ihcm = ichthyosis hystrix, curth macklin ihd = ischemic heart disease ihf = integration host factor ihh = idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism ihss = idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis iia = internal iliac artery iic = intermediate intensive care iicu = infant intensive care unit iif = indirect immunofluorescence iih = idiopathic intracranial hypertension iip = implantable insulin pump iisi = illness injury severity index ij = insight and judgement ij = internal jugular ijcai = international joint conference on artificial intelligence ijo = idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis ijv = internal jugular vein il = interleukin il = intralesional il = intralipids il-1 = interleukin 1 il-2 = interleukin 2 il-3 = interleukin 3 il1 = interleukin 1 il2 = interleukin 2 il3 = interleukin 3 ild = interstitial lung disease ild = ischemic leg disease ile = isoleucine ilf = indicated low forceps ilnr = intralobular nephrogenic rests ilr = idiopathic livedo reticularis ilt = intraluminal treatment ilven = inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus im = infectious mononucleosis im = intramedullary im = intramuscular im = invasive mole im-rod = intramedullary rod ima = inferior meatal antrostomy ima = inferior mesenteric artery ima = internal mammary artery imam = intramammary imcu = intermediate medical care unit imf = intermaxillary fixation imho = in my humble opinion imi = imipramine imi = impending myocardial infarction imi = inferior myocardial infarction imi = intramuscular injection imip = imipramine imo = idiopathic multicentric osteolysis imo = in my opinion imp = impression imp = improved imp = inosine monophosphate imp = inpatient multidimensional psychiatric impp = intermittent positive pressure imt = inspiratory muscle trainer imt = internal malleolar torsion imv = inferior mesenteric vein imv = intermittent mandatory ventilation in = inches in = index in = indium in = insulin in = interstitial nephritis in = inulin ina = intranasal antrostomy ina = isoniazid inact = inactivation inad = infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy inah = isoniazid inc = incomplete inc ab = incomplete abortion incenp = inner centromere protein incl = infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis incr = increased ind = induction ind = investigational drug indo = indomethacin indo v = indolactam v ine = infantile necrotizing encephalomylopathy inev = inevitable inf = infant inf = infantile inf = infarction inf = infected inf = infection inf = inferior inf = infirmary inf = infusion inf = interferon info = information ing = inguinal inh = isoniazid inhal = inhalation init = initial initial, above knee = knee disarticulation, ischial level socket, non alignable system, pylon, no cover, sach foot, plaster socket, direct formed inj = injection inj = injured ino = inosine ino = internuclear ophthalmoplegia inp = intranasal polypectomy inpt = inpatient inpv = intermittent negative pressure ventilation inr = international normalized ratio inreal = inter reactive language analysis inria = french natl inst for research in computer science and control ins = idiopathic nephrotic syndrome inspir = inspiration, inspiratory inss = international neuroblastoma staging system int = intermittent int = internal int = iodonitrotetrazolium int = isoimm neonat thrombocy int = isoimmune neonatal thrombocytopenia inthc = intrathecally intracr = intracranial inv = invalid inv = inverse inv = inversion inv = inverted inv = investigation io = inferior oblique io = inferior olive io = intestinal obstruction io = intraocular io = intraoperative io = intraoral io = intraosseous io = ionium ioc = intraoperative cholangiogram iodm = idiopathic onset diabetes mellitus iofb = intraocular foreign body ioh = idiopathic orthostatic hypotension iol = induction of labour iol = insertion of intraocular lens iol = intraocular lens iom = institute of medicine ion = ischaemic optic neuropathy ion = ischemic optic neuropathy iop = intraocular pressure iop = intraocular pressures iopn = intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm iotn = index of orthodontic treatment need ip = idiopathic proctitis ip = incontinentia pigmenti ip = inspiratory pause ip = interphalangeal ip = intraperitoneal ipd = idiopathic parkinson's disease ipd = inflammatory pelvic disease ipd = intermittent peritoneal dialysis ipf = idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis iph = idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis ipi = intraperitoneal insemination ipiut = intraperitoneal intrauterine transfusion ipj = interphalangeal joint ipk = intractable plantar keratoma ipkd = infantile polycystic kidney disease ipm = imipenem ipmn = intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma ipp = cyfos ipp = intermittent positive pressure ippb = intermittent positive pressure breathing ippv = intermittent positive pressure ventilation ipsid = immunoproliferative small intestinal disease ipsid = immunoproliferative small intestine disease ipsp = inhibitory postsynaptic potential ipt = intraperitoneal transfusion iq = intelligence quotient ir = immune response ir = inferior rectus ir = internal rotation ir = iridium ir acth = adrenocorticotropic hormone ira = ileorectal anastomosis ira = immunoregulatory alpha globulin irb = institutional review board irb = internal review board irc = infrared coagulation irdn = insulin related dna polymorphism irds = idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome irf = internal rigid function irg = initial review group irhd = inactive rheumatic heart disease irma = immunoradiometric assay irma = intraretinal microvascular abnormality irreg = irregular irt = immunoreactive trypsin irt = inspiratory resistance training irv = inspiratory reserve volume is = ileal segment is = incentive spirometry is = inhalation sedation is = intercostal space is gene = immune suppressor gene isc = intermittent self catheterization isd = interatrial septal defect isdn = isosorbide dinitrate ish = in situ hybridisation ish = in situ hybridization ismm = in situ malignant melanoma isn = intussusception iso = international standards organization iso = isoproterenol isolatn = isolation isovaleryl coa dehydrogenase = isovaleryl coenzyme a dehydrogenase isp = internet service provider iss = injury severity score issd = infantile sialic acid storage disorde ist = immunosuppressive therapy ist = insulin shock therapy ist = insulin stress test ist = insulin suppression test it = industrial therapy it = inferior turbinate it = intrathecal it-mtx = intrathecal methotrexate ita = internal thoracic artery itd = idiopathic torsion dystonia itfs = incomplete testicular feminization syndrome itgcn = intratubular germ cell neoplasia itp = idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura itp = immune thrombocytopenic purpura itp = inosine triphosphate itpa = illinois test of psycholinguistic ability itpase = inosine triphosphatase itq = itaqui fever itt = insulin tolerance test itu = intensive therapy nurse itz = itraconazole iu = international unit iu = intrauterine iuc = intrauterine catheter iucd = intrauterine contraceptive device iud = intrauterine death iud = intrauterine device iudr = idoxuridine iudr = iododeoxyuridine iufd = intrauterine fetal death iug = intrauterine gestation iugr = intrauterine growth retardation iui = intrauterine insemination iup = intrauterine pregnancy iupc = intrauterine pressure catheter iut = intrauterine transfusion iutp = intrauterine term pregnancy iv = in vitro iv = intervertebral iv = intravaginal iv = intravascular iv = intravenous iv = intraventricular iv = invasive ivbalt = intravascular bronchoalveolar tumor ivc = inferior vena cava ivc = inspiratory vital capacity ivc = intravenous cholangiogram ivcc = intravascular consumption coagulopathy ivcd = intraventricular conduction delay ivd = in vitro diagnostic ivd = intervertebral disc ivda = intravenous drug abuse ivdp = intervertebral disc prolapse ivdu = intravenous drug user ivf = in vitro fertilization ivf = interventricular foramen ivf = intervertebral foramen ivf = intravascular fluid ivf = iv fluid ivh = intraventricular hemorrhage ivi = intavenous infusion ivig = intravenous immunoglobulin ivna = in vivo neutron activation ivox = intravenous gas exchange ivp = intravenous pyelogram ivp = intraventricular pressure ivp = iv push ivpb = intravenous piggy back ivr = idioventricular rhythm ivra = intravenous regional analgesia ivrsb = intravenous regional sympathetic block ivsd = interventricular septal defect ivu = intravenous drug user ivu = intravenous urethrography iwdwwc = it was dry when we closed iwdwwcs = it was dry when we closed sir iwmi = inferior wall myocardial infarction izs = insulin zinc suspension j = joint j = joule j = joules j = journal j-tube = jejunostomy tube jama = journal of the american medical association jan = january jar = java archive jbe = japanese b encephalitis jbts = joubert syndrome jca = juvenile chronic arthritis jca = pauciarticular onset juvenile chronic arthritis jcd = jakob creutzfeldt disease jcml = juvenile chronic myeloid leukemia jct = junction jcv = jc virus jdm = juvenile diabetes mellitus je = japanese encephalitis jebi = junctional epidermolysis bullosa inversa jgi = jejunogastric intussusception jj = jasper jumper orthodontic appliance jj = jaw jerk jk = corynebacterium jeikeium jlns = jervell and lange nielsen syndrome jme = juv myoclonic epilepsy jme = juvenile myoclonic epilepsy jmml = juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia jncl = neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, juvenile type jnp = jadassohn nevus phakomatosis jnt = joint jodm = juvenile onset diabetes mellitus jour = journal jp = jackson pratt jp = juvenile periodontitis jpd = juvenile periodontitis jpd = juvenile plantar dermatosis jpd = periodontitis, juvenile jps = joint position sense jps = juvenile polyposis syndrome jr = joint replacement jra = juvenile rheumatoid arthritis jt = joint jul = july jun = june jvd = jugular venous distention jvp = jugular venous pressure jvp = jugular venous pulse jws = jackson weiss syndrome k = carrying capacity k = cathode k = equilibrium constant k = high potassium diet k = ionization constant k = kanamycin k = kelvin k = kidney k = kilogram k = kinetic energy k = klebsiella k = knee k = lysine k = potassium k codes assigned to durable medical equipment regional carriers = other k-cal = kilocalorie k-y = k-y jelly k/o = keep open k/o = knocked out k/p = kidney pancreas ka = cathode ka = keratoacanthoma kasr = katz adjustment scale relatives form kb = kilobase kbp = kilobase pair kcal = kilocalorie kcaso = potassium cardioplegic solution kcct = kaolin cephalin clotting time kcl = potassium chloride kco = transfer coefficient kcs = keratoconjunctivitis sicca kd = ketogenic diet ked = kendrick extrication device kf = kidney function kf = klenow fragment kf = klippel feil syndrome kf = kyasanur forest kf = kyasanur forest disease kf = potassium fluoride kfd = kyasanur forest disease kfs = klippel feil syndrome kg = kilogram kgc = keflin, gentamicin, carbenicillin kgf = keratinocyte growth factor kh = kilohertz khf = korean hemorrhagic fever khm = keratoderma hereditarium mutilans khz = kilohertz ki = kidney acupuncture points ki = potassium iodide ki-1 = cd30 kids = keratitis ichthyosis and deafness syndrome kj = knee jerk kk = knee kick kkcp = klebsiella k2 capsular polysaccharide klh = keyhole limpet hemocyanin km = kilometer ko = keep open ko = knocked out kod = knocked out koh = potassium hydroxide kp = keratosis pilaris kp = klebsiella pneumoniae kpc = keratoconus posticus circumscriptus kpc = key points of control kpe = kelman phacoemulsification kplp = phosphorylleucylphenylalanine kpo4 = potassium phosphate kpps = keratosis palmoplantaris striata krfd = kiel rot forceps deliv krfd = kielland's rotational forceps delivery ks = 17 keto steroids ks = kaposi sarcoma ks = kartagener's syndrome ks = klinefelter's syndrome kscn = potassium thiocyanate kss = kearns sayre syndrome kt = kidney transplant kt = kidney transplantation ktt = kendall toy test ktw = klippel trenaunay weber syndrome kub = kidney, ureter, bladder kv = kilovolt kvo = keep vein open kw = kilowatt kw rat = kyoto wistar rat kwk = kimmelstiel wilson disease or syndrome kws = kugelberg welander syndrome l = left l = lens l = light l = liquid l = liter l = lithium l = liver l = lower l = lumbar l = lumbar vertebrae l aethiopica = leishmania aethiopica l biflexa = leptospira biflexa l donovani = leishmania donovani l dopa = levodopa l feeleii = legionella feeleii l infantum = leishmania infantum l nna = ng nitro l arginine l olmeca = lutzomyia olmeca l pam = melphalan l wadsworthii = legionella wadsworthii l&a = light and accommodation l&d = labor and delivery l&h = lymphocyte and histiocyte l&w = living and well l/min = liters per minute l/s = ratio lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio la = lanthanum la = latex agglutination la = left atrium la = levator ani la = linoleic acid la = local anesthetic la = low allergen diet la = lupus anticoagulant la = lymphadenopathy laam = levo alpha acetylmethadol lab = laboratory lac = la crosse encephalitis lac = laceration laci = lacunar infarction lacr = lacrimal lact = lactic lad = left anterior descending lad = left axis deviation lad = leukocyte adhesion deficiency lad = linear iga disease lad = lymphadenopathy ladca = left anterior descending coronary artery lae = left atrial enlargement lafb = left anterior fascicular block lah = left anterior hemiblock lais = lateral internal anal sphincterotomy lak = lymphocyte activated killer cells lalk = leukocyte alkaline phosphatase lall = lymphoblastic leukemia, acute, with lymphomatous features lam = l asparaginase, methotrexate lam = laminated lam = laminectomy lam = lymphangioleiomyomatosis lamb = lentigines, atrial myxoma, mucocutaneous myoma, blue nevus syndrome lamp = lysosome associated membrane protein lan = local area network lan = lymphadenopathy lanl = los alamos national laboratory lanp = leucine rich acidic nuclear protein lao = left anterior oblique lap = laparascopic lap = laparotomy lap = left atrial pressure lap = leucine amino peptidase lap = leukocyte alkaline phosphatase lap dye = laparoscopic dye test lapoca = l asparaginase, prednisone, oncovin, cytarabine, adriamycin lar = larynx lar = low anterior resection larsp = language assessment remediation and screening procedure las = linear alkylbenzene sulfonate lat = lateral lat = latex agglutination test lat = latissimus dorsi lat = lidocaine, adrenaline and tetracaine lat = lysolecithin acyltransferase lat flap = latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction lats = long acting thyroid stimulator lav = lymphadenopathy associated virus lavh = laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy lax = laxative lb = large bowel lb = long buccal lb = pound lbb = left bundle branch lbbb = left bundle branch block lbd = lewy body disease lbm = lean body mass lbna = lysis bladder neck adhesions lbnl = lawrence berkeley national laboratory lbp = low back pain lbp = lower back pain lbv = low biological value lbw = low birth weight lbwi = low birth weight infant lc = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase lc = left colon lc = lethal concentration lc = liquid chromatography lc = living children lc = lung cancer lc50 = lethal concentration 50 lca = left coronary artery lca = leucocyte common antigen lca = leukocyte common antigen lca = lithocholic acid lcad = long chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency lcad = long chain hydroxyacyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase lcat = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase lcat = lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency lcc = left coronary cusp lcc = liver cell carcinoma lcca = left common carotid artery lccs = lethal congenital contracture syndrome lccsct = large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumor lcd = lattice corneal dystrophy lcfs = lynch cancer family syndrome lch = langerhan's cell histiocytosis lchad = long chain 3 hydroxyacyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency lci = lung clearance index lcis = lobular carcinoma in situ lcl = large cell lymphoma lcl = lymphoblastoid cell line lclo = lethal concentration low lcm = laser capture microdissection lcm = left costal margin lcm = lymphocytic choriomeningitis lcmv = lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus lcos = liquid crystal on silicon projection lcps = legg calve perthes syndrome lcr = locus control region lcs = lambeth communication scale lcs = low continuous suction lct = long chain triglyceride supplementation lcta = lungs clear to auscultation lcx = left circumflex artery lcxca = left circumflex coronary artery ld = lactate dehydrogenase ld = laser doppler ld = latissimus dorsi ld = learning difficulties ld = learning disability ld = light diet ld = liver disease ld = lymphocytic depletion ld50 = lethal dose 50 ld50 = median lethal dose ldc = lower deep cervical lymph node ldd = lhermitte duclos disease ldf = laplace transform damping factor ldh = lactate dehydrogenase ldhd = lymphocyte depletion hodgkin's disease ldl = loudness discomfort level ldl = low density lipoprotein ldl receptor = low density lipoprotein receptor ldl-c = low density lipoprotein cholesterol ldlc = low density lipoprotein cholesterol ldlo = lethal dose low ldr = labor delivery room ldr = low dose rate brachytherapy ldsq = lambeth disability screening questionnaire ldyt = leber optic atrophy and dystonia le = discoid lupus erythematosus le = left eye le = lower extremities le = lower extremity leds = life events and difficulties scale leep = loop electrosurgical excision procedure lel = lymphoepithelial lesions lems = lambert eaton myasthenic syndrome leo = law enforcement officer leopard = multiple lentigines, electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonic stenosis, abnormal genitalia, retardation of growth, and sensorineural deafness lep = lumbar epidural les = lambert eaton syndrome les = lower esophageal sphincter lesa = lymphoepithelial sialadenitis lesp = lower esophageal sphincter pressure leu = leucine leu enkephalin = leucine enkephalin leuc = leukocytes lev = levamisole hydrochloride lev = level lf = lateral flexion lf = low fat lf = low fiber lf = low flap lf = low forceps lfa = left femoral artery lfa = left forearm lfa = left frontoanterior lfa = low friction arthroplasty lfa = lymphocyte function associated antigen lfd = large for dates lfd = low fat diet lfd = low forceps delivery lfl = li fraumeni like lfp = left frontoposterior lfrh = lh fsh releasing hormone lfs = li fraumeni syndrome lfs = low fat spread lfss = light fixation seizure syndrome lft = liver function test lfts = liver function tests lfv = lassa fever virus lfvd = low forceps vaginal delivery lg = large lg = leg lg = lymphomatoid granulomatosis lga = large for gestational age lgc = late gastric cancer lgd = low grade dysplasia lgi = lower gastrointestinal lgib = lower gastrointestinal bleeding lgin = low grade intraurothelial neoplasia lgiun = low grade intraurothelial neoplasia lgl = large granular lymphocyte lgl = lown ganong levine syndrome lgll = large granular lymphocytic leukemia lgmd = limb girdle muscular dystrophy lgn = lateral geniculate nucleus lgs = langer giedion syndrome lgsil = low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion lgv = lymphogranuloma venereum lh = left handed lh = luteinizing hormone lh rf = luteinizing hormone releasing factor lh rh = luteinizing hormone releasing hormone lh/fsh = luteinizing hormone follicle stimulating horm level lha = left heart assisted lhon = leber hereditary optic neuropathy lhot = left hypotropia lhp = latent hypoparathyroidism lhrh = luteinizing hormone releasing hormone lht = left hypertrophia li = lacunar infarction li = large intestine li = lithium licl = lithium chloride lics = left intercostal space lif = left iliac fossa lif = leukocyte inhibitory factor lig = ligament lih = left inguinal hernia lim = limitation lim = limited lim = line isolation monitor lima = left internal mammary artery limb = listing of molecular biology databases lin = laryngeal intraepithelial neoplasia lin = linear lincl = late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis lincl = neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, late infantile type line = Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements lines = Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements linnac = linear accelerator lip = lipoid interstitial pneumonia lip = lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis liq = liquid liq = lower inner quadrant lis = laboratory information system lis = laboratory information systems lit = literature liv = left innominate vein lk = lamellar keratoplasty lk = low potassium diet lk = lymphokine lks = landau kleffner syndrome lks = liver kidney spleen ll = left lower ll = lepromatous leprosy ll = lower lid ll = lower limb ll = lower lip ll = lower lobe ll = lymphoblastic lymphoma ll = lymphoid leukemia llc = long leg cast llc = lymphocytic leukemia lle = left lower extremity lletz = large loop excision of transformation zone llg = left lateral gaze lll = left lower lid lll = left lower limb lll = left lower lip lll = left lower lobe lln = lower limit of normal llnl = lawrence livermore national laboratory llq = left lower quadrant llsb = left lower sternal border llz = left lower zone pneumonia lm = lactose malabsorption lm = laryngeal muscle lm = lateral malleolus lm = lateral meniscus lm = legal medicine lm = lentigo maligna lm = lesser metatarsal lm = light microscope lm = light microscopy lm = lincomycin lma = laryngeal mask airway lma = left mentum anterior lma = locomotor activity lmb = left main bronchus lmbb = laurence moon bardet biedl syndrome lmca = left main coronary artery lmcat = left middle cerebral artery thrombosis lmd = local medical doctor lmf = leukeran, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil lmf = lymphocyte mitogenic factor lml = left mediolateral lmm = lentigo maligna melanoma lmn = lower motor neuron lmnd = lower motor neuron disease lmp = last menstrual period lmp = left mentoposterior lmp = low malignant potential lmp = lumbar puncture lms = lateral medullary syndr lms = lateral medullary syndrome lms = left main stem lms = leiomyosarcoma lms = multi symmet lipomatosis lms = multiple symmetrical lipomatosis lmt = long term memory lmw = low molecular weight lmwh = low molecular weight heparin lmwk = low molecular weight kininogen lmwp = low molecular weight proteinuria ln = latent nystagmus ln = lentiform nucleus ln = liquid nitrogen ln = lupus nephritis ln = lymph node ln = lymph nodes ln = lymphadenopathy ln2 = liquid nitrogen lnmp = last normal menstrual period lnp = last normal period lns = lesch nyhan syndrome lns = lymph node sampling lo = lateral oblique lo = lens opacity lo = lockout lo = low loa = leave of absence loa = left occiput anterior loa = level of activity loa = looseness of association load = late onset alzheimer disease loael = lowest observed adverse effect level lob = lateral openbite lob = lobular lob = loss of balance loc = laxative of choice loc = level of consciousness loc = location loc = loss of consciousness locs = laryngoonychocutaneous syndrome loe = lady of the evening loh = loop of henle loh = loss of heterozygosity loi = loss of imprinting loinc = logical observation identifiers, names and codes lol = laughing out loud lol = left occipitolateral position lom = left otitis media lom = loss of memory lomac = leucovorin, oncovin, methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide lomcs = left otitis media chronic serous lomr = lower esophageal mucosal ring lomr = lower oesophageal mucosal ring lond = london lop = left occipitoposterior position lopca = late onset pauciarticular chronic arthritis loq = lower outer quad breast loq = lower outer quadrant of breast los = length of stay los = lower esophageal segment los = lower oesophageal segment lot = life orientation test lotca = lowenstein ot cognitive assessment lower gi = lower gastrointestinal lox = lipoxygenase lox = liquid oxygen lp = lichen planus lp = light perception lp = low phosphate diet lp = low potency lp = low protein diet lp = lumbar puncture lpa = abnormal origin of left pulmonary artery lpa = left pulmonary artery lpa = lysophosphatidic acid lpc = lysophosphatidylcholine lpcb = lactophenol cotton blue lpcp = light perception with projection lpd = low protein diet lpd = lymphoproliferative disease lpd = lymphoproliferative disorder lpda = left dominant posterior descending artery lpf = low power field lpg = lysophosphatidylglycerol lph = left posterior hemiblock lpi = laser peripheral iridotomy lpi = long process of incus lpi = lysinuric protein intolerance lpif = lymphocyte proliferation inhibitory factor lpl = lipoprotein lipase lpl = lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma lpm = liters per minute lpn = licensed practical nurse lpo = lactoperoxidase lpo = left posterior oblique lpo = lipid peroxidation lpo = lipid peroxide lpp = lichen planopilaris lppf = lymphocyte proliferation potentiating factor lps = levat palpebr superioris lps = levator palpebrae superioris lps = lipopolysaccharide lpu = last past urine lpu = low purine diet lr = labor room lr = lactated ringer's solution lr = lateral rectus lr = lateral rotation lr = lawrencium lr = light reaction lr = light reflex lr = logistic regression lra = left renal artery lrcp = licensed respiratory care practitioner lrdt = living related donor transplant lre = leukemic reticuloendotheliosis lrf = luteinizing hormone releasing factor lri = lower respiratory infection lrln = left recurrent laryngeal nerve lrnd = left radical neck dissection lrq = lower right quadrant lrs = larsen syndrome lrt = lower respiratory tract lrti = lower respiratory tract infection ls = leopard skin ls = loose ls = loose stools ls = lumbar spine ls = lumbosacral ls&a = lichen sclerosus et atrophicus lsa = lateral sacrum anterior lsa = left sacroanterior lsa = left subclavian artery lsa = lichen sclerosus et atrophicus lsa = lymphosarcoma lsb = left sternal border lsc = lichen simplex chronicus lsca = left subclavian artery lscc = lateral semicircular canal lscs = lower segment caesarean section lscs = lower segment cesarean section lscs = lower segment cs lsd = d lysergic acid lsd = letterer siwe disease lsd = lysergic acid diethylamide lsfc = leigh syndrome, french canadian type lsi = life satisfaction index lsk = liver, spleen, kidneys lsl = left sacrolateral position lslcl = lymphocytic secreted long form of c type lectin lsm = laser capture microscopy lso = left salpingoophorectomy lsp = left sacroposterior position lsr = lecithin to sphingomyelin ratio lst = left sacral transverse position lst = long synacthen test lsv = long saphenous vein lsvc = persistent left superior vena cava lt = left lt = left thigh lt = less than lt = leukotriene lt = levothyroxine lt = light lt = light touch lt = low temperature lt = lymphocyte transformation lt = lymphotoxin lta = lipoteichoic acid ltb = laryngotracheobronchitis ltb4 = leukotriene b4 ltc = long term care ltc = long, thick, and closed ltc4 = leukotriene c4 ltcs = low transverse cesarean section ltd = leukotriene d ltee = lower thoracic expansion exercises ltf = lipotropic hormone ltg = low tension glaucoma lth = luteotropic hormone lti = life technologies, inc ltic = low temperature isotropic carbon ltm = long term memory ltot = long term oxygen therapy ltp = l tryptophan ltp = laser trabeculoplasty ltp = long term potentiation ltr = long terminal repeat ltt = lactose tolerance test ltv = long term viability ltx = liver transplant lu = left upper lu = lung acupuncture points lu = lutetium lue = left upper extremity lues = syphilis luf = luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome lul = left upper eyelid lul = left upper lip lul = left upper lobe luna = laparoscopic uterosacral nerve ablation luna = laser uterosacral nerve ablation luq = left upper quadrant lusb = left upper sternal border luscs = lower uterine segment caesarean section luss = liver ultrasound scan lut = lower urinary tract luts = lower urinary tract symptoms luz = left upper zone pneumonia lv = cor sinus lt vent fistula lv = coron fistulae fr lt vent lv = coronary fistulae from left ventricle lv = coronary sinus to left ventricle fistula lv = end diastolic left ventricular cavity shape lv = end systolic left ventricular cavity shape lv = laryngeal vestibule lv = lateral ventricle lv = leave lv = lecithovitellin lv = left ventricle lv = left ventricular lv = leucovorin lv = live vaccine lv = low vision lv = lumbar vertebra lv = lung volume lv = lupus vulgaris lv+ = left ventricular hypertrophy lva = left ventricular aneurysm lva = left visual acuity lvad = left ventricular assist device lvar = left ventricular aneurysm lvedp = left ventricular end diastolic pressure lvef = left ventricular ejection fraction lvf = left ventricular failure lvh = left ventricular hypertrophy lvot = left ventricular outflow tract lvoto = left ventricular outflow tract obstruction lvoto = lv outflw tract obstrn lvoto = operation for lt ventricular outflow tract obstructn lvoto = operations for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction lvoto = opn lt ven outfl obst lvp = left ventricular pressure lvp = levator veli palatini lvp = lysine vasopressin lvrs = lung volume reduction surgery lvsv/rvsv = left to right ventricular stroke volume ratio lvsw = left ventricular stroke work lvswi = lv stroke work index lvu = last void urine lw = lives with lwbs = left without being seen lwct = lee white clotting time, coagulation time lwd = leri weill dyschondrosteosis lwfs = lethal white foal syndrome lwmi = lateral wall myocardial infarction lws = lowry wood syndrome ly = lymphocyte ly = lyophilization lymphs = lymphocytes lyp = lymphomatoid papulosis lys = lysine lys = lysosome lysopi = lysophosphatidylinositol lytes = electrolytes m = distant metastasis stage m = macula m = male m = metastasis stages m = meter m = minimal m = minutes m = molar m = mole m = murmur m = mycosis fungoides of skin m asiaticum = mycobacterium asiaticum m avium = mycobacterium avium m avium complex = mycobacterium avium complex m avium intracellulare = mycobacterium avium intracellulare m barkeri = methanosarcina barkeri m chelonei = mycobacterium chelonei m gallinaceum = mycoplasma gallinaceum m gallisepticum = mycoplasma gallisepticum m gastri = mycobacterium gastri m gordonae = mycobacterium gordonae m lacunata = moraxella lacunata m mucedo = mucor mucedo m phlei = mycobacterium phlei m streptocerca = mansonella streptocerca m&i = mother & infant m&m = morbidity and mortality m,m = married, male, mother murmur, meter, mass, molar m-a = miller abbott m/a = mood affect m/e = myeloid/erythroid ratio m/n = mydriacyl and neosynephrine m/r/g = murmurs, rubs, gallops m/sec = meters per second m0 = acute myeloblastic leukaemia undifferentiated m3 = acute promyelocytic leukemia m4 = acute myelomonocytic leukemia m6 = acute erythroleukemia m7 = acute megakaryoblastic leukemia ma = major amblyoscope ma = medical assistance ma = mental age ma = milliampere ma = missed abortion ma = mitral atresia ma = mobility allowance maa = methacrylic acid maa = methoxyacetic acid maa = methylarsonic acid maai = maleylacetoacetate isomerase mab = monoclonal antibody mabop = mustargen, adriamycin, bleomycin, oncovin, prednisone mabs = monocloncal antibodies mac = complement 5b-9 complex mac = macrophage mac = macula mac = maximum allowable concentration mac = membrane attack complex mac = minimum alveolar concentration mac = mitral annular calcification mac = monitored anesthesia care mac = mycobacterium avium complex mac inh = membrane attack complex inhibitor macam = mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule macc = methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, ccnu macho = methotrexate, asparaginase, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, oncovin machr = muscarinic acetylcholine receptor macl = mood affective checklist macop-b = methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, oncovin, prednisone, bleomycin macro = macrocytic macro = macroscopic madd = myoadenylate deaminase deficiency maddoc = mechlorethamine, adriamycin, dacarbazine, ddp, oncovin, cyclophosphamide maddp = methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate madh = methylamine dehydrogenase mae = moves all extremities maew = moves all extremities well maf = macrophage activating factor mag = myelin associated glycoprotein mage = melanoma associated antigen magf = macrophage aggregation factor magi = male accessory gland infection magic = mouth and genital ulcers with inflamed cartilage syndrome magpi = meatal advancement and glanuloplasty incorporated maha = microangiopathic hemolytic anemia mai = mitotic activity index mai = mycobacterium avium intracellulare maic = mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex maid = mesna, adriamycin, interleukin 3, dacarbazine maldi = matrix assisted laser desorption ionization malditof = matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight malig = malignant malt = mucosa associated lymphoid tissue maltoma = mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma mammo = mammogram mao = monoamine oxidase maoa = monoamine oxidase maoi = monoamine oxidase inhibitor maoptms = methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane map = maudsley addiction profile map = mean airway pressure map = mean arterial pressure map = melphalan, adriamycin, prednisone map = mitomycin c, adriamycin, platinol map = morbidly adherent placenta mapca = major aortopulmonary collateral artery mapi = microbial alkaline proteinase inhibitor mapk = mitogen activated protein kinase mapkkk = map kinase kinase kinase maps = make a picture story test maptl = microtubule associated protein tau like mar = macrocytic anemia, refractory mar = march mar = medication administration record mar = mixed antiglobulin reaction test marco = macrophage receptor with collagenous structure mas = mccune albright syndrome mas = meconium aspiration syndrome mast = michigan alcoholism screening test mast = military anti shock trousers mat = multifocal atrial tachycardia mat = multiple agent therapy mat1 = menage a trois 1 match = shape matching max = maximal max = maximum, maxillary maze = m amsa, azacitidine, etoposide mb = megabase mb = mother baby mb = myocardial band mb = myoglobin mbc = male breast cancer mbc = maximal breathing capacity mbc = maximum breathing capacity mbc = metastatic breast cancer mbc = methotrexate, bleomycin, cisplatin mbc = minimum bacterial concentration mbc = minimum bactericidal concentration mbcl = monocytoid b cell lymphoma mbcn = myoglobin cyanide mbd = minimal brain dysfunction mbflb = monaural bifrequency loudness balance test mbl = marine biological laboratory mbno = myoglobin nitroxide mbp = maltose binding protein mbp = mean blood pressure mbp = myelin basic protein mbq = megabecquerel mbr = major breakpoint region mbs = moebius syndrome mbsa = methylated bovine serum albumin mbt = modifd blalock tauss sht mbt = modified blalock taussig shunt mbts = modified blalock shunt mbts = modified blalock taussig shunt mc = metacarpal mc = microscopic colitis mc = millicoulomb mc = mitoxantrone, cytarabine mc = molluscum contagiosum mc&s = microscopy, culture and sensitivities mc1 = first metacarpal mc2 = second metacarpal mc3 = third metacarpal mc4 = fourth metacarpal mc5 = fifth metacarpal mca = methylcholanthrene mca = middle cerebral artery mca = monochloroacetic acid mca = monoclonal antibody mca = motorcycle accident mca = mucin carcinoma associated antigen mcab = monoclonal antibody mcad = medium chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency mcad = medium chain acyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase mcbp = melphalan, cyclophosphamide, bcnu, prednisone mcc = multiple colon carcinoma gene mcc = mutated in colon cancer mcd = mean consecutive difference mcd = medullary cystic disease mcd = minimal change disease mcd = mouse cytogenetic database mcd = multicentric castleman's disease mcd = multiple carboxylase deficiency mcd = muscle carnitine deficiency mcdc = macular dystrophy, corneal mcf = macrophage chemotactic factor mcf = middle cranial fossa mcg = microgram mcgm = microgram mcgn = mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis mcgn = minimal change glomerulonephritis mcgn type i = mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type i mcgn type ii = mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type ii mcgn type iii = mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type iii mcgn type iii = mesangiocapillary gn type iii mcgn type iv = mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type iv mch = mean corpuscular hemoglobin mchc = mean cell hemoglobin concentration mchc = mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration mci = millicurie mci = multiple casualty incident mckd = medullary cystic kidney disease mcl = leiomyoma, multiple cutaneous mcl = medial collateral ligament mcl = mid clavicular line mcl = most comfortable listening level mcla = measurement of cognitive linguistic ability mcll = most comfortable listening level mcmd = merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy mcmi = millon clinical multiaxial inventory mcmtc = macrocephaly cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita mcn = minimal change nephropathy mcn = musculocutaneous nerve mcns = minimal change nephrotic syndrome mcp = membrane cofactor protein mcp = metacarpophalangeal mcpa = 4 chloro 2 methylphenoxy acetic acid mcpb = 2 4 chloro 2 methylphenoxy butyric acid mcpj = metacarpophalangeal joint mcpjif = metacarpophalangeal joint of index finger mcpjlf = metacarpophalangeal joint of little finger mcpjmf = metacarpophalangeal joint of middle finger mcpjrf = metacarpophalangeal joint of ring finger mcpjt = metacarpophalangeal joint of thumb mcpp = 2 4 chloro 2 methylphenoxy propanoic acid mcpp = m chlorophenylpiperazine mcppa = methylenecyclopropylacetic acid mcprg = methylenecyclopropylglycine mcs = mechanical circulatory support mcs = multiple chemical sensitivity mcss = mechanical circulatory support system mcst = modified card sorting test mct = mast cell tryptase mct = medium chain triglyceride mctd = mixed connective tissue disease mcu = micturating cystogram mcv = mean cell volume mcv = mean corpuscular volume md = magnesium deficiency md = major depression md = malate dehydrogenase md = malignant disease md = manic depression md = marek disease md = maternal deprivation md = meckel's diverticulum md = median md = mediastinal disease md = medical department md = medical doctor md = meniere disease md = mental deficiency md = mental depression md = metabolic disorders md = minamata disease md = movement disorder md = muscular dystrophy md = myelodysplasia md = myocardial disease md = myotonic dystrophy mda = methylenedioxyamphetamine mdb = medulloblastoma mdb = methylene dioxybenzene mdc = middle deep cervical mdf = myocardial depressant factor mdh = malate dehydrogenase mdh = malic dehydrogenase mdi = manic depressive illness mdi = metered dose inhaler mdk = kantaputra type of mesomelic dysplasia mdlo = metoclopramide, dexamethasone, lorazepam, ondansetron mdls = miller dieker lissencephaly syndrome mdm = mid diastolic murmur mdma = methylenedioxymethamphetamine mdnt = midnight mdp = methylene diphosphonate mdr = medium dose rate brachytherapy mdr = multidrug resistance mdrv = muscular dystrophy, autosomal dominant, with rimmed vacuoles mds = myelodysplastic syndrome mdtc = monodansylthiacadaverine mdx = manic depressive psychosis, x linked me = medical examiner me = middle ear me = myalgic encephalomyelitis mea = multiple endocrine adenomatosis meams = middlesex elderly assessment of mental state mec = mecamylamine mec = meconium mec = medical emergency clinic mec = methicillin resistance mec = mucoepidermoid carcinoma mect = multi elect/conv therpy mect = multiple electroconvulsive therapy mecy = methotrexate, cyclophosphamide med = medicine med = minimal effective dose med = minimal erythema dose med = minimum effective dose med = multiple epiphyseal dysplasia medab = methyldimethylaminoazobenzene meds = medications medsg = methyldeoxyspergualin mee = middle ear effusion mef = familial mediterranean fever mef = maximum expiratory flow rate mef25 = maximum expiratory flow rate at 25% of vital capacity mef50 = maximum expiratory flow rate at 50% of vital capacity mef75 = maximum expiratory flow rate at 75% of vital capacity mefv = maximum expiratory flow rate meg = magnetoencephalograph meg = magnetoencephalography meg = megakaryocyte meg = megaloblast meg = megaloblastic megx = monoethylglycinexylidide mehmo = mental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypogonadism and hypogenitalism, microcephaly, and obesity melas = mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke like episodes mem = memantine mems = micro electromechanical systems men = multiple endocrine neoplasia meos = microsomal ethanol oxidizing system mep = maximum expiratory pressure mep = motor end plate mep = motor evoked potential meq = milliequivalent meq/l = milliequivalents per liter merrf = myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red muscle fibers mes = mesencephalic mes = mesencephalon mesa = micro epidid sperm aspn mesa = micro epididymal sperm aspiration messenger rna = messenger ribonucleic acid met = metabolic met = metastasis met = metatarsal meth = methamphetamine meth = methedrine meth = methicillin methylmalonyl coa mutase = methylmalonyl coenzyme a mutase mets = metastases mewds = multiple evanescent white dot syndrome mf = microfilament mf = mitogenic factor mf = mycosis fungoides mf = myelin figure mf = myelofibrosis mf = myocardial failure mf = myocardial fibrosis mfc = minimum fungicidal concentration mfd = mid forceps delivery mfh = malignant fibrous histiocytoma mfm = maternal/fetal medicine mfmd = monofluoromethyldopa mfng = manic fringe mfp = melphalan, 5 fluorouracil, provera mfr = maximum flow rate of urine mfs = marfan syndrome mfs = motive for smoking scale mfs = motives for smoking scale mft = multiple familial trichoepithelioma mg = magnesium mg = milligram mg = mouth guard mg = myasthenia gravis mg% = milligrams per 100 cc mg/dl = milligrams per deciliter mgc = megacolon mgc = multinucleated giant cell mgcn = megalocornea mgcr = meningioma chromosome region mgct = male germ cell tumor mgd = mouse genome database mgdf = megakaryocyte growth and development factor mgf = mast cell growth factor mgi = microbial genome initiative mgj = mucogingival junction mgldg = monogalactosyldiglyceride mgm = meningioma mgn = membranous glomerulonephritis mgproto = magnesium protoporphyrin mgr = murmurs, gallops, or rubs mgsa = melanoma growth stimulatory activity mgso4 = magnesium sulfate mgus = monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance mh = malignant hyperpyrexia mh = malignant hypertension mh = malignant hyperthermia mh = mannoheptulose mh = medical history mh = melanophore stimulating hormone mh = mental handicap mh = mental health mh = mental hygiene mha = may hegglin anomaly mha = microangiopathic hemolytic anemia mha-tp = microhemagglutination assay treponema pallidum mhac = microhydranencephaly mham = multiple hamartoma syndrome mhaq = modified health assessment questionnaire mhc = major histocompatibility complex mhiq = mcmast health ind quest mhiq = mcmaster health index questionnaire mhl = mixed hearing loss mhlc = multidimensional health locus of control scale mhn = massive hepatic necrosis mhpg = 3 methoxy 4 hydroxy phenylglycol mhq = m'sex hosp questionnaire mhq = middlesex hospital questionnaire mhrt = mental health review tribunal mhss = military health services system mhv = middle hepatic vein mhz = megahertz mi = massa intermedia mi = maturation index mi = mental institution mi = mesial incisal mi = mile mi = mill mi = minor mi = minute mi = mitomycin mi = mitotic index mi = mitral incompetence mi = mitral insufficiency mi = myocardial infarct mi = myocardial infarction mi = myocardial ischemia mibg = meta iodobenzylguanidine mic = microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma mic = minimum inhibitory concentration mice = mesna rescue, ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide micg = macromolecular insoluble cold globulin micro = microcytic micro = microscopy microci = microcurie microl = microliter micros = microscopy micu = medical intensive care unit mid = middle mid = multiple infarct dementia midas = microphthalmia, dermal aplasia, and sclerocornea syndrome midi = musical instrument digital interface mie = meconium ileus equivalent mif = macrophage inhibitory factor mif = maximum inspiratory flow rate mif = melanocyte inhibitory factor mif = migration inhibition factor mif = migration inhibitory factor mif test = migration inhibitory factor test mif25 = maximum inspiratory flow rate at 25% of vital capacity mif50 = maximum inspiratory flow rate at 50% of vital capacity mif75 = maximum inspiratory flow rate at 75% of vital capacity mifa = mitomycin, fluorouracil, adriamycin mifv = maximum inspiratory flow rate mih = procarbazine mil = military mimbd = meet on the interconnection of mol biol databases mimp = methyl inosine monophosphate min = mammary intraepithelial neoplasia min = microsatellite instability min = mineral min = minimal min = minor min = minute mine = mesna, ifosfamide, novantrone, etoposide mion = monocrystalline iron oxide nonaparticle mip = maximum inspiratory pressure mirna = micro rna mis = melanoma in situ mis = multiple infarct state miss = medical interview satisfaction scale miss = modified injury severity scale mit = massachusetts institute of technology mit = monoiodotyrosine mito = mitomycin c mitri = mitral insufficiency mj = machado joseph disease mj = marijuana mj = megajoule mjd = machado joseph disease mk = menkes syndrome mkcsf = megakaryocyte colony stimulating factor mkks = mckusick kaufman syndrome mks = meckel syndrome ml = microlaryngoscopy ml = midline ml = milliliter ml = myocardial infarction, mitral insufficiency mla = methyllycaconitine mla = monophosphoryl lipid a mlb = microlaryngoscopy and bronchoscopy mlc = midline catheter mlc = mixed lymphocyte culture mlc = multileaf collimator mlc = myelomonocytic leukemia, chronic mld = masking level difference test mld = metachromatic leukodystrophy mlf = medial longitudinal fasciculus mlg = mitochondria lipid glycogen mliter = milliliter mlm = melanoma, familial mln = manifest latent nystagmus mlr = middle latency response mlr = mixed lymphocyte reaction mlrd = microgastria limb reduction defects mlrw = mixed lymphocyte reaction, weak mlsm = myelodysplasia and leukemia syndrome mlt = monochromator light test mlvt = malattia leventinese mm = malignant melanoma mm = medial malleolus mm = medial meniscus mm = mercaptopurine mm = methotrexate mm = millimeter mm = millimole mm = mitomycin mm = mucous membrane mm = multiple myeloma mm = muscles mm hg = millimeter of mercury mma = methyl malonic acid mma = methylmalonic aciduria mma = middle meatal antrostomy mmbt = morpholinyl mercaptobenzothiazole mmc = migrating myoelectric complex mmc = mitomycin c mmct = method of microcell mediated chromosome transfer mmcygl = methylmercury cysteinylglycine mmdk = kantaputra type of mesomelic dysplasia mmect = multiple monitored electroconvulsive therapy mmef = mean maximum expiratory flow mmep = microcephaly, microphthalmia, ectrodactyly of lower limbs, and prognathism mmf = mycophenolate mofetil mmfr = maximum midexpiratory flow rate mmgth = methylmercury glutathione mmhg = millimeters of mercury mmih = megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome mml = minimal masking level for tinnitus mmmm = megalocornea, macrocephaly, mental and motor retardation mmn = motor neuropathy with multiple conduction block mmoa = mandible, maxillary, odontectomy, alveolectomy mmol = millimole mmole = millimole mmopp = methotrexate, mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone mmpi = minnesota multiphasic personality inventory mmpp = magnesium monoperoxyphthalate mmpr = methylmercaptopurine mmpt = methylprednisolone pulse therapy mmr = mumps, measles, rubella mmrf = marshfield medical research foundation mmse = mini mental state examination mmsp = malignant melanoma of soft parts mmt = manual muscle test mmts = methyl methanethiosulfonate mmtv = mouse mammary tumor virus mmv = mandatory minute volume mmwr = morbidity and mortality weekly report mn = manganese mn = midnight mna = mean nuclear area mnatp = manganese adenosine triphosphate mnbk = methyl n butyl ketone mnc = minocycline mncpdtc = manganese cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl mncv = motor nerve conduction velocity mnd = motor neuron disease mndf = manganese desferioxamine mngc = multinucleated giant cell mnk = menkes syndrome mnt = medical nutrition therapy mnti = melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy mnu = methylnitrosourea mo = medical officer mo = membrane oxygenator mo = mesial occlusal mo = mineral oil mo = molybdenum moab = monoclonal antibody moabs = monoclonal antibodies moad = methotrexate, oncovin, l asparaginase, dexamethasone moap = peg asparaginase, oncovin, methotrexate, prednisone mob = mesial occlusal buccal mob-iii = mitomycinc, oncovin, bleomycin, cisplatin mobs = moebius syndrome moca = methotrexate, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin mod = march of dimes mod = medic on duty mod = mesial occlusal distal mod = mode of death mod = moderate mod = moment of death modm = maturity onset diabetes mellitus mods = multiple organ dysfunction syndrome mody = maturity onset diabetes in youth mof = multiple organ failure mol = mole mol = molecular mol wt = molecular weight mom = milk of magnesia momp = mechlorethamine, oncovin, methotrexate, prednisone mon = monday mono = monocyte mono = monocytes mono = mononucleosis mop-bap = mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, bleomycin, adriamycin, prednisone mopa = monooleylphosphatidic acid mopp = mechlorethamine prednisone procarbazine vincristine mopphdb = mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone, high dose bleomycin moppldb = mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone, low dose bleomycin mort wolfii = mortierella wolfii mos = medical outcomes study mos = myelofibrosis mosf = multiple organ systems failure mosm = milliosmole mot = motility mota = manitoba oculotrichoanal syndrome mou = memorandum of understanding mow = meals on wheels mows = meals on wheels mp = melphalan, prednisone mp = member of parliament mp = metacarpophalangea, metacarpophalangeal mp = metacarpophalangeal mp = milk pudding mp = myelopathy mpa = medroxyprogesterone acetate mpa = methylprednisolone acetate mpa = mycophenolic acid mpc = meperidine, promethazine, chlorpromazine mpd = main pancreatic duct mpd = mid plane dose mpd = minimal phototoxic dose mpd = multiple personality disorder mpd = myeloproliferative disease mpds = myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome mpeg = methoxypolyethylene glycol mpfl = methotrexate, platinol, 5 fluorouracil, leucovorin, calcium mpgn = membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis mph = masters in public health mpj = metacarpophalangeal joint mpl = monophosphoryl lipid a mpm = mortality prediction model mpnst = malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor mpo = myeloperoxidase mpol = millipolarization units mpq = mcgill pain chart questionnaire mps = mucopolysaccharidosis mpt = manchester picture test mptp = methylphenyltetrahydropyridine mptp = methylphenyltetrahydropyridine induced parkinsonism mpv = mean platelet volume mpz = myelin protein zero mq = master questionnaire mr = congenital mitral regurgitation mr = magnetic resonance mr = medial rectus mr = medial rectus muscle mr = medial rotation mr = mental retardation mr = mister mr = mitral regurgitation mra = magnetic resonance angiography mra = medical record administrator mrc = medical research council mrc grade = muscle power mrcp = magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography mrd = minimal residual disease mrd = multicystic renal dysplasia mrdd = mental retarded/developmentally disabled mrg = murmurs, rubs or gallops mri = magnetic resonance imaging mri = musculoskeletal mrl = medical record librarian mrm = modified radical mastectomy mrm = modified radical mastoidectomy mrna = messenger ribonucleic acid mrnp = messenger ribonucleoprotein mros = melkersson rosenthal syndrome mrp = manual removal of placenta mrp = manual removal placenta mrrs = morningside rehabilitation rating scale mrs = magnetic resonance spectroscopy mrs = married woman honorific mrsa = mental retardation, x linked, south african type mrsa = multiple resistant staphylococcus aureus mrt = maddox rod test mrt = malignant rhabdoid tumor mrtk = malignant rhabdoid tumor of kidney ms = female honorific ms = manuscript ms = mass spectrometry ms = mental status ms = millisecond ms = mitral stenosis ms = morphine sulfate ms = morphine sulphate ms = multiple sclerosis msa = mixed sleep apnea msa = multiple system atrophy msafp = maternal serum alpha fetoprotein msap = mesado phosphorylase msdos = microsoft disk operating system mse = mental status examination msec = millisecond msg = monosodium glutamate msh = melanocyte stimulating hormone mshr = melanocyte stimulating hormone receptor msi = microsatellite instability msl = lipomatosis, multiple symmetric msl = midsternal line msls = marinesco sjogren like syndrome mslt = multiple sleep latency test msmb = microseminoprotein beta mso = morphine sulfate msof = multiple systems organ failure msq = mental status questionnaire mss = marinesco sjogren syndrome mss = musculoskeletal system msse = multiple self healing squamous epithelioma mstd = multiple system tauopathy with presenile dementia msu = maple syrup urine msu = monosodium urate msud = maple syrup urine disease msum = monosodium urate monohydrate msv = mauriceau smellie veit maneuver msw = medical social worker mt = malignant teratoma mt = malignant tertian mt = mallet toe mt = masson's trichrome mt = medical technologist mt = metacarpophalangeal mt = metatarsal mt = middle turbinate mt = mountain mta = mid thigh amputation mtacr = multiple tumor associated chromosome region mtap = methylthioadenosine phosphorylase mtb = marituba fever mtb = miliary tuberculosis mtb = mycobacterium tuberculosis mtbe = methyl tert butyl ether mtc = medullary thyroid cancer mtc = medullary thyroid carcinoma mtc = mitomycin c mtdda = minnesota test for differential diagnosis of aphasia mtdna = mitochondrial dna mtf = medical treatment facility mth = mithramycin mthptpgl = methylenetetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate mtm = malignant tertian malaria mtm = myotubular myopathy mtmx = myotubular myopathy, x linked mtp = medical termination of pregnancy mtp = metatarsophalangeal joint mtp = microsomal triglyceride transfer protein mtpj = metatarsophalangeal joint mtpjbt = metatarsophalangeal joint of big toe mts = mental test score mts = muir torre syndrome mtsea = methanethiosulfonate ethylammonium mtt = mccormick toy test mtx = methotrexate mtya = methacryloyl tyrosineamide mua = manipulation under anesthetic muac = mid upper arm circumference muap = motor unit action potential muc = mucilage muc = mucoid mucp = maximum urethral closure pressure mud = matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplant mud = minimal urticarial dose muf = monounsaturated fat diet mufa = monounsaturated fatty acid muga = multigated acquisition muh = melanosis universalis hereditaria muhh = marie unna hereditary hypotrichosis mule = movement of upper limb evaluation mumps = massachusetts general hospital utility multi programming system mup = major urinary protein mup = maximum urethral pressure mup = motor unit potential mup = mouse urinary protein mv = congenital mitral valve abnormality mv = mendelevium mv = millivolt mv = minute volume mv = mitoxantrone, vp 16 mv = mitral valve mva = mitral valve annuloplasty mva = motor vehicle accident mva = motor vehicle traffic accident mvac = methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin, cisplatin mvc = motor vehicle collision mvd = mitral valve disease mvdp = maximum voiding detrusor pressure mve = murray valley encephalit mve = murray valley encephalitis mvf = mitoxantrone, vincristine, 5 fluorouracil mvi = mitral valve insufficiency mvi = multivitamin mvlk = mevalonate kinase mvmt = movement mvn = muroid virus nephropathy mvnta = motor vehicle non traveling accident mvo2 = myocardial oxygen consumption mvp = mitral valve prolapse mvp = mitral valvoplasty mvpp = mechlorethamine, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone mvr = mitral valve regurgitation mvr = mitral valve replacement mvrr = mitral valve re replacement mvt = mitoxantrone, vp 16, thiotepa mvta = motor vehicle traffic accident mvv = maximal voluntary ventilation mvvpp = mechlorethamine, vincristine, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone mw = maximum voluntary ventilation mw = midwife mw = milliwatt mw = molecular weight mws = muckle wells syndrome mx = matrix mx = metastasis cannot be, or has not been, assessed mz = monozygotic mzl = marginal zone lymphoma n = nasal n = negative n = nerve n = newton n = nitrogen n = node stages n = noon n = normal n = nursing n cinerea = neisseria cinerea n farcinica = nocardia farcinica n glauca = nicotiana glauca n&v = nausea and vomiting n&w = normal and well n+v = nausea and vomiting n-cam = neural cell adhesion molecule n/a = not applicable n/t = numbness & tingling n/v = nausea/vomiting n/v/d/c = nausea/vomiting/diarrhea/constipation n2 = nitrogen n2o = nitrous oxide na = noradrenaline na = not applicable na = nuclear antigen na = nurse's aide na = nursing assistant na = nursing auxiliary na = sodium naa = naphthaleneacetic acid naa = neutral amino acid naa = nonallergic asthma nab = needle aspiration biopsy nabs = normoactive bowel sounds nac = n acetylcysteine nac = nitrogen mustard, adriamycin, ccnu nacd = no anatomical cause of death nachgr = natl advisory council for human genome res nachr = nicotinic acetylcholine receptor nacl = sodium chloride nad = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide nad = nicotine adenine dinucleotide nad = no abnormality detected nad = no acute distress nadh = nad hydrogenase nadh = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide nadp = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate nadph = nad phosphate nadph = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate nae = neonatal asphyxial encephalopathy naf = sodium fluoride nags = n acetylglutamate synthase deficiency nahco3 = sodium bicarbonate nain = neonatal alloimmune neutropenia nait = neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia nal = naloxone nalbzoh = naloxone benzoylhydrazone name = nevi, atrial myxoma, mucinosis of the skin, and endocrine overactivity nan = n acetylneuraminic acid nap = nerve action potential nap = neutrophil alkaline phosphatase napb = neuritis with brachial predilection napbc = national action plan for breast cancer nar = non articular rheumatism nares = non allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia narp = neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa nart = national adult reading test nas = national academy of sciences nasa = national aeronautics and space administration nasal prosthesis = provided by a non physician nasal septal prosthesis = provided by a non physician nash = nonalcoholic steatohepatitis nat = n acetyltransferase nat = natal nat = national nat = native nat = natural nat = nature nat = neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia natl = national nb = neuroblastoma nb = newborn nb = nota bene nbac = national bioethics advisory commission nbccs = nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome nbgt = neuronal bungarotoxin nbi = no bony injury nbm = nothing by mouth nbn = newborn nursery nbp = non invasive blood pressure nbs = neuroblastoma nbs = nijmegen breakage syndrome nbs = normal bowel sounds nbs = normal breath sounds nbt = nitroblue tetrazolium nbt test = nitroblue tetrazolium test nbte = non bacterial thrombotic endocarditis nc = no change nc = nuchal cord nc/at = normocephalic/atraumatic nca = neurocirculatory asthenia ncab = national cancer advisory board ncam = neural cell adhesion molecule ncc = near vision with correction nccu = neuro concentrated care unit nchgr = national center for human genome research nci = nanocurie nci = national cancer institute ncmd = north carolina macular dystrophy ncs = nerve conduction studies ncsa = national center for supercomputing applications ncsu = north carolina state university ncv = nerve conduction velocity nd = neodymium nd = non distended nd = normal delivery nddg = national diabetes data group ndga = nordihydroguaiaretic acid ndi = nephrogenic diabetes insipidus ndna = native deoxyribonucleic acid ndp kinase = nucleoside diphosphokinase ndpk = nucleoside diphosphokinase ndui = nondeletion/nonuniparental disomy/nonimprinting mutations ne = norepinephrine neaa = non essential amino acid neac = normal external auditory canal nec = necrotizing enterocolitis nec = not elsewhere classified necs = neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin ned = nedocromil sodium ned = neuroectodermal dysplasia ned = no evidence of disease neep = negative end expiratory pressure nefa = nonesterified fatty acid neg = negative neh = national endowment for the humanities nejm = new england journal of medicine nem = n ethylmaleimide nem = no evidence of malignancy neo = neomycin neo = neonatal neppk = nonepidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma ner = no evidence of recurrence nerd = no evidence of recurrent disease net = internet neth = netherton syndrome nett = nasal/endonasal/endotracheal tube neu = neuraminidase neu = neurilemma neu = receptor erbb 2 neur = neurology neuro = neurological neuro = neurology neurol = neurology neurop = neuropathy neutr = neutrophils nf = national formulary nf = neck flexion nf = neurofibromatosis nf2 = neurofibromatosis 2 gene nfa = no fixed abode nfcr = national foundation for cancer research nfdr = neurofaciodigitorenal syndrome nfi = no further information nfiii = nuclear factor iii nfiv = nuclear factor iv nfj = naegeli franceschetti jadassohn syndrome nfk = non functioning kidney nft = neurofibrillary tangles nft = neutrophil function test nftd = normal full term delivery ng = nanogram ng = nasogastric ng = nasogastric route ng = nasogastric tube ng = neoplastic growth ng = new growth ngb = new growth of bladder ngf = nerve growth factor ngfr = nerve growth factor receptor ngp = new growth of prostate ngt = nasogastric tube ngu = non gonococcal urethritis nh = nursing home nh3 = ammonia nh4 = ammonium nh4cl = ammonium chloride nhfa = neuwiedi hemorrhagic factor a nhfb = neuwiedi hemorrhagic factor b nhgri = national human genome research institute nhi = national health insurance nhl = non hodgkin lymphoma nhl = non hodgkin's lymphoma nhp = nottingham health profile nhpt = nine hole peg test nhs = nance horan syndrome nhs = national health service nhv = neurogenic hyperventilation nhy = not here yet ni = nickel nia = nutrient intake analysis nibp = non invasive blood pressure nic = neonatal intensive care nichd = national institute of child health and human development nicu = neonatal intensive care unit nicu = neurological intensive care unit niddm = noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus nigms = national institute of general medical sciences nih = national institutes of health nihl = noise induced hearing loss nina = non infective non allergic rhinitis nink = no information/not keeping nipd = night time intermittent peritoneal dialysis nips = non invasive programmed stimulation nist = national inst of standards and technology niv = non invasive ventilation nj = new jersey nk = natural killer cells nk cell = natural killer cell nk triggering receptor = natural killer triggering receptor nka = neurokinin a nka = no known allergies nkc = nonketotic coma nkcd = no known communicable diseases nkda = no known drug allergies nkda = non ketotic diabetic acidosis nkh = non ketotic hyperglycemia nkhh = non ketotic hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nkma = no known medcation allergies nktr = natural killer triggering receptor nl = nasolabial fold nl = neuroleptic nl = normal nld = necrobiosis lipoidica nld = necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum nld = operation on nasolacrimal duct nlf = non lactose fermenter nlglp = national laboratory gene library project nlhpd = nodular of lymphocyte-predominance hodgkin's disease nlm = national library of medicine nln = national lymphedema network nlp = no light perception nls = neu laxova syndrome nltc = neolactotetraosylceramide nlv = normal liquor volume nm = mechlorethamine nm = nanometer nm = neuromuscular nm = neuromuscular block obs nm = neuromuscular blockade observation nm = nodular melanoma nm = nodular melanoma of skin nm = nuclear medicine nmd = nutrition management designation nmda = n methyl d aspartate nmhcc = national managed health care congress nmi = no more information nmis = nutrition management information system nmj = neuromuscular junction nmn = nicotinamide mononucleotide nmn = normetanephrine nmol = nanomole nmp = nuclear matrix protein nmr = nuclear magnetic resonance nmr imaging = nuclear magnetic resonance imaging nms = neuroleptic malignant syndrome nms = neuromuscular stimulation nmt = nebulized mist treatment nmu = nitrosomethylurea nn = neonatal nn = not nursing nnb = normal newborn nnd = neonatal death nne = neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis nnec = neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis nno = nanophthalmos no = nasal obstruction no = nitric oxide no = number no = nutcracker esophagus no2 = nitrogen dioxide noc = nocturnal noct = nocturnal nod = naito oyanagi disease nod = nodular nod = not otherwise designated noel = no observed effect level nof = neck of femur noh = neck of humerus nohl = non organic hearing loss nomi = non occlusive mesenteric ischemia nor = nucleolar organizer region nord = national organization for rare disorders nos = not otherwise specified nov = november np = nasophar airway insertion np = nasopharyngeal airway insertion np = near point np = neuropsychiatric np = nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency np = nurse practitioner npa = nasopharyngeal aspirate npa = near point accommodation npc = near point convergence npcr = national program of cancer registries npd = narcissistic personality disorder npd = neodymium pyrocatechin disulfonate npd = niemann pick disease npd = no pathologic diagnosis npdc = neurofibromatosis pheochromocytoma duodenal carcinoid syndrome npdr = nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy npe = non protein energy nph = neutral protamine hagedorn nph = normal pressure hydrocephalus npl = no perception of light npn = non protein nitrogen npo = nothing by mouth nppv = noninvasive positive pressure ventilation nps = nail patella syndrome npv = negative predictive value npy = neuropeptide y nqwmi = non q wave myocardial infarction nr = near nr = nerve root nr = neutral red nr = no reaction nr = normal range nr = nurse nraf = non rheumatic atrial fibrillation nrbc = nucleated red blood cell nrc = national research council nrh = nodular regenerative hyperplasia nrom = normal range of motion nrsa = national research service award ns = neck stiffness ns = nephrotic syndrome ns = nervous system ns = neurosurgery ns = normal saline ns = not sufficient ns = nuclear sclerosis nsa = national security agency nsa = no significant abnormality nsaid = nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug nsc = near vision with correction nsclc = non small cell lung cancer nsd = nairobi sheep disease nsd = nana storage disease nsd = nominal standard dose nsd = nonsurgical delivery nsd = normal spontaneous delivery nsdp = nonsympathetic dependent pain nse = neuron specific enolase nse = neurone specific enolase nsf = national science foundation nsg = nursing nsgc = national society of genetic counselors nsgct = non seminoma germ cell tumor nsgi = nonspecific genital infection nshd = nodular sclerosing hodgkin's disease nsip = non-specific interstitial pneumonitis nsoh = normal state of health nsp = non starch polysaccharide nsr = nasal submucous resection nsr = normal sinus rhythm nst = non stress test nsu = nonspecific urethritis nsv = nonspecific vaginitis nsvd = normal spontaneous vaginal delivery nsy = neurosurgery nt = nasotracheal nt = non tender nt = nucleotide nt/nd = non tender, non distended ntd = neural tube defect ntg = nitroglycerin ntg = nitroglycerine ntg = nontoxic goiter ntis = national technical informational system ntn = nephrotoxic nephritis ntng = nontoxic nodular goiter ntp = national toxicology program ntp = nitropaste ntp = nitropatch ntp = nitroprusside ntp = normal temperature and pressure ntp = nucleoside triphosphate ntpase = nucleoside triphosphatase ntsc = national television systems committee nullip = never gave birth nv = nausea & vomiting nv = near vision nva = near visual acuity nvd = nausea, vomiting, diarrhea nvd = normal vaginal delivery nve = neovascularization elsewhere nvg = neovascular glaucoma nvi = neovascularization of the iris nvi = new vessels iris nvm = subretinal neovascular membrane nvpc = naphthylvinyl phosphatidylcholine nwb = non weight bearing nwts = national wilms tumor study nx = lymph nodes cannot be, or have not been, microscopically assessed ny = new york nyas = new york academy of science nyd = not yet diagnosed o = none, without o = opening o = oral o = oxygen o = pint o bifurcum = oesophagostomum bifurcum o brumpti = oesophagostomum brumpti o circumcincta = ostertagia circumcincta o&p = ova & parasites o+p = ova & parasites o/p = oropharynx o2 = oxygen o3 = ozone oa = esophageal atresia oa = obstructive apnea oa = occipital artery oa = occipitoanterior oa = occupational asthma oa = octanoic acid oa = ocular albinism oa = old age oa = oleic acid oa = optic atrophy oa = orotic acid oa = osteoarthritis oa = osteoarthrosis oa = ovalbumin oa = oxalic acid oa1 = x linked ocular albinism oabp = organic anion binding protein oac = oroantral communication oad = obscure auditory dysfunction oad = obstructive airway disease oad = test battery for obscure auditory dysfunction oae = oto acoustic emission test oaf = oroantral fistula oaf = osteoclast activating factor oafns = oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome oap = oncovin, ara c, prednisone oap = osteoarthropathy oap-bleo = oncovin, ara c, prednisone, bleomycin oar = albinism, ocular, autosomal recessive oasis = hcfa's outcome and assessment information set oat = ornithine oxo acid aminotransferase deficiency oav dysplasia = oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia oavs = oculoauriculovertebral spectrum ob = esophageal biopsy ob = obese ob = obliterative bronchiolitis ob = obstetrical ob = obstetrician ob = obstetrics ob = occult bleeding ob = occult blood ob = olfactory bulb ob = oligoclonal band ob = overbite ob-gyn = obstetrics and gynecology ob/gyn = obstetrics and gynecology obgyn = obstetrics and gynecology obr = ortho bowel routine obs = observation obs = organic brain syndrome obst = obstetrical obstr = obstructive oc = oleoresin capsicum oc = only child oc = onychocryptosis oc = optic chiasma oc = oral contraceptive oc = organ culture oc = osteocalcin oc = ovarian cancer oca = oculocutaneous albinism oca = olivopontocerebellar atrophy oca = oral contraceptive agent oca = ovarian carcinoma ocairs = occupational case analysis and interview rating scale occ = occasional occ = occipital occip = occipital occlus = occlusive occr = ovarian cancer cluster region occs = oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome occup = occupational ocd = obsessive compulsive disorder ocd = osteochondritis dissecans ocg = oral cholecystogram ocl = oral colonic lavage ocp = oral contraceptive pill ocr = oculocephalic reflex ocrl = lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome oct = october oct = ornithine carbamoyltransferase oct = oxytocin challenge test octor = on call to operating room od = occipital dysplasia od = occupational disease od = oculus dexter od = ollier disease od = open drainage od = optic disc od = optical density od = osteochondritis dissecans od = overdose odap = oxalyldiaminopropionic acid odc = ornithine decarboxylase odc = orotidylate decarboxylase odd dysplasia = oculodentodigital dysplasia oddd = oculodentodigital dysplasia odm = ophthalmodynamometry odnp = octadecaneuropeptide odpf = osseous dysplasia, digital, with facial pigmentary defects and multiple frenula odts = organic dust toxic syndrome oe = otitis externa oed = oral epithelial dysplasia oer = oxygen extraction ratio oett = oral endotracheal tube oetx = oenanthotoxin ofc = occipitofrontal circumference ofd = orofacial digital syndrome ofe = osteolysis, familial expansile ofg = orofacial granulomatosis ofs = occasions for smoking scale og = esophagogastrectomy og = oligodendrocyte og = onychogryphosis og = orogastric ogc = oxoglutarate carrier ogd = esophagogastroduodenoscopy ogs = opitz g syndrome ogs = osteogenic sarcoma ogtt = oral glucose tolerance test oh = hydroxide oh = hydroxycorticosteroid oh = hydroxyl group oh = hydroxyl radical oh = obstetric history oh = occupational health oh = occupational history oh = ocular hypertension oh = ohio ohc = outer hair cell ohcc = 25 hydroxycholecalciferol ohcs = 17 hydroxcorticosteroids ohd = organic heart disease ohda = hydroxydopamine ohe = oral health education oher = office of health and environmental research ohf = omsk hemorrhagic fever ohi = oral hygiene instruction ohl = oral hairy leukoplakia ohm = onychomadesis ohp = hydroxyprogesterone ohrp = office of human research protection ohs = overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis oht = ocular hypertension oi = opportunistic infection oi = opportunistic infections oi = osteogenesis imperfecta oic = osteogenesis imperfecta congenita oint = ointment oirda = intermittent rhythmic delta activity oit = osteogenesis imperfecta tarda oj = orange juice oj = overjet ok = odontogenic keratocyst okn = optieokinetic nystagmus okn = optokinetic nystagmus okt10 = ortho kung t10 okt11 = ortho kung t11 okt3 = ortho kung t3 okt4 = ortho kung t4 okt6 = ortho kung t6 okt8 = ortho kung t8 ol = left eye olb = open lung biopsy old = occupational lung disease ole = object linking and embedding oled = organic light emitting device olp = oral lichen planus olt = orthotopic liver transplant olv = one lung ventilation om = esophageal manometry om = occipitomental projection om = occupational medicine om = ocular movement om = onychomycosis om = osborne mendel rat om = osteomalacia om = osteomyelitis om = osteopathic manipulation om = otitis media omad = oncovin, methotrexate, adriamycin, dactinomycin omc = open mitral commissurotomy ome = otitis media with effusion omi = old myocardial infarction omim = online mendelian inheritance in man omp = olfactory marker protein omp = outer membrane protein ompa = octamethyl pyrophosphoramide ompa = otitis media, pharyngitis, adenitis oms = organic mental syndrome omv = open mitral valvotomy on = optic neuritis onc = oncology onh = optic nerve hypoplasia onn = o'nyong nyong fever oob = out of bed ooh = out of hospital oop = object oriented programming oopla = object oriented programming language oors = oculootoradial syndrome op = esophageal pressure op = occipitoposterior position op = operation op = operative procedure op = operator op = ophthalmology op = opponens pollicis op = oropharynx op = orthostatic proteinuria op = osmotic pressure op = osteoporosis op = outpatient opa = oropharyngeal airway opal = oncovin, prednisone, l asparaginase opc = outpatient clinic opca = olivopontocerebellar atrophy opd = otopalatodigital opd = outpatient department opem = ophthalmoplegia, external, and myopia open = oncovin, prednisone, etoposide, novantrone opg = ocular plethysmography opg = orthopantomogram ophi = occupational performance history interview ophth = ophthalmology opmd = oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy opn = operation opns = operations opo = organ procurement organization opp = oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone oppa = oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone, adriamycin oprr = office of protection from res risks oprt = orotate phosphoribosyltransferase opsi = overwhelming post splenectomy infection opt = orthopantomogram opv = oral polio vaccine or = estrogen receptor or = oestrogen receptors or = oocyte retrieval or = open reduction or = operating room or = optic radiation or = oral rehydration or-if = open reduction with internal fixation orb = object request broker orbc = octadecyl rhodamine b chloride orf = open reading frame orif = open reduction and internal fixation orn = ornithine ornl = oak ridge national laboratory ors = oral rehydration salts ort = operating room technician ort = oral rehydration therapy ortho = orthopaedic surgery os = esophageal spasm os = mouth os = occipitosacral os = oculus sinister os = opening snap os = overall survival osa = obstructive sleep apnea osbd = oral selective bowel decontamination oscs = osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis osfecn = osmium ferricyanide osi = open systems interconnection osm = osmolality osrc = osteosarcoma ostm = osteomyelitis osx = opitz syndrome, x linked ot = ear ot = occupational therapist ot = occupational therapy ot = old tuberculin ot = operating theater ot = optic tract ota = office of technology assessment otc = off the case otc = ornithine transcarbamylase otc = over the counter otc = oxytetracycline otd = oculotrichodysplasia oto = otolaryngology oto = otology oto = otorhinolaryngology otoh = on the other hand ots = otosclerosis ots = us epa office of toxic substances ott = office of technology transfer otudp = odontotrichoungual digital palmar syndrome ou = esophageal ulcer ou = urine output ov = esophageal varices ov = office visit ovd = occlusal vertical dimension ovr = oculovestibular reflex ow = oval window ox = onychauxic oxphos = oxidative phosphorylation oxy = oxygen oxyhba = oxyhemoglobin a oxyhbs = oxyhemoglobin s oz = ounce p = after p = para p = peripheral p = phosphate p = phosphorus p = poise p = polishing of tooth p = pressure p = properdin p = pulse p barb = pentobarbital p elongatum = plasmodium elongatum p fuliginosa = periplaneta fuliginosa p gallinaceum = plasmodium gallinaceum p haemolytica = pasteurella haemolytica p patulum = penicillium patulum p s = subglottic pressure p sativum = pisum sativum p&a = percussion and auscultation p&n = psychiatry and neurology p&pd = percussion and postural drainage p&v = percussion and vibration p&v = pyloroplasty and vagotomy p-a = posteroanterior p-anca = perinuclear anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody p/c = after meals p/n = shared care p/s = peripheral smear p01 = program project grant p01 = research program projects p2 = pulmonary component of second heart sound p2 = pulmonic second heart sound p30 = core center grants p32 = phosphorus 32 p41 = biotechnology resource grant program p4p = pay for performance p53 = p53 tumor suppressor p53 = p53 tumor suppressor genes pa = panic attack pa = pantothenic acid pa = paranoia pa = pascal pa = pathologist pa = pathology pa = penetrated posteroanterior pa = perianal pa = periapical pa = periodic acid pa = peripheral arteriosclerosis pa = pernicious anemia pa = phenylalanine pa = phenylalkylamine pa = phosphatidic acid pa = phosphoarginine pa = photoallergy pa = phthalic anhydride pa = physician assistant pa = plasminogen activator pa = platelet aggregation pa = polyamine pa = posteroanterior pa = prealbumin pa = primary aldosteronism pa = primary amenorrhea pa = proanthocyanidin pa = procainamide pa = program announcement pa = propionic acid pa = protactinium pa = protrusio acetabuli pa = psoriatic arthritis pa = psychoanalyst pa = pulmonary artery pa = pulmonary atresia pa = puromycin aminonucleoside pa = pyrrolizidine alkaloid pa = pyruvic acid pab = para aminobenzoate pab = para aminobenzoic acid pab = premature atrial beat paba = para aminobenzoic acid pac = paroxysmal atrial contractions pac = penicillin acylase pac = penicillin g acylase pac = pericarditis arthropathy camptodactyly syndrome pac = platinol, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide pac = premature atrial contraction pac = pressure area care pace = platinol, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide pachg = program advisory committee on the human genome paci = partial anterior cerebral circulation infarction paco2 = partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood pacs = picture archiving and communications system pact = papillary carcinoma of thyroid pact = partners in augmentative communication training pacu = post anesthesia care unit pad = palmar adductors pad = pulmonary artery diastolic padgem = platelet activation dependent granule external membrane protein padl = performance test of activities of daily living padl = personal activities of daily living padp = phenylacetic dipalmitate padp = pulmonary artery diastolic pressure paeb = procainamide ethobromide paf = paroxysmal atrial fibrillation paf = platelet activating factor pafc = pulmonary artery flotation catheter page = polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis pah = para aminohippurate pah = para aminohippuric acid pah = phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency pah = polyaromatic hydrocarbon paha = para aminohippuric acid paho = pan american health organization pais = psychological adjustment to illness scale paiv = pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum pak = p21 activated kinase pal = peripheral alimentation line pala = n phosphonoacetyl l aspartate palc = percutaneous anterolateral cordotomy palp = palpate, palpated, palpable palpa = psycholinguistic assess of language proc in aphasia palpa = psycholinguistic assessments of language processing in aphasia pals = papillon lefevre syndrome pals = pediatric advanced life support training course pam = phenylalanine mustard pam = postauricular myogenic response pam = primary acquired melanosis pam = primary amebic meningoencephalitis pam = profession allied to medicine pam = pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis pame = pre anesthesia medical exam pamut = pasteurella multocida toxin pan = periarteritis nodosa panas = positive and negative affect schedule panendo = panendoscopy panin = pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia panss = positive and negative syndrome scale pao = peak gastric acid output pao2 = arterial oxygen pressure paod = peripheral arterial occlusive disease paop = pulmonary artery occlusion pressure pap = acid phosphatase,prostatic pap = papanicolaou pap = peroxidase antiperoxidase pap = positive airway pressure pap = primary atypical pneumonia pap = prostatic acid phosphatase pap = pulmonary alveolar proteinosis pap = pulmonary artery pressure pap smear = papanicolaou smear papb = polyaminopropylbiguanide pappa = pregnancy associated plasma protein a papsc = pyrrole aldehyde phenyl semicarbazone papvc = partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection papvd = partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage papvr = partial anomalous pulmonary venous return parc = poikiloderma, alopecia, retrognathism, and cleft palate paren = parenterally parox = paroxysmal parr = post anesthesia recovery room paru = post anesthesia recovery unit pas = para aminosalicylic acid pas = paraaminosalicylic acid pas = periodic acid schiff pas = peripheral anterior synechia pas = pulmonary artery stenosis pas = pulmonary artery systolic pas reaction = periodic acid schiff reaction pasat = paced auditory stimulation test pasd = periodic acid schiff with diastase pasg = pneumatic antishock garment pat = paroxysm atrial tachycardia pat = paroxysmal atrial tachycardia pat = pregnancy at term patco = prednisone, ara c, thioguanine, cyclophosphamide, oncovin path = pathology pathol = pathology patsat = patient satisfaction score pau = postmenopausal atrophic urethritis pau = pstmenop atroph urethrts pavsd = pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect pawp = pulmonary artery wedge pressure pb = lead pb = paul bunnell test pb = peripheral blood pb = petrous bone pb = phenobarbitol pbam = primary bile acid malabsorption pbc = primary biliary cirrhosis pbch = polyclonal polymorphic b cell hyperplasia pbcl = monoclonal/oligoclonal polymorphic b cell lymphoma pbd = bronchopulmonary dysplasia pbd = proliferative breast disease pbde = pentabromodiphenyl ether pbf = pulmonary blood flow pbg = porphobilinogen pbi = penile brachial index pbi = protein bound iodine pbk = pseudophakia bullous keratopathy pbl = peripheral blood lymphocyte pbli = peripheral blood labeling index pbm = phytobacteriomycin pbma = polybutyl methacrylate pbmc = patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells pbmpf = pyrenebutylmethylphosphonofluoridate pbn = phenylbutylnitrone pbp = progressive bulbar palsy pbpc = peripheral blood progenitor cells pbr = post birthing room pbsc = peripheral blood stem cell pbt = piebald trait pbv = platinol, bleomycin, vinblastine pbx = punch biopsy pc = after meals pc = correction of pectus carinatum pc = correctn pectus carinatum pc = percent pc = pericard acupunct points pc = pericardium acupuncture points pc = personal computer pc = personal computer, usually reserved for ibm pc's and their clones pc = phosphatidyl choline pc = phosphocreatine pc = piece pc = platelet concentrate pc = platelet count pc = portal cirrhosis pc = post cibum pc = post crown pc = postcricoid pc = posterior chamber pc = posterior colporrhaphy pc = potential complication pc = professional corporation pc = pus cells pc = pyruvate carboxylase pc = pyruvate carboxylase deficiency pc deficiency = pyruvate carboxylase deficiency pca = parachloroamphetamine pca = passive cutaneous anaphylaxis pca = patient cancelled appointment pca = patient controlled analgesia pca = percutaneous angioplasty pca = postanesthesia care unit pca = posterior cerebral artery pca = posterior communicating artery pca = principal component analysis pcb = polychlorinated biphenyl pcb = polychlorinated biphenyls pcb = postcoital bleeding pcb = procarbazine pcbs = polychlorinated biphenyls pcc = pheochromocytoma pcc = poison control center pcc = propionyl coa carboxylase deficiency pcd = primary ciliary dyskinesia pcdd = polychlorinated dibenzodioxin pce = platinol, cyclophosphamide, eldisine pcf = posterior cranial fossa pcfr = polycationic ferritin receptor pch = paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria pci = pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis pci = protein c inhibitor pciol = posterior chamber intraocular lens pck = phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase pck = polycystic kidney disease pcl = percutaneous lithotripsy of renal calculus pcl = plasma cell leukaemia pcl = plasma cell leukemia pcl = posterior cruciate ligament pcl = primary congenital lymphedema pcld = polycystic liver disease pcm = protein calorie malnutrition pcmb = parachloromercuribenzoate pcmx = parachlorometaxylenol pcn = penicillin pcn = percutaneous nephrolithotomy pcn = percutaneous nephrostomy pcn = primary care nurse pcna = peripheral cell nuclear antigen pcna = proliferating cell nuclear antigen pcnb = pentachloronitrobenzene pcnl = percutaneous nephrolithotomy pcnsl = primary cns lymphoma pco = polycystic ovaries pco = polycystic ovary pco2 = carbon dioxide partial pressure pcod = polycystic ovarian disease pcom = posterior communicating artery pcos = polycystic ovarian syndrome pcp = p chlorophenylalanine pcp = pentachlorophenol pcp = phencyclidine pcp = pneumocystis carinii pneumonia pcp = posterior colpoperineorrhaphy pcp = primary care physician pcpa = p chlorophenylalanine pcpa = parachlorophenylalanine pcr = phosphocreatine pcr = plasma creatinine pcr = polymerase chain reaction pcr = protein catabolic rate pcs = pieces pcs = portacaval shunt pct = papillary thyroid carcinoma pct = photochemotherapy pct = porphyria cutanea tarda pct = prism cover test pcta = pentachlorothioanisole pctfe = polychlorotrifluoroethylene pctl = percutaneous transluminal pctsib = pediatric clinical test of sensory integration pcv = packed cell volume pcv = parietal cell vagotomy pcv = polycythemia vera pcv = postcapillary venule pcv = pressure controlled ventilation pcvc = percutaneous venous catheter pcwp = pulmonary capillary wedge pressure pcxr = portable chest x ray pcy = plastocyanin pd = palladium pd = pancreatic duct pd = parkinson's disease pd = perceptive deafness pd = peritoneal dialysis pd = police department pd = postural drainage pd = progressive disease pd = pupillary distance, peritoneal dialysis pda = patent ductus arteriosus pda = persistent developmental avoidance pda = personal digital assistant pda = post descending artery pda = posterior descending artery pdb = paget disease of bone pdb = paradichlorobenzene pdc = paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis pdc = pyruvate dehydrogenase complex pdd = pervasive development disorder pdd = pervasive developmental disorder pddr = pseudovit d def rickets pddr = pseudovitamin d deficiency rickets pde = phosphodiesterase pde = pulsed doppler echocardiography pdf = prostate derived factor pdgf = platelet derived growth factor pdh = pyruvate dehydrogenase pdh = pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency pdhc = pyruvate dehydrogenase complex pdhc deficiency = pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency pdl = poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma pdl = pulsed dye laser pdmpa = pinacolyl dimethylphosphinate pdms = patient data management system pdn = private duty nurse pdp = pachydermoperiostosis pdph = post dural puncture headache pdq = physician data query pdq = physician data query information from national cancer institute pdr = physician's desk reference pdr = pigmentary disorder, reticulate, with systemic manifestations pdr = post delivery recovery pdr = powder pdr = proliferative diabetic retinopathy pds = polydiaxanone sutures pdt = photodynamic therapy pdtc = pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate pdv = patent ductus venosus pdw = platelet distribution width pe = correction of pectus excavatum pe = dolichol acyltransferase pe = paralysis agitans pe = phosphatidylethanolamine pe = physical exam pe = plasma exchange pe = pleural effusion pe = poached egg pe = pre eclampsia pe = pulmonary edema pe = pulmonary embolectomy pe = pulmonary embolism pea = pulseless electrical activity pearl = pupils equal and reacting to light peb = platinol, etoposide, bleomycin pec = platinol, etoposide, cyclophosphamide pecam = platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule peco2 = expired partial pressure of carbon dioxide pecoma = perivascular epithelioid cell tumor ped = pediatrics ped = pigment epithelial detachment pediatr = pediatric peds = pediatrics peep = positive end expiratory pressure peepo = papular eruption with elimination of papillary edema pef = peak expiratory flow pefr = peak expiratory flow rate peg = percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy peg = pneumoencephalogram peg = pneumoencephalography peg = polyethylene glycol pei = polyethyleneimine pej = percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy pel = permissible exposure level pel = primary effusion lymphoma pem = polymorphic epithelial mucin pem = protein energy malnutrition pemt = phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase pen = penicillin pep = parietal epithelial cell pep = phosphoenolpyruvate pep = polymorphic eruption of pregnancy pep = positive expiratory pressure pep = procytox, epipodophyllotoxin derivative, prednisolone pep = protein electrophoresis pep carboxykinase = phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase pepck = phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase deficiency per = through per os = by mouth percut = percutaneous perfusn = perfusion perg = pattern electroretinography peri = perineal peri = perineum periph = peripheral perl = practical extraction report language perl = pupils equal, react to light perla = pupils equal, react to light & accommodation perla = pupils equal, react to light and accommodation perm = permanent perm sect = permanent section perrl = pupils equal, round, and reactive to light perrla = pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accomodation pes = programmed electrical stimulation pesa = percutaneous sperm aspiration pesis = prejudicial evaluation and social interaction scale pess = post enucleation socket syndrome pet = peritoneal equilibration test pet = positron emission tomography pet = pre eclamptic toxemia pf = palpebral fissure pf = pemphigus foliaceous pf = posterior fontanelle pf = pred forte pf = pulmonary fibrosis pf = push fluids pfa = profunda femoris artery pfbbr = pentafluorobenzyl bromide pfboa = pentafluorobenzyloxylamine pfc = perfluorocarbon pfc = persistent fetal circulation pfct = cooper personalized fluency control therapy pfd = polyostotic fibrous dysplasia pfe = pelvic floor exercises pfex = pelvic floor exercises pffd = proximal femoral focal deficiency pffin = pseudo free field speech in noise test pfge = pulsed field gel electrophoresis pfge = pulsed field gel electrophresis pfj = patellofemoral joint pfk = muscle phosphofructokinase deficiency pfk = phosphofructokinase pfl = platinum, 5 fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium pfm = peak flow meter pfo = patent foram ovale pfo = patent foramen ovale pfob = perfluoroctylbromide pfosa = perfluorooctane sulfonic acid pfp = partial fundoplication pfp = pore forming protein pfphfa = perfluoroperhydrofluoranthene pfr = peak flow rate pfr = pelvic floor repair pfr = prism fusion range pft = phenylalanine mustard, 5 fluorouracil, tamoxifen pft = pulmonary function test pftt = pediatric failure to thrive pg = pentagastrin pg = pepsinogen pg = peptidoglycan pg = phosphatidylglycerol pg = phosphoglyceride pg = picogram pg = plant genome pg = pregnant pg = prostaglandin pg = pyogenic granuloma pg1 = pepsinogen 1 pga = pepsinogen a pga = polyglandular autoimmune syndrome pga = polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type ii pga = prostaglandin a pga = pteroylglutamic acid pgae = propylene glycol alginate ester pgbx = prostaglandin bx pgcg = peripheral giant cell granuloma pgcmk = pyroglutamic acid chloromethyl ketone pgcms = philadelphia geriatric center morale scale pgd2 = prostaglandin d2 pgdmk = pyroglutamyl diazomethyl ketone pge = prostaglandin e pge1 = prostaglandin e1 pge2 = prostaglandin e2 pge2 azidophenacyl ester = prostaglandin e2 azidophenacyl ester pgf = prostaglandin f pgf2 = prostaglandin f2 pgf2 alpha = prostaglandin f2 alpha pgg2 = prostaglandin g2 pggp = poly pgh = pituitary growth hormone pgh2 = prostaglandin h2 pgi2 = epoprostenol pgi2 = prostacyclin pgi2 = prostaglandin i2 pgk = phosphoglycerokinase pgl = persistent generalized lymphadenopathy pgm = prostaglandin m pgme = propylene glycol methyl ether pgn = proliferative glomerulonephritis pgoa = primary generalised osteoarthritis pgp = prepaid group practice pgpase = phosphatidylglycerophosphatase pgpms = polyglycidoxy propyl methyl siloxane pgr = progesterone receptor pgr = pulse generated run off pgv = proximal gastric vagotomy pgx = epoprostenol pgy = postgraduate year ph = partial hepatectomy ph = peliosis hepatis ph = per hydrion ph = personal history ph = pharmacopeia ph = philadelphia ph = pinhole ph = prostatic hyertrophy ph = pulmonary hypertension pha = phytohemagglutinin pha depolymerase = polyhydroxyalkanoate depolymerase phaa = pseudohypoaldosteronism pharm = pharmacy pharma = pharmacy industry phc = primary health care phca = polyhexyl cyanoacrylate phct = refer to member of primary healthcare team phd = doctor of philosophy phd = pulmonary heart disease phe = phenylalanine phep = posterior helical ear pits phf = paired helical filament phhi = persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycemia of infancy phhi = persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy phk = hepatic phosphorylase kinase deficiency phls = public health laboratory service phm = partial hydatidiform mole phmgu = polyhexamethyleneguanidine phn = post herpetic neuralgia phn = public health nurse pho = photographer phos = phosphate php = partial hospitalization php = pseudohypoparathyroidism phpv = persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous phpx = panhypopituitarism, x linked phrt = procarbazine, hydroxyurea, radiotherapy phs = pallister hall syndrome phs = public health service pht = phenytoin pht = portal hypertension pht = pulmonary hypertension phy = physostigmine phylum arthropoda = arthropods phys = physical pi = peripheral iridectomy pi = phosphoinositol pi = present illness pi = propidium iodide pi = pulmonary infarction pi = pulmonic insufficiency pi = pulsatility index pia = platinol, ifosfamide, adriamycin pica = posterior inferior cerebellar artery picc = peripherally inserted central catheter picl = pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate pico2 = inspired partial pressure of carbon dioxide picp = procollagen type i carboxylpropeptide picu = pulmonary intensive care unit pid = acute pelvic inflammatory disease pid = pelvic inflammatory disease pid = pro lapsed intervertebral disc pid = prolapsed intervertebral disc pids = primary immunodeficiencies pie = perinatal pulmonary interstitial emphysema pie = pulmonary infiltration eosinophilia pif = prolactin inhibiting factor pif = proliferation inhibitory factor pih = pregnancy induced hypertension pihca = polyisohexylcyanoacrylate piis = posterior inferior iliac spine pil = peripheral intravenous line pim = post infective malabsorption pin = penile intraepithelial neoplasia pin = pressure induced nystagmus pin = prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia pip = proximal interphalangeal joint pipj = proximal interphalangeal joint piplc = phosphoinositol specific phospholipase c pir = protein information resource pit = pitocin piv = peripheral iv pivd = prolapsed intervertebral disc pj = pancreaticojejunostomy pjc = porcelain jacket crown pjc = premature junctional complex pjrt = permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia pjs = peutz jehgers syndrome pk = penetrating keratoplasty pk = pericardial knock pk = pharmacokinetic pk = pneumoconiosis pk = protein kinase pk = pyruvate kinase pka = protein kinase a pkc = paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis pkc = protein kinase c pkd = polycystic kidney disease pkdl = post kala azar dermal leishmanioid pkdts = polycystic kidney disease, infantile severe, with tuberous sclerosis pkhd = polycystic kidney and hepatic disease pkig = protein kinase inhibitor gamma pkip = protein kinase inhibitor peptide pkp = penetrating keratoplasty pku = phenylketonurea pku = phenylketonuria pl = palmaris longus pl = partial lower pl = pediatric level pl = perception of light pl = phospholipid pl = posterolateral pl = preferential looking test pla = pityriasis lichenoides acuta pla = plasma cell plac = placenta plb = pursed lip breathing plc = phospholipase c plc = pityriasis lichenoides chronica pld = phospholipase d pld = polycystic liver disease pld = polymorphic lymphoproliferative disorder ple = polymorphic light eruption ple = polymorphous light eruption ple = protein losing enteropathy pled = periodic lateralized electrical discharge pleds = periodic lateralised epileptiform discharges pleva = pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta plf = placental isoferritin plf = posterior lumbar fusion plg = plasminogen plif = posterolateral interbody fusion pll = prolymphocytic leukaemia pll = prolymphocytic leukemia plnd = pelvic lymph node dissection plnr = perilobular nephrogenic rests plo = perceives light only plott = diagnostic speech discrimination test pls = phantom limb pain syndrome pls = primary lateral sclerosis plt = platelet pm = afternoon pm = passive movements pm = petit mal pm = poliomyelitis pm = polymyositis pm = post meridian pm = posterior malleolus pm = posteromedial pm = postmortem pm = prednimustine pm&r = physical medicine and rehabilitation pma = phenylmercuric acetate pma = phorbol myristate acetate pma = phosphomolybdic acid pma = progressive muscular atrophy pmaa = polymethacrylic acid pmax = peak inspiratory pressure pmb = parahydroxymercuribenzoate pmb = platinol, methotrexate, bleomycin pmb = polymyxin b pmb = postmenopausal bleeding pmbn = polymyxin b nonapeptide pmc = pseudomembranous colitis pmd = pelizaeus merzbacher disease pmd = private medical doctor pmd = progressive muscular dystrophy pmdnt = pasteurella multocida dermonecrotic toxin pme = progressive myoclonic epilepsy pmf = phenylalanine mustard, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil pmf = progressive massive fibrosis pmfac = prednisone, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide pmh = past medical history pmhx = past medical history pmi = point of maximal impulse pmi = posterior myocardial infarction pml = polymorphonuclear leukocyte pml = posterior mitral leaflet pml = premature labor pml = progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy pml = promyelocytic leukemia pmle = polymorphous light eruption pmle = progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy pmn = polymorphonuclear leukocyte pmnl = polymorphonuclear leukocyte pmol = picomole pmp = pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferations pmpa = pinacolyl methylphosphonic acid pmr = palmomental reflex pmr = polymyalgia rheumatica pms = premenstrual syndrome pmt = pacemaker mediated tachycardia pmt = premenstrual tension pmv = paramyxovirus pmv = prolapsed mitral valve pn = pain pn = parenteral nutrition pn = penicillin pn = periarteritis nodosa pn = peripheral nerve pn = peripheral neuropathy pn = phrenic nerve pn = pneumonia pn = polyneuropathy pn = poorly nourished pn = positional nystagmus pn = postnatal pn = practical nurse pn = primary nurse pn = progress note pn = pyelonephritis pn = pyridine nucleotide pna = partial nail avulsion pna = peanut agglutinin pnc = postnecrotic cirrhosis pnc = prenatal clinic, premature nodal contraction pnd = paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea pnd = perinatal death pnd = postnasal drip pne = peripheral neuroepithelioma pnem = paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis antigen pnet = primitive neuroectodermal tumor pneumo = pneumothorax pnf = proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique pnh = paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria pni = peripheral nerve injury pnkd = paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia pnnl = pacific northwest national laboratory pnoc = prepronociceptin pnp = pancreatic polypeptide pnp = para nitrophenol pnp = pediatric nurse practitioner pnp = peripheral neuropathy pnp = pneumoperitoneum pnp = polyneuropathy pnp = purine nucleoside phosphorylase pns = carcinoma in situ of postnasal space pns = parasympathetic nervous system pns = peripheral nerve stimulator pns = peripheral nervous system pnuts = putative protein phosphatase 1 nuclear pnv = prenatal vitamin pnx = pneumothorax po = parietal operculum po = per oral po = period of onset po = posterior po = postoperative po2 = oxygen partial pressure po2 = partial pressure of oxygen po4 = phosphate poa = pancreatic oncofetal antigen poa = preoptic area poa = primary optic atrophy poad = premature occlusive arterial disease poag = primary open angle glaucoma poc = products of conception poca = prednisone, oncovin, cytarabine, adriamycin pocc = procarbazine, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, ccnu pod = perioral dermatitis pod = pouch of douglas pods = probability of death score poe = point of entry poea = polyoxyethyleneamine poems = polyneuropathy organomegaly endocrinopathy monoclonal and skin changes poems = programmable oto acoustic emissions pof = premature ovarian failure pofd = polyostotic fibrous dysplasia pog = pediatric oncology group pohs = presumed oc histo syndr pohs = presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome poi = post operative instructions poj = pharyngo esophageal junction poj = pharyngo oesophageal junction pol = accurate projection pol = inaccurate projection pol = perception of light pol = polish pol = politician pol = premature onset of labor polip = polyneuropathy, ophthalmoplegia, leukoencephalopathy, and intestinal pseudoobstruction polst = physician's orders for life sustaining treatment polydmo = polydecamethylene oxide polyhmo = polyhexamethylene oxide polyomo = polyoctamethylene oxide polys = polymorphonuclear leukocytes polytmo = polytetramethylene oxide pomp = prednisone, oncovin, methotrexate, purinethol pomr = problem oriented medical record poms = profile of mood states pon = paraoxonase ponv = postoperative nausea and vomiting pop = applying plaster of paris pop = persistent occipitoposterior position pop = plaster of paris popd = phenylephrine oxazolidine prodrug poplit = popliteal por = patient oriented research porp = partial ossicular replacement prosthesis pos = positive posit = positional posn = position post = peritoneal ovum and sperm transfer post = post mortem post = posterior post op = postoperative postop = postoperative potas = potassium pp = pancreatic polypeptide pp = paper point for endodontic treatment pp = placenta praevia pp = pneumoperitoneum pp = post prandial pp = postpartum pp = presenting part ppa = pepsin a ppa = phenylpropanolamine ppa = phenylpyruvic acid ppa = polyphosphoric acid ppa = postpartum amenorrhea ppa = postpill amenorrhea ppac = arthropathy, progressive pseudorheumatoid, of childhood ppar = peroxisome proliferator activated receptor ppb = parts per billion ppbs = post prandial blood sugar ppc = primary peritoneal carcinoma ppcra = pigmented paravenous chorioretinal atrophy ppd = packs per day ppd = paraphenylenediamine ppd = pervasive devel disorder ppd = pervasive developmental disorder ppd = postpartum day ppd = purified protein derivative ppe = postpartum endometritis ppecs = pragmatics profile of early communication skills ppf = plasma protein fraction ppf = protein plasma fractional ppg = photoplethysmography pph = parts per hundred pph = postpartum hemorrhage pph = primary pulmonary hypertension pphn = persistent pulmonary hypertension in newborn ppht = primary pulm hyperten ppht = primary pulmonary hypertension ppi = obs present pain intens ppi = observation of present pain intensity ppiep = phosphatidylinositol exchange protein ppks = keratosis palmoplantaris striata pplo = pleuropneumonia like organism ppm = parts per million ppmd = posterior polymorphous dystrophy ppn = parenteral peripheral nutrition ppn = peripheral vein parenteral nutrition ppnad = primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease ppng = penicillinase producing neisseria gonorrheae ppng = penicillinase producing neisseria gonorrhoeae ppo = preferred provider organization ppp = human pancreatic polypeptide ppp = palatopharyngoplasty ppp = palmoplantar pustulosis ppp = pancreatic polypeptide ppp = pentose phosphate pathway ppp = platelet poor plasma ppp = primary proliferative polycythaemia ppp = primary proliferative polycythemia pppg = post prandial plasma glucose pppp = pneumococcal purpura producing principle pppp = porokeratosis punctata palmaris et plantaris pprom = prolonged premature rupture of membranes pps = pelvic pain syndrome pps = peripheral pulmonary stenosis pps = popliteal pterygium syndrome pps = postpump syndrome ppsh = pseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypospadias ppt = parts per trillion ppt = pneumoperitoneum ppt = precipitation ppt = prolonged prothrombin time pptb = polypyrimidine tract binding protein pptl = postpartum tubal ligation ppv = pars plana vitrectomy ppv = patent processus vaginalis ppv = peripheral positional vertigo ppv = pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine ppv = positive predictive value ppv = positive pressure ventilation ppvl = prosthetic paravalvular leak ppvt = peabody picture vocabulary test pr = partial response pr = per rectum pr = pityriasis rosea pr = plantar reflex pr = praseodymium pr = progesterone receptor pr = pulmonary regurgitation pr = pulse rate pr-3 = proteinase 3 antibody pr1 = parity 1 pr2 = parity 2 pr3 = parity 3 pr4 = parity 4 pr5 = parity 5 pr6 = parity 6 pra = patient record architecture pra = phosphoribosylamine prb = rectal bleeding prbc = packed #000066 blood cells prbc = packed red blood cells prdl = prednisolone prds = pitt rogers danks syndrome pre = progressive resistive exercise pre-op = preoperative pred = prednisone prem = premature prembp = premaltose binding protein preop = preoperative prep = preparation preprovip = preprovasoactive intestinal peptide preprovp = preprovasopressin pres = presentation pres = pressure prev = previous prf = pontine reticular formation prf = prolactin releasing factor prg = progesterone prim = primary prim&r = public responsibility in medicine & research prime = procarbazine, ifosfamide, methotrexate primip = first pregnancy primr = public responsibility in medicine and research prism = pediatric risk of mortality prism = profile in semantics prk = photorefractive keratectomy prkn = prone kneeling prl = prolactin prm = according to circumstances prm = polymyalgia rheumatica prn = as needed pro = professional pro = prothrombin proanf = proatrial natriuretic factor probe = primer oligo base extension proc = procedure procto = proctoscopy prod = productive prog = prognosis prog = program prolif = proliferative prom = passive range of motion prom = premature rupture of membranes pron = pronator propionyl coa carboxylase = propionyl coenzyme a carboxylase pros = prostate prost = pronuclear stage transfer prost = pronuclear stage tubal transfer prosth = prosthesis prot = protein, protestant protime = prothrombin time prp = pityriasis rubra pilaris prp = platelet rich plasma prp = prion protein prre = pupils round regular equal prstn = performance reception speech threshold in noise test prt = prism reflection test pru = peripheral resistance unit prv = polycythaemia rubra vera prv = polycythemia rubra vera ps = paradoxical sleep ps = phosphatidylserine ps = plastic surgery ps = posterior synechiae ps = prescription ps = pressure support ps = psychotic ps = pubic symphysis ps = pulmonary stenosis ps = pyloric stenosis psa = posterior superior alveolar psa = prostate specific antigen psap = prostate specific acid phosphatase psap = prostatic specific acid phosphatase psarp = posterior sagittal anorectoplasty psbg = pregnancy specific beta 1 glycoprotein psbo = partial small bowel obstruction psc = posterior subcapsular cataract psc = primary sclerosing cholangitis pscc = post semicircular canal pscc = posterior semicircular canal psclo = posterior subcapsular lens opacities pscp = papillary serous carcinoma of the peritoneum pscr = peripheral stem cell rescue psct = peripheral stem cell transplant psdb = posterior superior dental nerve block pse = portosystemic encephalopathy psek = progressive symmetric erythrokeratodermia psf = posterior spinal fusion psf = ptb splicing factor psgag = polysulfated glycosaminoglycan psgn = post streptococcal glomerulonephritis psgn = post streptococcal gn psh = past surgical history psi = perceptions of stuttering inventory psi = pounds per square inch psis = post super iliac spine psis = posterior superior iliac spine psl = parasternal line psl = prednisolone psm = pansystolic murmur psm = presystolic murmur psma = progressive spinal muscular atrophy psp = paralytic shellfish poisoning psp = parathyroid secretory protein psp = phenolsulfonphthalein psp = phosphoserine phosphatase psp = prednisolone sodium phosphate psp = progressive supranuclear palsy psp = pseudopregnancy pss = perceived stress scale pss = progressive systemic sclerosis pst = paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia pst = primary, secondary, and tertiary psti = pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor psvs = portosystemic venous shunt psvt = paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia psw = psychiatric social worker psych = psychiatry psych = psychology pt = paroxysmal tachycardia pt = part pt = partial thickness pt = patch test pt = patient pt = payment pt = phage type pt = physical therapy pt = physical therapy, posterior tibial artery pulse pt = physiotherapist pt = physiotherapy pt = pint pt = pneumothorax pt = port pt = posterior tibial pt = pregnancy test pt = prothrombin pt = prothrombin time pt = pulmonary trunk pt-lpd = post transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders pta = factor 11 pta = percutaneous transluminal angioplasty pta = persistent truncus arteriosus pta = plasma thromboplastin antecedent pta = post traumatic amnesia pta = posterior tibial artery pta = prior to admission pta = pure tone audiometry ptafr = platelet activating factor receptor ptan = palmitoyl tuberactinamine n ptb = patellar tendon bearing ptb = pulmonary tuberculosis ptc = factor 9 complex ptc = papillary thyroid carcinoma ptc = percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography ptc = plasma thromboplastin component ptc = post tetanic count ptca = percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram ptca = percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty ptcaf = phenylthiocarbamylaminofluorescein ptd = prior to delivery ptdins = phosphatidylinositol ptdins = phosphoinositide pte = post traumatic epilepsy pte = private pte = pulmonary thromboembolism ptf = patient treatment file is a national inpatient discharge ptfe = polytetrafluoroethylene ptgc = progressive transformation of germinal centers pth = parathyroid hormone pthrp = parathyroid hormone related protein ptl = preterm labor ptld = post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder ptlpd = post transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders ptma = phenyltrimethylammonium pto = patent and trade office ptpase = protein tyrosine phosphatase ptrn = patron ptsd = posttraumatic stress disorder ptt = part thromboplastin time ptt = partial thromboplastin time ptt = prothrombin time pttg = pituitary tumor transforming gene ptu = propylthiouracil ptv = planning target volume ptx = pentoxifylline ptx = picrotoxinin ptx = pneumothorax pu = partial upper denture pu = peptic ulcer pu = plutonium pu = pregnancy urine pu = prostatic urethra pu = purine pu = purple pubs = percut umb bl sampling pubs = percutaneous umbilical blood sampling pud = peptic ulcer disease pud = pulmonary disease puf = high polyunsaturated fat diet puf = low polyunsaturated fat diet puf = polyunsaturated fat intake puf = polyunsaturated fat requirement puf = polyunsaturated fat supplementation puf = recommended polyunsaturated fat intake pufa = polyunsaturated fatty acid puj = pelviureteric junction pujo = pelviureteric junction obstruction pulm = pulmonary pulm = pulmonic pulmon = pulmonary puo = pelviureteric obstruction puo = pyrexia of unknown origin puppp = prurutic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy pur = polyurethane pur = purple pur = purulent puv = posterior urethral valve puva = psoralen plus ultraviolet light a puva therapy = psoralen ultraviolet a therapy pv = parvovirus pv = pemphigus vulgaris pv = per vaginam pv = pityriasis versicolor pv = plasma viscosity pv = plasma volume, peripheral vascular pv = polycythemia vera pv = portal vein pv = pulmonary valve pv = pulmonary valvotomy pv = pulmonary vein pva = polyvinyl acetate pva = polyvinyl alcohol pvb = platinol, vinblastine, bleomycin pvb = premature ventricular beat pvc = polyvinyl chloride pvc = premature ventricular complex pvc = premature ventricular contraction pvcs = premature ventricular complexes pvd = peripheral vascular disease pvd = post vagotomy diarrhea pvd = post vagotomy diarrhoea pvd = post vitreous detachment pvd = posterior vitreous detachment pvd = pulmonary valve disease pvd = pulmonary vascular disease pvda = prednisone, vincristine, daunorubicin, asparaginase pvdf = polyvinylidene difluoride pve = prosth valv endocarditis pve = prosthetic valve endocarditis pvep = pattern visual evoked potentials pver = pattern vis evok respon pver = pattern visual evoked responses pvfs = postviral fatigue syndrome pvi = peripheral vascular insufficiency pvl = periventricular leukomalacia pvn = paraventricular nucleus pvns = pigmented villonodular synovitis pvp = platinol vp 16 pvp = pulmonary valvuloplasty pvp i = povidone iodine pvr = peripheral vascular resistance pvr = post void residual pvr = proliferative vitreal retinopathy pvr = pulmonary valve regurgitation pvr = pulmonary valve replacement pvr = pulmonary vascular resistance pvr = pulse volume record pvri = pulmonary vascular resistance index pvrr = pulmonary valve re replacement pvs = perivascular space pvs = persistent vegetative state pvs = premature ventricular systole pvs = pulmonary valve stenosis pvt = paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia pvt = portal vein thrombosis pw = pulsed wave ultrasonic doppler pw bolt = dental precision attachment pw split bolt = dental precision attachment pwb = partial weight bearing pwb% = partial weight bearing with percent pwd = powder pwi = posterior wall infarction pwm = pokeweed mitogen pwm =pokeweed mitogen pwmi = posterior wall myocardial infarction pwp = pulmonary wedge pressure pws = port wine stain pws = prader willi syndrome px = peroxidase px = physical examination px = pneumothorax px = prognosis pxa = pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma pxe = pseudoxanthoma elasticum pxf = pseudoexfoliation of lens capsule pz = pancreozymin pza = pyrazinamide pza = pyrazoloacridine pzi = protamine zinc insulin q = cardiac output q = coenzyme q q = coulomb q = every q = glutamine q = perfusion q = qualitative q = quantitative q = quantity q = queensland q = quinacrine q = quinidine q = quinone q&a = question and answer q10 = ubiquinone q15 = every 15 minutes q2h = every two hours q4h = every four hours q6h = every six hours qa = quality assurance qaly = quality adjusted life year qam = every morning qc = quality control qd = every day qdfm = quantitative dna fiber mapping qds = four times a day qh = every hour qhs = at bedtime qi = quality indicator qid = four times a day qif = quadriplegia index of function qiw = four times a week ql = as much as desired ql = quality of life index qn = every night qnb = quinuclidinyl benzilate qnoc = every night qns = quantity not sufficient qod = every other day qol = quality of life qon = every other night qp = as much as you please qp/qs = pulmonary to systemic flow ratio qpm = every evening qprtr = quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase qq = each qqh = every four hours qr = quiet room qr = respiratory quotient qs = quantity sufficient qt = quantity qt = quiet qty = quantity quad = quadrant quad = quadriplegic qual = qualitative qualy = quality adjusted life years quant = quantitative qv = as much as you wish qw = every week qwb = quality of wellbeing scale r = reactive r = rectal r = resistance r = respiration r = retinoscopy r = right r = roentgen r bellii = rickettsia bellii r conorii = rickettsia conorii r esculenta = rana esculenta r factor = resistance factor r leguminosarum = rhizobium leguminosarum r-s = reed-sternberg cells r-v = rectal vaginal r/o = rule out r/s = requisition sent r/t = related to ra = double outlet right atrium ra = radial ra = radioactivity ra = radionuclide angiography ra = radium ra = refractory anaemia ra = refractory anemia ra = relative analgesia ra = renal artery ra = retinoic acid ra = retinoic acid product ra = retrograde amnesia ra = rheumatoid arthritis ra = right anterior ra = right arm ra = right atrium ra = right auricle ra = room air raa = right atrial appendage rab gg transferase = rab geranylgeranyltransferase rad = radial rad = radiation rad = reactive airway disease rad = right axis deviation rads = reactive airays dysfunction syndrome raeb = refractory anemia with excess blasts raeb-t = refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation raebt = refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation rai = radioactive iodine rai = ritchie articular index raiu = radioactive iodine uptake ram = rapid alternating movements ran = resident admission note rao = retinal artery occlusion rap = right atrial pressure rapd = random amplified polymorphic dna rapd = rel affer pupil defect rapd = relat affer pupil defec rapd = relative afferent pupil defect rapd = relative afferent pupillary defect rapt = renfrew acton picture test rara = retinoic acid receptor rare = retinoic acid response elements rars = refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts ras = recurrent aphthous stomatitis ras = renal artery stenosis ras = renin angiotensin system ras = reticular activating system ras = retrovirus associated sequence rast = radio allergo sorbent test rast = radioallergosorbent test rat = recurrent acute tonsillitis ratx = radiation therapy rays = radiotherapy rb = rectal bleeding rb = retinoblastoma rb = rio bravo fever rb = rubidium rbbb = right bundle branch block rbc = red blood cell rbc/rbc = red blood cell, red blood count rbcs = red blood cells rbf = regional blood flow rbf = renal blood flow rbg = random blood glucose rbg = red blue green rbn = retrobulbar neuritis rbp = retinol binding protein rbp = riboflavin binding protein rbs = red blood cell rc = conditioned response rc = receptor rc = red cell rc = referred care rc = repeated contractions technique rc = respiratory care rc = respiratory center rc = respite care rc = retinal correspondence rc = rib cage rc = root canal rca = renal cell carcinoma rca = right carotid artery rca = right coronary artery rcb = retrocalcaneal bursitis rcba = reading comprehension for aphasia rcc = red cell cast rcc = renal cell carcinoma rcc = right coronary cusp rcca = right common carotid artery rccp = renal cell carcinoma, papillary rcdp = rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata rcf = root canal filling rcl = radial collateral ligament rcm = restrictive cardiomyopathy rcm = right costal margin rcol = relative likelihoods of clinical observation rcrd = retinal cone rod dystrophy rcs = renal coloboma syndrome rcs = repeat cesarean section rcs = reticulum cell sarcoma rct = root canal therapy rcu = respiratory care unit rd = radial deviation rd = raynaud's disease rd = reading rd = reducing diet rd = registered dietician rd = reiter's disease rd = renal disease rd = repair of retinal detachment rd = respiratory distress rd = retinal detachment rd = rheumatoid disease rd = right deltoid rd = rubber dam rda = representational difference analysis rdls = reynell dev lang scales rdls = reynell developmental language scales rdp = dystonia parkinsonism, rapid onset rdpa = refsum disease with increased pipecolicacidemia rds = respiratory distress syndrome rdw = red blood cell distribution width re = reconditioning exercise re = rectal examination re = regarding re = regional enteritis re = retrograde ejaculation re = rhenium reab = research evaluation and analysis branch react = reaction tester real = revised european and american lymphoma rec = fresh rec = record rec = recovery rec = recurrence rec'd = received recd = received recomb = conference on computational molecular biology rect = rectum red = return to emergency department redy = regeneration of dialysate ree = resting energy expenditure reeda = redness, edema, ecchymosis, drainage, approximation ref = reference reg = region reg = regular rehab = rehabilitation rel = relative rel = release rem = rapid eye movement rem = real ear measurement rem = reticular erythematous mucinosis rem sleep = rapid eye movement sleep rep = repair rep = retrograde pyelogram repbase = prototypic sequences for human repetitive dna reps = repetitions rer = respiratory exchange ratio rer = rough endoplasmic reticulum res = reticuloendothelial system resp = respiration resp = respirations resp = respondent ret = rational emotive therapy ret = retired retic = reticulocyte retic ct = reticulocyte count rev = revolution rf = rectus femoris rf = renal failure rf = respiratory failure rf = rheumatic fever rf = rheumatoid factor rf = root filling rfa = right femoral artery rfe = reasons for eating rff = radial forearm flap rflp = restriction fragment length polymorphism rfp = request for proposal rfs = renal fanconi syndrome rft = renal function test rfv = congenital rearfoot varus rfviii = recombinant factor viii rg = radical gastrectomy rg = reactive gastritis rg = retinal ganglion rg ii = rhamnogalacturonan ii rgm = respiratory gas monitor rgo = reciprocating gait orthosis rgp = radial growth phase rgs = rieger syndrome rh = cord blood rh = radiation hybrid rh = residential home rh = rest home rh = rh factor rh = rhodium rh factor = rhesus factor rh neg = rhesus factor negative rh pos = rhesus factor positive rh+ = rhesus factor positive rh- = rhesus factor negative rha = eng reg health authority rha = english regional health authority rha = right heart assist operation rha = right hepatic artery rha = rt heart assist opn rhd = rheumatic heart disease rhdnase = recombinant human deoxyribonuclease i rhf = right heart failure rhig = rh factor immune globulin rhm = rapid hand movements rhogam = igg antibody to rh antigen rhot = right hypotropia rhs = rapp hodgkin syndrome rht = replacement hormone therapy rht = right hypertrophia rhyns = retinitis pigmentosa, hypopituitarism, nephronophthisis, and mild skeletal dysplasia ri = immune to rubella ri = radioisotope therapy ri = reflex inhibition ri = renal index ri = residual inhibition of tinnitus ri = rhesus isoimmunisation ria = radioimmunoassay rica = right internal carotid artery ricu = respiratory intensive care unit ridd = recombinant interleukin 2, dacarbazine, ddp rif = rebound tenderness of right iliac fossa rif = right iliac fossa rif = right iliac fossa pain rif = tenderness of right iliac fossa rif = tenderness r iliac fossa rih = right inguinal hernia rima = right internal mammary artery rind = reversible ischemic neurological defect rip = raised intracranial pressure rip = reflex inhibiting patterning rip = reflex inhibiting posture ripa = radioimmunoprecipitation assay ripa = ross information processing assessment risa = radioactive iodinated serum albumin rist = radioimmunosorbent test rk = radial keratotomy rl = right lateral rl = right leg rl = right lung rl = ringer's lactate rle = right lower extremity rlf = retrolental fibroplasia rlgs = restriction landmark genomic scanning rll = lower lobe of right lung rll = right lower lid rll = right lower lip rll = right lower lobe rln = recurrent laryngeal nerve rlnd = radical lymph node dissection rloc = recovery locus of control scale rlq = right lower quadrant rlv = regional lung volume rlz = right lower zone pneumonia rm = radical mastectomy rm = radical mastoidectomy rm = red marrow rm = registered midwife rm = remission rm = respiratory movement rm7 = refer patient to rmo rma = right mentoanterior rmb = right main bronchus rmca = right middle cerebral artery rmcat = right middle cerebral artery thrombosis rme = rapid maxilllary expansion appliance rmg = reflectance glucose meter rml = middle lobe of right lung rmle = right mediolateral episiotomy rmo = responsible medical officer rmp = regional medical program rmp = resting membrane potential rmp = rifampin rmp = right mentoposterior rms = red man syndrome rms = rhabdomyosarcoma rmsf = rocky mountain spotted fever rmss = ruvalcaba myhre smith syndrome rmt = recognition memory test rmtd = rhythmic mid temporal discharge rmz = right middle zone pneumonia rn = radionuclide rn = radon rn = red nucleus rn = reflux nephropathy rn = registered nurse rn adrenals = scintadren only rn soft tissue = early+delayed rn soft tissue blood pool study = early and delayed rna = ribonucleic acid rnd = radical neck dissection rni = recommended nutrient intake rnp = ribonucleoprotein rnp ab = ribonucleoprotein antibody rnp-ab = ribonucleoprotein antibody rnpab = ribonucleoprotein antibody rnv = radionuclide ventriculography ro = rule out roa = right occipitoanterior roap = rubidazone, oncovin, ara c, prednisone roc = receiver operating characteristic roc = receptor operated channel roca = rufous oculocutaneous albinism rod = renal osteodystrophy roi = region of interest rol = right occipitolateral position rom = range of motion rom = read only memory rom = removal of metalwork rom = right otitis media rom = rupture of membranes rop = removal of plaster rop = retinopathy of prematurity rop = right occipital posterior ros = removal of sutures ros = review of systems rot = right occipital transverse rotfl = rolling on the floor laughing rou = recurrent oral ulceration rp = radial pulse rp = radiopharmaceutical rp = raynaud's phenomenon rp = rectal prolapse rp = refractory period rp = respiratory rate rp = rest pain rp = resting potential rp = retinitis pigmentosa rp = retrograde pyelogram rp = ribose phosphate rp = root planing of tooth rpa = right pulmonary artery rpab = rivermead perceptual assessment battery rpc = retained products of conception rpch = red pigment concentrating hormone rpd = partial denture rpda = right dominant posterior descending artery rpe = retinal pigment epithelium rped = retinal pigment epithelial detachment rpf = renal plasma flow rpf = retroperitoneal fibrosis rpft = registered pulmonary function technician rpg = retrograde pyelogram rpgn = rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis rpha = reverse passive hemagglutination rplnd = retroperitoneal lymph node dissection rpn = registered practical nurse rpo = right posterior oblique rpoc = retained products of conception rpop = removal of plaster of paris rpp = retropubic prostatectomy rpr = rapid plasma reagin test rpr test = rapid plasma reagin test rq = respiratory quotient rr = leprosy reversal reaction rr = no red reflex rr = rate regular rr = recovery room rr = red reflex rr = respiratory rate rr = ross river fever rr&e = round, regular, and equal rre = round, regular, and equal rrf = ragged red fiber rrln = right recurrent laryngeal nerve rrna = ribosomal rna rrp = radical retropubic prostatectomy rrr = regular rate and rhythm rrt = registered respiratory therapist rrtt = rotorest treatment table rrv = ross river virus rs = rectal swab rs = reducing substances rs = reed-sternberg cells rs = respiratory system rs = retinoschisis rs = retinyl acetate rs = rhythmic stabilisation rsa = republic of south africa rsa = right sacroanterior position rsa = right subclavian artery rsb = right sternal border rsca = right subclavian artery rsd = reflex sympathetic dystrophy rsds = reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome rses = rosenberg self esteem scale rsf = respiratory syncytial virus rsi = rapid sequence induction rsi = repetitive strain injury rsis = repetitive strain injury syndrome rsl = right sacrolateral position rsn = real soon now rso = right salpingoophorectomy rsp = right sacroposterior position rspv = right superior pulmonary vein rsr = regular sinus rhythm rss = relative's stress scale rsse = russian spring summer encephalitis rssp = rice seed storage prolamine rst = rapid screening test rst = right sacral transverse position rst = rubrospinal tract rsts = rubinstein taybi syndrome rsv = human respiratory syncytial virus rsv = respiratory syncytial virus rsv = rous sarcoma virus rsxn = resection rt = radiation therapy rt = recreational therapy rt = relaxation training rt = reminiscence therapy rt = respiratory therapy rt = retired rt = reverse transcriptase rt = right rt3 = reverse triiodothyronine rta = renal tubular acidosis rta = road traffic accident rtadr = renal tubular acidosis, distal, autosomal recessive rtb = respiratory tuberculosis rtc = return to clinic rtc = round the clock rtecs = registry of toxic effects of chemical substances rtfm = read the friendly manual rti = respiratory tract infection rti = routine task inventory rtk = receptor tyrosine kinase rtn = renal tubular necrosis rtp = radiotherapy planning rtq = revised tolerance questionnaire rts = real time scan rts = rett syndrome rts = revised trauma score rts = rubinstein taybi syndrome rtt = rett syndrome rtv = regional tidal volume rtw = returned to work ru = rodent ulcer ruc = regular uterine contraction rue = right upper extremity rug = retrograde urethrogram rul = right upper lid rul = right upper lip rul = right upper lobe rul = upper lobe of right lung ruq = right upper quadrant ruz = right upper zone rv = coronary fistulae from right ventricle rv = rectovaginal rv = residual respiratory volume rv = residual volume rv = right ventricle rva = right ventricular apex rva = right visual acuity rvad = implantation of right ventricular assist device rvc = regional vital capacity rvedp = right ventricular end diastolic pressure rvef = right ventricular ejection fraction rvf = rectovaginal fistula rvf = rift valley fever rvf = right ventricular failure rvh = right ventricular hypertrophy rvot = right ventricular outflow tract rvoto = right ventricular outflow tract obstruction rvp = rapid ventricular pacing rvp = right ventricular pressure rvr = rapid ventricular response rvswi = right ventricular stroke work index rvt = registered vascular technologist rvt = renal vein thrombosis rvv = russell viper venom rvvt = russell's viper venom time rvw = right ventricular work rw = round window rx = prescription rxn = reaction rzralpha = retinoid z receptor alpha rzrbeta = retinoid z receptor beta s = second s = sound s = without s damnosum = simulium damnosum s enterica = salmonella enterica s erythraea = saccharopolyspora erythraea s intercalatum = schistosoma intercalatum s phase = dna synthesis phase of cell cycle s&a = sugar and acetone s&o = salpingo oophorectomy s&p = scale and polish teeth s&s = signs & symptoms s&s = signs and symptoms s+p = scale and polish teeth s-phase = dna synthesis phase of cell cycle s/p = scale and polish teeth s/p = status post s/r = schizophrenic reaction s/r = sinus rhythm s/r = surgical removal of tooth s/s = signs and symptoms s1 = first sacral nerve s1 = first sacral vertebra s2 = second sacral nerve s2 = second sacral vertebra s3 = third heart sound s3 = third sacral nerve s3 = third sacral vertebra s4 = fourth sacral nerve s4 = fourth sacral vertebra sa = salicylic acid sa = saline sa = sclerosing adenosis sa = secondary anemia sa = semen analysis sa = serum albumin sa = sexual abuse sa = sinoatrial saa = serum amyloid a saa protein = serum amyloid a protein saast = self administered alcoholism screening test sab = spontaneous abortion sab = subacromial bursa sab = subarachnoid block sac erythraea = saccharopolyspora erythraea sacd = subacute combined degeneration sacle = subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus sacs = spastic ataxia, charlevoix saguenay type sad = seasonal affective disorder sadd = short alcohol dependence data sadq = severity of alcohol dependence questionnaire saf = syntex adjuvant formulation sag = surface antigen sage = serial analysis of gene expression sah = s adenosyl homocysteine sah = spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage sah = subarachnoid hemorrhage sah = systemic arterial hypertension saicr = succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide riboside sal = suction assisted lipectomy salt = skin associated lymphoid tissue sam = systolic anterior motion sampe = subacute massive pulmonary embolism san = sinoatrial node sao2 = arterial oxygen saturation sap = serum acid phosphatase sap = serum amyloid p sap = standardized assessment of personality sap = systolic arterial pressure sapho = synovitis, acne, pustulosis palmaris, hyperostosis, osteomyelitis syndrome sapi = sphingolipid activator protein i deficiency saps = simplified acute physiology score sara = sexually acquired reactive arthritis sart = standard acid reflux test sas = signs & symptoms sas = sleep apnea syndrome sas = social adjustment scale sas = subarachnoid space sas ii = social adjustment scale ii sase = sample sequencing sassr = social adjustment scale self report sast = serum aspartate aminotransferase sat = saturday sb = antimony sb = sceral buckle sb = seat belt sb = serum bilirubin sb = spina bifida sb = stillbirth sba = soybean agglutinin sba = spina bifida aperta sbas = social behavior assessment scale sbb = small bowel bypass sbd = seborrheic dermatitis sbe = subacute bacterial endocarditis sbft = small bowel follow through sbh = sequencing by hybridization sbl = superior bridging leaflet sbla = sarcoma, breast and brain tumors, leukemia, laryngeal and lung cancer, and adrenal cortical carcinomas syndrome sbm = small bowel meal sbo = small bowel obstruction sbo = spina bifida occulta sbp = spontaneous bacterial peritonitis sbp = sulfobromophthalein sbp = systolic blood pressure sbqc = small base quad cane sbr = small bowel resection sbs = short bowel syndrome sbv = single binocular vision sc = scandium sc = secretory component sc = sickle cell sc = subcutaneous sca = aberrant subclavian artery sca = selective coronary angiography sca = subclavian artery sca = superior cerebellar artery scab = streptozocin, ccnu, adriamycin, bleomycin scad = short chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency scan = sequence comparison analysis program scarmd = severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy scbe = single contrast barium enema scbm = single contrast barium meal scbp = stratum corneum basic protein scbu = special care baby unit scc = semicircular canal scc = sickle cell crisis scc = small cell carcinoma scc = spinal cord compression scc = spindle cell scc = squamous cell carcinoma scca = squamous cell carcinoma scca = squamous cell carcinoma antigen sccd = schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy scce = stratum corneum chymotryptic enzyme sccl = small cell lung cancer scd = sequential compression device scd = sickle cell disease scd = sudden cardiac death scd = systemic carnitine deficiency sce = school of continuing education sce = sister chromatid exchange sce = specialized columnar epithelium scfr = stem cell factor receptor scgf = stem cell growth factor sched = schedule schiz = schizophrenia sci = science sci = society of chemical industry sci = spinal cord injury sci = subcoma insulin scicu = spinal cord intensive care unit scid = severe combined immunodeficiency scid = severe combined immunodeficiency disease scid = severe combined immunologic deficiency scid = structured clinical interview for dsm iii r scids = severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome scidx = severe combined immunodeficiency, x linked scif = stem cell inhibitory factor scj = sternoclavicular joint scl = scleroderma scl = serum copper level scl = symptom checklist scl-70 = scleroderma antibody against topoisomerase i sclc = small cell lung cancer scle = subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus sclh = subcortical laminar heterotopia scm = scalene muscle scm = steatocystoma multiplex scm = sternocleidomastoid scn = special care nursery sco = subcapsular orchidectomy scod = cytochrome oxidase deficient scp = sickle cell prep scpa = small cardioactive peptide a scpb = small cardioactive peptide b scpx = sterol carrier protein x scq = situational confidence questionnaire scr = serum creatinine scr = stem cell rescue scrna = small cytoplasmic rna scs = saethre chotzen syndrome scs = spinal cord stimulation scsit = southern california sensory integration test sct = sentence comprehension test sct = sickle cell trait sctat = sex cord tumor with annular tubules scu = special care unit scv = superior caval vein abnormality scw = single chromosome workshop sczd = schizophrenia sd = sandhoff's disease sd = senile dementia sd = septal defect sd = shoulder dislocation sd = skin destruction sd = social desirability sd = somatization disorder sd = spontaneous delivery sd = stable disease sd = standard deviation sd = stensen's duct sd = still's disease sd = streptodornase sd = sudden death sd = superoxide dismutase sda = severe disablement allowance sdam = sacral defect with anterior meningocele sdat = senile dementia of the alzheimer type sdd = selective decontamination of the digestive tract sdgf = schwannoma derived growth factor sdh = sorbitol dehydrogenase sdh = subdural hematoma sdh = succinate dehydrogenase sdii = sudden death in infancy sdk = software development kit sdl = simultaneous dichotic listening test sdlt = senile dementia of the lewy body type sdmt = symbol digit modalities test sdna = single stranded dna sdns = steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome sdo = standards data organization sdp = sympathetic dependent pain sds = sodium dodecyl sulfate sds = sudden death syndrome sdsem = spinocerebellar degeneration with slow eye movements sdvp = standard deviation of phase sdys = simpson dysmorphia syndrome sdz = sulphadiazine se = scrambled egg se = selenium search = searching for patterns seb = seborrhea seb = staphylococcal enterotoxin b seb k = seborrheic keratosis sebme = selenobetaine methyl ester sec = second sec = secretary sec = superficial esophageal carcinoma secs = scale of early communication skills sect = section sed = sedimentation sed = spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia sed = staphylococcal enterotoxin d sed rate = erythrocyte sedimentation rate sedc = spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita sedt = spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda seer = surveillance, epidemiology and end results program of the nci sega = subependymal giant cell astrocytoma sem = scanning electron microscopy sem = semen sem = systolic ejection murmur sem = ves seminal vesicles semdjl = spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity semi = subendomyocardial infarction sen = special educational needs sen = state enrolled nurse senco = special educational needs coordinator sens = sensory sep = separate sep = separated sep = separation sep = septum sep = somatosensory evoked potential sept = september sept = septic ser = serine sergg = southeast regional genetics group serm = selective estrogen receptor modulator serol = serology, serological test serotonin = 5 hiaa settle = spindle epithelial tumor with thymus like differentiation sev = severe sex = solitary eruptive xanthogranuloma sf = saphenofemoral sf = saturated fat sf = scarlet fever sf = seizure frequency sf = seminal fluid sf = semliki forest sf = serum ferritin sf = sham feeding sf = shipping fever sf = snack food sf = spinal fluid sf = stable factor sf = sulfation factor sf = swine fever sf = synovial fluid sfa = saturated fatty acid sfa = soundfield audiometry sfa = superficial femoral artery sfd = fetus small for dates sfd = small for dates baby sfd = sorsby fundus dystrophy sfemg = single fiber electromyography sfgf = shope fibroma growth factor sfj = saphenofemoral junction sfmpq = short form mcgill pain questionnaire sfp = spinal fluid pressure sfp = strict fall precautions sfv = semliki forest virus sg = salivary gland sg = serum globulin sg = serum glucose sg = sign sg = skin graft sg = specific gravity sg = substantia gelatinosa sg = swan ganz catheter sga = small for gestational age sgaw = specific airway conductance sgd = specific granule deficiency sgl = without glasses sgo-t = serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase sgot = glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase sgpcc = sialoglycopeptide cerebral cortex sgpt = alanin-transaminase sgrs = stockton geriatric rating scale sgs = short gut syndrome sgs = subglottic stenosis sh = serum hepatitis sh = social history sh = sulfhydryl shamt = safer handling and movement training shaps = special hospital assessment of personality shbg = sex hormone binding globulin shl = sudden hearing loss shml = sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy sho = senior house officer shom = sequencing by hybridization on matrices shr = spontaneously hypertensive rat si = international system of units si = sacroiliac si = sensory integration si = sexual intercourse si = small intestine si = spinal injury si = stress incontinence si = stroke index si = suicidal ideation si = systeme internationale siad = syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis siadh = syndrome of inappropriate adh sib = self injurious behavior sib = sibling sic = self intermittent catheterization sicd = sudden infant crib death sicu = surgical intensive care unit sid = sudden infant death sidp = structured interview for dsm iii personality disorder sids = sudden infant death syndrome sig = prescription sig = sigmoidoscopy siga = secretory immunoglobulin a siggy = sigmoidoscopy sij = sacroiliac joint sil = squamous intraepithelial lesion sil = surgical induction of labor sim = society for industrial microbiology simv = synchronised intermittent mandatory ventilation sin = speech in noise discrimination test sin = squamous intraepithelial neoplasia sing = singular siod = schimke immunoosseous dysplasia sip = sickness impact profile sip = sympathetically independent pain sipt = sens integ & proc test sipt = sensory integration and process test sirs = system inflam resp synd sirs = system inflammatory response syndrome sisi = sisi = short increment sensitivity index test siv = simian immunodeficiency virus sivb = society for in vitro biology sk = seborrheic keratosis sk = skimmed milk sk = solar keratosis sk = streptokinase sk = striate keratopathy skel = skeletal sko = significant key other skt = skin tag sky = spectral karyotyping sl = sarcolemma sl = short leg sl = slight sl = slit lamp sl = slow sl = small lymphocyte sl = sodium lactate sl = sound level sl = streptolysin sl = sublingual sla = src like adaptor slam = systemic lupus activity measure slc = short leg cast sle = saint louis encephalitis sle = slit lamp examination sle = st louis encephalitis sle = systemic lupus erythematosus sledai = systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index slg = sublingual gland slk = super limbic keratoconj slk = superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis sll = small lymphocytic lymphoma slm = soft lens matter slos = smith lemli opitz syndrome slpi = secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor slr = straight leg raise slrt = straight leg raise test sls = sjogren larsson syndrome slt = slight slt = speech and language therapist slt = synonym learning test sm = samarium sm = simple mastectomy sm = skimmed milk sm = small sm = substance misuser sm = systolic murmur sm c = somatomedin c sma = smooth muscle antibody sma = somatomedin a sma = spinal muscular atrophy sma = superior mesenteric artery sma-14 = routine admission chemistry smae = sup mesent artery embol smae = superior mesenteric artery embolus smas = sup mesent artery syndr smas = superior mesenteric artery syndrome smast = short michigan alcoholism screening test smc = smooth muscle cell smc = succinylmonocholine smd = senile macular degen smd = senile macular degeneration smd = submandibular duct smd = submucous diathermy sme = sequential multiple analysis smf = streptozocin, mitomycin c, 5 fluorouracil smg = submandibular gland smif = smooth muscle inhibitory factor smile = slow marcaine infusion lumbar epidural smm = superficial spreading melanoma smp = skimmed milk powder smp = sympathetically maintained pain smr = severe mental retardation smr = skeletal muscle relaxant smr = submucous resection sms = smith magenis syndrome smt = septomarginal trabeculation smv = submentovertical projection smv = superior mesenteric vein smx = sulfamethoxazole sn = school nurse sn = sinus node sn = spontaneous nystagmus sn = staff nurse sn = substantia nigra sn = supernumerary sn = tin snap = sensory nerve action potential snap = sensory nerve action potentials snb = scalene node biopsy sncl = small noncleaved cell lymphoma snd = sensorineural deafness snd = striatonigral degeneration sne = student nurse extern sne = subacute necrotising encephalomyelopathy snem = subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy snf = skilled nursing facility snhl = sensorineural hearing loss snip = wedi's new strategic national implementation process snl = sandia national laboratory snomed = systematized nomenclature of medicine snp = single nucleotide polymorphism snp = sodium nitroprusside snps = single nucleotide polymorphisms snr = special needs register snr = supernumerary rib snrnp = snrnp small nuclear ribonucleo protein particle sns = sympathetic nervous syst sns = sympathetic nervous system so = salpingo oophorectomy so = superior oblique so4 = sulfate soa = seen on arrival soad = second opinion doctor appointed soae = spontaneous oto acoustic emission soap = subjective, objective, assessment and plan sob = shortness of breath sobar = shortness of breath at rest soboe = shortness of breath on exertion soc = sequential oral contraceptive soc = standard of care sod = sodium sodq = severity of opiate dependence questionnaire soh = shaft of humerus sol = solution sol = spontaneous onset of labor soln = solution som = secretory otitis media som = somatostatin som = somatotropin som = superior oblique muscle som = suppurative and unspecified otitis media sono = sonogram sor = suppurative otitis, recurrent sos = repeat once if urgent sos = significant others scale sotof = structure observation test of function sotss = superior oblique tendon sheath syndrome sov = sinus of valsalva sp = simultaneous perception sp = specific gravity sp = spine sp = spleen acupuncture points sp = spontaneous pneumothorax sp = status post sp = substance p sp = surgical pathology sp&h = speech and hearing sp1b = pregnancy specific beta 1 glycoprotein spa = collection of suprapubic aspirate spa = single project assurance sparc = secreted protein acidic and rich in cystein spc = suprapubic catheter spca = serum prothrombin conversion accelerator spcd = spinal cord spd = sociopathic personality disturbance spear = selective parenteral and enteral regimen spec = special spec = specimen spect = single photon emission computed tomography spect = single photon emission computerized tomography spep = serum protein electrophoresis spet = single phot emis tomogr spet = single photon emission computed tomography spetp = solid and papillary epithelial tumor of the pancreas spf = s phase fraction spf = specific pathogen free spf = stuart prower factor spfl = spinal fluid spg = specific gravlty spg = sponge spgr = specific gravity sph = spherical sph = spheroid sph = sphingomyelin spin = speech in noise discrimination test spk = superficial punctate keratopathy spl = spondylolisthesis spl = superior parietal lobule spm = scapuloperoneal myopathy spm = spermine spm = sphingomyelin spmi = seminal plasma motility inhibitor sponastrime = spondylar changes nasal anomaly striated-metaphyses spont = spontaneous spp = suprapubic prostatectomy sppk = striate palmoplantar keratoderma spps = stable plasma protein solution spr = surgical pathology report spria = solid phase radioimmunoassay sps = simple partial seizure sps = sodium polyanetholesulfonate spsl = superficial partial skin loss burn spsma = scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy spt = skin prick test spt = station pull through sq = squalene sq = square sq = subcutaneous sql = standard query language squam = squamous sr = normal spontaneous respiration sr = schatzki ring sr = seclusion room sr = sedimentation rate sr = sinus rhythm sr = spontaneous respiration sr = stapedial reflex sr = superior rectus sr = surgical removal sr = suture removal sr = system review srd = stapedial reflex decay test sreda = subclinical rhythmical eeg discharges in adults srf = skin reactive factor srf = somatotropin releasing factor srh = single radial hemolysis srh = slow reversal hold technique srh = somatotropin releasing hormone srif = somatostatin srih = somatotropin release inhibiting hormone srm = spontaneous rupture of membranes srng = spectinomycin resistant neisseria gonorrheae srns = steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome srnv = subretinal neovascularization srohap = strontium hydroxyapatite srom = spontaneous rupture of membranes srp = signal recognition particle srs = suicide risk scale srsv = small round structured virus srsv = sml round struct virus srt = speech reception threshold srt = stapedial reflex threshold sruj = superior radioulnar jnt sruj = superior radioulnar joint srv = small round virus ss = progressive systemic sclerosis ss = sagittal split mandibular osteotomy ss = sezary syndrome ss = short stature ss = sicca syndrome ss = silk suture ss = sjogren's syndrome ss = social services ss = somatostatin ss = spinal stenosis ss = stainless steel ss = systemic sclerosis ssa = sickle cell anemia ssa = side to side anastomosis ssbp = single stranded dna binding protein ssc = somatosensory cortex ssca = showed by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis sscp = single strand conformation polymorphism analysis sscp = single stranded conformational polymorphism sscpa = single strand conformation polymorphism analysis ssct = sertoli stromal cell tumor sscv = single strand conformation variance ssd = source skin distance ssdd = steroid sulfatase deficiency disease sse = subacute spongiform encephalopathy sse = suprasellar extension ssep = somatosensory evoked potential ssep = steady state evoked potential measurement ssg = split skin graft ssge = conformational sensitive gel electrophoresis ssh = suppression subtractive hybridization sshgb = sickle cell hemoglobin ssi = stuttering severity instrument ssk = semi skimmed milk sski = saturated solution potassium iodide sslp = single sequence length polymorphism ssm = superficial spreading melanoma ssmm = superficial spreading malignant melanoma ssmp = dried semi skimmed milk powder ssn = social security number ssns = steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome ssp = statutory sick pay sspe = subacute sclerosing panencephalitis ssq = social support questionnaire ssr = simple sequence repeat ssr = spontaneous respiratory rate ssri = selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors ssrtn = self assessed speech reception threshold in noise test sss = sick sinus syndrome sssp = sexual stage specific protein ssss = staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome sst = short synacthen test sst = social skills training ssv = short saphenous vein ssv = stripping of the short saphenous vein ssw = staggered spondaic word test st = dental special tray st = saint st = sinus tachycardia st = sniff test st = speech therapist st = stage st = stomach st = street st = subtertian malaria st = subtotal st = superficial temporal st = supratentorial st helena = saint helena sta = station sta = superficial temporal artery stai = speilberger state trait anxiety inventory stamp = protocol solid tumor autologous bone marrow program stap = south tyneside assessment of phonology staph = staphylococcus staq = spare time activity questionnaire stas = sporadic testicular agenesis syndrome stass = south tyneside assessment of syntactic structures stat = immediately stb = stillborn stc = subtotal colectomy std = sexually transmitted disease std = sodium tetradecyl std = standard steam = streptonigrin, thioguanine, cyclophosphamide, actinomycin, mitomycin stem = scanning transmission electron microscopy stepa = thiotepa sth = somatotropic hormone sti = soft tissue injury sti = systolic time interval stiii = sulfotransferase iii sting = submucous teflon injection stlv = simian t cell lymphotropic virus stm = scanning tunneling microscope stm = short term memory stm = streptomycin stm = subtertian malaria stnr = symmetrical tonic neck reflex stom = stomach stop = suction termination of pregnancy stp = sodium thiopental str = short tandem repeat strep = streptococcus strp = short tandem repeat polymorphism sts = sequence tagged site sts = sequence tagged sites sts = serological test for syphilis sts = sodium tetradecyl sulfate sts = sodium thiosulfate sts = steroid sulfatase sts = x linked recessive ichthyosis stsg = split thickness skin graft stv = short term viability stv = spontaneous tidal volume stws = stuve wiedemann syndrome stz = streptozocin stz = streptozyme su = salicyluric acid su = solar urticaria su = sulfonamide su = sulfonylurea sub-q = subcutaneous subcu = subcutaneous subcut = subcutaneous subling = sublingual subq = subcutaneous sud = sudden unexpected death sudca = sarcoursodeoxycholic acid sudds = substance use disorder diagnostic schedule sudi = sudden unexplained death of an infant sufe = slipped upper femoral epiphysis sui = stress urinary incontinence suid = sudden unexpected infant death sulf = sulfate sulfa sure = sr calf bolus suls = suffolk univ law school sun = sunday sunct = shortlasting, unilateral, neuralgiform pain with conjunctival injection and tearing syndrome sup = superior supin = supination supp = suppository surg = surgeon surg = surgery surg = surgical sux = succhinylcholine suzi = subzonal insemination sv = saphenous vein sv = selective vagotomy sv = sievert sv = sinus of valsalva sv = sodium valproate sv = spontaneous ventilation sv = stereoscopic vision sv = stroke volume svas = supravalvar aort stenos svas = supravalvar aortic stenosis svbg = saphenous vein bypass graft svc = superior vena cava svco = superior vena cava obstruction svcs = superior vena cava syndrome svd = spontaneous vaginal delivery sve = sterile vaginal examination svg = saphenous vein graft svi = stroke index svo2 = saturated venous oxygen svr = slow vertex response audiometry svr = systemic vascular resistance svri = syst vasc resist index svri = systemic vascular resistance index svt = supraventricular tachycardia sw = short wave sw = social work sw = social worker sw = stab wound sw = sterile water swa = straight wire arch orthodontic bracket swa = straight wire fixed orthodontic appliance swd = short wave diathermy swga = succinylated wheat germ agglutinin swiss-prot = swiss prot protein sequence db swissprot = swiss protein database swls = satisf with life scale swls = satisfaction with life scale swog = southwest oncology group sx = signs sx = surgery sx = symptoms sxr = skull x ray sym = symmetrical syn = syndrome synch = synchronized syns = synostoses syndrome syr = syrup sys = system sysop = systems operator syst = systolic sytiv = synaptotagmin iv sz = seizure t = temperature t = thymidine t = thymine t = thymocyte t = time t = total t = traction t = translocation t = tumor stage t aestivum = triticum aestivum t aurea = tilapia aurea t b gambiense = trypanosoma brucei gambiense t bhp = t butyl hydroperoxide t brucei = trypanosoma brucei t brucei brucei = trypanosoma brucei brucei t brucei gambiense = trypanosoma brucei gambiense t brucei rhodesiense = trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense t corlissi = tetrahymena corlissi t gondii = toxoplasma gondii t pa = tissue plasminogen activator t pa = tissue type plasminogen activator t&a = tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy t&a = tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy t&a = tonsils and adenoids, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy t&c = type & crossmatch blood t&c = type and crossmatch t&h = type & hold blood t&p = tongue and palate t&s = type & screen blood t&w = tyne and wear t&x = type and crossmatch blood t-all = t cell acute lymphocytic leukemia t-e = tracheo esophageal t3 = triiodothyronine t4 = thyroxine ta = temporal arteritis ta = tendon achilles ta = transabdominal ta = tricuspid atresia ta = truncus arteriosus ta = tubular adenoma tab = tablet tab = temporal artery biopsy tab = therapeutic abortion tabs = tablets tac = time averaged urea concentration tac = triamcinolone tacc = transforming, acidic, coiled coil containing protein taci = total anterior cerebral circulation infarction tacl = test of auditory comprehension of language tacs = total anterior cerebral circulation stroke tacvb = transabdominal chorionic villus biopsy tacvs = transabdominal chorionic villus sampling tad = test of auditory discrimination tad = thioguanine, ara c, daunomycin tagac = thiamphenicol glycinate acetylcysteinate tah = total abdominal hysterectomy tah bso = total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy tah&bso = total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy tah/bso = total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo oophorectomy tahbso = total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy tal = tendon achilles lengthening tam = tamoxifen tao = thromboangiitis obliterans tao = triacetyloleandomycin tap = total acid phosphatase tap = trypsinogen activation peptide taps = test for auditory perception of speech tapvc = total anomalous pulmonary venous connection tapvd = tot anom pulm vn drain tapvd = total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage tapvr = total anomalous pulmonary venous return tar = thrombocytopenia absent radius tat = tetanus anti toxin tat = thematic apperception test tat = thrombin antithrombin 3 tat = transactivator tat = tray agglutination test tat = turn around time tat = tyrosine aminotransferase tatt = tired all the time tavpr = total anomalous pulmonary venous return operation tavvd = total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage operation tb = terbium tb = terminal bronchiole tb = tracheobronchial tb = tracheobronchitis tb = tuberculin tb = tuberculosis tba = tba = thiobarbituric acid tba = to be absorbed tba = to be announced tbc = tuberculosis tbdn = transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn tbe = central european tick borne encephalitis tbf = total body fat tbg = thyroglobulin tbg = thyroxine binding globulin tbi = tooth brushing instruction tbi = total body irradiation tbi = traumatic brain injury tbk = total body potassium tblc = term birth living child tbm = tobramycin tbm = tuberculous meningitis tbm = tubular basement membrane tbpa = thyroxine binding prealbumin tbs = the bethesda system tbs = to be scheduled tbs = townes brocks syndrome tbs = tribromsalicylanilide tbsa = total body surface area tbt = tear break up time tbt = tracheal bronchial toilet tbt = transcerv balloon tubopl tbt = transcervical balloon tuboplasty tbto = tributyltin oxide tbv = total blood volume tbw = tension band wiring tbw = total body water tc 99m disofenin = technetium 99m disofenin tc 99m sestamibi = technetium 99m sestamibi tc = 6 thioguanine, cytarabine tc = technetium tc = thought content tc = transcutaneous tc = transverse colon tca = total colonic aganglionosis tca = tricyclic antidepressant tcaa = trichloroacetic acid tcad = tricyclic antidepressant tcc = terminal complement complex tcc = transitional cell carcinoma tcc = trichlorocarbanilide tcco2 = transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension tcdo = tetrachlorodecaoxide tce = trichloroethylene tcell = t cell tcgf = t cell growth factor tcgg = thermocoagulation of gasserian ganglion tci = transient cerebral ischemia tcia = transient cerebral ischemic attack tcis = transitional carcinoma in situ tcll = t cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia tcm = tetrachloromethane tcm = traditional chinese medicine tcm = transitional cell metaplasia tcn = tetracycline tcn2 = transcobalamin ii deficiency tcnb = tetrachloronitrobenzene tcns = transcutaneous nerve stimulation tco2 = transcutaneous oxygen tension tcof = treacher collins franceschetti tcp = thrombocytopenic purpura tcp/ip = transmission control protocol/internet protocol tcpc = tot cavopul conn opns tcpc = total cavopulmonary connection operations tcpi = trypsin carboxypeptidase peptide inhibitor tcpp = tetracarboxyphenylporphine tcr = t cell receptor tcr a/b = t cell receptor alpha/beta tcr g/d = t cell receptor gamma/delta tcre = transcerv resec endom tcre = transcervical resection endometrium tcs = tetrachlorsalicylanilide tcs = treacher collins syndrome td = tardive dyskinesia td = test diet td = tetrodotoxin td = thanatophoric dwarfism td = thoracic duct td = torsion dystonia td = transdermal tdcb = technology development and commercialization branch tdi = toluene di isocyanate tdi = toluene diisocyanate tdlu = terminal duct lobular units tdmac = tridodecylmethylammonium chloride tdo = trichodento osseous syndrome tdppc = tetradecylphosphocholine tdt = terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase tdt = terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase tdt = tone decay test te = expiratory time te = timing for emphasis technique te = toxoplasma encephalitis te = triple energizer acupuncture points te = tubular esophagus tea = thromboendarterectomy tea = through elbow amputation tea = total elbow arthroplasty teac = tetraethylammonium chloride team = tannenbaum electroanalgesia method tec = thiotepa, etoposide, carboplatin tec = thymic epithelial cell tec = transient erythroblastopenia of childhood tec = transluminal extraction catheter tec = triethyl citrate ted = thrombo embolism deterrent teds = thrombo embolism deterrent tee = thoracic expansion exercises tee = transesophageal echocardiogram tef = tracheo esophageal fistula tem = transmission electron microscopy temp = tamoxifen, etoposide, mitoxantrone, platinol temp = temperature ten = toxic epidermal necrolysis tens = acupuncture like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation tens = burst tens tens = burst transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation tens = tension tens = toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome tens = transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation tens = transient electric nerve stimulation tep = transesophageal pacing tepp = tetraethyl pyrophosphate ter = teratogen ter = terbinafine ter = terbutaline ter = terminator ter = total elbow replacement terc = telomerase rna component tert = tertiary tesd = total end systolic diameter tespa = thiotepa test = tubal embryo stage transfer tet = tetracycline tet = tetrology of fallot tet = tubal embryo transfer teta = triethylene tetramine tetd = tetraethylthiuram disulfide tev = talipes equinovarus tf = tetralogy of fallot tf = transfer factor tf = tube feeding tf = tuning fork tfald = trifluoroacetaldehyde tfbut = tear film break up time tfd = transcription factors relational db tfiib = transcription factor iib tfiid = transcription factor iid tfiie = transcription factor iie tfiih = transcription factor iih tfiiib = transcription factor iiib tfiiic = transcription factor iiic tfiiid = transcription factor iiid tfl = tensor fasciae latae tfm = testic feminisation synd tfm = testic feminization synd tfm = testicular feminisation syndrome tfm = testicular feminization syndrome tfn = tumor factor necrosis tfp = total fundoplication tfpi = tissue factor pathway inhibitor tfr = total fertility rate tfr = transferrin receptor tft = thyroid function test tft = thyroid function tests tftef = transcription factor tef tg = tendon graft tg = testosterone glucuronide tg = tetraglycine tg = thioglycolate tg = thioguanine tg = thromboglobulin tg = thyroglobulin tg = total gastrectomy tg = toxic goiter tg = triacylglycerol tg = trigeminal ganglion tg = triglycerid lowering diet tg = triglyceride tg = triglyceride level tg = triglyceride lowering diet tg = tumor growth tga = transient global amnesia tga = transposition of great arteries tgct = testicular germ cell tumors tgd = tangier disease tgf = t cell growth factor tgf = transforming growth factor tgf beta = transforming growth factor beta tgfb = transformation growth factor beta tgic = triglycidyl isocyanurate tglvp = triglycyl lysine vasopressin tgut = two glass urine test tgv = transposition of great vessels th = thorium tha = tetrahydroaminoacridine tha = total hip arthroplasty thall = thallium stress test tham = tromethamine thbh = tetrahydroxybacteriohopane thbp = tetrahydrobiopterin thc = tetrahydrocannabinol thc = tetrahydrocortisol thdca = taurohyodeoxycholic acid thdoc = tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone the = tetrahydrocortisone ther = therapeutic ther = therapy ther = thermometer therap = therapy,therapeutic thf = tetrahydrocortisol thf = tetrahydrofuran thh = targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma thi = transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy thor = thoracic thp = tetrahydropapaveroline thp = total hip replacement thp = trihexphenidyl thpp = thiamine pyrophosphate thppg = tetrahydropteroyl pentaglutamate thptts = tibial hemimelia polysyndactyly triphalangeal thumb syndrome thr = therapeutic thr = threonine thr = total hip replacement thr = total prosthetic replacement of hip joint using cement thur = thursday thurs = thursday thz = thiacetazone thz test = thiacetazone test ti = dental try in ti = inspiratory time ti = terminal ileum ti = titanium ti = tricuspid incompetence ti = tricuspid insufficiency tia = transient ischaem attack tia = transient ischaemic attack tia = transient ischemic attack tib = tibial bone graft tiba = triiodobenzoic acid tibc = serum tibc = tot iron bind capacity tibc = total iron binding capacity tid = three times each day tie = transient ischemic episode tigr = the inst for genomic research til = tumor infiltrating lymphocytes timf = thymocyte interaction modulation factor tin = tubulointerstitial nephropathy tinc = tincture tip = terminal interphalangeal tip = time of inspiratory pause tips = transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt tir = traumatic incident reduction tisr = trabecular inducible stretch response tiss = therapeutic intervention scoring system tiss = tissue tiup = term intrauterine pregnancy tiva = total intravenous anesthesia tiw = three times per week tj = triceps reflex tjr = total joint replacement tk = thymidine kinase tka = through knee amputation tka = total knee arthroplasty tke = terminal knee extension tkff = titrate to keep fundus firm tko = to keep open tkr = total knee replacement tl = thallium tl = total lipids tl = transluminal tl = triple lumen tl = tubal ligation tla = three letter abbreviation tla = translumbar aortogram tlc = tender loving care tlc = thin layer chromatography tlc = total lung capacity tlc = total lymphocyte count tlc = triple lumen catheter tlck = tosyllysine chloromethyl ketone tle = temporal lobe epilepsy tlfb = time line follow back tlo2 = oxygen transfer factor tloa = therapeutic leave of absence tlpd = thoracolaryngopelvic dysplasia tls = tumor lysis syndrome tlso = thoracolumbosacral orthosis tlv = threshold limit value tlx = trophoblast leucocyte common antigen tm = trademark tm = transcendental meditation tm = tunicamycin tm = tympanic membrane tma = tetramethylammonium tma = thrombotic microangiopathy tma = thyroid microsomal antibody tma = tissue microarray tma = transmetatarsal amputation tma = trimellitic anhydride tma = trimethylamine tmax = maximum temperature tmb 4 = trimedoxime bromide tmba = tetramethylenebisacetamide tmd = trimethadione tmd = tympanic membrane displacement test tmee = tetramethylethylene tmh = trainably mentally handicapped tmip = tetramelic mirror image polydactyly tmj = temporomandibular joint tmjpds = temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome tmng = toxic multinodular goiter tmp = thiamine monophosphate tmp = thymidine monophosphate tmp = thymolphthalein monophosphate tmp = transmembrane potential tmp = trimethoprim tmp = trimethylpsoralen tmp/smx = trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole tmpp = trimethylolpropane phosphite tmpta = trimethylolpropane triacrylate tmptma = trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate tmpz = tetramethylpyrazine tmq = trimetrexate tmria = tetramethylrhodamine iodoacetamide tmsn = tetramethylsuccinonitrile tmt = tarsometatarsal tmt = trail making test tmtc = too many to count tmtj = tarsometatarsal joint tmtm = tetramethylthiuram monosulfide tmtx = trimetrexate tmx = tamoxifen tn = trigeminal neuralgia tna = total nail avulsion tnase = thermonuclease tnf = tumor necrosis factor tnfbr = tumor necrosis factor, beta receptor tni = total nodal irradiation tni = troponin tnm = tumor size node status metastasis classification tnpda = tetranorprostanedioic acid tns = transcut nerve stimulatn tns = transcutaneous nerve stimulation tnt = trinitrotoluene tntc = too numerous to count to = tubal occlusion to = tubo oophorectomy toa = tubo ovarian abscess toap = thioguanine, oncovin, cytosine arabinoside, prednisone toc = tylosis with esophageal cancer tod = tricho onychodental dysplasia toe = transoesophageal echocardiography tof = tetralogy of fallot tof = tracheo esophageal fistula tol = trial of labor tol = trial of labour tomi = turkey ovomucoid inhibitor tomo = tomogram top = termination of pregnancy topo = trioctyl phosphine oxide torch = toxoplamosis others rubella, cytomegalovirus , herpes simplex torches = toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, syphilis torp = total ossicular replacement prosthesis tos = thoracic outlet syndrome totl = total totm = trioctyl trimellitate totp = triorthotolyl phosphate toxnet = toxicology data network tp = pause time tp = temperature probe tp = term pregnancy tp = terminal phalanx tp = testosterone propionate tp = thought process tp = threshold potential tp = thrombocytopenic purpura tp = thymopentin tp = tinea pedis tp = total pancreatectomy tp = total protein tp = treatment plan tp = treponema pallidum tp = trigger point tp = triphosphate tp = true positive tp = tryptophan tp = tryptophan pyrrolase tp = tubal plasty tp = tuberculin precipitation tpa = 12 o tetradecanophorbol 13 acetatetpa tpa = thrombo proteolytic activity tpa = tissue plasminogen activator tpa = tissue polypeptide antigen tpa = tissue type plasminogen activator tpc = papillary carcinoma of thyroid tpc = treatment planning conference tpch = thioguanine, procarbazine, ccnu, hydroxyurea tpdcv = thioguanine, procarbazine, dbc, ccnu, vincristine tpe = total pelvic exenteration tpha = treponema pallidum hemagglutination tpi = treponema pallidum immobilization tpi = trigger point injection tpmp = triphenylmethylphosphonium tpn = total parenteral nutrition tpo = thrombopoietin tpo = thyroid peroxidase tpp = thiamine pyrophosphate tppase = thiamine pyrophosphatase tppbs = tetrapropylenebenzyl sulfonate tpps = tetraphenylporphine sulfonate tppv = trans pars plana vitrectomy tpr = temperature tpr = temperature pulse respiration tpsecl = triphenylselenonium chloride tpt = tetraphenyl tetrazolium tptf = triphenyltin fluoride tptps = triphalangeal thumb polysyndactyly syndrome tr = congenital tricuspid regurgitation tr = rectal temperature tr = terminal repeat tr = therapeutic radiology tr = trace tr = trachea tr = traction tr = transaldolase tr = transfusion reaction tr = trauma tr = traumatic tr = tremor tr = tricuspid regurgitation tr = tropinone reductase tra = trans retinoic acid tra = tretinoin trach = tracheostomy tram = transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous tram-flap = transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap transcut = transcutaneous transfer rna = transfer ribonucleic acid trap = tartrate resistant acid phosphatase trap = thioguanine, rubidomycin, ara c, prednisone trcf = transcription repair coupling factor trd = tractional retinal detachment tre = rectal temperature trf = t cell replacing factor trf = thyrotropin releasing factor trh = thyrotrophin releasing hormone trh = thyrotropin releasing hormone tri = thyroid receptor immunoglobulin trig = triglyceride triss = trauma and injury severity score trk = transketolase trk = tyrosine kinase genes trmt = transrectal microwave thermotherapy trna = transfer ribonucleic acid trna = transfer rna trng = tetracycline resistant neisseria gonorrheae trng = tetracycline resistant neisseria gonorrhoeae trog = test of reception of grammar trp = tryptophan trps = tricho rhino phalangeal syndrome trps = trichorhinophalangeal syndrome trus = transrectal ultrasonography ts = throat swab ts = transverse sinus ts = trauma score ts = tricuspid stenosis ts = tropical sprue ts = tuberous sclerosis ts = turner's syndrome ts = tympanosclerosis tsa = test of syntactic abilities tsa = testicular sperm aspiration tsc = tuberous sclerosis tsca = toxic substances control act tsd = tay sachs disease tseb = total skin electron beam irradiation tsh = thyroid stimulating hormone tsi = thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin tsp = teaspoon tsp = total serum protein tsp = trisodium phosphate tsp = tropical spastic paraparesis tspp = tetrasodium pyrophosphate tsr = loosening of total shoulder replacement tsr = total shoulder replacement tss = toxic shock syndrome tsta = tumor specific transplantation antigens tt = full tuberculoid leprosy tt = tendon transfer tt = tensor tympani tt = test tube tt = thrombin time tt = tibial tuberosity tt = tilt table tt = tine test tt = token test tt = tolerance test tt = tongue thrust tt = total thyroxine tt = transthoracic tt = transtracheal tt4 = total thyroxine ttc = triphenyltetrazolium chloride tte = trans thoracic echocardiogram tti = total thromboplastin index ttl = time to live ttn = transient tachypnea of newborn ttnb = transient tachypnea of newborn ttnb = transthorcic needle biopsy tto2 = transtracheal oxygen ttp = thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura ttp = thymidine triphosphate ttp = tooth tender to percussion ttr = transthyretin tts = tarsal tunnel syndrome tttpp = thiamine thiothiazolone pyrophosphate ttts = twin to twin transfusion syndrome ttwb = toe touch weight bearing ttx = tetrodotoxin tudca = tauroursodeoxycholic acid tue = tuesday tues = tuesday tui = transurethral incision tuip = transurethral incision of prostate tulip = transurethral laser induced prostatectomy tumt = transurethral microwave thermotherapy tun = total urine nitrogen tuna = transurethral needle ablation tunel = terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling tup = total urinary protein tupr = trans urethral prostatic resection tur = transurethral resection turb = transurethral resection of the bladder turbt = transurethral resection of bladder tumor turft = transurethral radiofrequency thermotherapy turp = transurethral resection of prostate turs = transurethral ureterorenoscopy turt = transurethral resection tumor tus = transurethral sphincterotomy tuu = transuretero ureterostomy tuui = transurethral ureteric incision tv = tidal volume tv = tinea versicolor tv = transvaginal tv = trichomonas vaginalis tv = tricuspid valve tv = truncal vagotomy tv+d = truncal vagotomy with drainage tva = tubulovillous adenoma tvc = true vocal cord tvcvb = transvaginal chorionic villus biopsy tvcvs = transvaginal chorionic villus sampling tvh = total vaginal hysterectomy tvh = transvaginal hysterectomy tvp = tensor veli palatini tvp = total anomalous venous return tvp = transvesical prostatectomy tvp = tricuspid valve plasty tvp = tricuspid valve prolapse tvr = tricuspid valve repair tvr = tricuspid valve replacement tvrr = tricuspid valve re replacement twa = time weighted average twar = taiwan acute respiratory chlamydia antibody twb = touch weight bear twe = tap water enema twg = total weight gain twoc = trial without catheter twv = cochlear traveling wave velocity measurement twv = cochlear travelling wave velocity measurement tx = thoracic spine tx = thromboxane tx = traction tx = transplant tx = transplantation tx = treatment txa2 = thromboxane a2 txb2 = thromboxane b2 tyco = tylenol and codeine tyr = tyrosine u = unit u = uranium u&e = urea and electrolytes u/a = urinalysis u/d = urethral dilatation u/e = unemployed u/o = under observation for, urine output u/s = ultrasound ua = umbilical artery ua = unstable angina ua = upper arm ua = uric acid ua = uridylic acid ua = urinalysis ua = uronic acid uac = umbilical artery catheter uadt = upper aerodigestive tract uae = united arab emirates uao = upper airway obstruction ubg = urobilinogen ubo = unidentified bright object ubw = usual body weight uc = ulcerative colitis uc = uterine contractions ucb = unconjugated bilirubin ucb = university of california, berkeley ucbr = unconjugated bilirubin ucd = usual childhood diseases ucg = urinary chorionic gonadotropin uchd = usual childhood diseases uchl = university college hospital lymphocyte uchl-1 = university college hospital lymphocyte 1 ucht-1 = university college hospital t cell 1 uci = urinary catheter in ucita = uniform computer information transactions act ucla = university of california, los angeles uco = urinary catheter out ucr = urinary creatinine ud = ulnar deviation ud = urethral dilatation ud = urethral discharge ud = uridine diphosphate ud = uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase udc = upper deep cervical lymph node udca = ursodeoxycholic acid udcs = ursodeoxycholylsarcosine udp = uridine diphosphate udp = uridyl diphosphate udpase = uridine diphosphatase udpg = uridine diphosphoglucose udpga = uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid udpglucose pyrophosphorylase = uridine diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase udpgt = udp glucuronosyltransferase uds = urodynamics udt = undescended testes ue = tooth unerupted ue = unemployed ue = upper extremity ue = urea and electrolytes ue3 = unconjugated estriol uecp = urethral electric conductance test uf = ultrafiltration uf = ultrafine uf = uterus firm ufa = unesterified fatty acid ufc = urine free cortisol level ufp = universal fall precautions ufr = urinary flow rate uft = uracil + ftorafur ug = microgram ug = upward gaze ugi = upper gastrointestinal ugib = upper gastrointestinal bleeding ugit = upper gastrointestinal tract ugm = microgram ugt = udp glucuronosyltransferase uhf = ultra high frequency ui = urinary incontinence ui = urotensin i uicc = international union against cancer uip = usual interstitial pneumonitis uiq = upper inner quadrant uk = united kingdom uk = urokinase ukcc = united kingdom children's cancer study group langerhans cell histiocytosis staging system ukp = malignant tumor unknown primary ul = microliter ul = ultrasonic ul = undifferentiated lymphoma ul = upper lid ul = upper limb ull = uncomfortable loudness level uln = ulnar uln = upper limit of normal ulq = upper left quadrant ultra = ultrasound ultrastar = ultrasound structured attribute reporting ultt = upper limb tension test umls = unified medical language system umn = upper motor neuron umnl = upper motor neur lesion umnl = upper motor neurone lesion umol = micromole ump = uridine monophosphate ump = uridyl monophosphate umpase = uridine monophosphatase umps = uridine monophosphate synthase ums = ulnar mammary syndrome una = urinary concentration of sodium unesco = united nations educational, scientific, and cultural organization ung = ointment ungulates = hoofed mammals unilat = unilateral unos = united network for organ sharing uo = ureteric orifice uo = urine output uop = urine output uoq = upper outer quadrant uos = upper esophageal segment up = universal precautions up = ureteropelvic upep = urinary protein electrophoresis upiii = uroplakin iii upj = ureteropelvic junction upp = static urethral pressure profile upper facial prosthesis = provided by a non physician uppp = uvulopalatopharyngoplasty uprtase = uracil phosphoribosyltransferase upw = units per week ur = upper right ur = urine ura = upper removable appliance urap = unidirectional retrograde accessory pathway urf = unidentified reading frame uri = upper respiratory infection uro = uroporphyrinogen urob = urobilinogen urod = uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase urol = urology urq = upper right quadrant urs = ureterorenoscopy urti = upper respiratory tract infection us = ultrasound us = united states us = urethral swab us = urinary system us = uterus soft usa = united states of america usa = unstable angina usc = unique sequence component usda = united states dept of agiculture usi = urinary stress incontinene usmle = united states medical lcensing examination usn = ultrasonic nebulizer uso = unilat salpingo oophorec uso = unilateral salpingo oophorectomy usp = ubiquitin specific protease usp = united states pharmacopeia uspha = united states public health administration usphs = united states public health service uss = ultrasound scan uss = ureterosigmoidostomy ut = uterus utee = upper thoracic expansion exercises uti = urinary tract infection utpase = uridine triphosphatase utph = uterotrophic placental hormone utr = untranslated regions uts = unable to see uucp = unix to unix copy program uun = urine urea nitrogen uv = ultraviolet uva = ultraviolet a uvb = ultraviolet b uvc = ultraviolet c uvc = umbilical vein catheter uvf = ureterovaginal fistula uvf = urethrovaginal fistula uvj = ureterovesicular junction uvl = ultraviolet light uvpp = uvulopalatopharyngoplasty uvr = ultraviolet radiation uw = university of washington uwsd = ins underwat seal drain uwsd = insertion of underwater seal drain v = vanadium v = vein v = velocity v = vena v = ventilation v = vessels v = vitreous v = volt v = voltage v = volume v harveyi = vibrio harveyi v&p = vagotomy and pyloroplasty v&t = volume and tension v+p = vagotomy and pyloroplasty v/q = ventilation perfusion va = alveolar volume va = costo vertebral angle va = vacuum aspiration va = valproic acid va = vancomycin va = vasodilator agent va = venoarterial va = ventricular aneurysm va = ventricular arrhythmia va = vertebral artery va = veterans administration va = villous adenoma va = vincristine, adriamycin va = viral antigen va = visual acuity va = visual aid va = volcanic ash va/q = ventilation/perfusion va/q = ventilation/perfusion ratio vaap = vincristine, asparaginase, adriamycin, prednisone vab = vinblastine, actinomycin d, bleomycin vabcd = vinblastine, adriamycin, bleomycin, ccnu, dtic vac = cyclophosphamide dactinomycin vincristine vac = vaccine vac = vacuum vaca = vincristine, actinomycin d, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin vacad = vincristine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, actinomycin d, dacarbazine vacp = vepesid, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, platinol vacterl = vertebral, anal, cardiac tracheal, esophageal, renal, limb vad = implantation of ventricular assist device vad = vascular dementia vad = ventricular assist device vad = vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone vad/v = vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone, verapamil vadph = valeroyl dph vafac = vincristine, amethopterin, 5 fluorouracil, adriamycin cyclophosphamide vag = vaginal vah = vah, autosomal recessive, included vai = vincristine, actinomycin d, ifosfamide vain = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia vain i = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 1 vain ii = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 2 vain iii = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 3 vaini = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 1 vainii = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 2 vainiii = vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia 3 val = visual acuity left vale = visual acuity left eye vam = vp 26 213, adriamycin, methotrexate vamc = va medical center vamp = vincristine, amethopterine, 6 mercaptopurine, and prednisone vaps = visual analog pain scale vaps = visual analogue pain scale var = variant var = visual acuity right vare = visual acuity right eye vas = visual analog scale vas = visual analogue scale vasc = vascular vat = vacuum aspiration termination of pregnancy vatd = vincristine, ara c, 6 thioguanine, daunorubicin vater = vertebral defects, imperforate anus, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal defects vath = vinblastine, adriamycin, thiotepa, halotestin vats = video assisted thorascopic surgery vav = vp 26 213, adriamycin, vincristine vb = venous blood vb = vinblastine vba = vincristine, bcnu, adriamycin vbac = vaginal birth after caesarean section vbap = vincristine, bcnu, adriamycin, prednisone vbc = vepesid, bcnu, cyclophosphamide vbc = vinblastine, bleomycin, cisplatin vbch = van buchem disease vbd = vertebral bone density vbd = vinblastine, bleomycin, ddp vbf = venous blood flow vbi = vertebrobasilar ischaemi vertigo vbl = vinblastine vbm = vincristine, bleomycin, ddp vbmcp = vincristine, bcnu, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, prednisone vbmf = vincristine, bleomycin, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil vbp = vinblastine, bleomycin, platinol vc = vein cuff vc = vincristine vc = vital capacity vcap = vincristine, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, prednisone vcc = vision with correction vccl = vision with contact lens vcf = vincristine, cyclophosphamide, 5 fluorouracil vcmp = vincristine, cyclophosphamide, melphalan, prednisone vco2 = carbon dioxide output vcp = ctx pred vcr vcp = vocal cord palsy vcr = videocassette recorder vcr = vincristine vcs = vasoconstrictor substance vcu = voiding cystourethrogram vcug = voiding cystourethrogram vd = vaginal delivery vd = vapor density vd = vasodilation vd = vasodilator vd = venereal disease vd = void vd/vt = dead space/tidal volume ratio vdd = vitamin d dependent vddr = vitamin d dependent rickets vdh = vascular disease of the heart vdp = vincristine, daunorubicin, prednisone vdrl = venereal disease research laboratory vds = vindesine ve = vaginal exam ve = visual efficiency vea = ventricular ectopic arrhythmia veb = vetricular ectopic beat vee = venezuelan equine encephalitis veg = vegetarian vegf = vascular endothelial growth factor vegi = vascular endothelial growth inhibitor vemp = vincristine, endoxan, 6 mercaptopurine, prednisone vent = ventilator ventil = ventilation vep = visual evoked potential ver = visual evoked responses vert = vertical vet = veterinarian vf = ventricular fibrillation vf = ventricular function vf = visual field vf = visual fields vf = vocal fremitus vf/vfib = ventricular fibrillation vfd = visual field defect vfftc = visual fields full to confrontation vfib = ventricular fibrillation vft = vestibular function test vg = vein graft vgp = vertical growth phase vh = vaginal hysterectomy vh = ventricular hypertrophy vh = viral hepatitis vh = visual hallucinations vh = vitreous hemorrhage vh = vitreous humor vhd = valvular heart disease vhf = viral hemorrhagic fever vhl = von hippel lindau vhr = vaginal hysterectomy vi = six vi = vaginal irrigation vi = virgo intacta via = by way of vic = vasoactive intestinal contractor vie = vincristine, ifosfamide, etoposide vim = vimentin vin = vinculin vin = vulval intraepithelial neoplasia vip = vasoactive intestinal polypeptide vip = vepesid, ifosfamide, platinol vip = voluntary interruption of pregnancy vipoma = tumor of vip secreting cells vipoma = vasoactive intestinal peptide producing tumor vips = voluntary interruption of pregnancy and sterilization service vis = visual visi = volar intercalated segment instability vista = veterans health information systems and technology architecture vit = vital vit = vitamin vit a = vitamin a vit c = vitamin c vit e = vitamin e vit g = vitamin g vit k = vitamin k vit l = vitamin l vit m = vitamin m vitc = ascorbic acid vitd = cholecalciferol vite = tocopherol vkh = vogt koyanagi harada syndrome vl = vas ligation vl = vastus lateralis vl = visceral leishmaniasis vl = vision left vlb = vinblastine vlbw = very low birth weight infant vlcad = very long chain acyl coa dehydrogenase deficiency vlcd = very low calorie diet vldl = very low density lipoprotein vldlr = very low density lipoprotein receptor vled = very low energy diet vlf = very low fat diet vlf = very low fat spread vlp = vincristine, l asparaginase, prednisone vls = very low sodium diet vlsi = very large scale integration vm = vascular malformation vm = vastus medialis vm = venturi mask vm = vestibular membrane vm = video monitoring vm = viomycin vma = vanillyl mandelic acid vma = vanillylmandelic acid vmad = vincristine, methotrexate, adriamycin, actinomycin d vmc = vp 16, methotrexate, citrovorum factor vmcp = vincristine, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, prednisone vmd = vitelliform macular dystrophy vmglom = venous malformations with glomus cells vmin = minute volume vmin = ventilator delivered minute volume vmp = vepesid, mitoxantrone, prednimustine vmr = vasomotor rhinitis vn = visiting nurse vndr = variable number dinucleotide repeat vnpi = van nuys prognostic index vntr = variable number of tandem repeat vo = verbal order vo2 = maximum oxygen uptake vo2 = oxygen uptake voca = vp 16, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin vocap = vp 16 213, oncovin, cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, platinol voctor = void on call to operating room vod = venous occlusive disease vod = vision right eye vol = volume vor = vestibulo oculomotor reflex vos = vision left eye vp = variegate porphyria vp = venous pressure vp = ventriculoperitoneal vp = verrucae pedis vp = vincristine, prednisone vpa = valproic acid vpag = valproic acid glucuronide vpb = ventricular premature beats vpb = vinblastine, platinol, bleomycin vpc = ventricular premature contraction vpca = vincristine, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, ara c vpcmf = vincristine, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5 fluorouracil vpdph = valproyl dph vpe = volume percentage epithelium vpf = vascular permeability factor vpi = velopharyngeal incompetence vpp = vepesid, platinol vpvcp = vincristine, prednisone, vinblastine, chlorambucil, procarbazine vq = ventilation perfusion scan vr = right arm vr = right vision, ventilation rate vr = valve replacement vr = vascular resistance vr = ventral root vr = ventricular rhythm vr = vocal resonance vr = vocational rehabilitation vra = visual reinforcement audiometry vre = vancomycin resistant enterococcus vrs = verbal rating scale vs = vaginal swab vs = versus vs = vesicular sound vs = vibration sense vs = vital signs vs = volumetric solution vsa = vital signs absent vsa = voice skills assessment vsc = vision without correction vsd = ventricular septal defect vso = vertical saggital split osteotomies vss = vertical sub sigmoid split mandibular osteotomy vss = vital signs stable vsv = vesicular stomatitis virus group vt = tidal volume vt = ventricular septal defect vt = ventricular tachycardia vt = verotoxin vt = voiding time vta = ventral tegmental area vtach = venricular tachycardia vtol = vaginal trial of labor vtop = voluntary termination of pregnancy vtx = vertex vuj = vesicoureteric junction calculus vupp = voiding urethral pressure profile vur = vesicoureteric reflux vv = varicose veins vv = varicose veins of leg vv = verruca vulgaris vv = viper venom vv = voided volume vv = vulva and vagina vva = vicia villosa vvc = vulva, vagina, cervix vvf = vesicovaginal fistula vw = vessel wall vwm = leukoencephalopathy with vanishing white matter vws = van der woude syndrome vx = vertex presentation vzv = varicella zoster virus w = energy w = tryptophan w = tungsten w = ward w = water w = watt w = weak w = weber's test w = week w = weight w = western w = white w = whole w = wide w = widow w = widowed w = widowed, white w = widower w = width w = wife w = with w = wohlfahrtia w = work w = wound w-d = wet to dry w/ = with w/a = while awake w/c = wheelchair w/n = within w/o = without w/u = work up w/u = workup wa = washington wa = wide awake wab = western aphasia battery wagr = wilms' tumor, aniridia, genital abnormalities, and mental retardation wais = wechsler adult intelligence scale wais-r = weschler adult intelligence scale revised waisr = wechsler adult intelligence scale revised wan = wide area network was = wiskott aldrich syndrome wass = wasserman wb = weber wb = weight bearing wb = whole blood wbat = weight bearing as tolerated wbc = white blood cell wbc = white blood cell count wbcs = white blood cells wbct = whole blood clotting time wbs = wiedemann beckwith syndrome wbt = weight bearing to tolerance wc = wheelchair wc = whooping cough wcc = white blood cell count wcch = water clear cell hyperplasia wchcd = water channel collecting duct wcst = wisconsin card sorting test wd = ward wd = well developed wd = whipple's disease wd = wilson's disease wd = withdrawal wd = wound wdhh = diarrheogenic tumor wdm = welander distal myopathy wdwn = well developed , well nourished we = western encephalomyelitis we = wide excision wed = wednesday wedi = the workgroup for electronic data interchange wee = western equine encephalitis wf = walking frame wf = white female wf = wistar furth rat wfl = within functional limits wfs = wolfram syndrome wg = wegener's granulomatosis wga = wheat germ agglutinin wgl = wheat germ lectin wgn = wagner syndrome whd = werdnig hoffmann disease whim = warts hypogammaglobulinaemia infections myelokathexis who = world health organization whomp = world health organization melanoma program whr = waist hip ratio whs = wolf hirschhorn syndrome wi = wisconsin wisc = wechsler intelligence scale for children wisc = wisconsin wk = week wks = weeks wky = wistar kyoto rat wld = wilhelmsen lynch disease wle = wide local excision wlr = way leather restraints wm = white male wms = wechsler memory scale wms = weill marchesani syndrome wms = williams syndrome wn = well nourished wn = west nile fever wnd = wilson disease wnd = wound wnl = we never looked wnl = within normal limits wob = work of breathing wold = wechsler objective language dimensions test wond = wechsler objective numerical dimensions test wp = whirlpool wpb = weibel palade bodies wppsi = wechsler pre school and primary scale of intelligence wpw = wolff parkinson white wr = wassermann reaction wr = weight reducing diet wrat = wide range achievement test wrn = werner syndrome wrs = ward romano syndrome wses = world scientific and engineering society wsl = wesselsbron fever wsn = waisman syndrome wsp = white soft paraffin wss = neurofibromatosis gene wss = weaver smith syndrome wss = wrinkly skin syndrome wt = weight wt = wilms tumor wts = wilson turner x linked mental retardation syndrome wvi = genital wart virus infection wws = wieacker wolff syndrome www = world wide web x = anatomical bypass graft x = exophoria distance x = extraction of tooth x = for x = times x = xanthosine x ray = roentgen radiation x-ray = roentgen radiation x0 = turner's syndrome xa = xanthurenic acid xe = xenon xgp = xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis xgpn = xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis xhed = x linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia xhl = x linked hypophosphatemic rickets xip = x ray in plaster xist = candidate gene for x inactivation center xla = x linked agammaglobulinemia xlalphas = xlalpha protein xli = x linked ichythyosis xln = neutropenia, severe congenital, x linked xlp = x linked lymphoproliferative xlps = x linked lymphoproliferative syndrome xm = cross match xmp = xanthosine monophosphate xo = xanthine oxidase.
WSU -----Wichita State University WUT -----Wichita Union Terminal Railway Company WAM -----Wide Area Munition WAN -----Wide Area Network WXB -----Wide Expansion Bus WKP -----Wide Key Panel WLV -----Wide Load Vehicle WOA -----Wide Open Access WSL -----Wide Spectrum Language WVR -----Wide Vehicle Roadway WAL -----Wide-Angle Lens WAX -----Wide-Area Exchange WXM -----Wide-field Xray Monitor WHH -----Width at Half Height WXD -----Width by Depth WXH -----Width by Height WZP -----Widziane z Prawa WDV -----Wiener Darts Verband WKR -----Wiener Korporationsring WLK -----Wiener Lichtbildner Klub WLB -----Wiener Lokalbahnen WMK -----Wiener Modellbau Kompanie WPK -----Wiener Privatklinik WYF -----Wife WOS -----Wife Over Shoulder WWS -----Wife Wants Sex WDF -----Wigner Distribution Function WLE -----Wigner-Liouville Equation WWM -----Wigner-Weyl-Moyal WZA -----Wijn Zonder Alcohol WSO -----Wilcox Solar Observatory WAG -----Wild Ass Guess WNQ -----Wild North Queensland WFR -----Wilderness First Responder WKQ -----Wild-King-Queen WHI -----Wildlife Habitat Incentives WHT -----Wildlife Heritage Trust WUV -----Wildlife Underwater Video WVF -----Wildlife Volunteer Fund WLU -----Wilfred Laurier University WNB -----Will Not Be WON -----Will Of Nature WUW -----Willamette Urban Watershed WVH -----Willamette Valley Hospice WVV -----Willamette Valley Vineyards WJB -----William Jennings Bryan (US politics) WLF -----Williams Landel Ferry (equation) WMG -----Williams Media Group WNT -----Williams New Testament WUU -----Williamsburg Unitarian Universalists ZWI -----Wilmington WJS -----Wiltshire Junior Squash WND -----"Win, Notre Dame!" WJH -----Win32-Java Hybrid WSZ -----Winamp Skin Zipped WVX -----Wind Vector X-component WVY -----Wind Vector Y-component WVZ -----Wind Vector Z-component WNE -----Wind: Northeast WYW -----Winding Your Way WTR -----Window To Russia WXT -----Windowed Xray Transform WAB -----Windows Address Book WBT -----Windows Based Terminal WCE -----Windows Consumer Electronics WFW -----Windows For Workgroups WIV -----Windows Image Viewer WMI -----Windows Management Instrumentation WMF -----Windows Media Format WMR -----Windows Media Recorder WMT -----Windows Media Technologies WMV -----Windows Media Video WOI -----Windows On Italy WSS -----Windows Sound System WUX -----Windows to UNIX WUG -----Windows User Group WWH -----Windows Web Hosting WIM -----"Windows, Icons, Mouse" WGD -----Windshield Guidance Display WIJ -----Wine Industry Journal WIG -----Wing In Ground WLW -----Wing Load Weight WOJ -----Wings Of Joy WNJ -----Winning New Jobs WOO -----Winning Over Others WJO -----Winnipeg Jazz Orchestra WJT -----Winnipeg Jewish Theatre WLT -----Wins Losses Ties WIN -----Winter WXG -----Winter Extreme Games WMC -----Winter Music Conference WMW -----Winterville Machine Works WKJ -----Winzerkapelle Jechtingen WSG -----Wire Service Guild WTB -----Wire To Board WTW -----Wire To Wire WEP -----Wired Equivalent Privacy WFM -----Wired For Management WFY -----Wired for Youth WAA -----Wireless Advertising Association WAP -----Wireless Application Protocol WXE -----Wireless Exchange Engine WLL -----Wireless Local Loop WML -----Wireless Markup Language WRX -----Wireless Matrix Corporation WNS -----Wireless Network Service WNL -----Wireless Networks Laboratory WOZ -----Wireless Online Zone WLX -----Wire-pulling Lubricant Wax WIS -----Wisconsin (American) WBY -----Wisconsin Basketball Yearbook WBH -----Wisconsin Bow Hunters Association WFV -----Wisconsin Family Voices WLC -----Wisconsin Lutheran College WLQ -----Wisconsin Lutheran Quarterly WNR -----Wisconsin Natural Resources WPR -----Wisconsin Public Radio WSB -----Wiser's Special Blend WHK -----Wissenschaftliche Hilfskraftstelle WHU -----Wissenschaftliche Hochschule fr Unternehmensfhrung WZU -----Wissenschafts Zentrum Umwelt WZB -----Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin WZW -----Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan WKY -----Wistar-Kyoto (genetics) WEF -----With Effect From WRT -----With Respect To. WWN -----With Winch WDN -----Withdrawn WGI -----Within Grade Increase WOE -----WithOut Equipment WOL -----WithOut Loss WOP -----Without Personnel WZH -----Witzenhausen WIZ -----WIZard WZQ -----Wizard's Quest WQJ -----Wizard's Quest Junior WZJ -----Wojewodzkich Zwiazkow Jezdzieckich WUF -----Woke Up Fast WUL -----Woke Up Late WTX -----Wokstation Technology eXtended format WYC -----Wolfsburg Yacht Club WXW -----Woman by Woman WDC -----Woman Detective Constable WDS -----Woman Detective Sargeant WOY -----Woman Of the Year WPC -----Woman Police Constable WIB -----Women In Black WID -----Women In Defense WIE -----Women In Engineering WGR -----Women In Government Relations WIH -----Women in Horticulture WAF -----Women in the Air Force (US) WLO -----Women Leaders Online WRJ -----Women of Reform Judaism WWP -----Women Writers Project WIC -----"Women, Infants and Children" WAO -----Women's Aid Organization WCH -----Women's and Children's Hospital WAC -----Women's Army Corps (US) WBB -----Women's Basketball WXC -----Women's Cross Country WEL -----Women's Electoral Lobby WEN -----Women's Environmental Network WXN -----Women's Executive Network WGQ -----Women's Golf Queensland WJF -----Women's Jazz Festival WJA -----Women's Jewelry Association WJE -----Women's Junior Epee WLA -----Women's Land Army (historical) WMU -----Women's Mission Union WPV -----Women's Police Volunteers WTN -----Women's Television Network WTA -----Women's Tennis Association WUJ -----Women's Union in Jordan WVE -----Women's Voices for the Earth WVB -----Women's Volleyball WVS -----Women's Voluntary Service WWD -----Womens Wear Daily WDL -----"Won, Drawn, Lost" WLD -----"Won, Lost, Drawn" WTL -----"Won, Tied, Lost" WHX -----Woodchuck Hepatitis X-virus WPZ -----Woodland Park Zoo WGH -----Woodstock General Hospital WFG -----Woodwind Fingering Guide WZD -----Woordenboek der Zeeuwse Dialecten WPI -----Worcester Polytechnic Institute WZG -----Worcester Zen Group WAU -----Word Among Us WBN -----Word Broadcasting Network WDK -----Word Developers Kit WER -----Word Error Rate WNU -----Word Net University WOG -----Word of God WOM -----Word Of Mouth WPG -----WordPerfect Graphics WOH -----Words Of Hope WPM -----Words Per Minute WEI -----Work and Environment Initiative WAH -----Work At Home WAD -----Work Authorization Document WCL -----Work Control Log WFH -----Work From Home WGS -----Work Group System WGU -----Work Group Unit WIP -----Work In Place WIO -----Work It Out WOR -----Work Order Record WPL -----Work Products List WPQ -----Work Profile Questionnaire WRR -----Work Requirements Review WYH -----Work Yourself Happy WAS -----Worked All States WBP -----Worker Benefit Plan WSV -----Worker Safety Verification WSM -----Workers Solidarity Movement WAI -----Working As Intended WCX -----Working Certificate Excellent WDA -----Working Dog Association WDX -----Working Dog Excellent WDQ -----Working Dog-Qualified WGB -----Working Group Budget WGL -----Working Group for Logistics WLM -----WorkLoad Manager WEE -----Workplace Environmental Exposure WPA -----Works Progress Administration WOK -----Workshop Organization Kit WQF -----Workstation Query Facility WUA -----Workstation Users Alliance WBL -----World Banks List WBD -----World Biodiversity Database WBA -----World Boxing Association WBC -----World Boxing Championship WBF -----World Boxing Federation WBO -----World Boxing Organization WBU -----World Boxing Union WBE -----World Business Education WCD -----World Championship Darts WCT -----World Championship Tennis WCW -----World Championship Wrestling WCI -----World Coal Institute WCY -----World Competitiveness Yearbook WCC -----World Council of Churches WCQ -----World Cup Qualifier WDO -----World Debate Organization WDI -----World Drug Index WEM -----World Education Market WEV -----World Electric Vehicle WEY -----World Evangelical Youth WFN -----World Federation of Neurology WFB -----World Fellowship of Buddhists WFK -----World Festival of Kites WFL -----World Football League WGV -----World Golf Village WGW -----World GoodWill WGM -----World Gospel Mission WGF -----World Gymnastics Federation WHM -----World Harvest Mission WHQ -----World HeadQuarters WHO -----World Health Organisation WHR -----World Health Report WHY -----World Hunger Year WJC -----World Jewish Congress WJG -----World Journal of Gastroenterology WJI -----World Journalism Institute WJY -----World Journey of the Youth WJJ -----World Judaica Journal WJD -----World Juggling Day WJR -----World Junior Rally WKO -----World Karate Organiztion WKA -----World Karting Association WKC -----World Kennel Club WKL -----World Kickboxing League WKN -----World Kickboxing Network WKM -----World Kindness Movement WKD -----World Knowledge Database WLG -----World Law Guide WLH -----World Lecture Hall WMM -----World Magnetic Model WMY -----World Mathematical Year WMO -----World Meteorological Organisation WMX -----World Moto Cross WNN -----World Nature Network WNC -----World News Connection WNA -----World Nuclear Association WOD -----World Of Darkness WOV -----World of Vacations! WOQ -----World Oil Quarterly WPO -----World Packaging Organization WPJ -----World Policy Journal WPF -----World Population Foundation WRN -----World Radio Network WRO -----World Rainforest Organization WRC -----World Rally Championship WSA -----World Snowmobile Association WSR -----World Soil Resources WST -----World Super Tour WTD -----World Taxonomist Database WTT -----World Team Tennis WTO -----World Trade Organisation WUS -----World University Service WUY -----World Uyghur Youth WVW -----World View Weekend WVI -----World Vision International WVJ -----World Vision Japan WWI -----World War I VWF -----World Water Forum WWB -----World Wide Broadcasting WWF -----World Wide Fund for nature WWW -----World Wide Web WWA -----World Wrestling Alliance WWC -----World Wrestling Council WWE -----World Wrestling Entertainment WXL -----World Xiangqi League WYD -----World Youth Day WYX -----World Youth for Christ WZF -----World Zen Fellowship WZO -----World Zionist Organization WNK -----Worldnet Japan WLY -----World's Longest Yardsale WCG -----Worldwide Church of God WGG -----Worldwide Gaming Group WHE -----Worldwide Healthcare Exchange WII -----Worldwide Information Infrastructure WWK -----World-Wide Kitchen WWL -----World-Wide Lexicon WNF -----Worldwide Nanbudo Federation WWO -----WorldWide Organisation WWR -----World-Wide Radio WUB -----Worldwide Uchinanchu Business WUQ -----Worldwide User Quality [Apple Computer] WUN -----Worldwide Utility News WCA -----Worst Case Analysis WGJ -----Worthy Grand Joshua WGP -----Worthy Grand Patron WOX -----Wound Of Exit WIW -----Wrapped In Wire WRK -----Wreck WCB -----Write Combining Buffer WXI -----Write Expansion Input WXO -----Write Expansion Out WGA -----Writers Guild of America WGC -----Writers' Guild of Canada WUR -----Writes Upon Request WTS -----Writing Tutorial Services WJV -----Wuerttembergischer Judo-Verband WYU -----Wuyi University WZK -----Wydzial Zarzadzania Kryzysowego WYO -----Wyoming WDH -----Wyoming Department of Health WJN -----Wyoming Job Network WYZ -----Wyoming State Library WTE -----Wyoming Tribune-Eagle WYE -----Wyoming Youth Experience WSK -----Wytwornia Sprzetu Komunikacyjnego (motorcycles) WYV -----Wyvern XAC -----X Automatic Code XAL -----X10 Abstraction Library XAB -----X11 Address Book XBN -----Xabian Communications Network ZAX -----Xadani Zapoteco (language) XAN -----Xamtanga XAQ -----Xanalogically Asked Question YXO -----Xanthine Oxidase.
Oral ingestion of garlic supplements have been confirmed to increase intracellular glutathione concentrations in white blood cells (PMBCs) following ingestion of 2,650mg of aged garlic supplementation[126] and in red blood cells both glutathione peroxidase (12%) and SOD (24%) have been noted to be increased following consumption of 100mg of raw garlic per kilogram bodyweight, with no significant influence on catalase nor xanthine oxidase.