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What does ABC stand for?

ABC stands for Airways Breathing and Circulation


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The most important principle of first aid is the ABC of resuscitation, which stands for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. This is a life-saving procedure that will enable you to decide whether a victim who has collapsed needs rescue breathing or CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The airway must be open, breathing must be checked, and circulation must be assessed. Always follow the ABC sequence before giving any other treatment if the victim is unconscious.
ABC and its variations are initialism mnemonics for essential steps used by both medical professionals and lay persons (such as first aiders) when dealing with a patient. In its original form it stands for Airway, Breathing and Circulation. [1] The protocol was originally developed as a memory aid for rescuers performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the most widely known use of the initialism is in the care of the unconscious or unresponsive patient, although it is also used as a reminder of the priorities for assessment and treatment of patients in many acute medical and trauma situations, from first-aid to hospital medical treatment.