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What does bp stand for?

bp stands for 72-base-pair


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Thus, alanyl-tRNA synthetase, glycyl-tRNA synthetase, and histidyl-tRNA synthetase aminoacylate minihelices efficiently. Minihelices containing partial identity sets of six additional tRNAs are specific substrates for their cognate synthetases. Since identity elements are located very close to the CCA end, minihelices may be reduced in size to microhelices, consisting only of the amino acceptor stem closed by a loop and remain active. The smallest substrate for an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase is derived from yeast tRNAAsp and consists of only 14 nucleotides. There are three base pairs.
Some of the earliest recognized Drosophila mutants (termed homeotic mutants in 1894) resulted in the development of flies in which one body part was transformed into another. For example, in the homeotic mutant called Antennapedia, legs rather than antennae grow out of the head of the fly (Figure 6. 28). Genetic analysis of these mutants, pioneered by Ed Lewis in the 1940s, has shown that Drosophila contains nine homeotic genes, each of which specifies the identity of a different body segment. Molecular cloning and analysis of these genes then indicated that they contain conserved sequences of 180 base pairs.
The early promoter for SV40 contains three elements. The TATA box is located approximately 20 base-pairs upstream from the transcriptional start site. The 21 base-pair repeats contain six GC boxes and are the site that determines the direction of transcription. Also, the 72 base-pair repeats are transcriptional enhancers. When the SP1 protein interacts with the 21 bp repeats it binds either the first or the last three GC boxes.