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What does HMG stand for?

HMG stands for 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid


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They are eukaryotic organisms that have cells with defined structures like mitochondria, nuclei, and chromosomes. Many yeast biochemicals are exactly the same as those produced by humans. In many children with autism, there is increased excretion of the compound called 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acidin the urine. Increased 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid in the urine may be due to a genetic disease called 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acidemia (15).
13C labeled acetate feeding has shown that C1-C6 are constructed with acetate in the canonical fashion of fatty acid synthesis. C7' shows only C1 labeling of acetate, while C8' and C9' show a reversed pattern of 13C labeled acetate. [20] It is speculated that C7-C9 arises from a 3-hydroxypropionate starter unit, which is extended three times with malonyl-CoA and fully reduced to yield 9-HN. It has also been suggested that 9-HN is initiated by 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid.