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What does OAG stand for?

OAG stands for 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol

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Article: Diacylglycerol 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol.
Measurements and Main Results : In isolated perfused lungs from normoxic piglets, we measured the perfusion pressure to assess the vasoconstrictor response to protein kinase C activation with phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate or 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol. We also assessed the effect of protein kinase C inhibition with staurosporine (2 × 10-6M) and chelerythrine (5 × 10-5M) on endothelin-1-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction.
2 +/- 2. 7 and 40. 9 +/- 2. 5% of the risk zone infarcted, respectively. Activation of protein kinase C with 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or with 1-oleyl-2-acetyl glycerol (OAG) mimicked preconditioning in buffer-perfused hearts. PMA (0. 01 nmol/min) or OAG (10 nmol/min) for 5 min was followed by 10 min of washout. Infarct size after 30 min regional ischemia was limited in the PMA and OAG groups (6.
We studied the effect of activators and inhibitors of protein kinase C on actin conformation in human blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry and gel electrophoresis. PMA, 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol, and mezerein, activators of protein kinase C, caused an increase in lymphocyte F-actin within 2 to 5 min. After stimulation with PMA, lymphocytes formed pseudopods containing an increased concentration of F-actin and had an increase of actin in the Triton-insoluble cytoskeletal fraction.
The mechanisms mediating the UV-induced activation of melanogenesis are unknown but since UVR induces turnover of membrane phospholipids generating prostaglandins (PGs) and other products, it is possible that one of these might provide the activating signal. We have examined the effects of prostaglandins (PGs) E1, E2, D2, F2 alpha, and di-acyl glycerol upon the UV-induced responses of cultured human MC and the Cloudman S91 melanoma cell line. The PGs had little effect on unirradiated cells and did not alter the response to UVR in either human MC or S91 melanoma cells. However, a synthetic analogue of di-acyl glycerol, 1-oleyl 2-acetyl glycerol.
Stimulation of protein kinase C and insulin release by 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol.